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In the Hebrew
Hebrew
Bible, Hosea
Hosea
(/ˌhoʊˈziːə/ or /hoʊˈzeɪə/; Hebrew: הוֹשֵׁעַ‬, Modern Hoshea, Tiberian Hôšēăʻ, "Salvation"; Greek Ὠσηέ, Ōsēe), son of Beeri, was an 8th-century BC prophet in Israel
Israel
who authored the book of prophecies bearing his name. He is one of the Twelve Prophets of the Jewish Hebrew
Hebrew
Bible, also known as the Minor Prophets
Minor Prophets
of the Christian Old Testament. Hosea
Hosea
is often seen as a "prophet of doom", but underneath his message of destruction is a promise of restoration. The Talmud
Talmud
( Pesachim 87a) claims that he was the greatest prophet of his generation. The period of Hosea's ministry extended to some sixty years and he was the only prophet of Israel
Israel
of his time who left any written prophecy.[1]

Contents

1 Name 2 Location 3 Family 4 Christian thought 5 Islamic literature 6 Observances 7 Tomb of Hosea 8 Notes 9 External links

Name[edit] The name "Hosea", meaning "salvation", or "He saves", or "He helps", seems to have been not uncommon, being derived from the auspicious verb from which we have the frequently recurring word "salvation". It may be a contraction of a larger form of which the divine name (YHWH) or its abbreviation formed a part, so as to signify "YHWH helps". According to the Bible Numbers 13:8, 13:16 that was the original name of Joshua, son of Nun, until Moses
Moses
gave him the longer, theophoric name Yehoshua, "YHWH is salvation".[2] Location[edit] Although it is not expressly stated in the Book of Hosea, it is apparent from the level of detail and familiarity focused on northern geography, that Hosea
Hosea
conducted his prophetic ministries in the Northern Israel
Israel
(Samaria) of which he was a native. Family[edit] Little is known about the life or social status of Hosea. According to the Book of Hosea, he married the prostitute Gomer, the daughter of Diblaim, at God's command.[3] In Hosea
Hosea
5:8 ff., there is a reference to the wars which led to the capture of the kingdom by the Assyrians (c. 734–732 BC). It is not certain if he had also experienced the destruction of Samaria, which is foreseen in Hosea
Hosea
14:1. Hosea's family life reflected the "adulterous" relationship which Israel
Israel
had built with polytheistic gods. The relationship between Hosea
Hosea
and Gomer parallels the relationship between God
God
and Israel. Even though Gomer runs away from Hosea
Hosea
and sleeps with another man, he loves her anyway and forgives her. Likewise, even though the people of Israel
Israel
worshipped false gods, God
God
continued to love them and did not abandon his covenant with them.

The Prophet
Prophet
Hosea, by Duccio di Buoninsegna, in the Siena Cathedral (c. 1309–1311)

Similarly, his children's names made them like walking prophecies of the fall of the ruling dynasty and the severed covenant with God
God
– much like the prophet Isaiah
Isaiah
a generation later. The name of Hosea's daughter, Lo-ruhamah, which translates as "not pitied", is chosen by God
God
as a sign of displeasure with the people of Israel
Israel
for following false gods. (In Hosea
Hosea
2:23 she is redeemed, shown mercy with the term Ruhamah.) The name of Hosea's son, Lo-ammi, which translates as "not my people", is chosen by the Lord as a sign of the Lord's displeasure with the people of Israel
Israel
for following those false gods (see Hosea 1:8–9). Christian thought[edit] One of the early writing prophets, Hosea
Hosea
used his own experience as a symbolic representation of God
God
and Israel: God
God
the husband, Israel
Israel
the wife. Hosea's wife left him to go with other men; Israel
Israel
left the Lord to go with false gods. Hosea
Hosea
searched for his wife, found her and brought her back; God
God
would not abandon Israel
Israel
and brought them back even though they had forsaken him. The Book of Hosea
Book of Hosea
was a severe warning to the northern kingdom against the growing idolatry being practiced there; the book was a dramatic call to repentance. Christians extend the analogy of Hosea
Hosea
to Christ and the church: Christ the husband, his church the bride. Christians see in this book a comparable call to the church not to forsake the Lord Jesus Christ. Christians also take the buying back of Gomer as the redemptive qualities of Jesus Christ's sacrifice on the cross. Other preachers, like Charles Spurgeon, saw Hosea
Hosea
as a striking presentation of the mercy of God
God
in his sermon on Hosea
Hosea
1:7 titled The LORD's Own Salvation. “But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the Lord their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen.” – Hosea
Hosea
1:7 in his sermon NO. 2057, December 16TH, 1888. Islamic literature[edit] The Qur'an
Qur'an
mentions only some prophets by name, but makes it clear that many were sent who are not mentioned.[4] Therefore, many Muslim scholars, such as (Ibn Ishaq), speak of Hosea
Hosea
as one of the true Hebrew
Hebrew
prophets of Israel. The Book of Hosea
Book of Hosea
has also been used in Qur'anic exegesis by Abdullah Yusuf Ali, especially in reference to Qur'anic verses which speak of the backsliding of Israel.[5] Observances[edit] He is commemorated with the other Minor prophets in the Calendar of saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church
Armenian Apostolic Church
on July 31. He is commemorated on the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar, with a feast day on October 17 (for those churches which follow the Julian Calendar, October 17 currently falls on October 30 of the modern Gregorian Calendar). He is also commemorated on the Sunday of the Holy Fathers (the Sunday before the Nativity of the Lord). Tomb of Hosea[edit]

