HOME
The Info List - Huawei

Huawei
Huawei
Technologies Co., Ltd. (/ˈhwɑːˌweɪ/; Chinese: 华为; pinyin:  Huáwéi) is a Chinese multinational networking, telecommunications equipment, and services company headquartered in Shenzhen, Guangdong.[3] It is the largest telecommunications equipment manufacturer in the world, having overtaken Ericsson
Ericsson
in 2012.[4] In 2017, Huawei
Huawei
became 83rd of Fortune 500
Fortune 500
in Fortune Magazine.[5] Huawei
Huawei
was founded in 1987 by Ren Zhengfei, a former engineer in the People's Liberation Army. At the time of its establishment, Huawei focused on manufacturing phone switches, but has since expanded its business to include building telecommunications networks, providing operational and consulting services and equipment to enterprises inside and outside of China, and manufacturing communications devices for the consumer market.[6][7] Huawei
Huawei
has over 170,000 employees as of September 2015, around 76,000 of whom are engaged in research and development (R&D).[8][9] It has 21 R&D institutes in countries including China, the United States,[10] Canada,[11] the United Kingdom,[12] Pakistan, Finland, France, Belgium, Germany, Colombia, Sweden, Ireland, India,[13] Russia, Israel, and Turkey,[14][15] and in 2014, the company invested $6.4 billion USD in R&D, up from $5 billion USD in 2013.[16] In 2014, Huawei
Huawei
recorded a profit of 34.2 billion CNY (5.5 billion USD).[17] Its products and services have been deployed in more than 170 countries and it currently serves 45 of the world's 50 largest telecoms operators.[18] In June 2016, Huawei
Huawei
is reportedly working on and designing its own mobile OS for future usage.[19] From July to September 2017, Huawei
Huawei
surpassed Apple and became the second largest smartphone manufacturer in the world after Samsung.[20][21][22] [23] In September 2017, Huawei
Huawei
created an NB-IoT city-aware network using a "one network, one platform, N applications" construction model utilizing IoT, cloud computing, big data, and other next-generation information and communications technology (ICT), it also aims to be one of the world's five largest cloud players in the near future.[24][25] In 2017, Huawei
Huawei
began helping BYD build a standardized, smart factory.[26][non-primary source needed]

Contents

1 Name 2 History

2.1 Early years 2.2 International expansion 2.3 Investment and partnerships 2.4 Recent performance

3 Corporate affairs

3.1 Leadership 3.2 Ownership

4 Partners and customers 5 Products and services

5.1 Telecom networks 5.2 Global services 5.3 Devices

5.3.1 History of Huawei
Huawei
phones 5.3.2 EMUI

5.4 Tecal Servers

6 Competitive position

6.1 International Marketing

6.1.1 Digital Marketing

6.2 Sales 6.3 Recognition 6.4 Sponsorship

7 Corporate social responsibility 8 Controversies

8.1 Patent 8.2 Intellectual property rights 8.3 Espionage and security concerns in the West 8.4 Treatment of workforce and customers

9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

Name[edit] Huawei
Huawei
is the official translation of the firm's Chinese name (simplified Chinese: 华为; traditional Chinese: 華為; pinyin: Huáwéi). The etymology of the character 华 is derived from "花" which means "flower." This is hinted at in Huawei's logo. The character can also mean "splendid" or "magnificent," but nowadays mostly refers to "China" or "(ethnic) Chinese" (see also Names of China). It is common for Chinese companies to use this word, another example being the Taiwanese company Asus
Asus
(simplified Chinese: 华硕; traditional Chinese: 華碩; pinyin: Huáshuò; literally: "Chinese-Eminent") that was founded back in 1989. The second character of Huawei's name, 为, means "action" or "achievement," thus Huawei literally means "Chinese achievement."[27] It is pronounced "Wah-Way" according to a Gizmodo video that claims to provide the "official" pronunciation,[28] as well as many other internet sources. However, "Yah-Way" is incorrect, and is an unfortunate perpetuation of a mistaken combination of the Cantonese
Cantonese
and Mandarin pronunciations for the first and second characters, respectively. The Cantonese pronunciation is "Wah-Waii,"[29] while the Mandarin pronunciation is "Hwa-Way" (IPA: [ˈχwɑːˌweɪ]). Although the company is based in the Cantonese-speaking area of Guangdong, the use of Huawei
Huawei
as the spelling for its name reflects the Mandarin pronunciation of the two characters. History[edit] Early years[edit] During the 1980s, Chinese government tried to modernize the country's underdeveloped telecommunications infrastructure. A core component of the telecommunications network was telephone exchange switches, and in the late 1980s several Chinese research groups endeavored to acquire and develop the technology, usually through joint ventures with foreign companies. Ren Zhengfei, a former deputy director of the People's Liberation Army engineering corp, founded Huawei
Huawei
in 1987 in Shenzhen. Rather than relying on joint ventures to secure technology transfers from foreign companies, which were often reluctant to transfer their most advanced technologies to Chinese firms, Ren sought to reverse engineer foreign technologies with local researchers. At a time when all of China's telecommunications technology was imported from abroad, Ren hoped to build a domestic Chinese telecommunication company that could compete with, and ultimately replace, foreign competitors.[30] The company reports that it had RMB
RMB
21,000 in registered capital at the time of its founding. The Far Eastern Economic Review
Far Eastern Economic Review
also reported that it received an $8.5 million loan from a state-owned bank, though the company has denied the existence of the loan.[6][31] During its first several years the company's business model consisted mainly of reselling private branch exchange (PBX) switches imported from Hong Kong. Meanwhile, it was reverse-engineering imported switches and investing heavily in research and development to manufacture its own technologies.[6] By 1990 the company had approximately 600 R&D staff, and began its own independent commercialization of PBX switches targeting hotels and small enterprises.[32] The company's first major breakthrough came in 1993, when it launched its C&C08 program controlled telephone switch. It was by far the most powerful switch available in China
China
at the time. By initially deploying in small cities and rural areas and placing emphasis on service and customizability, the company gained market share and made its way into the mainstream market.[33] The company also developed collusive joint venture relationships with local authorities, whereby it would provide "dividends" to the local officials in exchange for their using Huawei
Huawei
products in the network. Ahrens writes that these methods were "unorthodox, bordering on corrupt," but not illegal.[6] Huawei
Huawei
also gained a key contract to build the first national telecommunications network for the People's Liberation Army, a deal one employee described as "small in terms of our overall business, but large in terms of our relationships."[31] In 1994, founder Ren Zhengfei had a meeting with Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin, telling him that "switching equipment technology was related to international security, and that a nation that did not have its own switching equipment was like one that lacked its own military." Jiang reportedly agreed with this assessment.[6] Another major turning point for the company came in 1996, when the government in Beijing adopted an explicit policy of supporting domestic telecommunications manufacturers and restricting access to foreign competitors. Huawei
Huawei
was promoted by both the government and the military as a national champion, and established new research and development offices.[6] International expansion[edit]

