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Gomel
Gomel
(also Homieĺ, Homiel, Homel or Homyel’;[2] Belarusian: Го́мель, Łacinka: Homiel, pronounced [ˈɣomʲelʲ], Russian: Го́мель, pronounced [ˈɡomʲɪlʲ]) is the administrative centre of Gomel Region
Gomel Region
and with 526,872 inhabitants (2015 census)[3] the second-most populous city of Belarus.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Origin of the name 1.2 Gomel
Gomel
under Kievan Rus' 1.3 Gomel
Gomel
in the Great Duchy of Lithuania
Great Duchy of Lithuania
and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth 1.4 Gomel
Gomel
in the Russian Empire 1.5 Ukrainian period 1.6 Soviet period 1.7 World War II 1.8 The post-war period 1.9 Chernobyl disaster 1.10 Establishment of the Republic of Belarus 1.11 Population

1.11.1 Jewish community

2 Geography 3 Climate 4 Transportation 5 Sports 6 Education 7 Notable residents 8 International relations

8.1 Twin towns and sister cities

9 References 10 External links

History[edit] Origin of the name[edit] There are at least six narratives of the origin of the city’s Belarusian name. One of the more plausible is that the name is derived from the name of the stream Homeyuk, which flowed into river Sozh near the foot of the hill where the first settlement was founded. Names of other Belarusian cities are formed along these lines: for example, the name Minsk
Minsk
is derived from the river Menka, Polatsk
Polatsk
from the river Palata, and Vitsebsk
Vitsebsk
from the river Vitsba. In historical sources from 1142[citation needed] to the 16th century, the city is mentioned as Hom', Homye, Homiy, Homey, or Homyi. These forms are tentatively explained as derivatives of an unattested *gomŭ of uncertain meaning.[4] The modern name for the city has been in use only since the 16th–17th centuries. During the Soviet period, another story about the city's name was popular: raftsmen on the river Sozh supposedly warned each other about the danger of running into sandy shallows by shouting «Ho! Ho! Mel!». A more recent narrative, propagated by some modern researchers, is that the name is derived from an ancient Belarusian greeting: «Dats u homel», which means «to pat on the shoulder».[citation needed] Gomel
Gomel
under Kievan Rus'[edit]

Gomel's inner fortress in the 12th century

Gomel
Gomel
was founded at the end of the 1st millennium AD on the lands of the Eastern Slavic tribal union of Radimichs. It lays on the banks of the Sozh river
Sozh river
and the Homeyuk stream. Sozh's high right bank, cut through by canyons, provided a natural fortification. For some time, Gomel
Gomel
was the capital of the Gomel
Gomel
Principality, before it became part of the Principality of Chernigov. Gomel
Gomel
is first mentioned in the Hypatian Codex under the year of 1142 as being territory of the princes of Chernigov. For some time, Gomel
Gomel
was ruled by the prince of Smolensk Rostislav Mstislavich before it was re-captured by Iziaslav III Davidovich, after whose death it belonged to Sviatoslav Olgovich and then to Sviatoslav's son Oleg. Under Oleg, Gomel
Gomel
went to the Principality of Novhorod-Siverskyi. The next ruler was Igor Svyatoslavich – the hero of "The Tale of Igor's Campaign". During this period, the town was a fortified point and the centre of a volost. In the 12th–13th centuries the city's area was not less than 40 ha, and it had developed various crafts and was connected by trading routes with the cities of Northern and Southern Rus'. Archeological data have shown that the city was badly damaged during the Mongol-Tatar assault in the first half of the 13th century. Gomel
Gomel
in the Great Duchy of Lithuania
Great Duchy of Lithuania
and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth[edit]

