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Hotel
Hotel
Polski (Polish Hotel), opened in 1808, was a hotel in Warsaw, Poland, at 29 Długa street. In 1943 the Hotel
Hotel
was used by Germans as an internment place for Jews from Warsaw, where the Germans pretended Jews could buy foreign affidavits and passports and, as foreign citizens, leave Warsaw. This case is known as " Hotel
Hotel
Polski Affair". In 1944 the building was heavily damaged during the Warsaw
Warsaw
Uprising and re-purposed afterward. Hotel
Hotel
Polski affair[edit]

Plaque commemorating Polish Jews lured in and interned in this building by Nazi Germans through the spring of 1943, and subsequently murdered in the Holocaust.

In 1942, the Germans, helped by Jewish collaborators from the Żagiew network, promised to allow Jews from Warsaw
Warsaw
holding foreign passports of neutral countries to leave the General Government
General Government
for South America. Seeing this as an opportunity to save the lives of Jews in the ghettos, Jewish organizations from Switzerland started sending documents to the Warsaw
Warsaw
Ghetto. However, in many cases the holders of these affidavits and passports were already dead. In May 1943, after the last deportation from the Warsaw
Warsaw
Ghetto, a network of Jewish collaborators, some of them probably in direct agreement with local Gestapo
Gestapo
authorities, started to sell these documents to Jews who were hiding on the "Aryan" side of Warsaw. The Gestapo
Gestapo
used the Hotel Polski to house the Jewish families preparing for the journey. Around 2500 people came out of their hiding places and moved to the Hotel Polski. In July 1943 they were transferred to the Vittel
Vittel
and Bergen-Belsen camps. On 15 July 1943, the 300 Jews remaining in the Hotel
Hotel
without foreign passports were executed by the Germans at Pawiak prison. The South American governments refused to recognize most of the passports. Therefore, instead of being transferred to South America, the Jews were sent to Auschwitz
Auschwitz
in May 1943 and October 1943. About 350 Jews who held Palestinian affidavits survived. Some of the famous residents of Hotel
Hotel
Polski included Itzhak Katzenelson, a famous poet, as well as Menachem Kirszenbaum and Jehoszua Perle from the Jewish resistance. Many historians[who?] see the " Hotel
Hotel
Polski affair" as a German trap to lure the richer Jews out of their hiding places in Warsaw
Warsaw
under false pretenses and steal their possessions. References[edit]

Hotel
Hotel
Polski at yadvashem.org

Further reading[edit]

Shulman, Abraham (1982). The Case of Hotel
Hotel
Polski. An Account of One of the Most Enigmatic Episodes of World War II. New York: Schocken. ISBN 0896040348.  Agnieszka Haska, Jestem Żydem, chcę wejść. Hotel
Hotel
Polski w Warszawie, 1943, Instytut Filozofii i Socjologii PAN, 2006, ISBN 83-7388-096-8. (in Polish) Światło na aferę „ Hotel
Hotel
Polski”. In: Tadeusz Kur: Sprawiedliwość pobłażliwa. Proces kata Warszawy Ludwiga Hahna w Hamburgu. Warszawa: wydawnictwo MON, 1975, p. 399-430. OCLC 6648513. (in Polish)

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Hotel
Polski.

Coordinates: 52°14′48″N 21°0′17″E / 52.24667°N 21.00472°E / 52.24667; 21.00472

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 292626

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