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Henri Emmanuelli
Henri Emmanuelli
(31 May 1945 – 21 March 2017) was a French politician. A member of the French Socialist Party, he was deputy for Landes from 1978 to 1981, from 1986 to 1997, and from 2000 to 2017.

Contents

1 Early life and career 2 Political career 3 Political career 4 Death 5 Publications 6 References 7 External links

Early life and career[edit] Emmanuelli was born in Eaux-Bonnes
Eaux-Bonnes
in the French department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques. He grew up with a working-class background and lost his father at a very young age. He studied at Sciences Po
Sciences Po
in Paris. He joined in 1969 the Compagnie Financière Edmond de Rothschild.[1] In 1971, he was appointed to the management of this company, becoming a senior banking executive and then a co-director in 1975. He continued his professional career at the Rothschild Bank until he was elected at the French National Assembly
French National Assembly
at age 32 in 1978. Political career[edit] He joined the Socialist Party in 1971. On the request of François Mitterrand he was, at the age of 27, a candidate in the legislative elections of March 1973 in the second circonscription of Lot-et-Garonne. But it was on March 19, 1978 that he was elected for the first time as the deputy for the third electoral district of Landes, which moved the district to the left-wing. In 1982, he was elected for the first time as the President of the General Council of Landes. Between 1981 and 1986, he served in the governments of Pierre Mauroy and Laurent Fabius
Laurent Fabius
as the Secretary of State charged with the DOM-TOM
DOM-TOM
territories of France
France
and between 1981 and 1983, as Secretary of State for Budget between 1983 and 1986, and Secretary of State for Consumption between 1984 and 1986. Between January 1992 and April 1993, he was chairman of the National Assembly. He was then elected First Secretary of the Socialist Party in June 1994 and held this office until October 1995. His election to this position was seen as revenge for the Mitterrand wing of the Socialist Party against Michel Rocard, the incumbent First Secretary, who had been weakened by the party's poor result in the 1994 European Parliament election. However, he was defeated by Lionel Jospin
Lionel Jospin
in the race to represent the Socialist Party in the 1995 presidential election.[2] Jospin also took on the role of First Secretary of the party in October 1995. One year later, Emmanuelli was convicted for the illicit financing of the party when he was its treasurer. He re-entered politics in 2000. Whilst he was a faithful supporter of François Mitterrand
François Mitterrand
until the latter's death, he is identified as belonging to the left-wing of the Socialist Party, and was one of the leaders of the party's "New World" faction formed in 2002 which aimed to steer the party leftwards after Jospin's poor performance in that year's presidential election.[3] In the campaigns for the Referendum on the European Constitution in 2005 and the Treaty of Rome of 2004, he publicly declared himself in favour of the no campaign which put him in direct opposition to the official line of the Socialist Party which was in favour of the treaty. He believed that the treaty was a move away from the idea of a Federal Europe, which he endorsed, notably in his “Plea for Europe”.[4][5] He is followed by his close supporters, one of which is Michel Vergnier, the deputy for la Creuse. In 2000, he took part in the Congress of Grenoble of the Socialist Party and was an avid campaigner for a Socialist Party which was clearly aligned to the left. For the Congress of Mans in November 2005, he associated himself with the New Socialist Party motion of Arnaud Montebourg, Vincent Peillon
Vincent Peillon
et Benoît Hamon. Political career[edit] Governmental functions Secretary of State for Overseas Territories : 1981–83 Secretary of State for Budget and consommation : 1983–86 Electoral mandates National Assembly of France President of the National Assembly of France : 1992–93 Member of the National Assembly of France
France
for Landes (3rd constituency) : 1978–81 (Became secretary of State in 1981) / 1986–97 (Sentenced to prison in 1997) / Since 2000. Elected in 1978, reelected in 1981, 1986, 1988, 1993, 1997, 2000, 2002, 2007, 2012. Regional Council Regional councillor of Aquitaine : 1986–88 (resignation) General Council President of the General Council of Landes : 1982–97 (Sentenced to prison in 1997) / Since 2000. Reelected in 1985, 1988, 1992, 1994, 2001, 2004, 2008, 2011. General councillor of Landes, elected in the canton of Tartas-Ouest, them from 1994 for the canton of Mugron : 1982–97 (Sentenced to prison in 1997) / Since 2000. Reelected in 1988, 1994, 2000, 2001, 2008. Political function First Secretary (leader) of the Socialist Party : 1994–95, elected in 1994. Death[edit] Emmanuelli died on 21 March 2017 at a medical center in Bayonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Pyrénées-Atlantiques
from complications of acute bronchitis at the age of 71.[6] Publications[edit]

Plaidoyer pour l’Europe, Éditions Flammarion, July 1992. (A Plea for Europe) Citadelles interdites, Éditions Ramsay, 2000 (roman). (Forbidden Citadels)

References[edit]

^ Jim Jarrassé, La banque Rothschild, un vivier de politiques, Le Figaro, August 27, 2014 ^ Thomas Sancton, Time Magazine, February 20, 1995. ^ Bruce Crumley, Time Magazine, September 8, 2002. ^ John Henley, The Guardian, May 30, 2005. ^ John Nichols, The Nation, May 31, 2005. ^ «  Henri Emmanuelli
Henri Emmanuelli
est mort », Sud-Ouest, 21 mars 2017.

