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Honolulu
Honolulu
(/ˌhɒnəˈluːluː/;[6] Hawaiian: [honoˈlulu]) is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Hawaii. It is an unincorporated part of and the county seat of the City and County of Honolulu
Honolulu
on the island of O'ahu.[a] The city is the main gateway to Hawai'i and a major portal into the United States. The city is also a major hub for international business, military defense, as well as famously being host to a diverse variety of east-west and Pacific culture, cuisine, and traditions. Honolulu
Honolulu
is the most remote city of its size in the world[8] and is the westernmost major U.S. city. For statistical purposes, the U.S. Census Bureau recognizes the approximate area commonly referred to as "City of Honolulu" (not to be confused with the "City and County") as a census county division (CCD).[9] Honolulu
Honolulu
is a major financial center of the islands and of the Pacific Ocean. The population of the Honolulu
Honolulu
census designated place (CDP) was 359,870 as of the 2017 population estimate.[4] while the Honolulu
Honolulu
CCD was 390,738[10] and the population of the consolidated city and county was 953,207. Honolulu
Honolulu
means "sheltered harbor"[11] or "calm port".[12] The old name is Kou, a district roughly encompassing the area from Nu'uanu Avenue to Alakea Street and from Hotel Street to Queen Street which is the heart of the present downtown district.[13] The city has been the capital of the Hawaiian Islands
Hawaiian Islands
since 1845 and gained historical recognition following the attack on Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor
by Japan
Japan
near the city on December 7, 1941. As of 2015[update], Honolulu
Honolulu
was ranked high on world livability rankings, and was also ranked as the 2nd safest city in the U.S.[14][15] It is also the most populated Oceanian
Oceanian
city outside Australasia
Australasia
and ranks second to Auckland
Auckland
as the most populous city in Polynesia.[16][17]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Neighborhoods, boroughs, and districts 2.2 Climate

3 Demographics 4 Economy 5 Cultural institutions

5.1 Natural museums 5.2 Performing arts 5.3 Visual arts 5.4 Tourist attractions

6 Sports

6.1 Venues

7 Government

7.1 Foreign missions on the island

8 Education and Research

8.1 Colleges and universities 8.2 Research institutions 8.3 Public primary and secondary schools 8.4 Private primary and secondary schools 8.5 Public libraries 8.6 Weekend educational programs

9 Media 10 Transportation

10.1 Air 10.2 Highways 10.3 Public transport

10.3.1 Honolulu
Honolulu
Authority for Rapid Transportation 10.3.2 Bus 10.3.3 Rail 10.3.4 Bicycle sharing

11 Notable people 12 Sister cities 13 See also 14 Notes 15 References 16 Bibliography 17 External links

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Honolulu

Port of Honolulu, as seen by German-Russian artist Louis Choris
Louis Choris
in 1816

Queen Street, Honolulu, 1856, by George Henry Burgess

The Great Chinatown Fire

Evidence of the first settlement of Honolulu
Honolulu
by the original Polynesian migrants to the archipelago comes from oral histories and artifacts. These indicate that there was a settlement where Honolulu now stands in the 11th century.[18] However, after Kamehameha I conquered Oʻahu in the Battle of Nuʻuanu at Nuʻuanu Pali, he moved his royal court from the Island of Hawaiʻi to Waikīkī in 1804. His court relocated in 1809 to what is now downtown Honolulu. The capital was moved back to Kailua-Kona
Kailua-Kona
in 1812. In 1794, Captain William Brown of Great Britain was the first foreigner to sail into what is now Honolulu
Honolulu
Harbor.[19] More foreign ships followed, making the port of Honolulu
Honolulu
a focal point for merchant ships traveling between North America and Asia. In 1845, Kamehameha III
Kamehameha III
moved the permanent capital of the Hawaiian Kingdom from Lahaina on Maui
Maui
to Honolulu. He and the kings that followed him transformed Honolulu
Honolulu
into a modern capital,[20] erecting buildings such as St. Andrew's Cathedral, ʻIolani Palace, and Aliʻiōlani Hale. At the same time, Honolulu
Honolulu
became the center of commerce in the islands, with descendants of American missionaries establishing major businesses in downtown Honolulu.[21] Despite the turbulent history of the late 19th century and early 20th century, such as the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy in 1893, Hawaiʻi's subsequent annexation by the United States
United States
in 1898, followed by a large fire in 1900, and the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, Honolulu
Honolulu
remained the capital, largest city, and main airport and seaport of the Hawaiian Islands.[22]

A view of the attack on Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor
in 1941 from Japanese Planes. The torpedo explosion in the center is on the USS West Virginia.

An economic and tourism boom following statehood brought rapid economic growth to Honolulu
Honolulu
and Hawaiʻi. Modern air travel brings, as of 2007[update], 7.6 million visitors annually to the islands, with 62.3% entering at Honolulu
Honolulu
International Airport.[23] Today, Honolulu is a modern city with numerous high-rise buildings, and Waikīkī is the center of the tourism industry in Hawaiʻi, with thousands of hotel rooms. The UK consulting firm Mercer, in a 2009 assessment "conducted to help governments and major companies place employees on international assignments", ranked Honolulu
Honolulu
29th worldwide in quality of living; the survey factored in political stability, personal freedom, sanitation, crime, housing, the natural environment, recreation, banking facilities, availability of consumer goods, education, and public services including transportation.[24] Geography[edit]

Astronaut photograph of western Honolulu, HNL Airport, and Pearl Harbor taken from the International Space Station