Huawei
Huawei
office in Voorburg, Netherlands

Huawei
Huawei
office in Markham, Ontario, Canada

In 1997, Huawei
Huawei
won its first overseas contract,[34] providing fixed-line network products to Hong Kong company Hutchison Whampoa.[33] Later that year, Huawei
Huawei
launched its wireless GSM-based products and eventually expanded to offer CDMA
CDMA
and UMTS. In 1999, the company opened a research and development (R&D) center in Bangalore, India
India
to develop a wide range of telecom software.[32] From 1998 to 2003, Huawei
Huawei
contracted with IBM
IBM
for management consulting, and underwent significant transformation of its management and product development structure. After 2000, Huawei
Huawei
increased its speed of expansion into overseas markets, having achieved international sales of more than US$100 million by 2000[34] and establishing an R&D center in Stockholm, Sweden. In 2001, Huawei
Huawei
established four R&D centers in the United States, divested non-core subsidiary Avansys to Emerson for US$750 million and joined the International Telecommunications Union (ITU). By 2002, Huawei’s international market sales had reached US$552 million.[32] In 2004 Huawei
Huawei
continued its overseas expansion with a contract to build a third-generation network for Telfort, the Dutch mobile operator.[32] This contract, valued at more than $US25 million, was the first such contract for the company in Europe.[35] In 2005, Huawei’s international contract orders exceeded its domestic sales for the first time. Huawei
Huawei
signed a Global Framework Agreement with Vodafone. This agreement marked the first time a telecommunications equipment supplier from China
China
had received Approved Supplier status from Vodafone
Vodafone
Global Supply Chain. The agreement established the terms and conditions for the supply of Huawei's solutions to any one of the Vodafone
Vodafone
operating companies worldwide.[36] Huawei
Huawei
also signed a contract with British Telecom
British Telecom
(BT) for the deployment of its multi-service access network (MSAN) and Transmission equipment for BT's 21st Century Network (21CN), providing BT and the UK telecommunications industry with some infrastructure necessary to support future growth as these companies are multi vendor infrastructure.[37] In May 2008, Huawei
Huawei
and Optus
Optus
developed a mobile innovation centre in Sydney, Australia, providing facilities for engineers to develop new wireless and mobile broadband concepts into "ready for market" products.[38] In 2008, the company embarked on its first large-scale commercial deployment of UMTS/ HSPA in North America providing TELUS's new next generation wireless network and Bell Canada
Canada
with high-speed mobile access.[39] Huawei
Huawei
delivered one of the world’s first LTE/EPC commercial networks for TeliaSonera
TeliaSonera
in Oslo, Norway in 2009. The company launched the world's first end-to-end 100G solution from routers to transmission system that same year, to help meet the rapid growth of network traffic and enhance router efficiency and reliability.[32] In July 2010, Huawei
Huawei
was included in the Global Fortune 500
Fortune 500
2010 list published by the U.S. magazine Fortune for the first time, on the strength of annual sales of US$21.8 billion and net profit of US$2.67 billion.[40] In late 2010 it was reported that Huawei
Huawei
is planning to invest around US$500 million (Rs 2,200 crore) to set up a telecom equipment manufacturing facility in Tamil Nadu, India
India
and $US100 million to expand its R&D center in Bangalore.[41][42] In October 2012, it was announced that Huawei
Huawei
would move its UK headquarters to Green Park, Reading, Berkshire.[43] The company also, in an effort to increase its prominence in the United States, became the main sponsor of the Jonas Brothers' 2013 summer tour.[44] In September 2013, Huawei
Huawei
opened a new Canadian office in Regina, Saskatchewan— Huawei
Huawei
had collaborated with the local carrier SaskTel to build its HSPA+ and LTE networks. The company also announced that SaskTel
SaskTel
would carry its new Ascend Y300 smartphone.[45] In October 2013, Huawei
Huawei
was selected by TDC A/S
TDC A/S
as a sole vendor to modernize the nationwide GSM/UMTS/LTE network in Denmark and provide managed services over a six-year period. The value of the contract is over $700 million over the term of the agreement.[46] As per the latest rankings by The Economist, Huawei
Huawei
is the number one Telecom Vendor in the world. Investment and partnerships[edit] Huawei
Huawei
has focused on expanding its mobile technology and networking solutions through a number of partnerships. In March 2003, Huawei
Huawei
and 3Com Corporation
3Com Corporation
formed a joint venture company, 3Com- Huawei
Huawei
(H3C), which focused on the R&D, production and sales of data networking products. The company later divested a 49% stake in H3C for US$880 million in 2006. In 2005, Huawei
Huawei
began a joint venture with Siemens, called TD Tech, for developing 3G/ TD-S CDMA
CDMA
mobile communication technology products. The US$100 million investment gave the company a 49% stake in the venture, while Siemens
Siemens
held a 51% stake.[32] In 2007, after Nokia
Nokia
and Siemens
Siemens
co-founded Nokia
Nokia
Siemens
Siemens
Networks, Siemens transferred all shares it held in TD Tech to Nokia
Nokia
Siemens
Siemens
Networks. At present, Nokia
Nokia
Siemens
Siemens
Networks and Huawei
Huawei
hold 51% and 49% shares of TD Tech respectively.[47] In 2006, Huawei
Huawei
established a Shanghai-based joint R&D center with Motorola
Motorola
to develop UMTS
UMTS
technologies.[32] Later that year, Huawei also established a joint venture with Telecom Venezuela, called Industria Electronica Orinoquia, for research and development and sale of telecommunications terminals. Telecom Venezuela holds a 65% stake while Huawei
Huawei
holds the remaining 35% stake.[48] Huawei
Huawei
and American security firm Symantec
Symantec
announced in May 2007 the formation of a joint-venture company to develop security and storage solutions to market to telecommunications carriers. Huawei
Huawei
initially owned 51% of the new company, named Huawei
Huawei
Symantec
Symantec
Inc. while Symantec
Symantec
owned the rest. The joint-venture was based in Chengdu.[49] In March, 2012, Symantec
Symantec
announced the sale of its portion of the joint venture to Huawei.[50] Grameenphone
Grameenphone
Ltd. and Huawei
Huawei
won the Green Mobile Award at the GSMA Mobile Awards 2009.[51] In March 2009, the Wimax
Wimax
Forum announced four new members to its Board of Directors including Thomas Lee, the Vice Director of the Industry Standards Department at Huawei.[52] In 2008, Huawei
Huawei
launched a joint venture with UK-based marine engineering company, Global Marine Systems, to deliver undersea network equipment and related services.[53] Recent performance[edit] In April 2011, Huawei
Huawei
announced an earnings increase of 30% in 2010, driven by significant growth in overseas markets, with net profit rising to RMB23.76 billion (US$3.64 billion; £2.23 billion) from RMB18.27 billion in 2009.[54] In 2010 sales outside China
China
continued to be the main driver of Huawei’s business. Overseas revenue rose 34% to RMB120.41 billion in 2010 from RMB90.02 billion in 2009, fueled by regions including North America and Russia. Revenues from China
China
rose 9.7% to RMB64.77 billion, as the country's big telecom operators reduced their investment last year.[55] Huawei's revenues in 2010 accounted for 15.7% of the $78.56 billion global carrier-network-infrastructure market, putting the company second behind the 19.6% share of Telefon AB L.M. Ericsson, according to market-research firm Gartner.[55] Huawei
Huawei
is targeting a revenue of $150 million through its enterprise business solutions in India
India
in the next 12 months. It denied using Chinese subsidies to gain global market share after being recently accused by US lawmakers and EU officials of unfair competition at best.[56][57] Corporate affairs[edit] Huawei
Huawei
classifies itself as a "collective" and does not refer to itself as a private company. Richard McGregor, author of The Party: The Secret World of China's Communist Rulers, said that this is "a definitional distinction that has been essential to the company's receipt of state support at crucial points in its development."[58] McGregor argued that "Huawei's status as a genuine collective is doubtful."[58] Leadership[edit] Ren Zhengfei
Ren Zhengfei
is the president of Huawei
Huawei
and has held the title since 1987.[59] Huawei
Huawei
disclosed its list of board of directors for the first time in 2010. Ms. Sun Yafang
Sun Yafang
is board chair. As of 2011, the members of the board[60] are Ms. Sun Yafang,[61][62] Guo Ping, Xu Zhijun, Hu Houkun,[63] Ren Zhengfei,[64] Xu Wenwei, Li Jie, Ding Yun, Meng Wanzhou, Chen Lifang,[65] Wan Biao, Zhang Pingan, and Yu Chengdong.[60] The members of the Supervisory Board are Liang Hua, Peng Zhiping, Ren Shulu, Tian Feng, and Deng Biao.[66] Richard Yu Chengdong is the Chairman of Huawei
Huawei
Device, its mobile phone division.[67] On 1 July 2013, Huawei
Huawei
Device announced former head of Nokia
Nokia
Colin Giles joined the company as Executive Vice President of Consumer Business.[67] Ownership[edit] Officially, Huawei
Huawei
is an employee-owned company, a fact the company emphasizes to distance itself from allegations of government control.[6] What “employee-owned” means in practice at Huawei, however, is quite complex—so much so that according to the Chinese media company Caixin, “even longtime employees admit the [employee shareholding] system is nearly impossible to understand.”[68] Ren retains a direct 1.42 percent share of the company. The remainder of the shares is held by “a trade union committee tied to the affiliate Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Huawei
Huawei
Investment Holding Co.”[69] This body represents Huawei’s employee shareholders. About 64 percent of Huawei
Huawei
staff participate in this scheme (approximately 61,000 Chinese employees; the 50,000-plus foreign employees are not eligible[70]), and hold what the company calls “virtual restricted shares.” These shares are nontradable and are allocated to reward performance.[71] When employees leave Huawei, their shares revert to the company, which compensates them for their holding.[72] Although employee shareholders receive dividends, it is reported that they have no information on their holding.[69] Employees' shares do not entitle them to any voice in management decisions.[citation needed] Richard McGregor, author of The Party: The Secret World of China's Communist Rulers, claimed that the majority of shares are likely owned by Ren Zhengfei
Ren Zhengfei
and Ren's managers, though the company states Ren directly owns less than 1.5%.[58] Partners and customers[edit] As of the beginning of 2010[update], approximately 80% of the world's top 50 telecoms companies had worked with Huawei.[73] Prominent partners include:

BT[74] Vodafone[75][76] Motorola[77][78] Orange[79] T-Mobile TalkTalk Portugal Telecom Cox Communications Bell Canada[80] PTCL PLDT[81] Clearwire[73]

In May 2011 Huawei
Huawei
won a contract with Everything Everywhere, the UK’s biggest communication company, to enhance its 2G network. The four-year deal represents Huawei's first mobile network deal in the UK.[82] Products and services[edit] Huawei
Huawei
is organized around three core business segments:

Telecom Carrier Networks, building telecommunications networks and services Enterprise Business, providing equipment, software and services to enterprise customers, e.g. Government Solutions[83] etc.[84] Devices, manufacturing electronic communications devices[7]

Huawei
Huawei
announced its Enterprise business in January, 2011 to provide network infrastructure, fixed and wireless communication, data center, and cloud computing solutions for global telecommunications customers.[85] Huawei
Huawei
has stated that it aims to increase enterprise sales to US$4 billion in 2011 and $15 billion within three to five years.[86][87] In 2016, Huawei
Huawei
enterprise business group launched a new marketing slogan defining its position for the enterprise market, "Leading New ICT, Building a Better Connected World" at CeBIT 2016.[88] Telecom networks[edit] Huawei
Huawei
offers a variety of network technologies and solutions to help telecommunications operators expand the capacity of their mobile broadband networks. Huawei’s core network solutions offer mobile and fixed softswitches, plus next-generation home location register and Internet Protocol Multimedia
Multimedia
Subsystems (IMS). Huawei
Huawei
assists content service providers looking to migrate from copper to fiber with solutions that support xDSL, passive optical network (PON) and next-generation PON (NG PON) on a single platform. The company also offers mobile infrastructure, broadband access and service provider routers and switches (SPRS). Huawei’s software products include service delivery platforms (SDPs), BSSs, Rich Communication Suite and digital home and mobile office solutions.[89] Huawei
Huawei
announced that it jointly conducted successful 5G tests with Telenor with speed reached up to 70 Gbit/s in a controlled lab environment.[90] In 2010, 4G began replacing 3G and increased mobile data transmission speeds tenfold. In the era of 5G, it will be 100 times faster than the 4G in transmitting mobile data. [91] Which means, Huawei
Huawei
will become the leader in the industry of networks with the technology of 5G. Global services[edit] Huawei
Huawei
Global Services provides telecommunications operators with equipment to build and operate networks as well as consulting and engineering services to improve operational efficiencies.[82] These include network integration services such as those for mobile and fixed networks; assurance services such as network safety; and learning services, such as competency consulting.[89] In 2010, Huawei
Huawei
won 47 managed services contracts to help improve network performance and efficiency for customers, as well as reducing the costs of network operations and maintenance.[92] In 2010 Huawei's global services revenues grew 28.6% to US$4.82 billion.[93]

Huawei E220
Huawei E220
HSDPA
HSDPA
USB
USB
modem

At Hannover Messe
Hannover Messe
2018 Preview, Huawei
Huawei
announced they will showcase an array of innovative products and solutions to drive digital industrial transformation. As a company which cover the global services, Huawei has teamed up with global partners such as GE, SAP, Deutsche Telekom, and Honeywell
Honeywell
to help manufacturers remodel the value chain of the industry, improve business models, and create new values based on IoT, cloud, Big Data, and other technologies. Huawei
Huawei
signed with Deutsche Post DHL which is the world's leading mail and logistics company about Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to improve a series of supply chain solutions for customers using industrial-grade IoT hardware and infrastructure in February 2017. Afterwards, in March 2017, Huawei declared that they will cooperate with Altair
Altair
which is a simulation software provider leading global engineering, to jointly develop efficient, high-performance industrial simulation cloud solutions for customers. Followed by April 2017, the Industrial Cloud-based Predictive Maintenance Solution which has been recognized and applied by Schindler, the leading elevator and escalator supplier in the world, was jointly launched by Huawei
Huawei
and GE. Following that, in November 2017, Huawei
Huawei
announced a long-term partnership with Groupe PSA which is the second largest car manufacturer which boasts multiple car brands under its umbrella, including Peugeot
Peugeot
and Citroën
Citroën
in Europe. The partnership will see both companies collaborating in the IoV field to provide innovative mobility services and solutions to customers. [94] Devices[edit]

Huawei Ascend
Huawei Ascend
P6

Huawei Honor
Huawei Honor
6

Huawei
Huawei
Mate 7

Huawei's Devices division provides white-label products to content-service providers, including USB
USB
modems, wireless modems and wireless routers for mobile wifi,[95][96] embedded modules, fixed wireless terminals, wireless gateways, set-top boxes, mobile handsets and video products.[97] Huawei
Huawei
also produces and sells a variety of devices under its own name, such as the IDEOS smartphones, tablet PCs and Huawei
Huawei
Smartwatch. In 2010, Huawei
Huawei
Devices shipped 120 million devices around the world.[7] 30 million cell phones, of which 3.3 million units were smartphones, were shipped to markets such as Japan, the United States
United States
and Europe.[98] History of Huawei
Huawei
phones[edit] Further Information: List of Huawei
Huawei
Phones In July 2003, Huawei
Huawei
established their handset department and by 2004, Huawei
Huawei
shipped their first phone, the C300. The U626 was Huawei's first 3G phone in June 2005 and In 2006, Huawei
Huawei
launched the first vodafone branded 3G handset, the V710. The U8220 was Huawei's first Android smartphone and was unveiled in MWC 2009. At CES 2012, Huawei introduced the Ascend range starting with the Ascend P1 S. At MWC 2012, Huawei
Huawei
launched the Ascend D1. In September 2012, Huawei launched a 4G ready phone, the Ascend P1 LTE. At CES 2013, Huawei launched the Ascend D2 and the Ascend Mate. At MWC 2013, the Ascend P2 was launched as the world's first LTE Cat4 smartphone. In June 2013, Huawei
Huawei
launched the Ascend P6 and in December 2013, Huawei
Huawei
introduced Honor as a subsidiary independent brand in China. At CES 2014, Huawei launched the Ascend Mate2 4G In 2014 and at MWC 2014, Huawei
Huawei
launched the MediaPad X1 tablet and Ascend G6 4G smartphone. Other launched in 2014 included the Ascend P7 in May 2014, the Ascend Mate7, the Ascend G7 and the Ascend P7 Sapphire Edition as China's first 4G smartphone with a sapphire screen. [99] In January 2015, Huawei
Huawei
announced that they'll be dropping the Ascend name in future phones.This means that the Ascend Mate series was latter simply known as Mate series and the Ascend P series was latter simply known as P series. [100][101][102] Huawei
Huawei
also partnered with Google
Google
to build the Nexus 6P
Nexus 6P
in 2015. In March 2018, Huawei
Huawei
announced its new flagship smartphone, the P20 Pro, which will be the world's first smartphone with three rear cameras.[103] EMUI[edit] Main article: Huawei
Huawei
EMUI Emotion User Interface (EMUI) is a ROM/OS that is developed by Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. and is based on Google's Android Open Source Project (AOSP). EMUI is preinstalled on most Huawei
Huawei
Smartphone
Smartphone
devices and its subsidiaries the Honor series. Current EMUI version list:

