The Info List - Hosea

In the Hebrew
Bible, Hosea
(/ˌhoʊˈziːə/ or /hoʊˈzeɪə/; Hebrew: הוֹשֵׁעַ‬, Modern Hoshea, Tiberian Hôšēăʻ, "Salvation"; Greek Ὠσηέ, Ōsēe), son of Beeri, was an 8th-century BC prophet in Israel
who authored the book of prophecies bearing his name. He is one of the Twelve Prophets of the Jewish Hebrew
Bible, also known as the Minor Prophets
Minor Prophets
of the Christian Old Testament. Hosea
is often seen as a "prophet of doom", but underneath his message of destruction is a promise of restoration. The Talmud
( Pesachim 87a) claims that he was the greatest prophet of his generation. The period of Hosea's ministry extended to some sixty years and he was the only prophet of Israel
of his time who left any written prophecy.[1]


1 Name 2 Location 3 Family 4 Christian thought 5 Islamic literature 6 Observances 7 Tomb of Hosea 8 Notes 9 External links

Name[edit] The name "Hosea", meaning "salvation", or "He saves", or "He helps", seems to have been not uncommon, being derived from the auspicious verb from which we have the frequently recurring word "salvation". It may be a contraction of a larger form of which the divine name (YHWH) or its abbreviation formed a part, so as to signify "YHWH helps". According to the Bible Numbers 13:8, 13:16 that was the original name of Joshua, son of Nun, until Moses
gave him the longer, theophoric name Yehoshua, "YHWH is salvation".[2] Location[edit] Although it is not expressly stated in the Book of Hosea, it is apparent from the level of detail and familiarity focused on northern geography, that Hosea
conducted his prophetic ministries in the Northern Israel
(Samaria) of which he was a native. Family[edit] Little is known about the life or social status of Hosea. According to the Book of Hosea, he married the prostitute Gomer, the daughter of Diblaim, at God's command.[3] In Hosea
5:8 ff., there is a reference to the wars which led to the capture of the kingdom by the Assyrians (c. 734–732 BC). It is not certain if he had also experienced the destruction of Samaria, which is foreseen in Hosea
14:1. Hosea's family life reflected the "adulterous" relationship which Israel
had built with polytheistic gods. The relationship between Hosea
and Gomer parallels the relationship between God
and Israel. Even though Gomer runs away from Hosea
and sleeps with another man, he loves her anyway and forgives her. Likewise, even though the people of Israel
worshipped false gods, God
continued to love them and did not abandon his covenant with them.

The Prophet
Hosea, by Duccio di Buoninsegna, in the Siena Cathedral (c. 1309–1311)

Similarly, his children's names made them like walking prophecies of the fall of the ruling dynasty and the severed covenant with God
– much like the prophet Isaiah
a generation later. The name of Hosea's daughter, Lo-ruhamah, which translates as "not pitied", is chosen by God
as a sign of displeasure with the people of Israel
for following false gods. (In Hosea
2:23 she is redeemed, shown mercy with the term Ruhamah.) The name of Hosea's son, Lo-ammi, which translates as "not my people", is chosen by the Lord as a sign of the Lord's displeasure with the people of Israel
for following those false gods (see Hosea 1:8–9). Christian thought[edit] One of the early writing prophets, Hosea
used his own experience as a symbolic representation of God
and Israel: God
the husband, Israel
the wife. Hosea's wife left him to go with other men; Israel
left the Lord to go with false gods. Hosea
searched for his wife, found her and brought her back; God
would not abandon Israel
and brought them back even though they had forsaken him. The Book of Hosea
Book of Hosea
was a severe warning to the northern kingdom against the growing idolatry being practiced there; the book was a dramatic call to repentance. Christians extend the analogy of Hosea
to Christ and the church: Christ the husband, his church the bride. Christians see in this book a comparable call to the church not to forsake the Lord Jesus Christ. Christians also take the buying back of Gomer as the redemptive qualities of Jesus Christ's sacrifice on the cross. Other preachers, like Charles Spurgeon, saw Hosea
as a striking presentation of the mercy of God
in his sermon on Hosea
1:7 titled The LORD's Own Salvation. “But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the Lord their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen.” – Hosea
1:7 in his sermon NO. 2057, December 16TH, 1888. Islamic literature[edit] The Qur'an
mentions only some prophets by name, but makes it clear that many were sent who are not mentioned.[4] Therefore, many Muslim scholars, such as (Ibn Ishaq), speak of Hosea
as one of the true Hebrew
prophets of Israel. The Book of Hosea
Book of Hosea
has also been used in Qur'anic exegesis by Abdullah Yusuf Ali, especially in reference to Qur'anic verses which speak of the backsliding of Israel.[5] Observances[edit] He is commemorated with the other Minor prophets in the Calendar of saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church
Armenian Apostolic Church
on July 31. He is commemorated on the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar, with a feast day on October 17 (for those churches which follow the Julian Calendar, October 17 currently falls on October 30 of the modern Gregorian Calendar). He is also commemorated on the Sunday of the Holy Fathers (the Sunday before the Nativity of the Lord). Tomb of Hosea[edit]

The structure at the cemetery in Safed
known as the Tomb of Hosea.

The tomb of Hosea
is a structure located in the Jewish cemetery of Safed, believed[by whom?] to be the final resting place of Hosea.[6] Notes[edit]

This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (July 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

^ "Dictionary – Hosea". www.Bibler.org. 2012-05-30.  ^ "Dictionary – Hosea". www.Bibler.org. 2012-05-30.  ^ Hosea
1:2–3 ^ Qur'an
40:78 ^ Abdullah Yusuf Ali
Abdullah Yusuf Ali
refers to Hosea
8:14 for his notes on Q. 5:60 ^ Woodall, Chris (2018). Minor Prophets
Minor Prophets
in a Major Key. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock Publishers. pp. page 5. ISBN 9781532642180. CS1 maint: Extra text (link)

External links[edit]

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 40616921 LCCN: n50030739 GN