According to the United States
United States
Census Bureau, the Urban Honolulu Census-designated place (CDP) has a total area of 68.4 square miles (177.2 km2). 60.5 square miles (156.7 km2) of it (88.44%) is land, and 7.9 square miles (20.5 km2) of it (11.56%) is water.[25] Honolulu
Honolulu
is the most remote major city in the world.[8] The closest location on the mainland to Honolulu
Honolulu
is the Point Arena Lighthouse
Lighthouse
in California, at 2,045 nautical miles (3,787 km).[26] (Nautical vessels require some additional distance to circumnavigate Makapuʻu Point.) However, islands off the Mexican coast, and part of the Aleutian Islands
Aleutian Islands
of Alaska
Alaska
are slightly closer to Honolulu
Honolulu
than the mainland. Neighborhoods, boroughs, and districts[edit]

Honolulu
Honolulu
as seen from the International Space Station

Downtown at Bishop and King streets, with First Hawaiian Center
First Hawaiian Center
(left) and Bankoh Center (right)

Downtown Honolulu
Downtown Honolulu
is the financial, commercial, and governmental center of Hawaii. On the waterfront is Aloha Tower, which for many years was the tallest building in Hawai'i. Currently the tallest building is the 438-foot (134 m) tall First Hawaiian Center, located on King and Bishop Streets. The downtown campus of Hawaii Pacific University is also located there. The Arts District Honolulu in downtown/Chinatown is on the eastern edge of Chinatown. It is a 12-block area bounded by Bethel & Smith Streets and Nimitz Highway and Beretania Street – home to numerous arts and cultural institutions. It is located within the Chinatown Historic District, which includes the former Hotel Street Vice District.[27] The Capitol District is the eastern part of Downtown Honolulu. It is the current and historic center of Hawaii's state government, incorporating the Hawaii
Hawaii
State Capitol, ʻIolani Palace, Honolulu
Honolulu
Hale (City Hall), State Library, and the statue of King Kamehameha I, along with numerous government buildings. Kakaʻako is a light-industrial district between Downtown and Waikīkī that has seen a large-scale redevelopment effort in the past decade. It is home to two major shopping areas, Ward Warehouse and Ward Centre. The Howard Hughes Corporation
The Howard Hughes Corporation
plans to transform Ward Centers into Ward Village over the next decade. The John A. Burns School of Medicine, part of the University of Hawaiʻi at Manoa, is also located there. A Memorial to the Ehime Maru Incident victims is built at the Kaka'ako Waterfront Park. Ala Moana
Ala Moana
is a district between Kakaʻako and Waikīkī and the home of Ala Moana
Ala Moana
Center, the "World's largest open air shopping center" and the largest shopping mall in Hawaii.[28] Ala Moana
Ala Moana
Center boasts over 300 tenants and is a very popular location among tourists. Also in Ala Moana
Ala Moana
is the Honolulu
Honolulu
Design Center and Ala Moana
Ala Moana
Beach Park, the second largest park in Honolulu. Waikīkī is the tourist district of Honolulu, located between the Ala Wai Canal and the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
next to Diamond Head. Numerous hotels, shops, and nightlife opportunities are located along Kalakaua and Kuhio Avenues. It is a popular location for visitors and locals alike and attracts millions of visitors every year. A majority of the hotel rooms on Oahu
Oahu
are located in Waikīkī. Manoa
Manoa
and Makiki
Makiki
are residential neighborhoods located in adjacent valleys just inland of downtown and Waikīkī. Manoa
Manoa
Valley is home to the main campus of the University of Hawaiʻi. Nuʻuanu and Pauoa are upper-middle-class residential districts located inland of downtown Honolulu. The National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific is located in Punchbowl Crater
Punchbowl Crater
fronting Pauoa Valley. Palolo and Kaimuki
Kaimuki
are neighborhoods east of Manoa
Manoa
and Makiki, inland from Diamond Head. Palolo Valley parallels Manoa
Manoa
and is a residential neighborhood. Kaimuki
Kaimuki
is primarily a residential neighborhood with a commercial strip centered on Waialae Avenue running behind Diamond Head. Chaminade University
Chaminade University
is located in Kaimuki. Waialae and Kahala are upper-class districts of Honolulu
Honolulu
located directly east of Diamond Head, where there are many high-priced homes. Also found in these neighborhoods are the Waialae Country Club
Waialae Country Club
and the five-star Kahala Hotel & Resort. East Honolulu
Honolulu
includes the residential communities of ʻĀina Haina, Niu Valley, and Hawaiʻi Kai. These are considered upper-middle-class neighborhoods. The upscale gated communities of Waiʻalae ʻiki and Hawaiʻi Loa Ridge are also located here. Kalihi
Kalihi
and Palama are working-class neighborhoods with a number of government housing developments. Lower Kalihi, toward the ocean, is a light-industrial district. Salt Lake and Aliamanu are (mostly) residential areas built in extinct tuff cones along the western end of the Honolulu
Honolulu
District, not far from the Honolulu
Honolulu
International Airport. Moanalua
Moanalua
is two neighborhoods and a valley at the western end of Honolulu, and home to Tripler Army Medical Center.