EMUI 1.x (based on Android "Ice Cream Sandwich" and "Jelly Bean" 4.0.x and 4.1.x – 4.3.x) (initial release) EMUI 2.x (based on Android "Ice Cream Sandwich", "Jelly Bean" and "KitKat" 4.0.x, 4.1.x – 4.3.x and 4.4.x) (minor UI tweak) EMUI 3.x (based on Android "KitKat" and "Lollipop" 4.4.x and 5.0.x – 5.1.x) (minor UI tweak) EMUI 4.x (based on Android "Marshmallow" 6.x) EMUI 5.x (based on Android "Nougat" 7.x) EMUI 8.x (based on Android "Oreo" 8.x)

Tecal Servers[edit]

Series of Tecal BH620 [104] Series of Tecal CH121 [104] Series of Tecal DH310 [104] Series of Tecal E6000 [104] Series of Tecal RH1285 [104] Series of Tecal X6000 [104] Series of Tecal XH310 [104]

Competitive position[edit] Huawei
Huawei
Technologies Co Ltd, is the world's largest telecom equipment maker[4][105] and China’s largest telephone-network equipment maker.[106] As of 2008, Huawei
Huawei
ranked first in terms of global market share in the mobile softswitches market,[107] tied with Sony Ericsson for lead market share in mobile broadband cards by revenue,[108] ranked second in the optical hardware market,[109] stayed first in the IP DSLAM market,[110] and ranked third in mobile network equipment.[111] In 2009, Huawei
Huawei
was ranked No. 2 in global market share for radio access equipment.[112] In addition, Huawei
Huawei
was the first vendor to launch end-to-end (E2E) 100G solutions, enabling operators to establish enhanced ultra-broadband networks, improving their service and simplifying their network architecture.[113][114] According to the World Intellectual Property Organization
World Intellectual Property Organization
(WIPO) on 27 January 2009, Huawei
Huawei
was ranked as the largest applicant under WIPO's Patent Cooperation Treaty
Patent Cooperation Treaty
(PCT), with 1,737 applications published in 2008. Overall, the total number of international patent filings under WIPO's PCT for 2008 represents the highest number of applications received under the PCT in a single year and China
China
improved its ranking by one place, to become the sixth largest user of the PCT, with 6,089 filings.[115] As of February 2011, Huawei
Huawei
has applied for 49,040 patents globally and has been granted 17,765 to date.[116] In 2014, Huawei
Huawei
became the world's No. 1 applicant for international patents in 2014, with 3,442 patents.[117][118] International Marketing[edit] Huawei
Huawei
aims to help China
China
to achieve the Chinese Dream
Chinese Dream
with their technologies creating a Digital China
China
in the following years. [119] As a multinational enterprise Huawei
Huawei
also aims to create value for their customers and the society. Therefore, Huawei
Huawei
promotes digital transformation in Egypt, North Africa. Egypt
Egypt
will be the be a good host of digital platform which can be extended to other newly built cities nationwide, benefiting the government, the society and businesses in North African region for Huawei. [120] The development of Huawei
Huawei
in North Africa
North Africa
does not mean that it has the ideal development in every market. For example, AT&T which is a giant US mobile carrier announced that it was pulling out of a deal to sell the smartphones from Huawei
Huawei
in 2018. [121] Digital Marketing[edit] In 2017, Huawei
Huawei
created the first specialized marketing team outside China
China
of digital marketers to boost its awareness in Europe. Paying more attentions to the partnerships with the likes of Dazed Media for Project Possible and public relations campaigns rather than paid media was one of the most important part for Huawei
Huawei
in digital marketing. During the successful digital marketing campaign with Lionel Messi
Lionel Messi
and Scarlett Johansson, the number of PR campaigns has increased 300 percent in Western Europe
Europe
in 2017, compared to the same period in the previous years. [122] Sales[edit] Huawei's global contract sales for 2006 reached US$11 billion (a 34% increase from 2005), 65% of which came from overseas markets.[123][124] By the end of 2008, global contract sales of Huawei Technologies, China's largest telecoms gear maker, jumped 46 percent to US$23.3 billion.[125] Huawei
Huawei
experienced sales exceeding US$30 billion in 2009,[125][126] and global sales increased by 24 percent to 185.2 billion yuan in 2010.[127] Recognition[edit] Huawei
Huawei
Technologies was one of six telecom industry companies included in the World's Most Respected 200 Companies list compiled by Forbes magazine in May 2007.[128] In December 2008, BusinessWeek magazine included Huawei
Huawei
in their inaugural list of "The World's Most Influential Companies".[129] In 2010 Fast Company ranked Huawei
Huawei
the fifth most innovative company in the world.[130] The same year, Huawei
Huawei
received three honors at the Global Telecom Business Innovation Awards including "Green base station innovation", "Wholesale network innovation" and "Consumer voting innovation" awards with Vodafone, BT and TalkTalk, respectively.[131] In 2010 Frost & Sullivan recognized Huawei
Huawei
as the 2010 SDM Equipment Vendor of the Year[132] and in the contact center application market with the 2010 Asia Pacific Growth Strategy Leadership Award.[133] On 29 July 2010, Huawei
Huawei
was recognized by British Telecom
British Telecom
with Best in Class 21CN Solution Maturity, Value, Service and Innovation award, for its innovation and contribution in 21CN and Next Generation Access project.[134] Also in 2010 The Economist recognized Huawei
Huawei
with its Corporate Use of Innovation Award.[135] In May 2011 Huawei
Huawei
won two awards at the LTE World Summit 2011 for "Significant Progress for a Commercial Launch of LTE by a Vendor" and "Best LTE Network Elements." As of May 2011, Huawei
Huawei
has deployed over 100 SingleRAN commercial networks, which are capable of evolving into LTE, and of those that have deployed SingleRAN networks, more than 40 operators have announced the launch or the imminent launch of distinct LTE services.[136] Huawei
Huawei
has been described as "perhaps China's most globally successful company".[58] In 2014, Huawei
Huawei
was the first Chinese company to join Interbrand's "Best Global Brands" at the 94th most valuable brand at $4.3 billion.[137] Sponsorship[edit]

