Henry Gray (1827 – 13 June 1861) was an English anatomist and
surgeon most notable for publishing the book Gray's Anatomy. He was
Fellow of the Royal Society
Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) at the age of 25.
4 External links
Gray was born in Belgravia, London, in 1827 and lived most of
his life in London. In 1842, he entered as a student at St. George’s
London (then situated in Belgravia, now moved to Tooting),
and he is described by those who knew him as a most painstaking and
methodical worker, and one who learned his anatomy by the slow but
invaluable method of making dissections for himself.
While still a student, Gray secured the triennial prize of Royal
College of Surgeons in 1848 for an essay entitled The Origin,
Connexions and Distribution of nerves to the human eye and its
appendages, illustrated by comparative dissections of the eye in other
vertebrate animals. In 1852, at the early age of 25, he was elected a
Fellow of the Royal Society, and in the following year he obtained the
Astley Cooper prize of three hundred guineas for a dissertation “On
the structure and Use of Spleen.”
In 1858, Gray published the first edition of Anatomy, which covered
750 pages and contained 363 figures. He had the good fortune of
securing the help of his friend Henry Vandyke Carter, a skilled
draughtsman and formerly a demonstrator of anatomy at St. George’s
Hospital. Carter made the drawings from which the engravings were
executed, and the success of the book was, in the first instance,
undoubtedly due in no small measure to the excellence of its
illustrations. This edition was dedicated to Sir Benjamin Collins
Brodie, Bart, FRS, DCL. A second edition was prepared by Gray and
published in 1860. The book is still published under the title Gray's
Anatomy and widely appreciated as an authoritative textbook for
Gray held successively the posts of demonstrator of Anatomy, curator
of the museum and Lecturer of Anatomy at St. George’s Hospital and
was in 1861 a candidate for the post of assistant surgeon.
Gray was struck by an attack of confluent smallpox, the most deadly
type of the disease where individual lesions become so numerous that
they join as a continuous, "confluent" sheet. He is assumed to have
been infected due to his extended and meticulous caring for his
ten-year-old nephew, Charles Gray, who did eventually recover. On the
day he was to appear for an interview as a final candidate for a
prestigious post at the St. George's Hospital, he died in
London - 13
June 1861 - at the age of 34. He was buried at St James, Pancras
and Highgate Cemetery. Gray had been vaccinated against smallpox
as a child with one of the early forms of the vaccine.
^ 1841 census for 8 Wilton Street, St Geo Han Sq: Henry Gray, age
rounded to 15yrs (implies born 1826), medical student, whether born in
this county = Yes (implies born Middlesex) - HO107/732 Bk.2 f.28 p.19
^ 1851 census: Henry Gray, house surgeon aged 24 (implies born 1827),
of St Geo Han Sq, born St George's Hanover Square,
London - HO107/1478
^ Flatt, AE (October 2009). "Happy birthday, Gray's Anatomy". Proc
(Bayl Univ Med Cent). 22 (4): 342–5.
doi:10.1080/08998280.2009.11928553. PMC 2760169 .
^ GRO Register of Deaths: JUN qtr 1861 1a 174 St Geo Han Sq - Henry
^ "DServe Archive Persons Show". .royalsociety.org. Retrieved
2013-03-18. [permanent dead link]
^ Richardson, Ruth (2009). "The making of Mr. Gray's anatomy Bodies,
books, fortune, fame". J Clin Invest. 119 (5): 1056.
PMC 2673841 .
Some information was extracted from an article which appeared in the
St. George's Hospital Gazette of 21 May 1908 and has been taken
directly from Gray’s Anatomy-Thirty-seventh International Student
Pearce, J M S (Apr 2009). "Henry Gray's Anatomy". Clinical Anatomy.
United States. 22 (3): 291–5. doi:10.1002/ca.20775.
Gray's Anatomy, 20th edition (1918)
First American edition of
Gray's Anatomy (Philadelphia, 1859)
Works by or about
Henry Gray at Internet Archive
Henry Gray at
LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
ISNI: 0000 0001 0904 9757
BNF: cb16106024m (data)