Climate[edit] Honolulu
Honolulu
experiences a tropical hot semi-arid climate (Köppen classification BSh), with a mostly dry summer season, due to a rain shadow effect.[29] Temperatures vary little throughout the months, with average high temperatures of 80–90 °F (27–32 °C) and average lows of 65–75 °F (18–24 °C) throughout the year. Temperatures reach or exceed 90 °F (32 °C) on an average 38 days annually,[30] with lows in the upper 50s °F (14–15 °C) occurring once or twice a year. The highest recorded temperature was 95 °F (35 °C) during a heat wave in September 1998. The highest recorded temperature in the state was also recorded later that day in Ni'ihau. The lowest recorded temperature was 52 °F (11 °C) on February 16, 1902, and January 20, 1969. With high temperatures and humidity there is a vast tropical influence on the climate, although rainfall falls short of that classification. Annual average rainfall is 17.05 in (433 mm), which mainly occurs during the winter months of October through early April, with very little rainfall during the summer; similar to California's mediterranean climates. However, both seasons experience a similar number of rainy days. Light showers occur in summer while heavier rain falls during winter. Honolulu
Honolulu
has an average of 278 sunny days and 90 rainy days per year. Although the city is situated in the tropics, hurricanes are quite rare. The last recorded hurricane that hit the area was Category 4 Hurricane
Hurricane
Iniki in 1992. Tornadoes are also uncommon and usually strike once every 15 years. Waterspouts off the coast are also uncommon, hitting about once every five years.[31] Honolulu
Honolulu
falls under the USDA
USDA
12a Plant Hardiness zone.[32] The average temperature of the sea ranges from 24.3 °C (75.7 °F) in March to 26.9 °C (80.4 °F) in September.[33]

Climate data for Honolulu International Airport
Honolulu International Airport
(1981−2010 normals,[b] extremes 1877−present[c])

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 88 (31) 88 (31) 89 (32) 91 (33) 93 (34) 92 (33) 94 (34) 93 (34) 95 (35) 94 (34) 93 (34) 89 (32) 95 (35)

Mean maximum °F (°C) 84.3 (29.1) 84.4 (29.1) 85.4 (29.7) 86.6 (30.3) 88.7 (31.5) 89.5 (31.9) 90.7 (32.6) 91.3 (32.9) 91.7 (33.2) 90.5 (32.5) 87.6 (30.9) 85.2 (29.6) 92.1 (33.4)

Average high °F (°C) 80.1 (26.7) 80.2 (26.8) 81.2 (27.3) 82.7 (28.2) 84.6 (29.2) 87.0 (30.6) 87.9 (31.1) 88.7 (31.5) 88.6 (31.4) 86.7 (30.4) 83.9 (28.8) 81.2 (27.3) 84.4 (29.1)

Daily mean °F (°C) 73.2 (22.9) 73.1 (22.8) 74.5 (23.6) 76.1 (24.5) 77.8 (25.4) 80.2 (26.8) 81.2 (27.3) 81.9 (27.7) 81.5 (27.5) 80.0 (26.7) 77.6 (25.3) 74.8 (23.8) 77.66 (25.36)

Average low °F (°C) 66.3 (19.1) 66.1 (18.9) 67.7 (19.8) 69.4 (20.8) 70.9 (21.6) 73.4 (23) 74.5 (23.6) 75.1 (23.9) 74.4 (23.6) 73.4 (23) 71.4 (21.9) 68.3 (20.2) 70.9 (21.6)

Mean minimum °F (°C) 59.3 (15.2) 58.6 (14.8) 61.2 (16.2) 64.2 (17.9) 65.3 (18.5) 69.6 (20.9) 70.8 (21.6) 70.8 (21.6) 70.1 (21.2) 68.1 (20.1) 65.4 (18.6) 61.1 (16.2) 57.0 (13.9)

Record low °F (°C) 52 (11) 52 (11) 53 (12) 56 (13) 60 (16) 63 (17) 63 (17) 63 (17) 65 (18) 61 (16) 57 (14) 54 (12) 52 (11)

Average rainfall inches (mm) 2.31 (58.7) 1.99 (50.5) 2.02 (51.3) 0.63 (16) 0.62 (15.7) 0.26 (6.6) 0.51 (13) 0.56 (14.2) 0.70 (17.8) 1.84 (46.7) 2.42 (61.5) 3.24 (82.3) 17.10 (434.3)

Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch) 8.5 7.4 8.8 7.5 5.8 5.7 7.1 5.6 6.9 7.6 8.8 9.7 89.4

Average relative humidity (%) 73.3 70.8 68.8 67.3 66.1 64.4 64.6 64.1 65.5 67.5 70.4 72.4 67.93

Mean monthly sunshine hours 213.5 212.7 259.2 251.8 280.6 286.1 306.2 303.1 278.8 244.0 200.4 199.5 3,035.9

Percent possible sunshine 63 66 69 66 69 71 74 76 76 68 60 59 68.1

Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)[34][35][36]

Climate data for Honolulu

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average sea temperature °F (°C) 76.5 (24.7) 75.9 (24.4) 75.7 (24.3) 76.9 (25.0) 77.9 (25.5) 78.7 (25.9) 78.9 (26.0) 79.5 (26.4) 80.4 (26.9) 79.8 (26.5) 78.5 (25.9) 77.0 (25.0) 78.0 (25.5)

Mean daily daylight hours 11.0 11.0 12.0 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0 12.0 12.0 11.0 11.0 12.1

Average Ultraviolet index 7 9 11 11 11 11+ 11+ 11+ 11 9 7 6 9.6

Source #1: seatemperature.org [37]

Source #2: Weather Atlas [38]

Panorama of Honolulu's waterfront in February 2007.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1890 22,907

1900 39,306

71.6%

1910 52,183

32.8%

1920 83,327

59.7%

1930 137,582

65.1%

1940 179,326

30.3%

1950 248,034

38.3%

1960 294,194

18.6%

1970 324,871

10.4%

1980 365,048

12.4%

1990 365,272

0.1%

2000 371,657

1.7%

2010 390,738

5.1%

Population 1890–2010.[10][39]