Huawei
Huawei
sponsors Borussia Dortmund

In 2012, Huawei
Huawei
became major sponsors of Australian National Rugby League team the Canberra Raiders. As part of the deal, Huawei
Huawei
became the major shirt sponsors for the team. The sponsorship arrangement was extended in 2016 for an extra three years. [138] Huawei
Huawei
sponsors Bundesliga
Bundesliga
club Borussia Dortmund.[139] On 15 September 2013, Huawei
Huawei
were announced as the new shirt sponsors of A-League
A-League
club Wellington Phoenix F.C.
Wellington Phoenix F.C.
as well as the sponsor of Liga de Fútbol Profesional (LFP) in Spain.[140] On October 2013, Huawei
Huawei
became a partner of AC Milan
AC Milan
for three years. On 17 January 2014, Arsenal F.C.
Arsenal F.C.
announced that Huawei
Huawei
will become their official "Global Smartphone
Smartphone
Partner."[141] In March 2014, Huawei
Huawei
becomes the shirt sponsor of Rayo Vallecano
Rayo Vallecano
for two La Liga matches against Real Madrid
Real Madrid
and Athletic Bilbao.[142] In April 2014, Huawei
Huawei
became the "Official Partner" of Paris Saint-Germain for the next three seasons.[143] Huawei
Huawei
debuted to the field of Cricket in April 2014 by becoming the principal sponsor of Royal Challengers Bangalore, a domestic cricket team that plays in the Indian Premier League. Ghana Football Association
Ghana Football Association
announced Huawei
Huawei
as its sponsor for the Black Stars for the 2014 FIFA World Cup finals in Brazil. The one-year sponsorship deal was worth US$100,000 plus products.[144] On 12 September 2014, Galatasaray S.K. (football)
Galatasaray S.K. (football)
announced that Huawei
Huawei
will become their journey sponsor for one-year period in Turkish National Süper Lig. Since October 2014 Huawei
Huawei
has been the main sponsor of South African Premier Soccer League
Premier Soccer League
club Ajax Cape Town.[145] In Costa Rica, Huawei
Huawei
sponsors the current champions Club Sport Herediano and also Deportivo Saprissa. On 4 January 2015 Huawei
Huawei
was announced as the main sponsor of the current champion of the Colombian First Division Tournament, Independiente Santa Fe, for the next two years (2015 - 2017).[146] As of 12 February 2015, Huawei
Huawei
was announced as another sponsor for Mexico's Liga MX, Club América. They're on negotiation to being the main sponsor for the following season in Mexico, replacing Grupo Bimbo on the front part of the shirt, as of right now they'll provide cellphone equipment to the team members and will be part of the celebration for the centenary for the club.[147] On th 14 of October 2015, Huawei
Huawei
announced a sponsorship deal with Arsenal FC's Alexis Sanchez for Huawei
Huawei
Chile.[148] In 2014, Huawei
Huawei
partnered with the FISE World Series of extreme sports competitions. The first event Huawei
Huawei
supported was the FISE World Chengdu
Chengdu
(China) where the mountain bike competition was called the Honor Mountain Bike Slopestyle Pro contest.[149][not in citation given] At FISE World Malaysia 2014, Huawei
Huawei
continued to support the FISE BMX and the mountain bike events with a loop promoting the Huawei Talkband B1. In 2015, Huawei
Huawei
supported the largest extreme sports event in the world:[citation needed] the FISE World Montpellier with the loop promoting the Talkband B2.[citation needed] In 2016, Huawei
Huawei
announced a sponsorship deal with Argentine Primera División team, Boca Juniors, for the next two years (2016 - 2018).[150] On 2 September 2016, Huawei
Huawei
was announced as the official sponsor of the Serbian national football team.[151] Corporate social responsibility[edit] As part of its international support for technology and telecommunications education and training, Huawei
Huawei
has contributed funding and equipment to a number of universities and training centers in countries such as Kenya,[152] India,[153] Indonesia,[154][155] Bangladesh,[156] and Nigeria.[153] In the U.S., since 2008, Huawei
Huawei
has sponsored MIT’s Communications Futures Program, a research collaboration that studies the future of the telecommunications industry.[157][158][159] In 2010, Huawei
Huawei
joined the Broadband Commission for Digital Development, formed by the ITU
ITU
and UNESCO
UNESCO
to support broadband deployment to developing nations.[160][161][162] In the same year, Huawei
Huawei
joined the Green Touch consortium, an industry group that aims to make communications networks 1000 times more energy efficient than they are today.[163] In June 2011, Huawei
Huawei
signed a five-year agreement to contribute donated services, equipment and technical expertise worth over US$1.4 million to Carleton University, in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, to establish a research lab dedicated to cloud computing technology and services.[164] The same month, Huawei
Huawei
published its 2010 Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Report.[165][166] Controversies[edit] Patent[edit] In 2016, Huawei
Huawei
and Samsung
Samsung
followed the Dutch electronics company Philips
Philips
filed patent applications respectively as the second and third company in the world. With the technological development of Huawei, it has become the top of the European Patent Office's 2017 patent-filing league table for the first time as a Chinese enterprise, according to results announced in Brussels. There were 2,398 patents Huawei
Huawei
filed, which more than the second and third placed Siemens
Siemens
and LG. [167] Intellectual property rights[edit] In February 2003 Cisco Systems
Cisco Systems
sued Huawei
Huawei
Technologies for allegedly infringing on its patents and illegally copying source code used in its routers and switches.[168] According to statement by Cisco, by July 2004 Huawei
Huawei
removed the contested code, manuals and command-line interfaces and the case was subsequently dropped.[169] Both sides claimed success – with Cisco asserting that "completion of lawsuit marks a victory for the protection of intellectual property rights", and Huawei's partner 3Com
3Com
(which was not a part of lawsuit) noting that court order prevented Cisco from bringing another case against Huawei
Huawei
asserting the same or substantially similar claims.[170] Although Cisco employees allegedly witnessed counterfeited technology as late as September 2005,[171] in a retrospective Cisco's Corporate Counsel noted that "Cisco was portrayed by the Chinese media as a bullying multi-national corporation" and "the damage to Cisco's reputation in China
China
outweighed any benefit achieved through the lawsuit";[172] however the same article that quoted the remarks of the Corporate Counsel also notes the remarks of Jay Hoenig of Hill and Associates, a security and risk management consultancy, who encouraged foreign companies to take greater advantage of civil litigation and said that it was hard to make the argument that China's civil system was ineffectual if litigants did not pursue all of the legal remedies available to them.[172] Huawei's chief representative in the US subsequently claimed that Huawei
Huawei
had been vindicated in the case, breaking a confidentiality clause of Huawei's settlement with Cisco. In response Cisco revealed parts of the independent expert's report produced for the case which proved that Huawei
Huawei
had stolen Cisco code and directly copied it into their products.[173] In June 2004, a Huawei
Huawei
employee was caught after hours diagramming and photographing circuit boards from a competitor booth at the SuperComm tradeshow.[174] The employee denied the accusation, but was later dismissed.[175][176] In July 2010, Motorola
Motorola
filed an amended complaint that named Huawei
Huawei
as a co-defendant in its case against Lemko for alleged theft of trade secrets.[177][178] The case against Huawei
Huawei
was subsequently dropped in April 2011.[179][180] In January 2011, Huawei
Huawei
filed a lawsuit against Motorola
Motorola
to prevent its intellectual property from being illegally transferred to Nokia
Nokia
Siemens
Siemens
Networks ("NSN") as part of NSN’s US$1.2 billion acquisition of Motorola's wireless network business.[181][182][183][184] In April 2011, Motorola
Motorola
and Huawei entered into an agreement to settle all pending litigation,[180][185][186] with Motorola
Motorola
paying an undisclosed sum to Huawei
Huawei
for the intellectual property that would be part of the sale to NSN.[187][188][189] In a further move to protect its intellectual property, Huawei
Huawei
filed lawsuits in Germany, France
France
and Hungary in April 2011 against ZTE
ZTE
for patent and trademark infringement.[190][191][192] The following day, ZTE
ZTE
countersued Huawei
Huawei
for patent infringement in China.[193][194] In September 2014, Huawei
Huawei
faced a lawsuit from T-Mobile, which alleged that Huawei
Huawei
stole technology from its Bellevue, Washington, headquarters. T-Mobile
T-Mobile
claimed in its filed suit that Huawei's employees snuck into a T-Mobile
T-Mobile
lab during the period of 2012-2013 and stole parts of its smartphone testing robot Tappy. The Huawei employees then copied the operating software and design details, violating confidentiality agreements that both companies signed. Furthermore, Huawei
Huawei
is now using that intel to build its own testing robot. A Huawei
Huawei
spokesman stated to The New York Times
The New York Times
that there is some truth to the complaint, but that the two employees involved have been fired. T-Mobile
T-Mobile
has since stopped using Huawei
Huawei
as a supplier, which T-Mobile
T-Mobile
says could cost it tens of millions of dollars as it moves away from its handsets.[195] In May 2017, a jury agreed with T-Mobile
T-Mobile
that Huawei
Huawei
committed industrial espionage in United States, and Huawei
Huawei
was ordered to pay $4.8m in damages. Huawei
Huawei
responded to the lawsuit by arguing that Tappy was not a trade secret, and that it was made by Epson, not T-Mobile. According to Huawei, "T-Mobile’s statement of the alleged trade secret is an insufficient, generic statement that captures virtually every component of its robot," and it had failed to point out any trade secret stolen with sufficient specificity. T-mobile dismissed Huawei's arguments, and contended that Epson
Epson
had provided only a component of the robot.[196][197] Espionage and security concerns in the West[edit] In the US, officials and politicians within the federal government have raised concerns that Huawei-made telecommunications equipment may be designed to allow unauthorized access by the Chinese government and the Chinese People's Liberation Army,[198][199][200][201] given that Ren Zhengfei, the founder of the company, served as an engineer in the army in the early 1980s.[202] In the United Kingdom, the Conservative Party raised concerns about security over Huawei’s bid for Marconi in 2005,[200] and the company's equipment was mentioned as an alleged potential threat in a 2009 government briefing by Alex Allan, chairman of the Joint Intelligence Committee.[203] In December 2010, Huawei opened a Cyber Security Evaluation Centre to test its hardware and software to ensure they can withstand growing cyber security threats.[204][205] In the U.S., some members of Congress raised questions about the company's proposed merger with communications company 3Com
3Com
in 2008,[206] and its bid for a Sprint contract in 2010.[202] In addition, Huawei
Huawei
withdrew its purchase of 3Leaf systems in 2010, following a review by the U.S. Committee on Foreign Investment (CFIUS).[199] In a 2011 open letter, Huawei
Huawei
stated that the security concerns are "unfounded and unproven" and called on the U.S. government to investigate any aspect of its business.[207][208] The US-based non-profit organization Asia Society
Asia Society
carried out a review of Chinese companies trying to invest in the U.S., including Huawei. The organization found that only a few investment deals were blocked following unfavorable findings by the CFIUS or had been given a recommendation not to apply, however all large transactions had been politicized by groups including the U.S. media, members of Congress and the security community.[209] However, another article unrelated to the report published by the Asia Society
Asia Society
reported that, "fear that the P.R.C. government could strongarm private or unaffiliated Chinese groups into giving up cyber-secrets is reflected in the U.S. government's treatment of Chinese telecom company Huawei."[210] In October 2009, the Indian Department of Telecommunications reportedly requested national telecom operators to "self-regulate" the use of all equipment from European, U.S. and Chinese telecoms manufacturers following security concerns.[211] Earlier, in 2005, Huawei
Huawei
was blocked from supplying equipment to India's Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) cellular phone service provider.[212] In 2010, the Indian Central Bureau of Investigation
Central Bureau of Investigation
(CBI) insisted on cancelling the rest of the Huawei
Huawei
contract with BSNL and pressed charges against several top BSNL officers regarding their "doubtful integrity and dubious links with Chinese firms".[213][214] In June 2010, an interim solution was introduced that would allow the import of Chinese-made telecoms equipment to India
India
if pre-certified by international security agencies such as Canada’s Electronic Warfare Associates, US-based Infoguard, and Israel’s ALTAL Security Consulting.[215] In October 2011, The Wall Street Journal
The Wall Street Journal
reported that Huawei
Huawei
had become Iran's leading provider of telecommunications equipment, including monitoring technologies that could be used for surveillance.[216] Huawei
Huawei
responded with a statement claiming the story misrepresented the company's involvement: "We have never been involved and do not provide any services relating to monitoring or filtering technologies and equipment anywhere in the world".[217] In 2001, it was alleged that Huawei
Huawei
Technologies India
India
had developed telecommunications equipment for the Taliban in Afghanistan, and newspapers reported that the Indian government had launched a probe into the firm's operations.[218][219] Huawei
Huawei
responded, stating that the company did not have "any link with the Taliban", as its only customers are telecommunications carriers[220] and its facilities "always operate according to U.N. rules and the local laws of each country".[221] On 15 December 2001, the Indian authorities announced that they had not found any evidence that Huawei
Huawei
India
India
had any connection to the Taliban,[222] although the U.S. remains suspicious.[223] In March 2012, Australian media sources reported that the Australian government had excluded Huawei
Huawei
from tendering for contracts with NBN Co, a government-owned corporation that is managing the construction of the National Broadband Network,[224] following advice from the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation
Australian Security Intelligence Organisation
regarding security concerns.[225] The Attorney-General's Department stated in response to these reports that the National Broadband Network
National Broadband Network
is "a strategic and significant government investment, [and] we have a responsibility to do our utmost to protect its integrity and that of the information carried on it."[226] In July 2012, Felix Lindner and Gregor Kopf gave a conference at Defcon to announce that they uncovered several critical vulnerabilities in Huawei
Huawei
routers (models AR18 and AR29)[227] which could be used to get remote access to the device. The researchers said that Huawei
Huawei
"doesn't have a security contact for reporting vulnerabilities, doesn't put out security advisories and doesn't say what bugs have been fixed in its firmware updates", and as a result, the vulnerabilities have not been publicly disclosed. Huawei
Huawei
replied that they were investigating the claims.[228] In December 2011, Bloomberg reported that the U.S. is invoking Cold War-era national security powers to force telecommunication companies including AT&T Inc. and Verizon Communications
Verizon Communications
Inc. to divulge confidential information about their networks in a hunt for Chinese cyber-spying. The US House Intelligence Committee had said on November 18 that it would investigate foreign companies, and a spokesman for Huawei
Huawei
said that the company conducts its businesses according to normal business practices and actually welcomed the investigation.[229] On 8 October 2012, the Committee issued a report concluding Huawei
Huawei
and ZTE
ZTE
were a "national security threat."[230] However, a subsequent White House-ordered review found no concrete evidence to support the House report's espionage allegations.[231] On 9 October 2012, a spokesman for Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper indicated that the Canadian government invoked a national security exception to exclude Huawei
Huawei
from its plans to build a secure government communications network.[232] On 25 October 2012, a Reuters
Reuters
report[233] wrote that according to documents and interviews, an Iranian-based seller of Huawei
Huawei
(Soda Gostar Persian Vista) last year tried to sell embargoed American antenna equipment (made by American company Andrew LLC to an Iranian firm MTN Irancell). Specifically, the Andrew antennas were part of a large order for Huawei
Huawei
telecommunications gear that MTN Irancell
MTN Irancell
had placed through Soda Gostar, but the MTN Irancell
MTN Irancell
says it canceled the deal with Huawei
Huawei
when it learned the items were subject to sanctions and before any equipment was delivered.[233] Vic Guyang, a Huawei spokesman, acknowledged that MTN Irancell
MTN Irancell
had canceled the order; Rick Aspan, a spokesman for CommScope, said the company was not aware of the aborted transaction.[233] On 19 July 2013, Michael Hayden, former head of U.S. National Security Agency and director of Motorola
Motorola
Solutions, claimed that he has seen hard evidence of backdoors in Huawei's networking equipment and that the company engaged in espionage and shared intimate knowledge of the foreign telecommunications systems with the Chinese government.[234] Huawei
Huawei
and Motorola
Motorola
Solutions had previously been engaged in intellectual property disputes for a number of years. Huawei's global cybersecurity officer, John Suffolk, described the comments made by Hayden as "tired, unsubstantiated, defamatory remarks" and challenged him and other critics to present any evidence publicly.[235][234] In 2014 The New York Times
The New York Times
reported, based upon documents leaked by Edward Snowden, that the U.S. National Security Agency
National Security Agency
has since 2007 been operating a covert program against Huawei. This involved breaking into Huawei's internal networks, including headquarter networks and founder Ren Zhengfei's communications.[236] In 2015, German cybersecurity company G Data
G Data
reported that it had found that malware that can listen to calls, track users, and make online purchases was found pre-installed on smartphones from Chinese companies including Lenovo, Xiaomi, and Huawei. When G Data
G Data
contacted the companies to let them know about the malware, Huawei
Huawei
replied that the security breaches must have taken place further down the supply chain, outside the manufacturing process.[237][238] In 2016, Canada's immigration department said it planned to deny permanent resident visas to three Chinese citizens who worked for Huawei
Huawei
over concerns the applicants are involved in espionage, terrorism, and government subversion.[239] On February 14, 2018, in testimony to the United States
United States
Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, the heads of six major US intelligence agencies said they would not recommend the use of products and services from Chinese tech giants Huawei
Huawei
and ZTE
ZTE
by Americans. FBI Director Christopher A. Wray
Christopher A. Wray
said that the government was “deeply concerned about the risks of allowing any company or entity that is beholden to foreign governments that don’t share our values to gain positions of power inside our telecommunications networks.” Huawei responded that it "poses no greater cybersecurity risk than any ICT vendor, sharing as we do common global supply chains and production capabilities," and that it was "aware of a range of U.S. government activities seemingly aimed at inhibiting Huawei's business in the U.S. market."[240] However, major United States
United States
carriers including AT&T and Verizon have refused to sell Huawei’s phones due to pressure from the US government. Best Buy, the largest consumer electronics retailer in the United States, is also completely eliminating Huawei products from its stores.[241] Treatment of workforce and customers[edit] A U.S. Army Strategic Studies Institute report on Argentina
Argentina
published in September 2007 describes Huawei
Huawei
as "known to bribe and trap clients." The report details unfair business practices, such as customers framed by "full-paid trips" to China
China
and monetary "presents" offered and later used by Huawei
Huawei
as "a form of extortion."[242] According to a WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
cable, in 2006, Michael Joseph, then-CEO of Safaricom
Safaricom
Ltd, allegedly struggled to cancel a contract with Huawei due to poor after-sales experience, after which the Kenyan government pressured him to reinstate the contract.[243] When questioned regarding this incident, Joseph replied, "It [the cable] is not a reflection of the truth as evidenced by Safaricom
Safaricom
being a major purchaser of Huawei
Huawei
products including all 3G, switching and the recent OCS billing system upgraded over the weekend."[244] In May 2010, it was reported in The Times of India, that security agencies in India
India
became suspicious of Chinese Huawei
Huawei
employees after learning that Indian employees allegedly did not have access to part of Huawei's Bangalore
Bangalore
research and development (R&D) office building.[245] Huawei
Huawei
responded that the company employs over 2,000 Indian engineers and just 30 Chinese engineers in the R&D center in Bangalore, and "both Indian and Chinese staff have equal access rights to all our information assets and facilities".[246] According to The Times of India, the intelligence agencies also noted that Chinese employees of Huawei
Huawei
had extended their stay in Bangalore
Bangalore
for many months.[245] Huawei
Huawei
stated that many of these employees were on one-and-a-half-year international assignments to serve as a technical bridge between in-market teams and China, and that "all the Chinese employees had valid visas and did not overstay".[247] In October 2007, 7,000 Huawei
Huawei
employees resigned and were then rehired on short-term contracts, thereby apparently avoiding the unlimited contract provisions of the Labour Contract Law of the People's Republic of China. The company denied it was exploiting loopholes in the law, while the move was condemned by local government and trade unions.[248][249] Huawei's treatment of its workforce in Guangdong
Guangdong
Province, Southern China
China
also triggered a media outcry after a 25-year-old software engineer, Hu Xinyu, died in May 2006 from bacterial encephalitis, as a result of what is believed[by whom?] to have been work-related fatigue.[250][251] In its 2010 Corporate Social Responsibility
Corporate Social Responsibility
report, Huawei
Huawei
highlighted the importance of employee health and safety. In 2010, Huawei
Huawei
provided annual health checks to all full-time employees and performed 3,200 checks to employees exposed to occupational health risks.[252] Also, in 2011 Huawei
Huawei
initiated a Scholarship program, " Huawei
Huawei
Maitree Scholarship", for Indian students studying in China.[253] See also[edit]

