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Helen Newington Wills (October 6, 1905 – January 1, 1998), also known as Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody and Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Roark, was an American tennis player. She became famous around the world for holding the top position in women's tennis for a total of nine years: 1927–33, 1935 and 1938.[1] She won 31 Grand Slam tournament titles (singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles) during her career, including 19 singles titles. Wills was the first American woman athlete to become a global celebrity, making friends with royalty and film stars despite her preference to stay out of the limelight. She was admired for her graceful physique and for her fluid motion. She was part of a new tennis fashion, playing in knee-length pleated skirts rather than the longer ones of her predecessors. Unusually, she practiced against men to hone her craft, and she played a relentless game, wearing down her female opponents with power and accuracy. In 1933 she beat the 8th-ranked male player in an exhibition match. Her record of eight wins at Wimbledon was not surpassed until 1990 when Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
won nine. She was said to be "arguably the most dominant tennis player of the 20th century",[2] and has been called by some (including Jack Kramer, Harry Hopman, Mercer Beasley, Don Budge, and AP News) as the greatest female player in history.[3][4][5]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Tennis
Tennis
career

2.1 Ranking 2.2 Awards and honours

3 Playing style 4 Grand Slam finals

4.1 Singles: 22 (19 titles, 3 runners-up) 4.2 Doubles: 10 (9 titles, 1 runner-up) 4.3 Mixed doubles: 7 ( 3 titles, 4 runners-up)

5 Olympic Games

5.1 Singles: 1 (1 gold medal) 5.2 Doubles: 1 (1 gold medal)

6 Career statistics

6.1 Grand Slam singles tournament timeline

7 Personal life 8 See also 9 References 10 Sources 11 External links

Early life[edit]

""Helen of California"", a portrait sculpture by Haig Patigian, on display at the de Young Museum in San Francisco