The Hawaii
Hawaii
State Capitol

Map of racial distribution in Honolulu, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian, Hispanic or Other (yellow)

The population of Honolulu
Honolulu
was 390,738 according to the 2010 U.S. Census. Of those, 192,781 (49.3%) were male and 197,957 (50.7%) were female. The median age for males was 40.0 and 43.0 for females; the overall median age was 41.3. Approximately 84.7% of the total population was 16 years and over; 82.6% were 18 years and over, 78.8% were 21 years and over, 21.4% were 62 years and over, and 17.8% were 65 years and over.[10] In terms of race and ethnicity, 54.8% were Asian, 17.9% were White, 1.5% were Black or African American, 0.2% were American Indian or Alaska
Alaska
Native, 8.4% were Native Hawaiian
Native Hawaiian
and Other Pacific Islander, 0.8% were from "some other race", and 16.3% were from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race made up 5.4% of the population.[10] In 1970, the Census Bureau reported Honolulu's population as 33.9% white and 53.7% Asian and Pacific Islander.[40] Asian Americans represent the majority of Honolulu's population. The Asian ethnic groups are Japanese (19.9%), Filipinos (13.2%), Chinese (10.4%), Koreans (4.3%), Vietnamese (2.0%), Asian Indians (0.3%), Laotians (0.3%), Thais (0.2%), Cambodians (0.1%), and Indonesians (0.1%). People solely of Native Hawaiian
Native Hawaiian
ancestry made up 3.2% of the population. Samoan Americans made up 1.5% of the population, Marshallese people make up 0.5% of the city's population, and Tongan people comprise 0.3% of its population. People of Guamanian or Chamorro descent made up 0.2% of the population and numbered 841 residents.[10] Honolulu's urban area was the fourth densest[8] in the United States according to the 2010 U.S. Census. Economy[edit]

Honolulu
Honolulu
viewed from Diamond Head crater

The largest city and airport in the Hawaiian Islands, Honolulu
Honolulu
acts as a natural gateway to the islands' large tourism industry, which brings millions of visitors and contributes $10 billion annually to the local economy. Honolulu's location in the Pacific also makes it a large business and trading hub, particularly between the East and the West. Other important aspects of the city's economy include military defense, research and development, and manufacturing.[41] Among the companies based in Honolulu
Honolulu
are:

Alexander & Baldwin Bank of Hawaii Central Pacific Bank First Hawaiian Bank Hawaii
Hawaii
Medical Service Association Hawaii
Hawaii
Pacific Health Hawaiian Electric Industries Matson Navigation Company The Queen's Health Systems

Hawaiian Airlines,[42] Island Air,[43] and Aloha Air Cargo
Aloha Air Cargo
are headquartered in the city.[44][45] Prior to its dissolution, Aloha Airlines was headquartered in the city.[46] At one time Mid-Pacific Airlines had its headquarters on the property of Honolulu International Airport.[47] In 2009, Honolulu
Honolulu
had a 4.5% increase in the average price of rent, maintaining it in the second most expensive rental market ranking among 210 U.S. metropolitan areas.[48] Since no national bank chains have any branches in Hawai'i, many visitors and new residents use different banks. First Hawaiian Bank
First Hawaiian Bank
is the largest and oldest bank in Hawai'i and their headquarters are at the First Hawaiian Center, the tallest building in the State of Hawaii. Cultural institutions[edit]

With symbolic native-styled architectural features, First Hawaiian Center is the tallest building in Hawaii
Hawaii
and home to a Honolulu
Honolulu
Museum of Art Spalding House
Spalding House
gallery

Natural museums[edit] The Bishop Museum
Bishop Museum
is the largest of Honolulu's museums. It is endowed with the state's largest collection of natural history specimens and the world's largest collection of Hawaiiana and Pacific culture artifacts.[49] The Honolulu Zoo
Honolulu Zoo
is the main zoological institution in Hawai'i while the Waikiki
Waikiki
Aquarium is a working marine biology laboratory. The Waikiki
Waikiki
Aquarium is partnered with the University of Hawai'i and other universities worldwide. Established for appreciation and botany, Honolulu
Honolulu
is home to several gardens: Foster Botanical Garden, Liliʻuokalani Botanical Garden, Walker Estate, among others. Performing arts[edit] Established in 1900, the Honolulu Symphony is the second oldest US symphony orchestra west of the Rocky Mountains. Other classical music ensembles include the Hawai'i Opera Theatre. Honolulu
Honolulu
is also a center for Hawaiian music. The main music venues include the Hawaii
Hawaii
Theatre, the Neal Blaisdell Center
Neal Blaisdell Center
Concert Hall and Arena, and the Waikiki Shell. Honolulu
Honolulu
also includes several venues for live theater, including the Diamond Head Theatre. Visual arts[edit] Various institutions for the visual arts are located in Honolulu. The Honolulu Museum of Art
Honolulu Museum of Art
is endowed with the largest collection of Asian and Western art in Hawai'i. It also has the largest collection of Islamic art, housed at the Shangri La estate. Since the merger of the Honolulu
Honolulu
Academy of Arts and The Contemporary Museum, Honolulu (now called the Honolulu Museum of Art
Honolulu Museum of Art
Spalding House) in 2011, the museum is also the only contemporary art museum in the state. The contemporary collections are housed at main campus (Spalding House) in Makiki
Makiki
and a multi-level gallery in downtown Honolulu
Honolulu
at the First Hawaiian Center. The museum hosts a film and video program dedicated to arthouse and world cinema in the museum's Doris Duke
Doris Duke
Theatre, named for the museum's historic patroness Doris Duke.[50] The Hawai'i State Art Museum
Museum
(also downtown) boasts pieces by local artists as well as traditional Hawaiian art. The museum is administered by the Hawai'i State Foundation on Culture and the Arts.