Telecommunication
Telecommunication
portal Companies portal China
China
portal

Femtocell HSPA+ Huawei 4G eLTE in Africa Sub Sahara Huawei
Huawei
E5 Huawei
Huawei
T330 Shortest Path Bridging

References[edit]

^ a b c d e " Huawei
Huawei
2017 Annual Report: Solid Growth and Sustained Investment in the Future". huawei. Retrieved 30 March 2018.  ^ "Corporate Governance". Huawei.  ^ Contact us Archived 1 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Huawei. Retrieved 4 February 2009. ^ a b "Who's afraid of Huawei?". The Economist. 3 August 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2012.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Investment & Holding". Fortune. Retrieved 15 March 2018.  ^ a b c d e f g Ahrens, Nathaniel (February 2013). "China's Competitiveness Myth, Reality, and Lessons for the United States
United States
and Japan. Case Study: Huawei" (PDF). Center for Strategic and International Studies. Retrieved 3 October 2014.  ^ a b c Shukla, Anuradha (18 April 2011). " Huawei
Huawei
maintained steady growth in 2010". Computerworld. IDG Communications. Retrieved 14 June 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
2010 Profit Gains 30% on Higher International Sales". Businessweek. 17 April 2011. Archived from the original on 12 August 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011.  ^ "2010 Corporate Social Responsibility
Corporate Social Responsibility
Report" (PDF). Huawei.com. Huawei. 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2011.  ^ Some of Huawei's US operations include FutureWei Technologies Inc. (in at least Santa Clara CA, Plano TX, and Bridgetwater NJ), which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Huawei
Huawei
North America. ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Canada
Canada
- Corporate Information". Retrieved 18 February 2015.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
and Imperial College Open Data Science Innovation Lab". Datacenter Dynamics. Retrieved 2014-05-20.  ^ "CES 2016: Huawei
Huawei
unveils Mate 8 with Kirin 950 chipset". Tech Desk. January 8, 2016. Retrieved 9 January 2016.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
has opened its R&D center in Istanbul on 27 February 2010". Huawei.com. Retrieved 2013-06-24.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
– Invest in Turkey". Invest.gov.tr. Retrieved 2012-10-12.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
to focus more on smartphone business". The Korea Times. Retrieved 2014-05-20.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Financial Results". Huawei. 31 December 2014. Archived from the original on 3 August 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2015.  ^ Vance, Ashlee; Einhorn, Bruce (15 September 2011). "At Huawei, Matt Bross Tries to Ease U.S. Security Fears". Businessweek. Retrieved 28 September 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
is working on its own mobile OS in case things sour with Google". The Verge.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Sells More Smartphones Than Apple: Becoming The Second Largest Smartphone
Smartphone
Brand After Samsung". Eyerys.com. 6 September 2017.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
overtakes Apple as world's second-biggest smartphone maker". The Telegraph.  ^ "BBK is second largest smartphone manufacturer".  ^ "IDC: Smartphone
Smartphone
shipments up 2.7% in Q3 2017". November 2, 2017.  ^ Bridgwater, Adrian. " Huawei
Huawei
CEO Ambitions: We Will Be One Of Five Major 'World Clouds'". Forbes.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Creates the "Nervous System" of Smart Cities and Launches IoT City Demo Based on NB-IoT with Weifang". AsiaOne.  ^ Huawei
Huawei
(August 8, 2017). "BYD Builds a Standardized, High-Performing Smart Factory". Huawei.  ^ "wei".  ^ "Official Huawei
Huawei
Pronunciation Video". Retrieved 9 May 2016.  ^ 華為 pronunciation in Cantonese ^ Peilei Fan, "Catching Up through Developing Innovation Capacity: Evidence from China’s Telecom Equipment Industry," Technovation 26 (2006): 359–368 ^ a b Gilley, Bruce (28 December 2000). "Huawei's Fixed Line to Beijing". Far Eastern Economic Review: 94–98.  ^ a b c d e f g "Milestones". Huawei
Huawei
Technologies Co., Ltd. Archived from the original on 9 July 2016.  ^ a b Christine Chang; Amy Cheng; Susan Kim; Johanna Kuhn Osius; Jesus Reyes; Daniel Turgel (2009). " Huawei
Huawei
Technologies: A Chinese Trail Blazer In Africa". Business Today.  ^ a b " Huawei
Huawei
Technologies Profit Rises 30%, Led by Higher International Sales". Bloomberg News. 17 April 2011.  ^ Alexandra Harney (9 December 2004). " Huawei
Huawei
wins 3G contract from Telfort". Financial Times.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Becomes an Approved Supplier for Vodafone's Global Supply Chain". Huawei
Huawei
Technologies Co., Ltd. 20 November 2005.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Picked for BT's 21CN". Light Reading. 25 April 2005.  ^ Marcus Browne (20 May 2008). " Optus
Optus
opens up mobile research shop with Huawei". ZDNet Australia.  ^ XFN-ASIA (21 October 2008). "China's Huawei
Huawei
to build UMTS/HSPA networks for Telus, Bell Canada". Chinese stock information. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012.  ^ "397. Huawei
Huawei
Technologies". Fortune. 26 July 2010.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
plans to invest $500 mn in Tamil Nadu". Refiff Business. 19 October 2010.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
plans new R&D centre". Deccan Herald. 12 May 2011.  ^ "Reading move for Chinese communication giant / Reading Chronicle / News / Roundup". Readingchronicle.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-12.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
and the Jonas Brothers: A match made in paradise?". CNET. 2013-04-29.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
opens Regina office, launches new smartphone". Leader Post. Postmedia Network. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013.  ^ "TDC and Huawei
Huawei
Contract". Huawei. Retrieved 2014-03-24.  ^ "About TD Tech". TD Tech Ltd. Archived from the original on 24 March 2013.  ^ "Presidente Chávez inauguró la Industria Electrónica Orinoquia". Correo del Orinoco. 22 May 2010.  ^ Brett Winterford (22 May 2007). "Huawei, Symantec
Symantec
form joint venture". ZDNet Australia.  ^ " Symantec
Symantec
Completes Sale of Huawei
Huawei
Symantec
Symantec
Joint Venture to Huawei". Symantec. 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2013-06-22.  ^ "GP, Huawei
Huawei
win 'Green Mobile Award'". The Financial Express. 24 November 2009. Archived from the original on 1 October 2011.  ^ "Clearwire, Comcast, Huawei
Huawei
and ITRI join WiMAX Forum Board of Directors". WiMax News. 8 April 2009.  ^ Wang Xing (18 December 2008). "Huawei, Global Marine Systems in telecom JV". China
China
Daily.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
ups earnings on 'significant overseas growth'". BBC News. 17 April 2011.  ^ a b Owen Fletcher (18 April 2011). " Huawei
Huawei
Discloses Directors". The Wall Street Journal. [permanent dead link] ^ " Huawei
Huawei
denies using Chinese subsidies to grab more business". 18 June 2012. [dead link] ^ " Huawei
Huawei
eyes $150 m sale in enterprise biz". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 8 June 2012.  ^ a b c d McGregor, Richard (2012). The Party: The Secret World of China's Communist Rulers. New York: Harper Perennial. p. 204. ISBN 978-1-84614-173-7.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Annual Report 2010: Corporate Governance Report". Huawei.com. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2011.  ^ a b Fletcher, Owen (18 April 2011). " Huawei
Huawei
Discloses Directors". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2 June 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ "Executive Profile Yafang Sun". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 2 June 2011.  ^ "Sun Yafang". World Economic Forum. Retrieved 2 June 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ "Ken Hu". World Economic Forum. Retrieved 2 June 2011.  ^ Olsen, Robert (24 February 2011). "Huawei's Open Letter to U.S. Investigators". Forbes. Retrieved 2 June 2011.  ^ Hille, Kathrin (17 April 2011). " Huawei
Huawei
opens up its board to scrutiny". Financial Times. Retrieved 2 June 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
appoints new directors". Telecomseurope.net. 27 April 2011. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2011.  ^ a b Xiang, Liu (1 July 2013). "Former Nokia
Nokia
Exec Colin Giles Joins Huawei
Huawei
As Executive Vice President of Consumer Business". GSM
GSM
Insider. Archived from the original on 7 July 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.  ^ Zhao, Hejuan (11 August 2010). "Why Huawei
Huawei
Doesn't Get Its Way". Caixin. Retrieved 7 April 2016.  ^ a b Zhao, Hejuan (11 August 2010). "Staff Churn Stirs Huawei's Management Circle". Caixin. Retrieved 7 April 2016.  ^ Barfield, Claude (5 November 2011). "Telecoms and the Huawei Conundrum". American Enterprise Institute. Archived from the original on 21 April 2016. Retrieved 7 April 2016.  ^ Mackie. "Innovation in China".  ^ Saarinen, Juha (28 May 2010). "Analysis: Who Really Owns Huawei?". IT News. Retrieved 7 April 2016.  ^ a b Mucci, Jeff (5 February 2010). " Huawei
Huawei
Q&A: 95,000 employees and growing". RCR Wireless. Retrieved 21 June 2011. [dead link] ^ Huawei
Huawei
Picked for BT's 21CN. Light Reading. 28 April 2005. ^ Vodafone, Huawei
Huawei
sign deal for 3G handsets. ZDNet News. 15 February 2006. Archived 16 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Huawei
Huawei
Meets Vodafone's Needs. Light Reading. 22 November 2005. ^ Motorola
Motorola
exec's domain is profitable, if not sexy. Chicago Tribune. 12 November 2006. ^ Huawei
Huawei
wins first major German deal. China
China
Daily. 16 November 2006. ^ France
France
Telecom adds China's Huawei
Huawei
to pool of UMTS
UMTS
equipment suppliers – report. AFX News Limited. 1 February 2007. Archived 4 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Bell teams up with Huawei
Huawei
to successfully test 5G in Ontario". IT World Canada. Retrieved 2018-03-20.  ^ "PLDT's Smart partners with Huawei
Huawei
to transform mobile services delivery". www.telecompaper.com. Retrieved 2018-01-04.  ^ a b Millet, Carol (9 May 2011). " Huawei
Huawei
clinches Everything Everywhere network upgrade deal". Mobile Magazine. Retrieved 21 June 2011.  ^ Huawei
Huawei
4G eLTE ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Enterprise ICT Solutions, A Better Way". enterprise.huawei.com. Retrieved 2015-10-28.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Reports FY10 Revenues of CNY185.2 Billion, Up 24.2%; Net Profit of CNY23.8 Billion, Up 30.0%". Huawei. 18 April 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2011.  ^ Vitorovich, Lilly; Neal, Molly (9 March 2011). " Huawei
Huawei
has high hopes for enterprise business". Total Telecom. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2011.  ^ Chao, Loretta (28 April 2011). "Huawei: Protectionism Hits Revenue Growth". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 21 June 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Announces Leading New ICT to Build a Better Connected World-huawei press center". huawei. Retrieved 2016-04-20.  ^ a b "Information on the Company". Huawei. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2011.  ^ "Telenor and Huawei
Huawei
Conduct Successful Test of 5G with 70 Gbps Speeds". PakTechInfo. Retrieved 4 April 2017.  ^ "5G an opportunity for China
China
