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Hpa-An (Burmese: ဘားအံမြို့; MLCTS: bha: am mrui. [pʰə ʔàɴ mjo̰]; S'gaw Karen: ဖးအါ, also spelled Pa-An) is the capital of Kayin State (also known as Karen State), Myanmar (Burma). The population of Hpa-An as of the 2014 census is 421,575. Most of the people in Hpa-An are of the Karen ethnic group.

Climate

Hpa-An has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, although maximum temperatures are somewhat depressed in the monsoon season due to heavy cloud and rain. There is a winter dry season (November–April) and a summer wet season (May–October). Torrential rain falls from June to August, with over 1,100 millimetres (43 in) falling in August alone.

Climate data for Hpa-An
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
31.9
(89.4)
33.4
(92.1)
33.7
(92.7)
31.3
(88.3)
28.6
(83.5)
27.9
(82.2)
27.6
(81.7)
28.4
(83.1)
30.9
(87.6)
31.3
(88.3)
31.2
(88.2)
30.56
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 17.8
(64)
18.9
(66)
21.9
(71.4)
24.5
(76.1)
24.5
(76.1)
23.7
(74.7)
23.3
(73.9)
23.4
(74.1)
23.6
(74.5)
23.5
(74.3)
21.6
(70.9)
18.7
(65.7)
22.12
(71.81)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4
(0.16)
5
(0.2)
6
(0.24)
42
(1.65)
412
(16.22)
875
(34.45)
1,043
(41.06)
1,134
(44.65)
578
(22.76)
208
(8.19)
30
(1.18)
8
(0.31)
4,345
(171.07)
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [2]

Transport

Air

Hpa-An is linked to Yangon, Mawlamyine and Hpapun by air.

Buses

There are exoress buses from Hpa-An to Yangon, Mawlamyine, border trade of Myawaddy and other towns.

Population history

  • 1953: 4,100
  • 1983: 41,500

Education

Religion

The majority of residents are Theravada Buddhists, followed by Baptist, Anglican and Roman Catholic Christians.

Sights

Local monks
View of Than Lwin Bridge in Hpa-An

Kayin State Cultural Museum is located in Hpa-An. The Zwegabin Hill is an attractive place for visitors. Kyaukkalatt (Kyauk Kalat Monastery) and Kawtgon Cave (or Kawgoon Cave) is also a place of interest. There is amazing Kyone-Htaw waterfall near Hpa-an and it will take 2 hours driving from Hpa-an. And, there is wonderful Saddan Cave which is the biggest and longest cave in Kayin-State. [3]

Health care

  • Hpa-An General Hospital
  • Taung Kalay Malitary Hospital

Sports

Football

Zwegabin United FC founded in 2010, is based in Hpa-An. The club is competing in Myanmar National League.

Sport climbing

At Bayint Nyi cave, a new climbing site has been developed primarily under the guidance of Andrew Riley & Katie Riley, as well as early support from The Technical Climbing Club of Myanmar (TCCM). This is an ongoing project having started in 2015 with support mostly coming from a growing number of expats in Yangon who belong to Myanmar Rock Community (MRC). The club is now beginning to attract interest from local people which is helping fuel a growing interest in the sport of rock climbing around Myanmar. [4] [5]

References

External links

  • Media related to Hpa-An at Wikimedia Commons
  • Hpa-an travel guide from Wikivoyage