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Helena Dragaš
Helena Dragaš
(Serbian: Јелена Драгаш, Jelena Dragaš, Greek: Ἑλένη Δραγάση, Elenē Dragasē; c. 1372 – 23 March 1450[1]) was the empress consort of Byzantine emperor
Byzantine emperor
Manuel II Palaiologos and mother of the last two emperors, John VIII Palaiologos and Constantine XI Palaiologos. Later in life she became a nun. She is venerated as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
under her monastic name, as Saint Hypomone (Ὑπομονὴ), translated in English as Saint Patience.

Contents

1 Family 2 Empress 3 Marriage and issue 4 Family tree 5 References 6 External links

Family[edit] Helena was the daughter of Serbian magnate Konstantin Dejanović, a provincial lord during the fall of the Serbian Empire that held Kyustendil. Her mother was Konstantin's unnamed first wife (not his second wife, Helena's stepmother Eudokia of Trebizond) and Konstantin was the grandson of Serbian king Stefan III Dečanski. Her stepmother was a daughter of Alexios III of Trebizond
Alexios III of Trebizond
and Theodora Kantakouzene, and the widow of Tadjeddin Pasha of Sinop, Emir
Emir
of Limnia. Her father fell at the battle of Rovine (1395), while fighting for his overlord, Ottoman sultan Bayezid I
Bayezid I
against the rebel Mircea I of Wallachia. Empress[edit] She was well known for her beauty, piety, wisdom, and justice. Her husband (as a former emperor) became a monk with the name Matthew (Ματθαῖος). After his death, on 21 July 1425, she became a nun at the Monastery of Kyra Martha, taking her monastic name. She helped to establish a home for old people, with the name "The Hope of the Despaired". The home was located at the Monastery of St. John in Petrion, where the relics of St. Patapius of Thebes
St. Patapius of Thebes
are also kept. When her eldest son, John VIII, died in 1448, the succession was disputed between Constantine, her eldest remaining son and John's chosen heir, and his ambitious but inept younger brother, Demetrios. As Empress Dowager, Helena backed Constantine, and assumed the regency in Constantinople
Constantinople
while her sons competed for the throne. She eventually persuaded Sultan Murad II
Murad II
to intervene in Constantine's favour, leading to his assumption of the throne in January 1449. When Constantine became Emperor, he referred to himself as Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos, after Helena, to whom he was close. Helena died on 23 March 1450 in Constantinople. She is venerated by the Orthodox Church as a saint, and her memory is commemorated on 29 May, the day of the Fall of Constantinople
Constantinople
to the Ottomans and of the death of her son Constantine XI. Her skull, as a holy relic, is treasured in the Monastery of Saint Patapios
Saint Patapios
in Loutraki, Greece. Marriage and issue[edit] On 10 February 1392, Helena married Manuel II Palaiologos. They had several children. The list follows the order of births given by George Sphrantzes:

A daughter. Mentioned as the eldest daughter but not named. Possibly confused with Isabella Palaiologina, an illegitimate daughter of Manuel II known to have married Ilario Doria. Constantine Palaiologos. Died young. John VIII Palaiologos
John VIII Palaiologos
(18 December 1392 – 31 October 1448). Byzantine emperor, 1425–1448. Andronikos Palaiologos (d. 1429). A second daughter. Also not named in the text. Theodore II Palaiologos
Theodore II Palaiologos
(d. 1448). Michael Palaiologos. Died young. Constantine XI Palaiologos
Constantine XI Palaiologos
(8 February 1405 – 29 May 1453). Despotēs in the Morea and subsequently the last Byzantine emperor, 1448–1453. Demetrios Palaiologos
Demetrios Palaiologos
(c. 1407–1470). Despotēs in the Morea. Thomas Palaiologos
Thomas Palaiologos
(c. 1409 – 12 May 1465). Despotēs in the Morea.

Family tree[edit]

Ancestors of Helena Dragaš

4. Dejan Dragaš

2. Constantine Dragaš

20. Stefan Uroš II Milutin of Serbia

10. Stefan Uroš III Dečanski of Serbia

21. Anna Terter

5. Theodora Eudokia Nemanjić

22. Smilets of Bulgaria

11. Theodora Smilets

23. Smiltsena Palaiologina

1. Helena Dragaš

References[edit]

^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Serbia

Sources

"Life, akolouthia, paraklitikos kanonas and egomia of the holy mother ‘’Saint Hypomone" [Dr. Charalambos Busias, edition of Holy Monastery of Saint Patapios, Loutraki
Loutraki
1999] "Saint Hipomoni: History and asmatiki akolouthia" [Archpriest Makrystathis Sotirios, Athens, 1993] "Kanon parakletikos & Hairetistirioi oikoi to the Blessed Mother's Saint Hypomone" [Dr. Charalambos Busias, edition of the Holy Monastery of Saint Patapios
Saint Patapios
Loutraki
Loutraki
2007] "The Holy Monastery of Saint Patapios
Saint Patapios
in Loutraki" [edition of the Metropolis of Corinth, Sikyon, Zemenou, Tarsus and Polyfengous, 2012]. «The Greek Monasteries» [Ev. Lekkou, Ihnilatis, Athens, 1995]. "Agiologio of Orthodoxy," [Christos Tsolakidis, Athens, 2001 edition] «O Megas Synaxaristis of the Orthodox Church" Saint Patapios, p. (254) - (261) [m Victoras Mattheos, 3rd edition, Metamorfosi Sotiros Monastery, Athens, 1968] "Saint Patapios" [Stylianos Papadopoulos, professor of the University of Athens, Holy Monastery of Saint Patapios, Loutraki, Greece, edition 2006). "St. Patapios and his miracles," [Dr. Charalambos Busias, edition of Holy Monastery of Saint Patapios
Saint Patapios
Loutraki
Loutraki
2004] "Deltos of Miracles of our miraculous father St. Patapios" [Dr. Charalambos Busias, edition of Holy Monastery of Saint Patapios
Saint Patapios
4th Edition, Loutraki
Loutraki
2011]

External links[edit]

Information about St Hypomone from the Church of Sparta http://www.impantokratoros.gr/agiaypomoni.el.aspx https://web.archive.org/web/20110711101627/http://www.globalusers.com/monastir_eng.htm

Helena Dragaš House of Dejanović Born: c. 1372 Died: 1450

Royal titles

Preceded by Helena Kantakouzene Byzantine Empress consort 1392–1425 with Irene Gattilusio (1399–1408) Anna of Moscow (1416–1417) Succeeded by Sophia of Montferrat

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 40533502 LCCN: no2006049728 ISNI: 0000 0003 7390 9314 GND: 13232334

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