to take lead in next tech evolution". 6 March 2018.  CHINADAILY. Retrieved 15 March 2018. ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Conference 2011: An ACG Report". ACG Research. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
becomes world's number two telecom company by revenue". Australian Business Forum. 4 May 2011. Archived from the original on 3 February 2012. Retrieved 21 June 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
to Showcase New ICT to Accelerate Digital Industrial Transformation at HANNOVER MESSE 2018 – Huawei
Huawei
News". Huawei Enterprise. Retrieved 15 March 2018.  ^ " Vodafone
Vodafone
Mobile Wi-Fi R205 review". Wired UK. Retrieved 18 February 2015.  ^ " China
China
R206 Huawei
Huawei
Wireless
Wireless
Router - China
China
4g Router, Huawei Router". Made-in-China.com. Retrieved 18 February 2015.  ^ Vendor Rating: Huawei. Gartner. 24 September 2010. ^ Chyen Yee, Lee; Yuntao, Huang (19 April 2011). "INTERVIEW – Huawei makes aggressive push in consumer devices". Reuters. Retrieved 21 June 2011.  ^ "About Us Huawei
Huawei
Our History, Heritage & Who We Are HUAWEI Malaysia". consumer.huawei.com. Retrieved 2018-04-01.  ^ Jr., Michael F. Oryl. " Huawei
Huawei
Drops Ascend Branding for Upcoming P8". www.mobileburn.com. Retrieved 2018-04-01.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
to drop 'Ascend' smartphone branding Trusted Reviews". Trusted Reviews. 2015-01-19. Retrieved 2018-04-01.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
is retiring the Ascend brand for future devices". GSMArena.com. Retrieved 2018-04-01.  ^ Gibbs, Samuel (2018-03-27). " Huawei
Huawei
says three cameras are better than one with P20 Pro smartphone". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-03-27.  ^ a b c d e f g "Security Notice-Statement on Multiple OpenSSL Vulnerabilities". huawei. Retrieved 15 March 2018.  ^ "Chinese telecom firms fight for rights". China
China
Daily USA. 11 May 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Climbs 'Food Chain' in Cisco Enterprise Challenge". Businessweek. 9 May 2011. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.  ^ "Mobile Softswitch 2008 Update: Big Growth, New Value". InStat. 16 May 2008. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ "Recession isn't holding back mobile broadband subscribers". Infonetics Research. 17 March 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ Morris, Anne (November 2008). "Hanging On" (PDF). Total Telecom. p. 18. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ "China's appetite for broadband services creates world's largest broadband aggregation hardware market". Infonetics Research. 20 July 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Secures Large Telenor Contract in Norway". Norway.cn. 5 November 2009. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ Donegan, Michelle (18 April 2011). " Huawei
Huawei
Profits Climb 30% in 2010". Light Reading Europe. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Launches World' s First End-to-End 100G Solutions" (Press release). Huawei. 30 September 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
unveils world's first E2E 100 G solutions". Zycko. 1 October 2009. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ "Global Economic Slowdown Impacts 2008 International Patent Filings". World Intellectual Property Organization. 27 January 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ "Huawei's Open Letter to the US". Light Reading. 24 February 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ "China's Huawei
Huawei
leads international patent filings: WIPO". Reuters.com. Reuters. 19 March 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2015.  ^ "Telecom giants in China
China
lead int'l patent filings in 2014: WIPO". Want China
China
Times. 2015-03-20. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2015.  ^ "The Chinese Dream
Chinese Dream
and its future outcome". 15 March 2018.  CHINADAILY. Retrieved 15 March 2018. ^ " Huawei
Huawei
promotes digital transformation in Egypt, North Africa". 8 December 2017.  CHINADAILY. Retrieved 15 March 2018. ^ "Will AT&T's call to drop Huawei
Huawei
end phone maker's US hopes?". 13 January 2018.  The Guardian. Retrieved 15 March 2018. ^ Joseph, Seb (26 October 2017). " Huawei
Huawei
is building its first digital marketing team in Europe
Europe
- Digiday". Digiday.  Retrieved 15 March 2018. ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Sales Hit $11B". Light Reading. 6 February 2007. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Sets Bumper Sales Target". Light Readin. 3 April 2008. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ a b "UPDATE 1- China
China
Huawei
Huawei
08 contract sales up 46 pct at $23.3 bln". Reuters. 7 January 2009.  ^ "China's Huawei
Huawei
Gained Sales of Over USD30 Billion in 2009". China Tech News. 5 January 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
2010 Profit Gains 30% on Higher International Sales". Bloomberg. 17 April 2011.  Missing or empty url= (help); access-date= requires url= (help) ^ "World's Most Respected Companies Complete Rankings". Forbes. 21 May 2007. Retrieved 7 June 2011.  ^ McGregor, Jenna (11 December 2008). "The World's Most Influential Companies". Businessweek. Retrieved 7 June 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ " Huawei
Huawei
ranked 5th most innovative firm". Financialexpress.com. 27 March 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2010.  ^ "Innovators honoured in 2010 GTB Awards". Global Telecoms Business. 7 June 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ "Frost & Sullivan Recognizes Huawei
Huawei
as 2010 SDM Equipment Vendor of the Year". Frost & Sullivan. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ "Exemplary Best Practices in Asia Pacific Honoured". Frost & Sullivan. 18 October 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ "Company Profile". Huawei. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ "Telecommunications leads the way in Corporate Innovation Economist Conferences UK". Economistconferences.co.uk. Archived from the original on 30 October 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2010.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Wins Two Awards at LTE World Summit 2011". EFY Times. 18 May 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011.  ^ "Interbrand's 15th annual Best Global Brands Report". Interbrand. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Extends Major Sponsorship of the Raiders". Canberra Raiders. 2016-08-21. Retrieved 2018-03-03.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Becomes The Latest Sponsor Of Borussia Dortmund
Borussia Dortmund
In Germany". Archived from the original on 1 February 2014.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Becomes Global Partner of Liga de Fútbol Profesional
Liga de Fútbol Profesional
(LFP) In Spain". Archived from the original on 1 February 2014.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Becomes Official Smartphone
Smartphone
Partner Of Arsenal Football Club". Archived from the original on 21 January 2014.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Sponsors Rayo Vallecano
Rayo Vallecano
For Two Matches, Against Real Madrid And Bilbao". Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014.  ^ "Players Of Paris Saint-Germain
Paris Saint-Germain
Took A Selfie With Huawei
Huawei
Ascend P7". Archived from the original on 17 May 2014.  ^ Dr. Bentor Paul Addie aka OPOTOO ^ "HUAWEI Title Sponsor of Ajax Cape Town". Archived from the original on 2014-11-02.  ^ "Santa Fe estrenará patrocinador en este 2015".  ^ "América cambiaría patrocinador en la playera".  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
sign up Arsenal star Alexis Sanchez Soccerex". www.soccerex.com. Retrieved 2015-12-23.  ^ "FISE World Chengdu
Chengdu
2014". 2014-10-24. Retrieved 2016-01-14.  ^ " Boca Juniors
Boca Juniors
suma a Huawei
Huawei
como sponsor y tendrá un teléfono móvil exclusivo".  ^ "HUAWEI - NOVI PARTNER REPREZENTACIJE SRBIJE".  ^ Mbuvi, Dennis (7 June 2011). "Huawei, Safaricom
Safaricom
partner with Kenya universities". Computerworld
Computerworld
Uganda. Retrieved 27 June 2011.  ^ a b "Huawei, ITU
ITU
to promote ICT training in Africa". iGovernment. 2 November 2007. Archived from the original on 5 October 2011. Retrieved 27 June 2011.  ^ "Chinese firm opens technology training center in Indonesian college". ASEAN-China. Xinhua. 12 April 2011. Archived from the original on 20 April 2011. Retrieved 27 June 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
inaugurates technology training center in Indonesia". Wireless
Wireless
Federation. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 27 June 2011.  ^ "Huawei, Buet sign deal to set up wireless communication lab". The Daily Star. 18 July 2008. Retrieved 27 June 2011.  ^ " MIT
MIT
Reports to the President 2007–2008" (PDF). MIT. 7 March 2008. Retrieved 27 June 2011.  ^ " MIT
MIT
Reports to the President 2008–2009" (PDF). MIT. 7 March 2009. Retrieved 27 June 2011.  ^ " MIT
MIT
Reports to the President 2009–2010" (PDF). MIT. 5 March 2009. Retrieved 27 June 2011.  ^ "A 2010 Leadership Imperative: The Future Built on Broadband" (PDF). Broadband Commission. 2010. Retrieved 27 June 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ "Ms. Sun Yafang". Broadband Commission. Archived from the original on 25 September 2011. Retrieved 27 June 2011.  ^ " ITU
ITU
and UNESCO
UNESCO
announce top-level global Broadband Commission". UNESCO. 10 May 2010. Retrieved 27 June 2011.  ^ Schenker, Jennifer L. (18 February 2010). "China's Huawei
Huawei
Joins GreenTouch Consortium". Informilo. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 27 June 2011.  ^ PILIECI, VITO (15 June 2011). "Telus, Huawei
Huawei
back Carleton cloud project". The Ottawa
Ottawa
Citizen. Retrieved 27 June 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ Njeri, Millicent (14 June 2011). " Huawei
Huawei
releases 2010 corporate social responsibility report". Corporate Social Responsibility
Corporate Social Responsibility
Africa. Huawei. Archived from the original on 22 June 2011. Retrieved 27 June 2011.  ^ "CSR Report 2010". Huawei. 2010. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 27 June 2011.  ^ "Telecoms giant Huawei
Huawei
leads in European patent applications". 9 March 2018.  CHINADAILY. Retrieved 15 March 2018. ^ "Cisco's motion for preliminary injunction" (PDF). Cisco.com. 5 February 2003. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ Flynn, Laurie J. (29 July 2004). "Technology briefing: Cisco drops Huawei
Huawei
suit". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ Harvey, Phil (28 July 2004). "Cisco drops Huawei
Huawei
suit". Light Reading. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ "US Embassy Cable 05HARARE1331". wikileaks. Retrieved 9 September 2011.  ^ a b "US embassy Cable 10SHANGHAI53". wikileaks. 19 February 2010. Retrieved 9 September 2011.  ^ Worth, Dan (2012-10-12). "Cisco upbraids Huawei
Huawei
over source code copying claims". V3.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-06-22.  ^ Burrows, Peter (30 July 2004). " Huawei
Huawei
isn't in the clear yet". BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on 15 September 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ Harvey, Phil (17 August 2004). " Huawei
Huawei
fires SuperComm snooper". Light Reading. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ "Statement from Huawei
Huawei
Technologies in response to questions regarding events at the SuperComm trade show". Huawei.com. Huawei. 5 August 2004. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ Wahba, Phil; Lee, Melanie (22 July 2010). " Motorola
Motorola
sues Huawei
Huawei
for trade secret theft". Reuters. Retrieved 15 July 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ Rhoads, Christopher (22 July 2010). " Motorola