Wills was born on October 6, 1905 in Centerville, Alameda County, California
California
(now Fremont), near San Francisco. She was the only child to Clarence A. Willis, a physician and surgeon and Catherine Anderson.[6] She lived in the small town of Byron, California, and practiced her tennis game at the Byron Hot Springs resort.[7] She was tutored by her mother at home until she was 8 years old and graduated from Anna Head School
Anna Head School
in Berkeley in the top of her class.[6] Wills attended the University of California, Berkeley, as both her parents had done previously, on an academic scholarship, and graduated in 1925 as a member of Phi Beta Kappa
Phi Beta Kappa
honor society.[8] When she was eight years old her father bought her a tennis racket and they practiced on the dirt courts next to the Alameda County Hospital.[9] Will's interest in tennis was kindled after watching exhibition matches by famous Californian players including May Sutton, Bill Johnston and her particular favorite, Maurice McLoughlin.[10] In 1917 when her father was enlisted in the U.S. Army the family moved to Vermont
Vermont
for a year and during that time she attended a private school. Afterwards the family returned to California
California
an took up residence in Berkeley, near Live Oak Park.[11] In August 1919 she joined the Berkeley Tennis
Tennis
Club as a junior member on the advice of tennis coach Wiliam 'Pop' Fuller.[12][13] In the spring of 1920 she practiced a few weeks with Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman, four-time winner of the U.S. Championships singles title, on strokes, footwork and tactics.[14] Tennis
Tennis
career[edit] In September 1921 Wills won the singles and doubles titles at the California
California
State Championships, defeating Helen Baker in the final in three sets.[15] Wills also won two Olympic gold medals in Paris in 1924 (singles and doubles), the last year that tennis was an Olympic sport until 1988.[16][17] Wills was the U.S. girls' singles champion in 1921 and 1922. She won her first women's national title at the age of 17 in 1923, making her the youngest champion at that time. From 1919 through 1938, she amassed a 398–35 (0.919) match record,[18] including a winning streak of at least 158 matches, during which she did not lose a set.[19] She was a member of the U.S. Wightman Cup
Wightman Cup
team in 1923, 1924, 1925, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, and 1938.[citation needed] Wills was reported to be introverted and detached. On court, she rarely showed emotion, ignored her opponents, and took no notice of the crowd.[20] Kitty McKane Godfree, who in 1924 inflicted the only defeat Wills suffered at Wimbledon during her career, said, "Helen was a very private person, and she didn't really make friends very much."[20] Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
said, "Helen was really an unconfident and [socially] awkward girl—you have no idea how awkward.... I thought of Helen as an honestly shy person who was bewildered by how difficult it was to please most people."[21][22] Because of her unchanging expression, Grantland Rice, the American sportswriter, bestowed on Wills the nickname "Little Miss Poker Face".[5] As her success and, ironically, unpopularity with the public increased, she was called "Queen Helen" and "the Imperial Helen".[21] In her own defense, Wills said in her autobiography, "I had one thought and that was to put the ball across the net. I was simply myself, too deeply concentrated on the game for any extraneous thought."[20] She typically wore a white sailor suit having a pleated knee-length skirt, white shoes, and a white visor. On February 16, 1926, the 20-year-old Wills met Suzanne Lenglen, six-time Wimbledon champion, in the final of a tournament at the Carlton Club in Cannes. It was the only time they played each other. Public anticipation of their match was immense, resulting in high scalper ticket prices. Roofs and windows of nearby buildings were crowded with spectators, including the King Gustaf V of Sweden. Both players were nervous, with Lenglen drinking brandy and water at one point to calm her nerves.[23] Lenglen won the match 6–3, 8–6 after being down 2–1 in the first set and 5–4 in the second set. Wills had a set point in the second set and believed she had won the point, but a linesman disagreed. In one of the few times she showed emotion on court, she spoke angrily to the linesman over the call.[23][24] After the match, Lenglen's father advised her that she would lose her next match to Wills if they met again soon, and Lenglen avoided Wills for the remainder of the spring.[25] Wills did not get a second chance to meet Lenglen. Wills had an emergency appendectomy during the 1926 French Championships,[26] which caused her to default her second round match and withdraw from Wimbledon, which also was considered a default. Lenglen turned professional after the 1926 season. After she returned to the United States, Wills attempted a comeback from her appendectomy, lost two matches, and on the advice of her doctor, withdrew from that year's U.S. Championships. Apart from those two losses, beginning with the 1923 U.S. Championships, Wills lost only four matches in three years: once to Lenglen, twice to Kathleen McKane Godfree, and once to Elizabeth Ryan. Wills had winning overall records against the latter two. In 1927, a revived Wills began her streak of not losing a set until the 1933 Wimbledon Championships.[citation needed] In an exhibition "Battle of the Sexes" match in San Francisco
San Francisco
on January 28, 1933, Wills defeated Phil Neer, the eighth ranked American male player, 6–3, 6–4.[5][27]

Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody in 1929

During the 17-year period from 1922 through 1938, Wills entered 24 Grand Slam singles events, winning 19, finishing second three times, and defaulting twice as a result of her appendectomy. Her streak of winning U.S. Championships seven times in seven attempts ended when she defaulted to Helen Hull Jacobs during the 1933 final due to a back injury, trailing 0–3 in the third set. She was subsequently treated for a dislocated vertebrae.[28] After taking more than a year off to recuperate, Wills returned to tennis in June 1935 and the following month won her seventh Wimbledon title, surviving a match point at 2–5 in the final set against Jacobs.[29][30][31] In 1938 she again defeated her rival to win her eighth and last Wimbledon title before retiring permanently. Wills won 31 Grand Slam tournament titles (singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles) during her career, including seven singles titles at the U.S. Championships, eight singles titles at Wimbledon, and four singles titles at the French Championships. Excluding her defaults at the French Championships and Wimbledon in 1926, she reached at least the final of each Grand Slam singles event she played during her career. She never played at the Australian Championships. Ranking[edit] According to A. Wallis Myers
A. Wallis Myers
of The Daily Telegraph
Daily Telegraph
and the Daily Mail, Wills was ranked in the world top ten from 1922 through 1925, 1927 through 1933, and in 1935 and 1938. She was World No. 1 in those rankings nine times, from 1927 through 1933 and in 1935 and 1938.[1] Wills was included in the year-end top ten rankings issued by the United States
United States
Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Association from 1922 through 1925, 1927 through 1929, and in 1931 and 1933. She was the top-ranked U.S. player from 1923 through 1925 and 1927 through 1929.[32] Awards and honours[edit] In 1935 she was named Female Athlete of the Year by the Associated Press. Wills was inducted into the International Tennis
Tennis
Hall of Fame in 1959.[33] In 1981, Wills was inducted into the (San Francisco) Bay Area Athletic Hall of Fame.[34] In 1996 Wills was inducted into the Women's Hall of Fame of the Intercollegiate Tennis
Tennis
Association.[35] In 1926 and 1929, Wills appeared on the cover of Time magazine.[36][37] Playing style[edit] When asked in 1941 about whether Wills or Lenglen was the better player, Elizabeth Ryan, who played against both of them in singles and partnered both in doubles, said, "Suzanne, of course. She owned every kind of shot, plus a genius for knowing how and when to use them."[5] However, Wills and Lenglen are seen as having completely different skills and strategies.[38] Wills served and volleyed with unusually powerful forehand and backhand strokes, and she forced her opponents out of position by placing deep shots left and right. Lenglen was more physically nimble, and she was more imaginative—able to quickly change shots in response to conditions. Lenglen was a master of the drop shot and close net work, which was Wills' soft spot. Aware of her weakness at the net, Wills drove her opponents deep into the backcourt as much as possible. Playing Wills was, according to Helen Jacobs, like playing "a machine... with implacable concentration and undeniable skill" yet with little flexibility.[39] Analogizing Wills's game to poker, George Lott, a 12-time winner of Grand Slam doubles titles and a contemporary of Wills, once said, "Helen’s expression rarely varied and she always tended strictly to business, but her opponents were never in doubt as to what she held: an excellent service, a powerful forehand, a strong backhand, a killer instinct, and no weaknesses. Five of a kind! Who would want to draw against that kind of hand?"[5] Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
was once asked what he considered to be the most beautiful sight that he had ever seen. He responded that it was "the movement of Helen Wills
Helen Wills
playing tennis."[40][41] Grand Slam finals[edit] Singles: 22 (19 titles, 3 runners-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score Ref.

Runner-up 1922 U.S. Championships Grass Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 3–6, 1–6 [42]

Winner 1923 U.S. Championships Grass Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 6–2, 6–1 [42]

Runner-up 1924 Wimbledon Grass Kitty McKane 6–4, 4–6, 4–6 [43]

Winner 1924 U.S. National Championships (2) Grass Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 6–1, 6–3 [42]

Winner 1925 U.S. National Championships (3) Grass Kitty McKane 3–6, 6–0, 6–2 [42]

Winner 1927 Wimbledon Grass Lilí de Álvarez 6–2, 6–4 [43]

Winner 1927 U.S. Championships (4) Grass Betty Nuthall 6–1, 6–4 [42]

Winner 1928 French Championships Clay Eileen Bennett 6–1, 6–2

Winner 1928 Wimbledon (2) Grass Lilí de Álvarez 6–2, 6–3 [43]

Winner 1928 U.S. Championships (5) Grass Helen Jacobs 6–2, 6–1 [42]

Winner 1929 French Championships (2) Clay Simonne Mathieu 6–3, 6–4

Winner 1929 Wimbledon (3) Grass Helen Jacobs 6–1, 6–2 [43]

Winner 1929 U.S. Championships (6) Grass Phoebe Holcroft Watson 6–4, 6–2 [42]