Aerial view of Diamond Head

Honolulu
Honolulu
also annually holds the Hawai'i International Film Festival (HIFF). It showcases some of the best films from producers all across the Pacific Rim and is the largest "East meets West" style film festival of its sort in the United States. Tourist attractions[edit]

Diamond Head and Honolulu
Honolulu
viewed from Round Top Drive

Ala Moana
Ala Moana
Center Aloha Tower Bishop Museum Diamond Head Hanauma Bay Honolulu
Honolulu
Museum
Museum
of Art Honolulu
Honolulu
Zoo ʻIolani Palace Lyon Arboretum National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific USS Arizona
Arizona
Memorial Waikiki
Waikiki
Aquarium Waikiki
Waikiki
Beach Waikiki
Waikiki
Trolley International Market Place Kapiolani Park

Sports[edit] Honolulu's tropical climate lends itself to year-round activities. In 2004, Men's Fitness
Men's Fitness
magazine named Honolulu
Honolulu
the fittest city in the United States.[51] Honolulu
Honolulu
has three large road races:

The Great Aloha Run is held annually on Presidents' Day. The Honolulu
Honolulu
Marathon, held annually on the second Sunday in December, draws more than 20,000 participants each year, about half to two thirds of them from Japan. The Honolulu
Honolulu
Triathlon
Triathlon
is an Olympic distance triathlon event governed by USA Triathlon. Held annually in May since 2004, there is an absence of a sprint course.

Ironman Hawaii
Hawaii
was first held in Honolulu. It was the first ever Ironman triathlon event and is also the world championship. Fans of spectator sports in Honolulu
Honolulu
generally support the football, volleyball, basketball, rugby union, rugby league and baseball programs of the University of Hawai'i
University of Hawai'i
at Manoa.[52] High school sporting events, especially football, are especially popular. Honolulu
Honolulu
has no professional sports teams. It was the home of the Hawai'i Islanders (Pacific Coast League, 1961–87), The Hawaiians (World Football League, 1974–75), Team Hawaii
Hawaii
(North American Soccer League, 1977), and the Hawaiian Islanders
Hawaiian Islanders
(af2, 2002–04). The NCAA football Hawaii
Hawaii
Bowl is played in Honolulu. Honolulu
Honolulu
has also hosted the NFL's annual Pro Bowl
Pro Bowl
each February from 1980 to 2009. After the 2010 and 2015 games were played in Miami Gardens and Glendale, respectively, the Pro Bowl
Pro Bowl
was once again in Honolulu
Honolulu
from 2011 to 2014 with 2016 the most recent.[53][54] From 1993 to 2008, Honolulu
Honolulu
hosted Hawaii
Hawaii
Winter Baseball, featuring minor league players from Major League Baseball, Nippon Professional Baseball, Korea Baseball
Baseball
Organization, and independent leagues. Venues[edit] Venues for spectator sports in Honolulu
Honolulu
include:

Les Murakami Stadium
Les Murakami Stadium
at UH- Manoa
Manoa
(baseball) Neal S. Blaisdell Center
Neal S. Blaisdell Center
Arena (basketball) Stan Sheriff Center
Stan Sheriff Center
at UH- Manoa
Manoa
(basketball and volleyball)

Aloha Stadium, a venue for American football
American football
and soccer, is located in Halawa near Pearl Harbor, just outside Honolulu.[55] Government[edit]

Completed in 1928, Honolulu Hale
Honolulu Hale
is the city and county seat

Kirk Caldwell
Kirk Caldwell
was elected mayor of Honolulu County
Honolulu County
on November 6, 2012, and began serving as the county's 14th mayor on January 2, 2013. The municipal offices of the City and County of Honolulu, including Honolulu
Honolulu
Hale, the seat of the city and county, are located in the Capitol District, as are the Hawai'i state government buildings.[56] The Capitol District is within the Honolulu
Honolulu
census county division (CCD), the urban area commonly regarded as the "City" of Honolulu. The Honolulu
Honolulu
CCD is located on the southeast coast of O'ahu
O'ahu
between Makapuu
Makapuu
and Halawa. The division boundary follows the Ko'olau crestline, so Makapuʻu Beach is in the Ko'olaupoko District. On the west, the division boundary follows Halawa Stream, then crosses Red Hill and runs just west of Aliamanu Crater, so that Aloha Stadium, Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor
(with the USS Arizona
Arizona
Memorial), and Hickam Air Force Base are actually all located in the island's Ewa CCD.[57] The Hawai'i Department of Public Safety
Hawai'i Department of Public Safety
operates the O'ahu
O'ahu
Community Correctional Center, the jail for the island of O'ahu, in Honolulu CCD.[58] The United States Postal Service
United States Postal Service
operates post offices in Honolulu. The main Honolulu
Honolulu
Post Office is located by the international airport at 3600 Aolele Street.[59] Federal Detention Center, Honolulu, operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, is in the CDP.[60] Foreign missions on the island[edit] Several countries have consular facilities in Honolulu, due to its strategically important position in the mid-Pacific. They include consulates of Japan,[61] South Korea,[62] Philippines,[63] Federated States of Micronesia,[64] Australia,[65] and the Marshall Islands.[66] Education and Research[edit] Colleges and universities[edit] See also: List of colleges and universities in Hawaii Colleges and universities in Honolulu
Honolulu
include Honolulu
Honolulu
Community College, Kapiolani Community College, the University of Hawai'i
University of Hawai'i
at Manoa, Chaminade University, and Hawai'i Pacific University.[45] UH Manoa
Manoa
houses the main offices of the University of Hawai'i
University of Hawai'i
System.[67] Research institutions[edit]

Pacific Forum, one of the world’s leading Asia-Pacific policy research institutes, is on Bishop Street.