Motorola
claims Huawei
Huawei
plot". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 15 July 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ Tsukayama, Hayley (13 April 2011). "Motorola, Huawei
Huawei
settle their dispute". Post Tech. The Washington Post. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ a b Rao, Leena (13 April 2011). " Motorola
Motorola
and Huawei
Huawei
settle patent lawsuit". Tech Crunch. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ Raice, Shayndi (25 January 2011). " Huawei
Huawei
sues Motorola
Motorola
to block asset sale". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 15 July 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ Rao, Leena (24 January 2011). " Huawei
Huawei
Sues Motorola
Motorola
Over Patents Disclosed To Nokia
Nokia
Siemens-Acquired Wireless
Wireless
Network". Tech Crunch. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Files Lawsuit Against Motorola
Motorola
for IP Infringement". Huawei.com. Huawei. 24 January 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ Carew, Sinead (24 January 2011). " Huawei
Huawei
sues to alter Motorola- Nokia
Nokia
Siemens
Siemens
deal". Reuters.com. Reuters. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ " Motorola
Motorola
Solutions and Huawei
Huawei
Issue Joint Statement". Huawei.com. Huawei. 13 April 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ Hille, Kathrin; Taylor, Paul (13 April 2011). "Relief for Huawei
Huawei
as it settles with Motorola". The Financial Times. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ Barboza, David (14 April 2011). " Motorola
Motorola
Solutions and Huawei Settle Claims Over Intellectual Property". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ Thomasch, Paul (13 April 2011). " Motorola
Motorola
and Huawei
Huawei
settle trade secret dispute". reuters.com. Reuters. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
settles Motorola
Motorola
Solutions trade secrets dispute". BBC News. 13 April 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
sues ZTE
ZTE
in Germany, France, Hungary". Reuters. 28 April 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ Hille, Kathrin (28 April 2011). " Huawei
Huawei
sues ZTE
ZTE
over patents". The Financial Times. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ Clarke, Gavin (11 May 2011). " Huawei
Huawei
draws blood in ZTE
ZTE
patent tussle". The Register. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ " ZTE
ZTE
sues Huawei
Huawei
in China
China
for patent infringement over 4G tech". reuters.com. Reuters. 29 April 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ " ZTE
ZTE
counter-sues Huawei
Huawei
over LTE technology in China". The Wall Street Journal. 29 April 2011. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2011.  ^ Thomas, Sarah (9 September 2014). " T-Mobile
T-Mobile
Accuses Huawei
Huawei
of Espionage".  ^ Orlowski, Andrew (19 May 2017). " Huawei
Huawei
spied, US federal jury finds". The Register.  ^ Lerman, Rachel (18 May 2017). "Jury awards T-Mobile
T-Mobile
$4.8M in trade-secrets case against Huawei". Seattle Times.  ^ "Annual Report to Congress Military Power of the People's Republic of China" (PDF). defenselink.mil. U.S. Department of Defense. 2008. Retrieved 5 October 2011.  ^ a b "Chinese telecom company Huawei
Huawei
open to US investigation". BBC News. 25 February 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2011.  ^ a b "The Huawei
Huawei
Way". Newsweek. 15 January 2006. Retrieved 29 August 2011.  ^ "Chinese spy fears on broadband frontrunner". The Australian. 18 December 2008. Archived from the original on 16 May 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2011.  ^ a b Markoff, John; Barboza, David (25 October 2010). "Chinese Telecom Giant in Push for U.S. Market". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 August 2011.  ^ Smith, Michael (29 March 2009). "Spy chiefs fear Chinese cyber attack". The Times. London. Retrieved 29 August 2011.  ^ Kirk, Jeremy (6 December 2010). " Huawei
Huawei
open security test center in the UK". PC World.com. Retrieved 29 August 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Opens Cyber Security Evaluation Centre in the UK". Huawei.com. Huawei. 6 December 2010. Retrieved 29 August 2011.  ^ "Congress to probe 3Com- Huawei
Huawei
deal". The Washington Times. 2 February 2008. Retrieved 29 August 2011.  ^ Hu, Ken. " Huawei
Huawei
Open Letter". Huawei.com. Huawei. Retrieved 15 July 2011. [dead link] ^ Chao, Loretta (25 February 2011). " Huawei
Huawei
Executive's Open Letter to the U.S." China
China
Real Time Report. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 29 August 2011.  ^ Rosen, Daniel H.; Hanemann, Thilo (May 2011). "An American Open Door?" (PDF). Asia Society.org. The Asia Society. p. 62. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 August 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2011.  ^ Le, Bryan (4 August 2011). "The Chinese Cyber-Threat". Asia Society.  ^ Basu, Indrajit (8 October 2009). "India's telecom agency raises China
China
spy scare". UPI Asia. Retrieved 29 August 2011. [dead link] ^ BSNL Cancels Huawei
Huawei
GSM
GSM
Tender Covering Southern India
India
Cellular News: BSNL cancels Huawei
Huawei
GSM
GSM
tender ^ CBI to probe link between BSNL officers, Chinese firm – Hindustan Times Archived 5 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Hindustan Times: CBI to probe BSNL's officers Huawei
Huawei
ink ^ PMO forced BSNL to remove top officials – Hindustan Times Archived 5 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Hindustan Times: PMO Forced BSNL to remove top officials ^ Putcha, Shiv; Grivolas, Julien (4 June 2010). " India
India
lifts ban on Chinese telecoms vendors". Ovum. Retrieved 29 August 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ Stecklow, Steve (19 October 2011). "Chinese Tech Giant Aids Iran". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 19 October 2011.  ^ "Statement Regarding Inaccurate and Misleading Claims about Huawei's Commercial Operations in Iran". huawei.com. Huawei. Retrieved 7 November 2011.  ^ Satyamurty, K (12 December 2001). "Chinese firm's dealings: police kept in the dark about probe". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 16 November 2011.  ^ Shankar, Jay (10 December 2001). "Indian state government puts Chinese firm under microscope". Agence France-Presse.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Rajesh, Y.P (11 December 2001). " India
India
probes unit of Chinese firm for Taliban link". Reuters
Reuters
News.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Kurtenback, Elaine (12 December 2001). "Chinese firm denies reports that software center in India
India
helped Taliban". Associated Press Newswires.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Srinivasan, S. (15 December 2001). "No evidence of Taliban links to Chinese firm, Indian authorities say". Associated Press Newswires.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ " Huawei
Huawei
asks US govt to clear its name". Telecompaper. 25 February 2011. Retrieved 24 November 2011.  ^ Australian Financial Review (2012). China’s Huawei
Huawei
banned from NBN. Retrieved 26 March 2012]. ^ Australian Financial Review (2012). ASIO forced NBN to dump Huawei. Retrieved 26 March 2012. ^ The Wall Street Journal
The Wall Street Journal
(2012). Canberra Talks Integrity After Reportedly Banning Huawei
Huawei
From NBN. Retrieved 26 March 2012. ^ "Hackers reveal critical vulnerabilities in Huawei
Huawei
routers at Defcon". Computerworld.com. Retrieved 30 July 2012.  ^ "Expert: Huawei
Huawei
routers are riddled with vulnerabilities". News.cnet.com. Retrieved 31 July 2012.  ^ Riley, Michael (1 December 2011). "U.S. Hunting for Chinese Telecom Spyware". Bloomberg. Retrieved 1 December 2011.  ^ Schmidt, Michael S. (8 October 2012). "U.S. Panel Cites Risks in Chinese Equipment". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 October 2012.  ^ Menn, Joseph (18 October 2012). "White House-ordered review found no evidence of Huawei
Huawei
spying: sources". reuters.com. Reuters. Retrieved 19 October 2012.  ^ Palmer, Randall (9 October 2012). " Huawei
Huawei
faces exclusion from planned Canada
Canada
government network". Reuters. Retrieved 10 October 2012.  ^ a b c Stecklow, Steve (25 October 2012). "Exclusive: Huawei
Huawei
partner offered U.S. tech to Iran". Yahoo News. [dead link] ^ a b Curtis, Sophie (19 Jul 2013). "Ex-CIA chief accuses Huawei
Huawei
of industrial espionage". Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-12-09.  ^ Huawei
Huawei
has spied for Chinese government, ex-CIA boss says World news. theguardian.com (2013-07-19). Retrieved on 2013-12-09. ^ David E. Sanger
David E. Sanger
and Nicole Perlroth (22 March 2014). "N.S.A. Breached Chinese Servers Seen as Security Threat". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 March 2014.  ^ Philipp, Joshua (9 September 2015). "Spy Software
Software
Found Preinstalled on Lenovo, Huawei, and Xiaomi
Xiaomi
Smartphones". Epoch Times.  ^ "Researchers find spyware on Xiaomi, Lenovo, Huawei
Huawei
smartphones; manufacturers, experts say middlemen to blame". 10 September 2015.  ^ Browne, Rachel (25 May 2016). " Canada
Canada
Plans to Reject Chinese Telecom Workers on Suspicion They Could Be Spies".  ^ Salinas, Sara (2018-02-13). "Six top US intelligence chiefs caution against buying Huawei
Huawei
phones". CNBC. Retrieved 2018-02-15.  ^ " Best Buy
Best Buy
won't sell Huawei
Huawei
phones, laptops, or smartwatches anymore". The Verge. Retrieved 2018-03-23.  ^ Hulse, Janie (September 2007). "China's expansion into and U.S. withdrawal from Argentina's telecommunications and space industries and the implications for U.S. national security" (PDF). strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil. U.S. Army Strategic Studies Institute. Retrieved 10 October 2011.  ^ Le Maistre, Ray (3 March 2011). " WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
Cable Casts Dim Light on Huawei". lightreading.com. Light Reading Asia. Retrieved 10 October 2011.  ^ "Wikileaks exposes US jitters over tender awards to China". Business Daily Africa. March 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2011.  ^ a b " Huawei
Huawei
Technologies bans Indians in India". The Times of India. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
invites Govt to inspect India
India
offices". The Hindu. 13 May 2010. Archived from the original on 4 February 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2011.  ^ "No secret tests at Huawei
Huawei
facility, says company". The Economic Times. 12 May 2010. Retrieved 10 October 2011.  ^ Crothall, Geoffrey; Snowdon, Karon (12 November 2007). "ABC Radio Australia: CHINA: Companies seeking loopholes in new labour laws". China
China
Labour Bulletin. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2010.  ^ "Is corporate "wolf-culture" devouring China's over-worked employees?". China
China
Labour Bulletin. 27 May 2008. Archived from the original on 6 October 2008. Retrieved 24 February 2010.  ^ Metz, Trevor (12 November 2007). "CBC News: Stemming the brain drain". CBC News. Archived from the original on 20 January 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2010.  ^ Xu, Zhiqiang (7 June 2006). "Worked to Death in China". OhmyNews International. Korea: OhmyNews International. Retrieved 27 April 2010.  ^ "CSR Report 2010". Huawei.com. Huawei. 2010. Archived from the original on 7 November 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2011.  ^ " Huawei
Huawei
Maitree Scholarship Programme 2012". Archived from the original on 25 December 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