External links[edit]

Official website (in French)

Political offices

Preceded by Laurent Fabius President of the National Assembly 1992–93 Succeeded by Philippe Séguin

Party political offices

Preceded by Michel Rocard First Secretary of the Socialist Party 1994–95 Succeeded by Lionel Jospin

v t e

French Socialist Party

First Secretaries

Alain Savary
Alain Savary
(1969–1971) François Mitterrand
François Mitterrand
(1971–1981) Lionel Jospin
Lionel Jospin
(1981–1988) Pierre Mauroy
Pierre Mauroy
(1988–1992) Laurent Fabius
Laurent Fabius
(1992–1993) Michel Rocard
Michel Rocard
(1993–1994) Henri Emmanuelli
Henri Emmanuelli
(1994–1995) Lionel Jospin
Lionel Jospin
(1995–1997) François Hollande
François Hollande
(1997–2008) Martine Aubry
Martine Aubry
(2008–2012) Harlem Désir
Harlem Désir
(2012–2014) Jean-Christophe Cambadélis
Jean-Christophe Cambadélis
(2014–2017)

Prime Ministers

Pierre Mauroy
Pierre Mauroy
(1981–1984) Laurent Fabius
Laurent Fabius
(1984–1986) Michel Rocard
Michel Rocard
(1988–1991) Édith Cresson
Édith Cresson
(1991–1992) Pierre Bérégovoy
Pierre Bérégovoy
(1992–1993) Lionel Jospin
Lionel Jospin
(1997–2002) Jean-Marc Ayrault
Jean-Marc Ayrault
(2012–2014) Manuel Valls
Manuel Valls
(2014–2016) Bernard Cazeneuve
Bernard Cazeneuve
(2016–2017)

Presidential candidates

François Mitterrand
François Mitterrand
(1974) François Mitterrand
François Mitterrand
(1981) François Mitterrand
François Mitterrand
(1988) Lionel Jospin
Lionel Jospin
(1995) Lionel Jospin
Lionel Jospin
(2002) Ségolène Royal
Ségolène Royal
(2007) François Hollande
François Hollande
(2012) Benoît Hamon
Benoît Hamon
(2017)

Presidential primaries

1995 2006 2011 2017

Related articles

French Section of the Workers' International Federation of the Democratic and Socialist Left Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance Convention of Republican Institutions Union of Clubs for the Renewal of the Left Union of Socialist Groups and Clubs

National congresses

Alfortville Congress (May 1969) Issy-les-Moulineaux Congress (July 1969) Epinay Congress (1971) Grenoble Congress (1973) Pau Congress (1975) Nantes Congress (1977) Metz Congress (1979) Créteil Congress (January 1981) Valence Congress (October 1981) Bourg-en-Bresse Congress (1983) Toulouse Congress (1985) Lille Congress (1987) Rennes Congress (1990) Grande Arche Congress (1991) Bordeaux Congress (1992) Bourget Congress (1993) Liévin Congress (1994) Brest Congress (1997) Second Grenoble Congress (2000) Dijon Congress (2003) Le Mans Congress
Le Mans Congress
(2005) Reims Congress
Reims Congress
(2008) Second Toulouse Congress (2012) Poitiers Congress (2015) Aubervilliers Congress
Aubervilliers Congress
(2018)

Parliamentary groups

National Assembly Senate

Factions

Aubryists Eco-socialists Fabiusians New Socialist Party Royalists Utopia

v t e

Presidents of the National Assembly of France

Chamber of Deputies of the Departments, 1815-1830

Joseph, Vicomte Lainé Étienne, Duc Pasquier Pierre, Comte de Serre Ravez Royer-Collard

Chamber of Deputies, 1830-1848

Perier Laffitte Perier Louis, baron Girod de l'Ain Dupin Passy Sauzet

National Constituent Assembly, 1848-1849

Buchez Sénard Alexandre Marie Marrast

National Legislative Assembly, 1849–1852

Dupin

Legislative Corps, 1852–1870

Billault Charles, duc de Morny Alexandre, comte Walewski Schneider

Chamber of Deputies (Third Republic), 1871–1940

Grévy Buffet Audiffret-Pasquier Grévy (provisional to 13 March 1876) Gambetta Brisson Floquet Méline Floquet Casimir-Perier Dupuy Casimir-Perier Burdeau Brisson Deschanel Bourgeois Brisson Doumer Brisson Deschanel Péret Painlevé Herriot Péret Bouisson Herriot

Consultative Assembly (Free French), 1943–1945

Gouin

Constituent National Assembly, 1945-1946

Gouin Auriol

Fourth Republic, 1946–1958

Auriol Herriot Le Troquer Schneiter Le Troquer

Fifth Republic

Chaban-Delmas Peretti Faure Chaban-Delmas Mermaz Chaban-Delmas Fabius Emmanuelli Séguin Fabius Forni Debré Ollier Accoyer Bartolone de Rugy

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 49238663 LCCN: n93088231 ISNI: 0000 0000 8127 2681 SUDOC: 028397525 BNF: cb12024086c (data) NKC: jo2015863702

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