Gomel
Gomel
fortress in the 16th century

In 1335, the Gomel
Gomel
region was joined to the Great Duchy of Lithuania by Algirdas. From 1335 to 1406 it was under the ownership of prince Patricia Narymuntovich and his sons, from 1406 to 1419 the city was ruled by the Great Duke's deputies, from 1419 to 1435 it belonged to prince Svitrigaila, from 1446 to 1452 to prince Vasiliy Yaroslavich, from 1452 to 1483 to Mozhaysk
Mozhaysk
prince Ivan Andreyevich, and from 1483 to 1505 to his son Semyon, who transferred it to the Grand Duchy of Moscow. During the Second Muscovite-Lithuanian War
Muscovite-Lithuanian War
of 1500–1503 Lithuania tried to regain Gomel
Gomel
and other lands transferred to Moscow, but suffered defeat and lost one-third of its territory. In 1535, Lithuanian and Polish forces under Jerzy Radziwiłł, Jan Tarnowski and Andrzej Niemirowicz re-captured the city after the surrender of Moscow's deputy, D. Shchepin-Obolensky. In the same year, the Great Duke of Lithuania Sigismund Kęstutaitis
Sigismund Kęstutaitis
founded the Gomel
Gomel
Starostwo. According to the peace agreement of 1537, Gomel
Gomel
together with its volost remained a Lithuanian possession. In 1535–1565 Gomel
Gomel
is the centre of starostwo, and from 1565 onwards Gomel
Gomel
is in the Rechytsa Powiat
Powiat
of the Minsk
Minsk
Voivodeship.

Coat of Arms of Gomel, 1560

In 1560, the city's first coat of arms was introduced. In 1569, Gomel became part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. From this moment on, the city became the arena of numerous attacks and battles between Cossaks, Russia
Russia
and the Polish-Lithuania Commonwealth. In 1572, Gomel Starostwo
Starostwo
was given to B. Sapega. At the beginning of the 1570s, Gomel was captured by the forces of Ivan the Terrible, but in 1576 it was re-captured by J. Radziwiłł. In 1581, Gomel
Gomel
was again attacked by Russian troops, and in 1595–1596 it was in the hands of Severyn Nalyvaiko's Cossaks. After the beginning of the struggle against Orthodox Christianity
Orthodox Christianity
in Lithuania, Orthodox Nikolayevskiy Cathedral was closed on the order of Greek Catholic
Greek Catholic
Eparch
Eparch
Josaphat Kuntsevych
Josaphat Kuntsevych
in 1621. In 1633 the city was besieged by the Cossaks
Cossaks
of Bulgakov and Yermolin, in 1648 captured by the Golovatskiy's Cossack detachment, and in 1649 by Martyn Nebaba's detachment. After that, Gomel
Gomel
got through several sieges in 1651 but in 1654 was captured by Ivan Zolotarenko's detachment. He and his sons held the city until 1667 and then began to serve under Alexis of Russia, however, after the Truce of Andrusovo
Truce of Andrusovo
Gomel
Gomel
at last returned to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, where it first belonged to M. K. Radziwiłł and then – till the annexation by the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
– to the Czartoryski family. During the Great Northern War Russian forces under Aleksandr Danilovich Menshikov
Aleksandr Danilovich Menshikov
stood in Gomel. In 1670, Gomel
Gomel
got the Magdeburg rights. Towards the middle of the 17th century, the city fell into crisis mainly due to the struggles mentioned above. It suffered significant damage, the population decreased severely, and many crafts disappeared. Gomel
Gomel
in the Russian Empire[edit]

Pyotr Alexandrovich Rumyantsev-Zadunaisky
Pyotr Alexandrovich Rumyantsev-Zadunaisky
(1725 - 1796)

Nikolay Petrovich Rumyantsev
Nikolay Petrovich Rumyantsev
(1754 - 1826)

Sergei Petrovich Rumyantsev (1755 - 1838)

Ivan Fyodorovich Paskevich
Ivan Fyodorovich Paskevich
(1782 - 1856)

Fyodor Ivanovich Paskevich (1823 - 1903)

Irina Ivanovna Paskevich (1835 - 1925)

The period when Gomel
Gomel
was part of the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
was marked by rapid growth of the population, urban infrastructure, and industrial capacity.

