Huang Qifan (Chinese: 黄奇帆, born May 1952) is a Chinese
politician, best known for his term as the Mayor of Chongqing, one of
China's four directly-controlled municipalities, between 2010 and
2016. Huang began his political career in Shanghai and was transferred
Chongqing in 2001 as its Deputy Mayor, before being promoted to
Mayor in 2010.
Huang was born in Zhuji,
Zhejiang province. During the Cultural
Revolution he worked in a coking factory. He joined the Communist
Party of China in 1976. His political career began in Shanghai's
Pudong New Area in 1993. Between 1994 and 1995 Huang served as the
Director of the Policy Research Office of the Communist Party
organization in Shanghai. Between 1995 and 2001 Huang served as the
Deputy Secretary-General of the Shanghai Municipal Government. Between
1998 and 1999 Huang took on a one-year stint pursuing his Executive
MBA at the
China Europe International Business School (CEIBS) in
Huang was transferred to work in
Chongqing in 2001, several years
after the city was elevated to "Direct-controlled Municipality" status
equivalent to that of Shanghai. He was the city's Deputy Mayor from
2001 to 2009 and sat on the Communist Party's
Committee. Huang is unique in that he has served under four Chongqing
Party Secretaries He Guoqiang, Wang Yang, Bo Xilai, and Zhang Dejiang,
each with their unique set of policies and political beliefs, and all
of whom went on to become prominent politicians at the national level.
Huang is therefore considered a "political survivor", and has been
dubbed the sichao yuanlao (四朝元老; roughly, "he who served four
Huang was considered a key political ally of Bo Xilai, who abruptly
fell out of favour with the national leadership following the Wang
Lijun incident in February 2012. Many believe that Huang's political
career had come to an end due to his association with Bo and the
Zhang Dejiang as party secretary for Chongqing
following Bo's dismissal in March 2012. During a televised
government meeting, Huang expressed his support for Zhang. He was
elected to the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
in 2012, and re-elected Mayor of
Chongqing in January 2013.
Huang left his post as mayor of
Chongqing City on 29 December 2016; he
then became Vice-Chair of the National People's Congress Financial and
Economic Affairs Committee.
^ a b "黄奇帆". Official biography, Xinhua.
^ Choi Chi-yuk (18 March 2012). "ll change after Bo's downfall;
Chongqing civil servants pledge allegiance to their new leadership and
prepare for major reshuffles, with the city's propaganda department a
likely target". South China Morning Post.
^ Choi Chi-yuk (17 March 2012). "
Chongqing papers print Zhang's CV".
South China Morning Post.
Political leaders of
Chongqing since 1949
* First office-holder after
Chongqing became a direct-controlled