" Huawei
Huawei
probed for security, espionage risk", 60 Minutes, Sunday, 7 October 2012. An investigative report on Huawei
Huawei
by Steve Kroft. U.S. panel cites risks in Chinese Equipment 9 October 2012 The New York Times

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Huawei.

Official website (in Chinese) (in English) (in Japanese) (in Russian) (in Spanish)

v t e

Huawei

Products

Mobile phones

Ascend

Huawei
Huawei
Ascend Huawei Ascend
Huawei Ascend
G300 Huawei Ascend
Huawei Ascend
G600 Huawei Ascend
Huawei Ascend
P1 Huawei Ascend
Huawei Ascend
P2 Huawei Ascend
Huawei Ascend
P6 Huawei Ascend
Huawei Ascend
P7 Huawei Ascend
Huawei Ascend
D1 Huawei Ascend
Huawei Ascend
D2 Huawei Ascend
Huawei Ascend
Mate Huawei Ascend
Huawei Ascend
Mate2 4G Huawei Ascend
Huawei Ascend
Mate7 Huawei Ascend
Huawei Ascend
W1

Honor

Huawei Honor
Huawei Honor
X1 Huawei Honor
Huawei Honor
X2 Huawei Honor
Huawei Honor
3C Huawei Honor
Huawei Honor
3X Huawei Honor
Huawei Honor
4 Huawei Honor
Huawei Honor
4C Huawei Honor
Huawei Honor
4X Huawei Honor
Huawei Honor
5X Huawei Honor
Huawei Honor
6 Huawei Honor
Huawei Honor
6 Plus Huawei Honor
Huawei Honor
7 Huawei Honor
Huawei Honor
7i Huawei Honor
Huawei Honor
8 Huawei Honor
Huawei Honor
8 Pro Huawei Honor
Huawei Honor
9

Other

Huawei
Huawei
M835 Huawei
Huawei
Sonic Huawei
Huawei
U120 Huawei
Huawei
U121 Huawei
Huawei
U1000 Huawei
Huawei
U1100 Huawei
Huawei
U1270 Huawei
Huawei
U1250 Huawei
Huawei
U1310 Huawei
Huawei
U2801 Huawei
Huawei
U3300 Huawei
Huawei
U7310 Huawei
Huawei
U7510 Huawei
Huawei
U7519 Huawei
Huawei
U8100 Huawei
Huawei
U8110 Huawei
Huawei
IDEOS U8150 Huawei
Huawei
U8220 Huawei
Huawei
U8230 Huawei
Huawei
U8800 Huawei
Huawei
U9130 Compass Huawei
Huawei
U9150 Huawei
Huawei
P8 Huawei P8
Huawei P8
Max Huawei
Huawei
Mate S Huawei
Huawei
Mate 8 Nexus 6P Huawei
Huawei
P9 Huawei
Huawei
G7 Huawei
Huawei
G8 Huawei
Huawei
G9 Huawei
Huawei
Nova Huawei
Huawei
Mate 9 Huawei
Huawei
P10 Huawei
Huawei
Mate 10

Other

Huawei
Huawei
E5 Huawei
Huawei
E220 Huawei
Huawei
Ideos Tablet S7 Huawei
Huawei
SingleRAN Huawei
Huawei
4G eLTE Huawei
Huawei
Watch Huawei
Huawei
MateBook

People

Sun Yafang Ren Zhengfei

Other

Huawei
Huawei
EMUI Huawei
Huawei
Symantec HiSilicon

Category Commons

Links to related articles

v t e

Telecommunications in China

Telecommunications industry

History

CERNET China
China
Next Generation Internet Chinese Domain Name Consortium CNGrid Digital divide Electronics industry ICP license Internet Internet censorship

Golden Shield Project List of websites blocked

Mobile phone
Mobile phone
industry Online gaming

Government agencies

China
China
Internet Network Information Center Internet police Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Cyberspace Administration of China

Telecom operators

China
China
Mobile China
China
Telecommunications Corporation

China
China
Telecom

China
China
Unicom

Equipment suppliers

Amoi Datang Telecom Group

Datang Telecom Technology

Huawei Konka Group Ningbo Bird SVA Group ZTE

Economy Media Television

v t e

Electronics industry in China

Semiconductor

Actions Semiconductor Allwinner Technology Hejian Technology Corporation Huawei

HiSilicon

Ingenic Leadcore Lemote

Loongson

Rockchip SMIC Tsinghua Unigroup

Spreadtrum

Mobile Devices

TCL Corporation

Alcatel BlackBerry Mobile Palm

BBK Electronics

OPPO Electronics OPPO Digital OnePlus Vivo Smartphone

Coolpad Group Doogee G'Five Gionee Huawei

Honor

Leagoo LeEco Lenovo

Motorola
Motorola
Mobility

Meizu Oukitel QiKU Smartisan Transsion

Infinix Mobile itel Tecno Mobile

Ulefone Umidigi Xiaomi Zopo ZTE
ZTE
(Nubia)

Home Appliances

Changhong Galanz Gree Electric Haier Hisense

Hisense
Hisense
Kelon

Konka Group Meiling Midea Supor Skyworth TCL Corporation

Electronic Components

BOE BYD Electronic CATL CEC CSOT Goertek Royole Shenzhen
Shenzhen
O-film Tianma Microelectronics Wintek

Other

Aigo Ainol Bluboo China
China
Hualu Group Dahua Doogee DJI GPD Hacha Hasee Hikvision Inspur Joyoung JXD Lemote Le.com Meitu Panda Electronics Perception Digital TP-Link

Neffos

TPV Technology Vernee VTech

Defunct

Asia Commercial Kejian Group ZUK Mobile

Category

v t e

Open Handset Alliance

Mobile operators

Bouygues Telecom China
China
Mobile China
China
Telecommunications Corporation China
China
Unicom KDDI Nepal Telecom NTT DoCoMo SoftBank Group Sprint Corporation T-Mobile Telecom Italia Telefónica Telus Vodafone

Software
Software
companies

Access Ascender Corporation eBay Google Myriad Group Nuance Communications NXP Software Omron PacketVideo SVOX VisualOn

Semiconductor
Semiconductor
companies

AKM Semiconductor, Inc. Arm Holdings Audience Broadcom CSR plc
CSR plc
(joined as SiRF) Cypress Semiconductor Freescale Semiconductor Gemalto Intel Marvell Technology Group MediaTek MIPS Technologies Nvidia Qualcomm Qualcomm
Qualcomm
Atheros Renesas Electronics ST- Ericsson
Ericsson
(joined as Ericsson
Ericsson
Mobile Platforms) Synaptics Texas Instruments

Handset makers

Acer Inc. Alcatel Mobile
Alcatel Mobile
Phones Asus Chaudhary Group
Chaudhary Group
(with association of LG) CCI Dell Foxconn Garmin HTC Huawei Kyocera Lenovo
Lenovo
Mobile LG Electronics Motorola
Motorola
Mobility NEC
NEC
Corporation Samsung
Samsung
Electronics Sharp Corporation Sony Mobile Toshiba ZTE

Commercialization companies

Accenture Borqs Sasken Communication Technologies Teleca The Astonishing Tribe Wind River Systems Wipro Technologies

See also

Android Dalvik virtual machine Google
Google
Nexus T-Mobile
T-Mobile
G1

v t e

Major personal computer, server, and mainframe hardware companies

Companies with an annual revenue of over US$3 billion

Personal computers and servers

Acer Inc. Apple Inc. Asus Dell Fujitsu Huawei HP Inc. Lenovo LG Electronics Microsoft NEC Panasonic Positivo Razer Inc. Samsung
Samsung
Electronics Toshiba

Servers only

Cisco Systems Hewlett Packard Enterprise IBM Inspur Oracle Corporation

Mainframes

Fujitsu IBM

See also Largest IT companies List of computer hardware manufacturers Category:Home computer hardware companies‎ Category:Server hardware Category:Mainframe computers

v t e

Major mobile device companies

Companies with an annual revenue of over US$3 billion

Acer Inc. Amazon.com Apple Inc.
Apple Inc.
(iPhone) Asus BBK Electronics
BBK Electronics
(OPPO, OnePlus, Vivo) BlackBerry Limited Google
Google
(Android) Hisense HTC Huawei
Huawei
(Honor) Karbonn Lava (XOLO) Lenovo
Lenovo
( Motorola
Motorola
Mobility) LG Electronics Meizu Micromax (YU) Microsoft HMD Global
HMD Global
(Nokia) Panasonic Samsung
Samsung
Electronics Sony Mobile TCL Corporation
TCL Corporation
(BlackBerry Mobile, Alcatel Mobile, Palm, Inc.) Transsion True Xiaomi ZTE
ZTE
(Nubia)

See also Largest IT companies Category:Mobile technology companies Category: Mobile phone
Mobile phone
manufacturers

v t e

Major networking hardware companies

Companies with an annual revenue of over US$3 billion

Avaya Cisco Systems Ericsson Fujitsu Hewlett Packard Enterprise Huawei Juniper Networks Motorola
Motorola
Solutions NEC Nokia Qualcomm ZTE

See also Largest IT companies Category:Networking hardwa