The structure at the cemetery in Safed
Safed
known as the Tomb of Hosea.

The tomb of Hosea
Hosea
is a structure located in the Jewish cemetery of Safed, believed[by whom?] to be the final resting place of Hosea.[6] Notes[edit]

This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (July 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

^ "Dictionary – Hosea". www.Bibler.org. 2012-05-30.  ^ "Dictionary – Hosea". www.Bibler.org. 2012-05-30.  ^ Hosea
Hosea
1:2–3 ^ Qur'an
Qur'an
40:78 ^ Abdullah Yusuf Ali
Abdullah Yusuf Ali
refers to Hosea
Hosea
8:14 for his notes on Q. 5:60 ^ Woodall, Chris (2018). Minor Prophets
Minor Prophets
in a Major Key. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock Publishers. pp. page 5. ISBN 9781532642180. CS1 maint: Extra text (link)

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Hosea

Prophet
Prophet
Hosea
Hosea
Orthodox icon and synaxarion

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Prophets in the Hebrew
Hebrew
Bible

Pre-Patriarchal

Abel Kenan Enoch Noah (in rabbinic literature)

Patriarchs / Matriarchs

Abraham Isaac Jacob Levi Joseph Sarah Rebecca Rachel Leah

Israelite prophets in the Torah

Moses (in rabbinic literature) Aaron Miriam Eldad and Medad Phinehas

Mentioned in the Former Prophets

Joshua Deborah Gideon Eli Elkanah Hannah Abigail Samuel Gad Nathan David Solomon Jeduthun Ahijah Shemaiah Elijah Elisha Iddo Hanani Jehu Micaiah Jahaziel Eliezer Zechariah ben Jehoiada Huldah

Major

Isaiah (in rabbinic literature) Jeremiah Ezekiel Daniel (in rabbinic literature)

Minor

Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah (in rabbinic literature) Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi

Noahide

Beor Balaam Job (in rabbinic literature)

Other

Amoz Beeri Baruch Agur Uriah Buzi Mordecai Esther (in rabbinic literature) Oded Azariah

Italics indicate persons whose status as prophets is not universally accepted.

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Saints of the Catholic Church

Virgin Mary

Mother of God
God
(Theotokos) Immaculate Conception Perpetual virginity Assumption Marian apparition

Guadalupe Laus Miraculous Medal Lourdes Fatima

Titles of Mary

Apostles

Andrew Barnabas Bartholomew James of Alphaeus James the Greater John Jude Matthew Matthias Paul Peter Philip Simon Thomas

Archangels

Gabriel Michael Raphael

Confessors

Anatolius Chariton the Confessor Edward the Confessor Maximus the Confessor Michael of Synnada Paphnutius the Confessor Paul I of Constantinople Salonius Theophanes the Confessor

Disciples

Apollos Mary Magdalene Priscilla and Aquila Silvanus Stephen Timothy Titus Seventy disciples

Doctors

Gregory the Great Ambrose Augustine of Hippo Jerome John Chrysostom Basil of Caesarea Gregory of Nazianzus Athanasius of Alexandria Cyril of Alexandria Cyril of Jerusalem John of Damascus Bede
Bede
the Venerable Ephrem the Syrian Thomas Aquinas Bonaventure Anselm of Canterbury Isidore of Seville Peter Chrysologus Leo the Great Peter Damian Bernard of Clairvaux Hilary of Poitiers Alphonsus Liguori Francis de Sales Peter Canisius John of the Cross Robert Bellarmine Albertus Magnus Anthony of Padua Lawrence of Brindisi Teresa of Ávila Catherine of Siena Thérèse of Lisieux John of Ávila Hildegard of Bingen Gregory of Narek

