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Hunchun
Hunchun
is a county-level city in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, far eastern Jilin
Jilin
province, Northeast China. It borders North Korea
North Korea
( North Hamgyong
North Hamgyong
province) and Russia
Russia
(Primorsky Krai), has over 250,000 inhabitants, and covers 5,145 square kilometers.[1] It was capital of Balhae/Bohai Kingdom between 785-793 as "Dongyang". The city's name Hunchun
Hunchun
comes from the Manchu language
Manchu language
meaning borderland. The city is located near the point of junction of the borders of China, Russia, and North Korea; provided with an observation platform, it is a popular tourist attraction.[2]

Contents

1 Administrative divisions 2 Economy 3 Transport 4 References 5 External links

Administrative divisions[edit] Hunchun
Hunchun
has four subdistricts, four towns, and five townships.[3] Subdistricts:

Xin'an Subdistrict (新安街道 / 신안가도), Jinghe Subdistrict (靖和街道 / 정화가도), Henan Subdistrict (河南街道 / 하남가도), Jinhai Subdistrict (近海街道 / 근해가도)

Towns:

Chunhua (春化镇 / 춘화진), Jingxin (敬信镇 / 경신진), Banshi (板石镇 / 판석진), Ying'an (英安镇 / 영안진)

Townships:

Hadamen Township (哈达门乡 / 합달문향), Machuanzi Township (马川子乡 / 마천자향), Mihong Township (密江乡 / 밀강향), Sanjiazi Manchu Ethnic Township (三家子满族乡 / 삼가자 만주족 향), Yangbaozi Manchu Ethnic Township (杨泡子满族乡 / 양포자 만주족 향)

Economy[edit] Since the early 1990s, the Chinese government invested a lot in transforming Hunchun
Hunchun
into a regional economic center, thanks in large part to the influence of the former Jilin
Jilin
governor Wang Zhongyu, whose work with Zhu Rongji
Zhu Rongji
allowed him to become the first head of China's State Economic and Trade Commission.[4] On 9 March 1992 the Chinese parliament approved to set up Hunchun
Hunchun
Border Economic Cooperation Zone. The national government and Jilin
Jilin
provincial government have invested in succession over four billion yuan in Hunchun
Hunchun
through the 1990s.[5] On 16 March 2013, a joint agreement to export textiles to North Korea was announced.[6][7] The textiles would be made into up to 8,000 shirts in North Korea
North Korea
and exported back to China.[6][8]

Hunchun
Hunchun
Border Economic Cooperation Zone

Hunchun
Hunchun
Border Economic Cooperation Zone was approved to be national-level border economic cooperation zone in 1992, with a planning area of 24 km2. In 2002 and 2001, Hunchun
Hunchun
Export Processing Zone and Huichun Sino- Russia
Russia
Trade Zone was set up in it. Being located in the junction of China, Russia, and Korea, it enjoys a strategic location. The infrastructure is available. The city focuses on the development of sea food processing, electronic product manufacture, bio-pharmacy, textile industry and other industries.[9]

Hunchun
Hunchun
Export Processing Zone

Hunchun
Hunchun
Export Processing Zone is located in 5 km2 area in Hunchun
Hunchun
Border Economic Cooperation Zone. Its planned area is 2.44 km2. It enjoys good infrastructure and policies as its parent zone does.[10] Transport[edit] In the early 1990s, Jilin
Jilin
province government constructed a railway and improved the highway to Hunchun. The Tumen River Bridge
Tumen River Bridge
connects between Hunchun
Hunchun
and the North Korean town of Wonjeong (Korean: 원정). The bridge was built during the Japanese occupation in 1938. In 2010 the bridge was renovated as part of an agreement between North Korea and China
China
to modernize the Rason
Rason
port in North Korea.[11] In addition, a new railway line was constructed which links Hunchun
Hunchun
and Makhalino
Makhalino
(a station on the Ussuriysk-Khasan line, 41 km before Khasan) in Russia
Russia
and began operating in February 2000.[12] Hunchun port is 42 km from Posyet
Posyet
and 63 km from Zarubino port towns of Russia. The Jilin– Hunchun
Hunchun
intercity railway, a 250-km/h high-speed passenger rail line from Jilin
Jilin
to Hunchun
Hunchun
via Tumen (吉图珲铁路客运专线), began construction work in January 2011, and was scheduled and finished at the end of September 2015.[13][14] The railway has been described as "Dongbei's most beautiful railway" (due to the terrain it runs through) and "the fastest way to Vladivostok" (4 hours by train from Shenyang to Hunchun, plus 4 hours by bus from Hunchun
Hunchun
to Vladivostok).[15] Reflecting the border location of the city, the train station has its sign in four languages: Chinese, Korean, Russian, and English.[2] References[edit]