Winner 1930 French Championships (3) Clay Helen Jacobs 6–2, 6–1

Winner 1930 Wimbledon (4) Grass Elizabeth Ryan 6–2, 6–2 [43]

Winner 1931 U.S. Championships (7) Grass Eileen Bennett Whittingstall 6–4, 6–1 [42]

Winner 1932 French Championships (4) Clay Simonne Mathieu 7–5, 6–1

Winner 1932 Wimbledon (5) Grass Helen Jacobs 6–3, 6–1 [43]

Winner 1933 Wimbledon (6) Grass Dorothy Round 6–4, 6–8, 6–3 [43]

Runner-up 1933 U.S. Championships Grass Helen Jacobs 6–8, 6–3, 0–3, retired [42]

Winner 1935 Wimbledon (7) Grass Helen Jacobs 6–3, 3–6, 7–5 [43]

Winner 1938 Wimbledon (8) Grass Helen Jacobs 6–4, 6–0 [43]

Doubles: 10 (9 titles, 1 runner-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score Ref.

Winner 1922 U.S. National Championships Grass Marion Zinderstein
Marion Zinderstein
Jessup Molla Bjurstedt Mallory Edith Sigourney 6–4, 7–9, 6–3 [44]

Winner 1924 Wimbledon Grass Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman Phyllis Howkins Covell Kitty McKane 6–4, 6–4 [45]

Winner 1924 U.S. National Championships (2) Grass Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman Eleanor Goss Marion Zinderstein
Marion Zinderstein
Jessup 6–4, 6–3 [44]

Winner 1925 U.S. National Championships (3) Grass Mary Browne May Sutton
May Sutton
Bundy Elizabeth Ryan 6–4, 6–3 [44]

Winner 1927 Wimbledon (2) Grass Elizabeth Ryan Bobbie Heine Irene Peacock 6–3, 6–2 [45]

Winner 1928 U.S. National Championships (4) Grass Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman Edith Cross Anna McCune Harper 6–2, 6–2 [44]

Winner 1930 French Championships Clay Elizabeth Ryan Simone Barbier Simonne Mathieu 6–3, 6–1

Winner 1930 Wimbledon (3) Grass Elizabeth Ryan Edith Cross Sarah Palfrey 6–2, 9–7 [45]

Winner 1932 French Championships (2) Clay Elizabeth Ryan Eileen Bennett Whittingstall Betty Nuthall 6–1, 6–3

Runner-up 1933 U.S. National Championships Grass Elizabeth Ryan Freda James Betty Nuthall default [44]

Mixed doubles: 7 ( 3 titles, 4 runners-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score Ref.

Runner-up 1922 U.S. National Championships Grass Howard Kinsey Mary Browne Bill Tilden 4–6, 3–6 [46]

Winner 1924 U.S. National Championships Grass Vincent Richards Molla Bjurstedt Mallory Bill Tilden 6–8, 7–5, 6–0 [46]

Runner-up 1928 French Championships Clay Frank Hunter Eileen Bennett Henri Cochet 6–3, 3–6, 3–6

Winner 1928 U.S. National Championships (2) Grass John Hawkes Edith Cross Edgar Moon 6–1, 6–3 [46]

Runner-up 1929 French Championships Clay Frank Hunter Eileen Bennett Henri Cochet 3–6, 2–6

Winner 1929 Wimbledon Grass Frank Hunter Joan Fry Ian Collins 6–1, 6–4 [47]

Runner-up 1932 French Championships Clay Sidney Wood Betty Nuthall Fred Perry 4–6, 2–6

Olympic Games[edit] Singles: 1 (1 gold medal)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score

Gold 1924 Summer Olympics, Paris Grass Julie Vlasto 6–2, 6–2

Doubles: 1 (1 gold medal)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score

Gold 1924 Summer Olympics, Paris Grass Hazel Wightman Phyllis Covell Kathleen McKane 7–5, 8–6

Career statistics[edit] Main article: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
career statistics Grand Slam singles tournament timeline[edit]

Key

W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH

(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held.

