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The Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
(Thai: เขตรักษาพันธุ์สัตว์ป่าห้วยขาแข้ง, pronounced [kʰèːt.rák.sǎː.pʰān.sàt.pàː.hûa̯j.kʰǎː.kʰɛ̂ŋ]) is in Uthai Thani and Tak Provinces, Thailand. The park was established in 1974, and is part of the largest intact seasonal tropical forest complex in Mainland Southeast Asia. It, coupled with the Thungyai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary
Thungyai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary
was declared a World Heritage Site by the United Nations
United Nations
in 1991.[2] Together, the two sanctuaries occupy 622,200 hectares. As of 2014[update] it still contained viable populations of large mammals, including gibbons, bears, elephants and Indochinese tigers, although like all other sites in mainland Southeast Asia, some species (e.g., rhinoceroses) have disappeared or have experienced severe declines.[3]

Contents

1 History 2 Wildlife 3 Visitor and scientific research facilities 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] After the establishment of the wildlife sanctuary on 4 September 1972, it covered an area of 1,019,375 rai (163,100 hectares). The wildlife sanctuary was then expanded twice, first on 21 May 1986 to 1,609,150 rai (257,500 hectares), an increase of 589,775 rai (94,400 hectares) and on 30 December 1992 to 1,737,587 rai (278,000 hectares) an increase of 718,212 rai (114,900 hectares).[4] Until 1976 there were Karen villages within the wildlife sanctuary. Today the wildlife sanctuary no longer has any known human population living in the area. Some Karen villages were moved in 1976 from the southernmost area to Ban Rai District
Ban Rai District
to the southeast. A Hmong village in the west was moved after 1986.[5] Wildlife[edit] A large number of the animal and plant life diversity can be found nowhere else, with species such as the Sino-Himalayan, Indo-Burmese, Sundaic, and Indo-Chinese affinities, living in the wildlife sanctuary. Species present at the wildlife sanctuary are usually rare, endangered, or local. Roughly one-third of Southeast Asia's mammals are said to be thriving within the wildlife sanctuary. The wildlife sanctuary is responsible for three of the National Reserved Wildlife Species of Thailand: wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee), mainland sera (Capricornis sumatraensis), and Indian hog deer (Hyelaphus porcinus). Many species of birds, reptiles, and amphibians have also been reported. Sighting of 355 bird species have been recorded in the wildlife sanctuary, a lot of these species are now rare in Thailand and some are considered endangered.[5] There are currently 90 wild Indochinese tigers within the sanctuary.[6][7][8] Visitor and scientific research facilities[edit] The wildlife sanctuary receives most visitors during the summer or the "dry season". Some sections of the sanctuary are not open to the public without permission. The Conservation Office in Bangkok
Bangkok
and the chief of Huai Kha Khaeng are responsible for granting permission to those who wish to visit prohibited areas. References[edit]

^ Huay Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary ^ "Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries". UNESCO. Retrieved 11 February 2016.  ^ Caughlin, T Trevor; et al. (12 November 2014). "Loss of animal seed dispersal increases extinction risk in a tropical tree species due to pervasive negative density dependence across life stages". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 282 (1798): 20142095. doi:10.1098/rspb.2014.2095. Retrieved 8 October 2016. CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. (link) ^ Robinnowitz, A. (1991). Chasing Dragon's Tait. New York: DoubleDay. ^ a b "About Huai Kha Khaeng". Thai National Parks. Retrieved 12 February 2016.  ^ Christina Procopiou (19 February 2016). "Endangered Tiger Are Recovering In At Least One Place in the World". Newsweek. Retrieved 19 February 2016.  ^ "The comeback: Tiger population finally increasing in Thailand". Coconuts Bangkok. 18 February 2016. Retrieved 19 February 2016.  ^ Platt, John R. (2016-02-19). "Tigers Have Just One Safe Habitat in SE Asia". Scientific American. Retrieved 20 February 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary.

Royal Gazette publications on Huai Kha Khaeng (Thai)

Issue 89 chapter 132 of September 4 1972 Issue 103 chapter 87 of May 21 1986 Issue 109 chapter 126 of December 30 1992

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Wildlife sanctuaries of Thailand

Chiang Dao Huai Kha Khaeng Khao Ang Rue Nai Khao Khiao – Khao Chomphu Khlong Nakha Khlong Phraya Khlong Saeng Khlong Yan Phu Luang Phu Wua Salawin Thung Yai Naresuan Ton Pariwat

v t e

World Heritage Sites in Thailand

World Heritage Sites

Cultural

Ban Chiang Archaeological Site Historic City of Ayutthaya Historic Town of Sukhothai and Associated Historic Towns

Sukhothai Kamphaeng Phet Si Satchanalai

Natural

Dong Phayayen–Khao Yai Forest Complex

Khao Yai Thap Lan Pang Sida Ta Phraya Dong Yai

Thungyai–Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries

Thung Yai Naresuan Huai Kha Khaeng

Tentative List

Angkor Roads

Phimai Phanom Rung Mueang Tam Ta Muan Group

Cultural Landscape of Chiang Mai Kaeng Krachan Forest Complex

Kaeng Krachan Kui Buri Thai Prachan

Phra Baromathat Phra That Phanom Phu Phra Bat His

.