^ http://www.nkeconwatch.com/2009/11/17/china-approves-tumen-border-development-zone/[permanent dead link] ^ a b Rob Schmitz, China
China
bets big on border town with Russia, North Korea, 2015-11-16 ^ "延边朝鲜族自治州-行政区划网 www.xzqh.org" (in Chinese). xzqh.org. Retrieved 2011-04-28.  ^ Cotton, James (Nov 1996), " China
China
and Tumen River Cooperation: Jilin's Coastal Development Strategy", Asian Survey, Vol. 36, No. 11, Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 1086–1101 . ^ "A survey of Hunchun". Office of the TCDC/ECDC Network in China. Archived from the original on 2008-04-07. Retrieved 2008-02-09.  ^ a b Rank, Michael (March 16, 2013). " China
China
signs first offshore processing agreement with North Korea". NK Economic Watch. Retrieved 19 March 2013.  ^ 吉林对朝出境加工业务运行 (in Chinese). IDPRKorea.com. 2013-03-07. Archived from the original on 22 November 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2013.  ^ 吉林对朝出境加工业务运行 (in Chinese). IDPRKorea.com. 2013-03-07. Archived from the original on 22 November 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2013.  ^ RightSite.asia Hunchun
Hunchun
Border Economic Cooperation Zone ^ RightSite.asia Hunchun
Hunchun
Export Processing Zone ^ Bridge on China- North Korea
North Korea
border being renovated Archived 2010-04-19 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Kawamura, Kazumi. "Nine Transportation Corridors in Northeast Asia and Their Discontinuous Points". The Economic Research Institute for Northeast Asia. Archived from the original on 2014-05-06. Retrieved 2008-02-09.  ^ http://www.jl.xinhuanet.com/newscenter/2010-10/31/content_21272383.htm ^ 吉图珲铁路有望7月试运行 ( Jilin
Jilin
Ribao, 2015-04-16) ^ http://news.huochepiao.com/2015-6/2015626933445.htm

External links[edit]

v t e

Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture

Subdivisions

County -level cities

Dunhua Helong Hunchun Longjing Tumen Yanji

Counties

Antu Wangqing

Education

Schools

Yanbian International Academy Korean International School in Yanbian

Universities

Yanbian University Yanbian University
Yanbian University
of Science and Technology

Other

Transport

Yanji
Yanji
Chaoyangchuan International Airport

v t e

County-level divisions of Jilin
Jilin
Province

Changchun
Changchun
(capital)

Sub-provincial city

Changchun

Chaoyang District Kuancheng District Erdao District Nanguan District Luyuan District Shuangyang District Jiutai District Yushu City Dehui
Dehui
City Nong'an County

Prefecture-level cities

Jilin

Chuanying District Changyi District Longtan District Fengman District Shulan
Shulan
City Huadian City Jiaohe City Panshi
Panshi
City Yongji County

Siping

Tiexi District Tiedong District Gongzhuling
Gongzhuling
City Shuangliao
Shuangliao
City Lishu County Yitong Manchu Autonomous County

Liaoyuan

Longshan District Xi'an District Dongliao County Dongfeng County

Tonghua

Dongchang District Erdaojiang District Meihekou
Meihekou
City Ji'an City Tonghua
Tonghua
County Huinan County Liuhe County

Baishan

Hunjiang District Jiangyuan District Linjiang
Linjiang
City Jingyu County Fusong County Changbai Korean Autonomous County

Songyuan

Ningjiang District Fuyu City Qian'an County Changling County Qian Gorlos Mongol Autonomous County

Baicheng

Taobei District Da'an City Taonan
Taonan
City Zhenlai County Tongyu County

Autonomous prefecture

Yanbian

Yanji
Yanji
City Tumen City Dunhua
Dunhua
City Longjing City Hunchun
Hunchun
City Helong
Helong
City Antu County Wangqing County

v t e

Korean-designated autonomous areas in China

Prefectures and counties

in Jilin

Yanbian

Yanji Tumen Dunhua Longjing Hunchun Helong Antu Wangqing

in Liaoning

Changbai

Ethnic minority autonomous areas Dong Hui Korean Manchu Miao Mongol Tibetan Tujia Uyghur Yao Yi

.