Honolulu
Honolulu
is home to three renowned international affairs research institutions. The Pacific Forum, one of the world’s leading Asia-Pacific policy research institutes and one of the first organizations in the United States
United States
to focus exclusively on Asia has its main office on Bishop Street in downtown Honolulu. The East–West Center (EWC), an education and research organization established by the U.S. Congress in 1960 to strengthen relations and understanding among the peoples and nations of Asia, the Pacific, and the United States, is headquartered in Manoa, Honolulu. The Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies (APCSS), a U.S. Department of Defense institute is based in Waikiki, Honolulu. APCSS addresses regional and global security issues and supports the U.S. Pacific Command by developing and sustaining relationships among security practitioners and national security establishments throughout the region. Public primary and secondary schools[edit]

Queen Liliuokalani Building, Hawaii
Hawaii
Department of Education headquarters in Honolulu
Honolulu
CDP

Hawaii
Hawaii
Department of Education operates public schools in Honolulu. Public high schools within the CDP area include Wallace Rider Farrington, Kaiser, Kaimuki, Kalani, Moanalua, William McKinley, and Theodore Roosevelt.[45] Private primary and secondary schools[edit] Private schools include Academy of the Pacific, Damien Memorial School, Hawai'i Baptist Academy, Iolani School, Lutheran High School of Hawai'i, Kamehameha Schools, Maryknoll School, Mid-Pacific Institute, La Pietra, Punahou School, Sacred Hearts Academy, St. Andrew's Priory School, Saint Francis School, Saint Louis School, the Education Laboratory School, Saint Patrick School, Trinity Christian School, and Varsity International School. Public libraries[edit]

Hawai'i State Library

Hawaii
Hawaii
State Public Library System operates public libraries. The Hawai'i State Library
Hawai'i State Library
in the CDP serves as the main library of the system,[68] while the Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, also in the CDP area, serves handicapped and blind people.[69] Branches in the CDP area include Aiea, Aina Haina, Ewa Beach, Hawai'i Kai, Kahuku, Kailua, Kaimuki, Kalihi-Palama, Kaneohe, Kapolei, Liliha, Manoa, McCully-Moiliili, Mililani, Moanalua, Wahiawa, Waialua, Waianae, Waikiki-Kapahulu, Waimanalo, and Waipahu.[70] Weekend educational programs[edit] The Hawai'i Japanese School – Rainbow Gakuen (ハワイレインボー学園 Hawai Rainbō Gakuen), a supplementary weekend Japanese school, holds its classes in Kaimuki
Kaimuki
Middle School in Honolulu
Honolulu
and has its offices in another building in Honolulu.[71] The school serves overseas Japanese nationals.[72] In addition Honolulu has other weekend programs for the Japanese, Chinese, and Spanish languages.[73] Media[edit] Main article: Media in Honolulu Honolulu
Honolulu
is served by one daily newspaper (the Honolulu Star-Advertiser), Honolulu
Honolulu
Magazine, several radio stations and television stations, among other media. Local news agency and CNN-affiliate Hawai'i News Now broadcasts and is headquartered out of Honolulu. Honolulu
Honolulu
and the island of O'ahu
O'ahu
has also been the location for many film and television projects, including Hawaii
Hawaii
Five-0 and Lost. Transportation[edit] Air[edit]

Honolulu International Airport
Honolulu International Airport
old control tower

8R "Reef Runway" of Honolulu
Honolulu
International Airport

Aerial view of H-1 (looking east) from Honolulu
Honolulu
Airport heading into downtown Honolulu

Located at the western end of the CDP, Daniel K. Inouye International Airport (HNL) is the principal aviation gateway to the state of Hawai'i. Kalaeloa Airport
Kalaeloa Airport
is primarily a commuter facility used by unscheduled air taxis, general aviation and transient and locally based military aircraft. Highways[edit] Honolulu
Honolulu
has been ranked as having the nation's worst traffic congestion, beating former record holder Los Angeles. Drivers waste on average over 58 hours per year on congested roadways.[74] The following freeways, part of the Interstate Highway System
Interstate Highway System
serve Honolulu:

Interstate H-1, which, coming into the city from the west, passes Hickam Air Force Base
Hickam Air Force Base
and Honolulu
Honolulu
International Airport, runs just north of Downtown and continues eastward through Makiki
Makiki
and Kaimuki, ending at Waialae/Kahala. H-1 connects to Interstate H-2
Interstate H-2
from Wahiawa and Interstate H-3
Interstate H-3
from Kaneohe, west of the CDP. Interstate H-201—also known as the Moanalua
Moanalua
Freeway
Freeway
and sometimes numbered as its former number, Hawaii
Hawaii
State Rte. 78—connects two points along H-1: at Aloha Stadium
Aloha Stadium
and Fort Shafter. Close to H-1 and Aloha Stadium, H-201 has an exchange with the western terminus of Interstate H-3
Interstate H-3
to the windward side of Oahu
Oahu
(Kaneohe). This complex of connecting ramps, some directly between H-1 and H-3, is in Halawa.

