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Helmut Rauca
Helmut Rauca
(3 November 1908 – 29 October 1983) was the Holocaust perpetrator instrumental in the murder of more than 10,000 Jews from the Kaunas
Kaunas
Ghetto, Lithuania, during World War II. He was a member of Einsatzgruppe A
Einsatzgruppe A
in the rank of Hauptscharführer
Hauptscharführer
(master sergeant). As the Gestapo
Gestapo
Jewish Affairs Specialist, Rauca was responsible for the selection of about one-third of the Ghetto inmates including men, women, and children, to be killed during the Große Aktion known as the Kaunas massacre of October 29, 1941
Kaunas massacre of October 29, 1941
perpetrated at the remote Ninth Fort
Ninth Fort
on the outskirts of Kaunas.[1] After the war, Rauca emigrated to Canada legally in 1950. He had become a Canadian citizen in 1956 under his own name and embarked on a successful business career. At the age of seventy-three, he was charged by the Canadian authorities with aiding and abetting in the murder of 10,500 persons forty three years earlier, in Kaunas.[1] Life[edit]

Ninth Fort
Ninth Fort
memorial to victims of the 1941 massacre of over 10,000 Jews

Helmut Albert Rauca was born in Trieb, Falkenstein, Kingdom of Saxony. His father was an Austrian-born Albert Rauca and mother Alma née Wolf born in Trieb. Rauca apprenticed in a Plauen textile mill and joined the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
two years before Hitler's rise to power. He became a professional policeman in 1928 serving with the Order Police (Ordnungspolizei); in 1935 transferred to the detective division called Kripo (Kriminalpolizei) where he joined the SS, card number 290 335. He entered Kaunas
Kaunas
on 3 July 1941 during Operation Barbarossa
Operation Barbarossa
with the SS unit of Einsatzgruppe "A". Rauca lied to the Canadian officials, that he went to Kovno (Kaunas) half a year later in February or March 1942.[1][2] Rauca arrived in Canada on 13 December 1950 at Saint John, New Brunswick, aboard Canadian ship Beaverbrae from Bremerhaven. He did not change his name but switched his given names Helmut Albert to Albert Helmut which was enough to prevent detection for the next thirty years.[1] The German police had been looking for him since 1961. Nevertheless, the German warrant for his arrest was issued over twenty years later on 16 July 1982, requesting Rauca's extradition from Canada. He was accused of sending to death 11,584 people in the period between 18 August 1941 and the 25 December 1943.[1] The warrant listed several war crimes including 18 August 1941 murder of 534 Jews from the Ghetto, perpetrated at Fort Four of the Kaunas
Kaunas
Fortress over the edge of a prepared ditch. Rauca was eventually extradited from Canada and flown to Frankfurt on May 20, 1983. He died of cancer on 29 October 1983, while awaiting trial in custodial detention.[3] Notes[edit]

^ a b c d e Sol Littman (1998) [1983]. War Criminal on Trial: Rauca of Kaunas
Kaunas
(PDF). The shameful failure of Canada's war crimes prosecution program. Toronto: Key Porter Books. pp. 12–13, 16–17, 24–27. ISBN 1-55013-967-3 – via PDF file, direct download from JewishGen.org.  ^ World Holocaust Remembrance Center. "Online Guide of Murder Sites of Jews in the Former USSR". Rauca, Helmut (3 November 1908), Gestapo commander in Kaunas. Yad Vashem.  ^ CBC (11 April 2016). "War criminals: The Helmut Rauca
Helmut Rauca
case". In 1982, Canada tries its first war crimes case. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. CBC Player: November 4, 1982 (12:31), direct link. 

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The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Lithuania

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People

Perpetrators

Algimantas Dailidė Erich Ehrlinger Joachim Hamann Karl Jäger Bruno Kittel Algirdas Klimaitis Hinrich Lohse Franz Murer Helmut Rauca Adrian von Renteln Rudolf Joachim Seck Franz Walter Stahlecker Martin Weiss

Victims and resistance

Chaim Yellin Alexander Bogen Josef Glazman Jay M. Ipson Shmerke Kaczerginski Zelig Kalmanovich Abba Kovner Ephraim Oshry Abraham Sutzkever Elchonon Wasserman Yitzhak Wittenberg Jacob Wygodzki Wolf Durmashkin See also: Songs of the Vilna Ghetto

Rescuers

Kazys Binkis Petronėlė Lastienė Karl Plagge Antanas Poška Ona Šimaitė Chiune Sugihara Jan Zwartendijk See also: List of Lithuanian Righteous Among the Nations

Groups

Perpetrators

Einsatzgruppen Police Battalions Lithuanian Security Police Rollkommando Hamann TDA Ypatingasis būrys

Resistance

Fareinigte Partizaner Organizacje

Events

Jäger Report Kaunas
Kaunas
June 1941 Kaunas
Kaunas
29 October 1941 Ninth Fort
Ninth Fort
November 1941 Ponary

Places

HKP 562 forced labor camp Kailis forced labor camp Kovno Ghetto Lukiškės Prison Marcinkonys Ghetto Ninth Fort Šiauliai Ghetto Švenčionys Ghetto Vilna Ghetto

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