Map of Gomel
Gomel
in 1799

Gomel
Gomel
became part of the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
after the first partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
in 1772 and was confiscated by the imperial treasury. In 1775, Empress Catherine II gave Gomel
Gomel
and Gomel eldership in the eternal hereditary possession of Russian military commander Pyotr Rumyantsev. The Peter and Paul Cathedral, designed by architect John Clark, was built in 1809–1819. Nikolay Rumyantsev
Nikolay Rumyantsev
opened the first high school, hotel courtyard, glass, tile, distilleries, weaving and spinning factories, and he built a church, a synagogue, a pharmacy, a hospice and a permanent wooden bridge across the Sozh river. After the death of Nikolay Rumyantsev, the city came in possession of his brother Sergei Petrovich Rumyantsev. However, due to lack of money, Sergei indebted Gomel
Gomel
with the state treasury of the Russian Empire. Subsequently, after not being able to pay off the debt, the treasury sold the city. Gomel
Gomel
palace was acquired by Prince Ivan Paskevich, and the rest of the city by Nicholas I (1838). Paskevich had an English garden made around the palace, which is still in place today. In 1856, the estate passed on to his son Fyodor Ivanovich Paskevich. By 1913, Gomel
Gomel
was a major industrial city and counted 104.500 inhabitants. Ukrainian period[edit] Following the treaty of Brest-Litovsk, in 1918 the city was liberated from Bolshevik troops by German forces. The city became part of Chernihiv Governorate
Chernihiv Governorate
of the Ukrainian State. Soviet period[edit] On 14 January 1919, Gomel
Gomel
was occupied by the Red Army, leading to a major revolt. Insurgents took control of strategic objects and executed members of the Soviet leadership of the city. The rebels were defeated. In 1919, Gomel
Gomel
became the centre of the Gomel Governorate in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. After the end of the hostilities, restoration of industry and transport began. In the 1920s, a number of large businesses had been created: shipyards, a factory named "Polespechat", a shoe factory named "Trud", a bakery, and the first phase of a municipal power plant. In 1926 the city was passed to the Belarusian SSR. By 1940, 264 industrial enterprises had been established World War II[edit] During World War II, Gomel
Gomel
was under Nazi occupation from August 19, 1941 until the November 26, 1943. The city was liberated by Rokossovsky's Belorussian Front during the Gomel-Rechitsa Offensive. Eighty percent of the city was destroyed. The population of Gomel
Gomel
had dropped dramatically. According to the data of the registry, the population of Gomel
Gomel
numbered less than 15,000 of inhabitants, compared to 144,000 inhabitants in 1940. The post-war period[edit] After the war, restoration of Gomel
Gomel
began promptly. The majority of pre-revolutionary buildings were lost. City streets were considerably expanded, and buildings in Stalinist Empire style were erected. In 1950, almost all of the pre-war enterprises resumed their work. Chernobyl disaster[edit] As a result of the catastrophe at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant on 26 April 1986, Gomel
Gomel
suffered radioactive contamination. This significantly worsened both the ecological situation and the socio-economic crisis that had struck the USSR in the late 1980s. It caused a sharp decline in living standards and a gradual depopulation that lasted until the early 21st century. At the beginning of the 21st century, a scientific centre and practice for radiation medicine and human ecology was built in Gomel
Gomel
to overcome and study the consequences of the catastrophe at Chernobyl. [1] The development of radiological dose values varies between individual villages in severely contaminated regions, depending on the surroundings and the economic orientation. In general, life is possible in these areas today, even in some parts of formerly closed-off zones, if appropriate behavioural rules are observed.[5] Establishment of the Republic of Belarus[edit] On 27 July 1990, the Declaration of State Sovereignty of the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic was drafted. Gomel
Gomel
became a city in the independent state of the Republic of Belarus. In the first half of the 1990s, Gomel, like the whole of Belarus, was struck by an acute socio-economic crisis: living standards fell sharply, the death rate exceeded the birth rate, the volume of industrial production fell sharply, and the crime rate increased. From 1996 onwards the situation in the country and in Gomel
Gomel
began to stabilize and improve gradually. Population[edit]