Other major highways that link Honolulu
Honolulu
CCD with other parts of the Island of Oahu
Oahu
are:

Pali Highway, State Rte. 61, crosses north over the Koolau range via the Pali Tunnels to connect to Kailua and Kaneohe on the windward side of the Island. Likelike Highway, State Rte. 63, also crosses the Koolau to Kaneohe via the Wilson Tunnels. Kalanianaole Highway, State Rte. 72, runs eastward from Waialae/Kahala to Hawaii
Hawaii
Kai and around the east end of the island to Waimanalo Beach. Kamehameha Highway, State Rts. 80, 83, 99 and 830, runs westward from near Hickam Air Force Base
Hickam Air Force Base
to Aiea and beyond, eventually running through the center of the island and ending in Kaneohe.

Like most major American cities, the Honolulu
Honolulu
metropolitan area experiences heavy traffic congestion during rush hours, especially to and from the western suburbs of Kapolei, 'Ewa Beach, Aiea, Pearl City, Waipahu, and Mililani. There is a Hawai'i Electric Vehicle Demonstration Project (HEVDP).[75] Public transport[edit] Honolulu
Honolulu
Authority for Rapid Transportation[edit] In November 2010, voters approved a charter amendment to create a public transit authority to oversee the planning, construction, operation and future extensions to Honolulu's future rail system. The Honolulu
Honolulu
Authority for Rapid Transportation (HART) currently includes a 10-member board of directors; three members appointed by the mayor, three members selected by the Honolulu
Honolulu
City Council, and the city and state transportation directors.[76] The opening of the Honolulu
Honolulu
Rail Transit is delayed until approximately 2018, as HART canceled the initial bids for the first nine stations and intends to rebid the work as three packages of three stations each, and allow more time for construction in the hope that increased competition on smaller contracts will drive down costs;[77] initial bids ranged from $294.5 million to $320.8 million, far surpassing HART's budget of $184 million.[78] Bus[edit] Main article: TheBus (Honolulu) Established by former Mayor Frank F. Fasi
Frank F. Fasi
as the replacement for the Honolulu
Honolulu
Rapid Transit Company (HRT), Honolulu's TheBus system was honored in 1994–1995 and 2000–2001 by the American Public Transportation Association as "America's Best Transit System". TheBus operates 107 routes serving Honolulu
Honolulu
and most major cities and towns on O'ahu. TheBus comprises a fleet of 531 buses, and is run by the non-profit corporation O'ahu
O'ahu
Transit Services in conjunction with the city Department of Transportation Services. Honolulu
Honolulu
is ranked 4th for highest per-capita use of mass transit in the United States.[79] Rail[edit] Main article: Honolulu
Honolulu
Rail Transit Currently, there is no urban rail transit system in Honolulu, although electric street railways were operated in Honolulu
Honolulu
by the now-defunct Honolulu
Honolulu
Rapid Transit Company prior to World War II. Predecessors to the Honolulu
Honolulu
Rapid Transit Company were the Honolulu
Honolulu
Rapid Transit and Land Company (began 1903) and Hawaiian Tramways (began 1888).[80] The City and County of Honolulu
City and County of Honolulu
is currently constructing a 20-mile (32 km) rail transit line that will connect Honolulu
Honolulu
with cities and suburban areas near Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor
and in the Leeward and West Oahu regions. The Honolulu High-Capacity Transit Corridor Project
Honolulu High-Capacity Transit Corridor Project
is aimed at alleviating traffic congestion for West O'ahu
O'ahu
commuters while being integral in the westward expansion of the metropolitan area. The project, however, has been criticized by opponents of rail for its cost, delays, and potential environmental impacts, but the line is expected to have large ridership. Bicycle sharing[edit] Since June 28, 2017, PBSC operates Biki which is bicycle sharing program on O'ahu. Most Biki stations are located between Chinatown/Downtown and Diamondhead, however, some Biki stations are in Kailua.[81][82][83][84] The GoBiki.org website has a Biki stations map. Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Honolulu Sister cities[edit] Honolulu
Honolulu
currently has 29 sister cities:[85]

National

San Juan, Puerto Rico, 1985

International

Baguio, Philippines, 1995 Baku, Azerbaijan, 1998 Bombay
Bombay
(today: Mumbai), India, 1970 Bruyères, France, 1960 Candon, Philippines, 2015 [86] Caracas, Venezuela, 1990 Cebu City, Philippines, 1990 Chigasaki, Japan, 2014 Funchal, Portugal, 1979 Hainan, People's Republic of China, 1985 Hiroshima, Japan, 1959 Huế, Vietnam, 1995 Incheon, South Korea, 2003 Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Taiwan
(Republic of China), 1962 Kyzyl, Russia Laoag, Philippines, 1969 Majuro, Marshall Islands, 2009 Manila, Philippines, 1980 Mombasa, Kenya, 2000 Naha, Japan, 1960 Rabat, Morocco, 2007 Seoul, South Korea, 1973[87][88] Sintra, Portugal, 1998 Tokyo, Japan, 1960 Qinhuangdao, People's Republic of China, 2010 Uwajima, Japan, 2004 Vigan, Philippines, 2003 Zhongshan, People's Republic of China, 1997

See also[edit]

List of cities with the most high-rise buildings List of tallest buildings in Honolulu

Geography portal North America portal United States
United States
portal Hawai'i portal

Notes[edit]