Evangelists

Matthew Mark Luke John

Church Fathers

Alexander of Alexandria Alexander of Jerusalem Ambrose
Ambrose
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Cyprian
of Carthage Cyril of Alexandria Cyril of Jerusalem Damasus I Desert Fathers Desert Mothers Dionysius of Alexandria Dionysius of Corinth Dionysius Ephrem the Syrian Epiphanius of Salamis Fulgentius of Ruspe Gregory the Great Gregory of Nazianzus Gregory of Nyssa Hilary of Poitiers Hippolytus of Rome Ignatius of Antioch Irenaeus
Irenaeus
of Lyons Isidore of Seville Jerome
Jerome
of Stridonium John Chrysostom John of Damascus Maximus the Confessor Melito of Sardis Quadratus of Athens Papias of Hierapolis Peter Chrysologus Polycarp
Polycarp
of Smyrna Theophilus of Antioch Victorinus of Pettau Vincent of Lérins Zephyrinus

Martyrs

Canadian Martyrs Carthusian Martyrs Forty Martyrs of England and Wales Four Crowned Martyrs Great Martyr The Holy Innocents Irish Martyrs Joan of Arc Lübeck martyrs Korean Martyrs Martyrology Martyrs of Albania Martyrs of China Martyrs of Japan Martyrs of Laos Martyrs of Natal Martyrs of Otranto Martyrs of the Spanish Civil War Maximilian Kolbe Perpetua and Felicity Saints of the Cristero War Stephen Three Martyrs of Chimbote Uganda Martyrs Vietnamese Martyrs

Patriarchs

Adam Abel Abraham Isaac Jacob Joseph Joseph (father of Jesus) David Noah Solomon Matriarchs

Popes

Adeodatus I Adeodatus II Adrian III Agapetus I Agatho Alexander I Anacletus Anastasius I Anicetus Anterus Benedict II Boniface I Boniface IV Caius Callixtus I Celestine I Celestine V Clement I Cornelius Damasus I Dionysius Eleuterus Eugene I Eusebius Eutychian Evaristus Fabian Felix I Felix III Felix IV Gelasius I Gregory I Gregory II Gregory III Gregory VII Hilarius Hormisdas Hyginus Innocent I John I John XXIII John Paul II Julius I Leo I Leo II Leo III Leo IV Leo IX Linus Lucius I Marcellinus Marcellus I Mark Martin I Miltiades Nicholas I Paschal I Paul I Peter Pius I Pius V Pius X Pontian Sergius I Silverius Simplicius Siricius Sixtus I Sixtus II Sixtus III Soter Stephen I Stephen IV Sylvester I Symmachus Telesphorus Urban I Victor I Vitalian Zachary Zephyrinus Zosimus

Prophets

Agabus Amos Anna Baruch ben Neriah David Dalua Elijah Ezekiel Habakkuk Haggai Hosea Isaiah Jeremiah Job Joel John the Baptist Jonah Judas Barsabbas Malachi Melchizedek Micah Moses Nahum Obadiah Samuel Seven Maccabees and their mother Simeon Zechariah (prophet) Zechariah (NT) Zephaniah

Virgins

Agatha of Sicily Agnes of Rome Bernadette Soubirous Brigid of Kildare Cecilia Clare of Assisi Eulalia of Mérida Euphemia Genevieve Kateri Tekakwitha Lucy of Syracuse Maria Goretti Mother Teresa Narcisa de Jesús Rose of Lima

See also

Military saints Virtuous pagan

Catholicism portal Saints portal

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Extra-Quranic Prophets of Islam

In Stories of the Prophets

Enoch Eber Khidr Joshua Samuel Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel Ezra Daniel

In Islamic tradition

Seth Shem Eli Ahijah Shemaiah Iddo Hanani Jehu Micaiah Eliezer Zechariah ben Jehoiada Urijah Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah Berechiah Samī Joel Amos Obadiah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Malachi Hanzalah Khaled bin Sinan

In Quranic exegesis

Abel Saduq, Masduq, and Shalum Hosea Zechariah, son of Berechiah

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 40616921 LCCN: n50030

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