Population of Gomel, 1775–2015

1775 5,000

1858 13,700

1880 23,600

1897 36,800

1913 104,500

1925 81,900

1931 109,900

1939 139,000

1943 < 15,000

1959 168,270

1965 218,000

1970 272,253

1975 337,000

1979 382,785

1985 465,000

1989 500,846

1992 517,000

1999 475,000

2006 479,900

2008 493,700

2010 484,300

2012 507,700

2013 514,968

2014 521,225

2015 526,873

In 2013, the city's population numbered 515,325,[3] indicating a positive population growth and hence a reversal of the demographic crisis that began in 1993. Jewish community[edit] After the annexation of Gomel
Gomel
by the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
and the creation of the Pale of Settlement, Gomel
Gomel
gradually became a centre of resettlement for the Jewish population of Russia. According to the 1897 census, 55% of the population of Gomel
Gomel
were Jews. In 1903, there was a violent pogrom against the Jewish population of the city. From that moment on, a gradual decrease of the number of Jews
Jews
in the city began. 40,880 Jews
Jews
lived in Gomel
Gomel
in 1939, when they comprised 29.4 percent of the total population. Most Jews
Jews
had left the city in anticipation of German occupation, but still between 3,000-4,000 Gomel Jews
Jews
fell victim to the Holocaust.[6] The end of the 1980s and beginning of the 1990s saw mass emigration of Jews
Jews
from Gomel, but at the same time restoration of Jewish institutions in the city by the remaining Jewish inhabitants.[7] Geography[edit] Gomel
Gomel
is situated in the southeastern part of the country, on the right bank of the river Sozh, 302 km (188 mi) south-east of Minsk, 534 km (332 mi) east of Brest, 171 km (106 mi) south of Mogilev, 237 km (147 mi) west of Bryansk
Bryansk
and 111 km (69 mi) north of Chernihiv. The terrain on which the city as a whole is built, is flat. On the right bank of the river, it is a gradually decreasing plain water-glacial and fluvial terrace of the Sozh river. The left bank is a low-lying alluvial plain. The highest elevation of 144 meters above sea level is found at the northern outskirts of Gomel, the lowest elevation of 115 m at the water boundary Sozh river. Novobelitskiy district, which is located on the left bank of the river (i.e., towards the south), has elevations averaging of 10–15 meters lower than the northern and central parts of the city. On the left bank of the Sozh many kilometers of beaches can be found. Climate[edit] The climate of Gomel
Gomel
is moderate and continental. Warm summers and cold winters are caused by frequent arrival of warm sea air masses from the Atlantic and the dominating western transfer.

Climate data for Gomel

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 9.6 (49.3) 15.8 (60.4) 21.5 (70.7) 29.3 (84.7) 32.5 (90.5) 34.0 (93.2) 37.9 (100.2) 38.9 (102) 32.2 (90) 27.5 (81.5) 18.0 (64.4) 11.6 (52.9) 38.9 (102)

Average high °C (°F) −2.0 (28.4) −1.2 (29.8) 4.6 (40.3) 13.2 (55.8) 20.2 (68.4) 23.2 (73.8) 25.2 (77.4) 24.3 (75.7) 18.1 (64.6) 11.3 (52.3) 3.6 (38.5) −1.0 (30.2) 11.6 (52.9)

Daily mean °C (°F) −4.5 (23.9) −4.2 (24.4) 0.7 (33.3) 8.4 (47.1) 14.8 (58.6) 17.9 (64.2) 19.8 (67.6) 18.7 (65.7) 13.0 (55.4) 7.1 (44.8) 0.8 (33.4) −3.3 (26.1) 7.4 (45.3)

Average low °C (°F) −6.9 (19.6) −7.1 (19.2) −2.8 (27) 4.0 (39.2) 9.6 (49.3) 12.9 (55.2) 14.8 (58.6) 13.6 (56.5) 8.7 (47.7) 3.7 (38.7) −1.4 (29.5) −5.6 (21.9) 3.6 (38.5)

Record low °C (°F) −35.0 (−31) −35.1 (−31.2) −33.7 (−28.7) −13.6 (7.5) −2.5 (27.5) −0.2 (31.6) 6.0 (42.8) 1.2 (34.2) −3.2 (26.2) −12.0 (10.4) −21.7 (−7.1) −30.8 (−23.4) −35.1 (−31.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 34 (1.34) 33 (1.3) 33 (1.3) 38 (1.5) 56 (2.2) 80 (3.15) 90 (3.54) 61 (2.4) 58 (2.28) 56 (2.2) 47 (1.85) 40 (1.57) 626 (24.65)

Average rainy days 8 7 10 13 14 16 14 12 14 14 13 9 144

Average snowy days 18 17 10 2 0.1 0 0 0 0.03 2 10 16 75

Average relative humidity (%) 86 83 77 66 64 69 70 71 77 81 87 88 77

Mean monthly sunshine hours 48 71 136 177 264 272 275 252 170 116 44 32 1,857

Percent possible sunshine 19 25 37 42 54 54 54 55 45 35 17 13 41

Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[8]

Source #2: Belarus
Belarus
Department of Hydrometeorology (sun data from 1957–1960 and 1973–2000)[9]

