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Henry Gray
Henry Gray
(1827 – 13 June 1861) was an English anatomist and surgeon most notable for publishing the book Gray's Anatomy. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society
Fellow of the Royal Society
(FRS) at the age of 25.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Death 3 References 4 External links

Biography[edit] Gray was born in Belgravia, London, in 1827[1][2] and lived most of his life in London. In 1842, he entered as a student at St. George’s Hospital, London
London
(then situated in Belgravia, now moved to Tooting), and he is described by those who knew him as a most painstaking and methodical worker, and one who learned his anatomy by the slow but invaluable method of making dissections for himself. While still a student, Gray secured the triennial prize of Royal College of Surgeons in 1848 for an essay entitled The Origin, Connexions and Distribution of nerves to the human eye and its appendages, illustrated by comparative dissections of the eye in other vertebrate animals. In 1852, at the early age of 25, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, and in the following year he obtained the Astley Cooper
Astley Cooper
prize of three hundred guineas for a dissertation “On the structure and Use of Spleen.” In 1858, Gray published the first edition of Anatomy, which covered 750 pages and contained 363 figures. He had the good fortune of securing the help of his friend Henry Vandyke Carter, a skilled draughtsman and formerly a demonstrator of anatomy at St. George’s Hospital. Carter made the drawings from which the engravings were executed, and the success of the book was, in the first instance, undoubtedly due in no small measure to the excellence of its illustrations. This edition was dedicated to Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, Bart, FRS, DCL. A second edition was prepared by Gray and published in 1860. The book is still published under the title Gray's Anatomy and widely appreciated as an authoritative textbook for medical students. Gray held successively the posts of demonstrator of Anatomy, curator of the museum and Lecturer of Anatomy at St. George’s Hospital and was in 1861 a candidate for the post of assistant surgeon. Death[edit] Gray was struck by an attack of confluent smallpox, the most deadly type of the disease where individual lesions become so numerous that they join as a continuous, "confluent" sheet. He is assumed to have been infected due to his extended and meticulous caring for his ten-year-old nephew, Charles Gray, who did eventually recover. On the day he was to appear for an interview as a final candidate for a prestigious post at the St. George's Hospital, he died in London
London
- 13 June 1861[3] - at the age of 34. He was buried at St James, Pancras and Highgate Cemetery.[4][5] Gray had been vaccinated against smallpox as a child with one of the early forms of the vaccine.[6] References[edit]

^ 1841 census for 8 Wilton Street, St Geo Han Sq: Henry Gray, age rounded to 15yrs (implies born 1826), medical student, whether born in this county = Yes (implies born Middlesex) - HO107/732 Bk.2 f.28 p.19 ^ 1851 census: Henry Gray, house surgeon aged 24 (implies born 1827), of St Geo Han Sq, born St George's Hanover Square, London
London
- HO107/1478 f.649 p.1 ^ Flatt, AE (October 2009). "Happy birthday, Gray's Anatomy". Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent). 22 (4): 342–5. doi:10.1080/08998280.2009.11928553. PMC 2760169 . PMID 19865508.  ^ GRO Register of Deaths: JUN qtr 1861 1a 174 St Geo Han Sq - Henry Gray ^ "DServe Archive Persons Show". .royalsociety.org. Retrieved 2013-03-18. [permanent dead link] ^ Richardson, Ruth (2009). "The making of Mr. Gray's anatomy Bodies, books, fortune, fame". J Clin Invest. 119 (5): 1056. PMC 2673841 . 

Some information was extracted from an article which appeared in the St. George's Hospital Gazette of 21 May 1908 and has been taken directly from Gray’s Anatomy-Thirty-seventh International Student Edition. Pearce, J M S (Apr 2009). "Henry Gray's Anatomy". Clinical Anatomy. United States. 22 (3): 291–5. doi:10.1002/ca.20775. PMID 19280653. 

External links[edit]

Gray's Anatomy, 20th edition (1918) First American edition of Gray's Anatomy
Gray's Anatomy
(Philadelphia, 1859) Works by or about Henry Gray
Henry Gray
at Internet Archive Works by Henry Gray
Henry Gray
at LibriVox
LibriVox
(public domain audiobooks)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 57675618 LCCN: n80023564 ISNI: 0000 0001 0904 9757 GND: 128838620 SELIBR: 244492 SUDOC: 067295258 BNF: cb16106024m (data) NLA: 35141523 NDL: 00441552 NKC: jn2000060

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