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Saint Hilary of Arles, also known by his Latin name Hilarius (c. 403-449), was a bishop of Arles in Southern France. He is recognized as a saint by the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox[1] Churches, with his feast day celebrated on 5 May.

Contents

1 Life 2 Writings 3 References 4 Sources 5 External links

Life[edit] In his early youth, or the 420s, Hilary joined the abbey of Lérins which was, at the time, presided over by his kinsman Honoratus (Saint Honoré). Hilary seems to have been living in Dijon
Dijon
before this, although other authorities believe he came from Belgica, or Provence. Hilary may have been a relative or "even the son" of the Hilarius who had been prefect of Gaul
Gaul
in 396 and of Rome in 408.[2] Hilary succeeded his kinsman Honoratus as bishop of Arles in 429. Following the example of St Augustine, he is said to have organized his cathedral clergy into a "congregation," devoting a great part of their time to social exercises of asceticism. He held the rank of metropolitan bishop of Vienne
Vienne
and Narbonne, and attempted to exercise the sort of primacy over the church of south Gaul, which seemed implied in the vicariate granted to his predecessor Patroclus of Arles (417).[3] Hilary deposed the bishop of Besançon, Chelidonus, for ignoring this primacy, and for claiming a metropolitan dignity for Besançon. An appeal was made to Rome, and Pope Leo I
Pope Leo I
used it, in 444, to extinguish the Gallican vicariate headed by Hilary, thus depriving him of his rights to consecrate bishops, call synods, or oversee the church in the province. The pope also secured the edict of Valentinian III, so important in the history of the Gallican church, which freed the Church of Vienne
Vienne
from all dependence on that of Arles. These papal claims were made imperial law, and violation of them were subject to legal penalties.[3][4] Léon Clugnet suggests that the dispute arose from the fact that the respective rights of the Court of Rome and of the metropolitan were not sufficiently clearly established at that time, and that the right of appeal to the pope was not explicitly enough recognized.[5] Following his death in 449, Hilary's name was introduced into the Roman martyrology. Writings[edit] During his lifetime Hilary had a great reputation for learning and eloquence as well as for piety; his extant works (Vita S. Honorati Arelatensis episcopi and Metrum in Genesin) compare favourably with any similar literary productions of that period.[3] A poem, De providentia, usually included among the writings of Prosper of Aquitaine, is sometimes attributed to Hilary of Arles.[3] References[edit]

^ (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἱλάριος Ἐπίσκοπος Ἀρελάτης. 5 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ. ^ Matthisen, Ecclesiastical Factionalism and Religious Controversy in Fifth-Century Gaul
Gaul
(Washington: Catholic University of America, 1989), pp. 77f ^ a b c d Chisholm 1911. ^ Novellae Valentinii iii. tit. 16 ^ Clugnet, Léon. "St. Hilary of Arles." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 7. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 20 October 2017

Sources[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hilarius, St (Arles)". Encyclopædia Britannica. 13 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.   Clugnet, Léon (1910). "St. Hilary of Arles". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. 7. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 

External links[edit]

Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 100189378 LCCN: no90011476 ISNI: 0000 0001 0928 5768 GND: 119247194 SELIBR: 190697 SUDOC: 034330526 BNF: cb11907511k (da

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