Transportation[edit] The public transportation system consists of over 1,000 buses and trolleybuses. Public transportation is generally inexpensive ($14 monthly). Over 210 million passenger rides were registered in 2006.[10] Taxi services ($10 for a one-way intra-city ride) are available 24 hours a day. The city is an important railroad hub in the southeastern part of Belarus, as it is situated midway on the Minsk- Kiev
Kiev
rail link. The strategic location of Gomel
Gomel
near the border with Russia
Russia
and Ukraine
Ukraine
provides a direct connection to the vast railroad networks of those countries. A trolleybus network opened on 20 May 1962 and consists of 23 routes (not counting variations). On 15 December 2010, after constructing an overhead wire network in the streets of Egorenko, Sviridov and Chechersk, a new trolley line opened to the terminus "Neighborhood Klinkowski" that resulted in a change of trolleybus routes 9, 16, 17. The length of the network is about 74 km (46 mi) and the total length of trolleybus routes is 475 km (295 mi). Rolling stock consist of types ACSM-201, ACSM-321, ACSM-213, ACSM-101, ZIU-682. There are more than 60 bus routes totaling 670 kilometers, and a number of express routes. Rolling stock consists mainly of buses MAZ-105, MAZ-107, MAZ-103 and Ikarus 280, and to a lesser extent MAZ-104, MAZ-203, MAZ-206, and since 2014, the extra-large-capacity, low-MAZ-215. Express routes use Rodemich-A type buses. The 24 minibus lines use Ford Transit, GAZelle, Mercedes-Benz, and Peugeot vans. Gomel Airport
Gomel Airport
is located 8 km (5 mi) north-east of the city. Sports[edit] To overcome the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster
Chernobyl disaster
and to improve the health of the population, the government has paid considerable attention to sports and sports facilities.[clarification needed] Gomel
Gomel
is home to a wide range of sports facilities that have been developed and improved in recent years. These facilities, including eight stadiums and the Ice Palace, which has two ice arenas, support common activities such as hockey, track and field, and football (American Soccer). The Central Stadium is the home of Gomel’s local football club, FC Gomel. Gomel
Gomel
hosts multiple international competitions in these facilities, the annual “Bells of Chernobyl” competition being one of the many.[11] In addition to sports facilities, Gomel
Gomel
has a multitude of Olympic Reserve Schools, which is more commonly referred to as sports schools. Many of Gomel's sports schools prepare athletes from a young age. Numerous champions have been trained by schools such as these. For example, one school, Gomel’s Olympic Reserve Number 4, has trained 97 World and European champions as well as two Olympic athletes. Gomel State College of Olympic Reserve, on the other hand, trains coaches rather than athletes. From this school, 44 graduates have participated in the Olympics, European championships, and World championships.[11] Gomel
Gomel
also participates in the Deaflympics
Deaflympics
and, between the years 2007-2009, has been awarded: two gold medals, one silver medal, and two bronze medals.[12] Education[edit] Since 1990, P.O. Sukhoy Homiel State Technical University
P.O. Sukhoy Homiel State Technical University
and Gomel State Medical University have attracted many international students from countries around the world, including the United States, Germany, China, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Syria, Russia, Ukraine, Egypt, Iran and countries in Latin America. Gomel
Gomel
State Medical University provides classes in both English and Russian. Many prominent scientists work here as senior lecturers. Notable residents[edit]

Yitzchak Eizik Epstein (1770–1857), Hasidic rabbi, author of several works of Chabad philosophy[13] Yuri Foreman, the first Israeli boxing world champion Leonid Geishtor, Belarusian Olympic champion and world champion sprint canoer Elena Ginko, athlete Andrei Gromyko, a Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs (1957–1985) and Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
(1985–1988) Gennady Korotkevich, competitive programming champion Mikhail Grabovski, professional ice hockey player, currently with the New York Islanders Aaron Lebedeff, (1873–1960) Yiddish singer Dick Manning, American songwriter Andrey Melnichenko, Russian businessman and billionaire Seryoga, rapper Larisa Shchiryakova, journalist Bella Shumiatcher (1911–1990), pianist and music educator Sergei Sidorsky, Prime Minister of Belarus
Belarus
from 2003 until December 2010 Kanstantsin Sivtsov, professional road cyclist Lev Vygotsky
Lev Vygotsky
(1896–1934), psychologist Iryna Yatchanka, Belarusian Olympic medal winner

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Belarus Twin towns and sister cities[edit] Gomel
Gomel
is twinned with:

Chernihiv, Chernihiv
Chernihiv
Oblast, Ukraine Donetsk, Donetsk
Donetsk
Oblast, Ukraine Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(since 1990)[14] České Budějovice, Czech Republic Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada Sari, Iran Clermont-Ferrand, Puy-de-Dôme, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France[15]