Tournament 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 Career SR Career Win-Loss

Australian Championships A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A 0 / 0 0–0

French Championships1 A A NH A 2R2 A W W W A W A A A A A A 4 / 5 20–1

Wimbledon A A F A 1R2 W W W W A W W A W A A W 8 / 10 63–2

U.S. Championships F W W W A W W W A W A F A A A A A 7 / 9 50–2

SR 0 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 2 1 / 1 0 / 2 2 / 2 3 / 3 3 / 3 2 / 2 1 / 1 2 / 2 1 / 2 0 / 0 1 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 0 1 / 1 19 / 24 123 / 5

SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played. 1Through 1923, the French Championships were open only to French nationals (or members of French tennis clubs). The World Hard Court Championships (WHCC), actually played on clay in Paris or Brussels, began in 1912 and were open to all nationalities. The results from that tournament are shown here for 1922 and 1923. The Olympics replaced the WHCC in 1924, as the Olympics were held in Paris. Beginning in 1925, the French Championships were open to all nationalities, with the results shown here beginning with that year. 2 During the 1926 French Championships Helen Wills
Helen Wills
had an appendectomy that hadn't healed by the time Wimbledon started. Though one week prior the tournament was informed she wouldn't play, she was defaulted from her opening round match at Wimbledon. Personal life[edit] Wills married Frederick Moody in December 1929. She divorced Moody in 1937 and married Aidan Roark in October 1939. She did not have any children from either marriage and died of natural causes on January 1, 1998, aged 92, in Carmel, California. Wills wrote a coaching manual, Tennis
Tennis
(1928), her autobiography, Fifteen-Thirty: The Story of a Tennis
Tennis
Player (1937), and a mystery, Death Serves an Ace (1939, with Robert Murphy).[48] She also wrote articles for the Saturday Evening Post
Saturday Evening Post
and other magazines. Senator James D. Phelan
James D. Phelan
befriended Wills and invited her as a frequent guest to his estate, Villa Montalvo. Wills wrote poetry as a hobby, and presented two of her works, "The Awakening" and "The Narrow Street", to a literary competition hosted by Phelan in 1926. Wills settled laurel wreaths over the heads of the winners. Phelan himself wrote a poem dedicated to Wills.[49] In 1928, Phelan commissioned Haig Patigian, sculptor and fellow member of the Bohemian Club, to create a likeness of Wills. Patigian completed a marble bust of Wills in October 1928, and Phelan donated it to the M. H. de Young Memorial Museum. At his death in 1930, Phelan left Wills $20,000 ($292,988 today) in his will, "in appreciation of her winning the tennis championship for California."[50] Wills met painter Frida Kahlo
Frida Kahlo
and her husband Diego Rivera
Diego Rivera
at the San Francisco studio of her friend sculptor Ralph Stackpole
Ralph Stackpole
in 1930. Rivera sketched Wills and asked her to model as the main figure of "California" for the 30-foot-high mural Allegory of California
California
he was painting for the City Club of the San Francisco
San Francisco
Stock Exchange.[51] The committee of the Stock Exchange found out that Wills was being portrayed and insisted that no living person be represented in the mural. Subsequently, Rivera darkened the hair, broadened the eyes, changed the corners of the mouth and angled the jawline to remove any specific resemblance to Wills. A portrait of Stackpole's son Peter Stackpole holding a model airplane remained unnoticed in the mural.[52] Wills painted all her life, giving exhibitions of her paintings and etchings in New York galleries. She personally drew all of the illustrations in her book Tennis. Wills remained an avid tennis player into her 80s. In 1998, Wills bequeathed US $10 million to the University of California, Berkeley to fund the establishment of a Neuroscience institute. The resulting institute, the Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Neuroscience Institute, began in 1999 and is now home to more than 40 faculty researchers and 36 graduate students. In 1994 in an interview with William Simon, Inside Tennis
Tennis
reporter, in Carmel California, she gave this rendition of what ended her career:

Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody-Roark: Well, it was during the war and my husband was at Fort Reilly, Kansas...It was the middle of winter, and I was walking my big police dog, Sultan. A little dog came barking wildly out of a house and grabbed my dog by the throat. Those little fox terriers have no sense. They’re just wild. So my poor dog was being chewed to pieces and wasn’t able to respond. But I wasn’t going to have a dogfight under my feet so I let go of his collar. And then Sultan took this little dog and shook him, which he deserved. But in the fight, my index finger on my right hand was bitten... William Simon: By the terrier? HWMR: I don't know. Fury! Wild, stupid animal! But my poor old finger, the finger next to the thumb. The thumb is very important in tennis. So that was the end of my career. I couldn’t manage. I never mentioned this before to anyone.[53]

See also[edit]

Performance timelines for all female tennis players who reached at least one Grand Slam final List of people on the cover of Time Magazine: 1920s – 26 July 1926 and 1 July 1929 Morris, Bonnie (2016), "Women's Sports History: a Heritage of Mixed Messages", National Women's History Museum 

References[edit]

^ a b Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins
Bud Collins
History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New York, N.Y: New Chapter Press. pp. 695, 701–2. ISBN 0-942257-41-3.  ^ Finn, Robin (1998-01-03). " Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody, Dominant Champion Who Won 8 Wimbledon Titles, Dies at 92". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-07-06.  ^ Kramer, Jack (1979). The Game: My 40 Years in Tennis. G.P. Putnam's Sons. pp. 89–95.  ^ "Bill Tilden, Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody Still Head All-Time Net Parade". The Provo Daily Herald. January 28, 1953. p. 7. Retrieved 2017-01-01 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ a b c d e Fein, Paul (April 2006). "Who is the greatest female player ever?". Inside Tennis. Retrieved 2017-01-01.  ^ a b Engelmann (1988), p. 61 ^ Jensen, Carole A.; East Contra Costa Historical Society (2008). Brentwood. Images of America. Arcadia Publishing. p. 116. ISBN 0738558257.  ^ "UC Berkeley Online Tour: Famous Alumni". Archived from the original on 2010-05-27. Retrieved 2010-07-01.  ^ Engelmann (1988), p. 62 ^ Engelmann (1988), p. 65: "There is no other player in tennis history that I would rather have seen than McLoughlin at his best, how thrilled I was when I took up a tennis ball for his famous signature." ^ Engelmann (1988), pp. 65-66 ^ Engelmann (1988), p. 66 ^ "The warfare between the Helens". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 4, 1933. pp. 21–22.  ^ Engelmann (1988), p. 71-73 ^ Hardy, Samuel, ed. (1922). Spalding's Tennis
Tennis
Annual. New York: American Sports Publishing Co. p. 191. The surprise of the tournament was the defeat of Miss Helen Baker by Miss Helen Wills. No one expected the latter to do more than make a respectable showing, but she went right after her opponent, rushing the net at every opportunity, and finally wore Miss Baker down, winning 3/6, 9/7, 6/0.  ^ Patricia Henry Yeomans (June 2003). " Hazel Wightman
Hazel Wightman
and Helen Wills – Tennis
Tennis
at the 1924 Paris Olympic Games" (PDF). Journal of Olympic History – Volume 11 – Number 2. International Society of Olympic Historians. pp. 19–23. Retrieved 2017-01-03 – via LA84 Foundation.  ^ Don Skene (July 21, 1924). "Miss Wills, Richards, win Olympic net titles". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.  ^ Collins, Bud; Zak Hollander (1994). Bud Collins' Modern Encyclopedia of Tennis. Detroit, MI: Visible Ink Press. p. 88. ISBN 0-8103-9443-X.  ^ Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
with Cynthia Starr (1988). We Have Come a Long Way: The Story of Women's Tennis. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 31. ISBN 0-07-034625-9.  ^ a b c Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