^ For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau considers Honolulu
Honolulu
to be a Census-designated place (CDP), rather than a city.[7] ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. ^ Official records for Honolulu
Honolulu
have been kept at downtown from February 1877 to September 1949, and at Honolulu
Honolulu
Int'l since October 1949. For more information, see ThreadEx

References[edit]

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And Kapolei
Kapolei
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Honolulu
County, Hawaii, November 29, 2005, archived from the original on November 5, 2013, retrieved June 30, 2012  ^ "About the City, Official Website of the City and County of Honolulu". City and County of Honolulu. City and County of Honolulu. April 24, 2012. Archived from the original on October 12, 2004. Retrieved April 24, 2012.  ^ "Geographic Ientifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Urban Honolulu
Honolulu
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Hawaii
are CDPs. By agreement with the state of Hawai'i, the U.S. Census Bureau
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Center. Retrieved May 22, 2012.  ^ Kottek, M.; Grieser, J. R.; Beck, C.; Rudolf, B.; Rubel, F. (2006). "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated" (PDF). Meteorol. Z. 15 (3): 259–263. Bibcode:2006MetZe..15..259K. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130.  ^ This is comparable to Washington, D.C.
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Water Temperatures". Copyright Global Sea Temperatures – A-Connect Ltd. Retrieved November 26, 2015.  ^ "Honolulu, Hawaii, USA – Climate data". Weather Atlas. Retrieved 16 March 2017.  ^ "Census Of Population And Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 7, 2011.  ^ " Hawaii
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– Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 6, 2012.  ^ " Honolulu
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CDP, HI Archived February 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 21, 2009. ^ "Aloha Airlines, Inc." BusinessWeek. Retrieved on May 21, 2009. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. May 16, 1981. 1452. "Head Office: Honolulu
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rents still 2nd priciest in U.S." the.honoluluadvertiser.com. Honolulu, HI, USA: Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved July 14, 2012.  ^ "Welcome to the Bishop Museum". Bishopmuseum.org. Retrieved May 22, 2012.  ^ " Honolulu Museum of Art
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- Doris Duke
Doris Duke
Theatre". Retrieved 2 February 2018.  ^ "Pacific.bizjournals.com". Pacific.bizjournals.com. January 5, 2004. Retrieved May 22, 2012.  ^ " University of Hawai'i
University of Hawai'i
at Manoa". Uhm.hawaii.edu. May 2, 2012. Retrieved May 22, 2012.  ^ Arnett, Paul; Reardon, Dave (December 30, 2008). "Miami tackles Pro Bowl". Honolulu
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shifting to Super Bowl site for 2015". The Chicago Tribune. Reuters. April 9, 2014. Retrieved December 26, 2015.  ^ "Halawa CDP, Hawaii
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(January 18, 2012), "Historic Honolulu (The Capitol District)", Official Web Site for The City and County of Honolulu, Honolulu, HI, USA: City and County of Honolulu, archived from the original on November 19, 2004, retrieved July 14, 2012  External link in work= (help) ^ United States Census Bureau
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(February 2, 2002), CENSUS 2000 BLOCK MAP: HONOLULU CCD 5702.01 (PDF), Washington, D.C., USA: U.S. Census Bureau, retrieved July 14, 2012  ^ " Oahu
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in Chicago. Retrieved on January 10, 2009. ^ "Department of Foreign Affairs, Overseas Embassies, Consulates, and Missions." Department of Foreign Affairs (Federated States of Micronesia). Retrieved on January 10, 2009. ^ "Australian Consulate-General in Honolulu, United States
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of America." Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved on January 10, 2009. ^ "Foreign Mission Archived June 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.." Republic of the Marshall Islands. Retrieved on January 28, 2009. ^ Magin, Janis L. "Land deals could breathe new life into Moili'ili." Pacific Business News. Sunday July 1, 2007. 1. Retrieved on October 5, 2011. "Dobelle at that time had even suggested moving the University of Hawai'i system offices from the Manoa
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Bibliography[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Honolulu External links[edit]

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Ahuimanu Aiea East Honolulu 'Ewa Beach 'Ewa Gentry Ewa Villages Halawa Hale'iwa Hau'ula He'eia Hickam Housing Honolulu Iroquois Point Kaʻaʻawa Kahaluu Kahuku Kailua Kalaeloa Kaneohe Kaneohe Station Kapolei Kawela Bay Ko Olina Laie Mā'ili Mākaha Mākaha Valley Makakilo Maunawili Mililani
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AL Montgomery AK Juneau AZ Phoenix AR Little Rock CA Sacramento CO Denver CT Hartford DE Dover FL Tallahassee GA Atlanta HI Honolulu ID Boise IL Springfield IN Indianapolis IA Des Moines KS Topeka KY Frankfort LA Baton Rouge ME Augusta MD Annapolis MA Boston MI Lansing MN Saint Paul MS Jackson MO Jefferson City MT Helena NE Lincoln NV Carson City NH Concord NJ Trenton NM Santa Fe NY Albany NC Raleigh ND Bismarck OH Columbus OK Oklahoma
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Adamstown, Pitcairn Islands6 Alofi, Niue8 Apia, Samoa Avarua, Cook Islands8 Fakaofo, Tokelau8 Funafuti, Tuvalu Hanga Roa, Easter Island9 Honolulu, Hawaii10 Mata-Utu, Wallis and Futuna3 Nukuʻalofa, Tonga Pago Pago, American Samoa5 Papeete, French Polynesia3

1Territory of Australia 2Often included in Polynesia 3 Overseas collectivity
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of France 4Often included in Australasia 5 Insular area
Insular area
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Special
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