Iron Knob, SA, Australia Liepāja, Latvia Bryansk, Bryansk
Bryansk
Oblast, Russia Radom, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland[16][17] Royal Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom Novi Sad, Serbia

References[edit]

Notes

^ " Belarus
Belarus
- The regions of the Republic of Belarus
Belarus
as well as all cities and urban settlements of more than 10,000 inhabitants". City Population. Retrieved 2016-01-07.  ^ "Definition of Homyel' – Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary". M-w.com. 2012-08-31. Retrieved 2014-01-15.  ^ a b "Belstat.gov.by" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 April 2014. Retrieved 15 January 2014.  ^ Этимологический словарь славянских языков: праславянский лексический фонд, под ред. О.Н. Трубачева, вып.7 (Москва, 1980), стр.21. ^ Petro Zoriy, Herbert Dederichs, Jürgen Pillath, Burkhard Heuel-Fabianek, Peter Hill, Reinhard Lennartz: Long-Term Measurements of the Radiation Exposure of the Inhabitants of Radioactively Contaminated Regions of Belarus
Belarus
– The Korma Report II (1998 – 2015) Verlag Forschungszentrum Jülich
Forschungszentrum Jülich
2016, ISBN 978-3-95806-181-1. PDF, 10,6 MB ^ "The murder sites of the Jews
Jews
in the occupied territories of the former USSR: Gomel". Yad Vashem. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-07.  ^ " Gomel
Gomel
history". Paul Zoglin. 2009-12-16. Retrieved 2017-01-07.  ^ "КЛИМАТ ГОМЕЛЯ" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved 28 November 2015.  ^ "Солнечное сияние. Обобщения III часть: Таблица 2.1. Характеристики продолжительности и суточный ход (доли часа) солнечного сияния. Продолжение" (in Russian). Department of Hydrometeorology. Archived from the original on 26 April 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2017.  ^ " Gomel
Gomel
Transportation Statistics (Russian language)". Web.archive.org. 2007-12-13. Archived from the original on 13 December 2007. Retrieved 2014-01-15.  ^ a b " Gomel
Gomel
Oblast Tourism and sport Gomel
Gomel
region Gomel". www.gomel-region.by. Retrieved 2016-11-12.  ^ "УО "Гомельский государственный политехнический колледж" - официальный Web-сайт". gomel.belstu.by. Retrieved 2016-11-12.  ^ R' Eizik of Homel. Chabad.org. Accessed 20 April 2014. ^ "Twinning". Aberdeen
Aberdeen
City Council. Retrieved 2 March 2008.  ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-12-26.  ^ " Radom
Radom
- Miasta partnerskie" [ Radom
Radom
- Partnership cities]. Miasto Radom
Radom
[City of Radom] (in Polish). Archived from the original on 3 April 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2013.  ^ " Radom
Radom
- miasta partnerskie" (in Polish). radom.naszestrony.pl. Retrieved 2013-08-07. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Gomel.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Homel.

Photos on Radzima.org History of Gomel The Korma-Report (Korma-Studie) of the German Research Centre Juelich (Forschungszentrum Jülich) published new data on internal radiation exposure of the inhabitants of a region close to Gomel
Gomel
more than 20 years after the Chernobyl disaster. The data show a significant decrease of the exposure. Resettlement may even be possible in prohibited areas provided that people comply with appropriate dietary rules. Statistical information about Gomel
Gomel
at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived 24 October 2007) Map of Gomel Infobelarus The murder of the Jews
Jews
of Gomel
Gomel
during World War II, at Yad Vashem website Homyel, Belarus
Belarus
at JewishGen

v t e

Subdivisions of Gomel
Gomel
Region, Belarus

Districts (raions)

Aktsyabrski Brahin Buda-Kashalyova Chojniki Chachersk Dobrush Gomel Kalinkavichy Karma Lyelchytsy Loyew Mazyr Narowlya Pyetrykaw Rahachow Rechytsa Svyetlahorsk Vyetka Jelsk Zhlobin Zhytkavichy

Cities

Brahin Buda-Kashalyova Khoiniki Chachersk Dobrush Gomel Kalinkavichy Mazyr Narowlya Pietrykaw Rahachow Rechytsa Svyetlahorsk Turaw Vasilievichy Vyetka Jelsk Zhlobin Zhytkavichy

v t e

Administrative seats of Voblasts of Belarus

Brest Gomel Grodno Minsk Mogilev Vitebsk

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 133153

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