with Cynthia Starr (1988). We Have Come a Long Way: The Story of Women's Tennis. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 32. ISBN 0-07-034625-9.  ^ a b Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
with Cynthia Starr (1988). We Have Come a Long Way: The Story of Women's Tennis. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 33. ISBN 0-07-034625-9.  ^ Engelmann (1988), p. 73 ^ a b "Wills v. Lenglen". Time Magazine. March 1, 1926. Retrieved 2017-01-01.  ^ "Suzanne Retains Her Title". Lawrence Journal-World. Feb 16, 1926. p. 1 – via Google News Archive.  ^ New York Times, February 18, 1926 ^ Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
with Cynthia Starr (1988). We Have Come a Long Way: The Story of Women's Tennis. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 39. ISBN 0-07-034625-9.  ^ "This Day in Sports: January 28". USA Today. January 31, 1999. Archived from the original on 2009-06-06. Retrieved 2007-04-26.  ^ " Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody walks again". The Stanford Daily. October 23, 1944. p. 4.  ^ " Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Plays in Court Finals". Ludington Daily News. AP. June 8, 1935. p. 6 – via Google News Archive.  ^ "Mrs. Wills Moody Achieves Her Ambition". Gloucester Citizen. British Newspaper Archive. 6 July 1935. p. 1. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ "About Wimbledon – History - 1930s". www.wimbledon.com. AELTC.  ^ United States
United States
Tennis
Tennis
Association (1988). 1988 Official USTA
USTA
Tennis Yearbook. Lynn, Massachusetts: H.O. Zimman, Inc. p. 260.  ^ " Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody Roark, Tilden in Net Hall of Fame", Newport Daily News, August 17, 1959, page 12 ^ Annie Nakao (January 2, 1998). "Helen Roark, world-renowned tennis player". SFGate.  ^ " Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody Roark". itahalloffame.org. ITA Women's Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2017-01-03.  ^ "Helen Wills". TIME. July 26, 1926.  ^ "Helen Wills". TIME. July 1, 1929.  ^ Robertson, Max (1974). The Encyclopedia of Tennis. Viking Press. p. 173. Helen Wills
Helen Wills
and Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
played entirely different styles of tennis.  ^ Jacobs, Helen. "My Matches Against Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody". In Caryl Phillips. The Right Set: A Tennis
Tennis
Anthology. pp. 73–74.  ^ My Autobiography (1964) – Charlie Chaplin, page 358 ^ Engelmann (1988), p. 71 ^ a b c d e f g h i "US Open Past Champions / Women's Singles". US Open official website. Archived from the original on 2015-10-06. Retrieved 2015-10-07.  ^ a b c d e f g h i "Wimbledon Rolls of Honour / Ladie's Singles". Wimbledon official tournament website. Retrieved 2015-10-07.  ^ a b c d e "US Open Past Champions – Women's Doubles". www.usopen.org. USTA. Retrieved 2017-01-01.  ^ a b c "Wimbledon Rolls of Honour – Ladies' Doubles". www.wimbledon.com. AELTC. Retrieved 2017-01-01.  ^ a b c "US Open Past Champions – Mixed Doubles". www.usopen.org. USTA. Retrieved 2017-01-01.  ^ "Wimbledon Rolls of Honour – Mixed Doubles". www.wimbledon.com. AELTC. Retrieved 2017-01-01.  ^ Julie Cart (January 3, 1998). " Tennis
Tennis
Legend Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody Dies". Los Angeles Times.  ^ A Day In The Hills Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine., September 18, 1926, Villa Montalvo. Archive at San Jose State University. ^ San Francisco
San Francisco
Chronicle, item from August 16, 1930. Laura Perkins, August 12, 2005, " San Francisco
San Francisco
hotel workers ratify three-year contract." Retrieved on August 4, 2009. ^ "Allegory of California
California
by Diego Rivera
Diego Rivera
at the City Club of San Francisco". Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco.  ^ Poletti, Therese; Tom Paiva (2008). Art Deco San Francisco: The Architecture of Timothy Pflueger. Princeton Architectural Press. ISBN 1568987560.  ^ Inside Tennis. April 2006. For the Love of the Game: 25 Years in Tennis. Bill Simons Archived 2009-01-07 at the Wayback Machine.

