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The House of Commons
House of Commons
is the elected lower house of the bicameral parliaments of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Canada
Canada
and historically was the name of the lower houses of the Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Southern Ireland, North Carolina and South Korea. Roughly equivalent bodies in other countries which were once British colonies or federations there of include the United States House of Representatives, the Australian House of Representatives, the New Zealand House of Representatives, and India's Lok Sabha. In the UK and Canada, the Commons holds much more legislative power than the respective upper house of parliament. The leader of the majority party in the House of Commons
House of Commons
usually becomes the prime minister. Since 2010 the House of Commons
House of Commons
of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
has had 650 elected members, and since 2015 the House of Commons
House of Commons
of Canada has had 338 members.[1] The Commons' functions are to consider through debate new laws and changes to existing ones, authorise taxes, and provide scrutiny of the policy and expenditure of the Government. It has the power to give a Government
Government
a vote of no confidence.

Contents

1 History and naming 2 Specific bodies

2.1 British Isles 2.2 Canada 2.3 United States 2.4 South Korea

3 See also 4 References

History and naming[edit] The House of Commons
House of Commons
of the Kingdom of England
Kingdom of England
evolved from an undivided parliament to serve as the voice of the tax-paying subjects of the counties and of the boroughs. Knights of the shire, elected from each county, were usually landowners, while the borough members were often from the merchant classes. These members represented subjects of the Crown who were not Lords Temporal or Spiritual, who themselves sat in the House of Lords. The House of Commons
House of Commons
gained its name because it represented communities (communes).[2] Members of the Commons were all elected, while members of the upper house were summoned to parliament by the monarch, usually on the basis of a title which would be inherited after the holder's death, or because they held a position in the realm that warranted special recognition, such as the bishops of the English and Welsh dioceses. After the Reformation, these bishops were those of the Church of England.

The British House of Commons
House of Commons
Chamber in London

Since the 19th century, the British and Canadian Houses of Commons have become increasingly representative, as suffrage has been extended. Both bodies are now elected via universal adult suffrage. However, from the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
until the 18th century there was a tendency to limit the suffrage in various ways, creating by the 18th century a large number of rotten boroughs. In all countries, the House of Commons now as in the past may be prorogued for an election or some other purpose only by the Crown, represented outside the United Kingdom by the Governor General
Governor General
of each Commonwealth realm.

The Canadian House of Commons
House of Commons
on Parliament
Parliament
Hill in Ottawa

Specific bodies[edit]

The Irish House of Commons The first purpose-built House of Commons
House of Commons
chamber in the world. Painted c.1780.

British Isles[edit]

The House of Commons of England
House of Commons of England
(met at the Palace of Westminster, London) sat from 1295 to 1706 The House of Commons of Great Britain
House of Commons of Great Britain
(at the Palace of Westminster, London) 1707 to 1801 The House of Commons
House of Commons
of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(at the Palace of Westminster, London) since 1801 House of Commons
House of Commons
of Ireland (at various locations in Dublin: Dublin Castle, Bluecoat School, Irish Parliament
Parliament
House) 1297 to 1801 House of Commons of Southern Ireland
House of Commons of Southern Ireland
(at Government
Government
Buildings, Dublin) 1921 to 1922 House of Commons
House of Commons
of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
(at Parliament
Parliament
Buildings (Northern Ireland), Belfast) 1921 to 1972

Canada[edit]

The House of Commons
House of Commons
of Canada
Canada
on Parliament
Parliament
Hill, in Ottawa, Ontario since 1867

United States[edit]

The lower house of the General Assembly of North Carolina
North Carolina
was also known as the House of Commons
House of Commons
between 1760 and 1868.

South Korea[edit]

The House of Commons (South Korea) was the lower house of the 8-month Second Republic
Republic
of South Korea
South Korea
(1960-1961)

See also[edit]

House of Lords Lower House House of Assembly Legislative Assembly National Assembly Lok Sabha House of Representatives

References[edit]

^ "Current Party Standings".  ^ A. F. Pollard, The Evolution of Parliament
Parliament
(Longmans

.