Sources[edit]

Engelmann, Larry (1988). The Goddess and the American Girl. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195043631. OCLC 17200400. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody.

Helen Wills
Helen Wills
at the International Tennis
Tennis
Hall of Fame Helen Wills
Helen Wills
at the International Tennis
Tennis
Federation Helen Wills
Helen Wills
at Sports Reference Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Neuroscience
Neuroscience
Institute 8/19/1923 article in NYT archive (pay) Marble bust of Helen Wills, with sculptor Haig Patigian. October 1928. Photograph in the Bancroft Library Portrait Collection. Bust donated to the M. H. de Young Memorial Museum
M. H. de Young Memorial Museum
by James D. Phelan
James D. Phelan
in 1928. Helen Wills
Helen Wills
posing in her painting studio, Berkeley, 1929. Photograph in the Bancroft Library Portrait Collection. Helen Wills
Helen Wills
sitting in her living room. Photographer Peter Stackpole, for Life magazine, 1937. Helen Wills: Cal's Golden Tennis
Tennis
Champion

v t e

Women's tennis players who won two or more Grand Slam singles titles in one calendar year

Four wins

1953: Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
Brinker 1970: Margaret Court 1988: Steffi Graf

Three wins

1928: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (FO&WI&US) 1929: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (FO&WI&US) 1962: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO&US) 1965: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&WI&US) 1969: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO&US) 1972: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
(FO&WI&US) 1973: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO&US) 1983: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(AO&WI&US) 1984: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(FO&WI&US) 1989: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(AO&WI&US) 1991: Monica Seles
Monica Seles
(AO&FO&US) 1992: Monica Seles
Monica Seles
(AO&FO&US) 1993: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(FO&WI&US) 1995: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(FO&WI&US) 1996: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(FO&WI&US) 1997: Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
(AO&WI&US) 2002: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(FO&WI&US) 2015: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&FO&WI)

Two wins

1925: Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
(FO&WI) 1927: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (WI&US) 1930: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (FO&WI) 1931: Cilly Aussem
Cilly Aussem
(FO&WI) 1932: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (FO&WI) 1939: Alice Marble
Alice Marble
(WI&US) 1946: Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (WI&US) 1949: Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
(FO&US) 1950: Louise Bough Clapp (AO&WI) 1952: Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
Brinker (WI&US) 1954: Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
Brinker (FO&WI) 1956: Shirley Fry Irvin
Shirley Fry Irvin
(WI&US) 1957: Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
(WI&US) 1958: Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
(WI&US) 1959: Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
(WI&US) 1960: Darlene Hard (FO&US) 1963: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&WI) 1964: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO) 1964: Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
(WI&US) 1967: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
(WI&US) 1968: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
(AO&WI) 1971: Evonne Goolagong Cawley
Evonne Goolagong Cawley
(FO&WI) 1974: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(FO&WI) 1975: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(FO&US) 1976: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(WI&US) 1980: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(FO&US) 1982: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(FO&WI) 1982: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(AO&US) 1985: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(AO&WI) 1986: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(WI&US) 1987: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(WI&US) 1994: Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
(FO&US) 2000: Venus Williams
Venus Williams
(WI&US) 2001: Jennifer Capriati
Jennifer Capriati
(AO&FO) 2001: Venus Williams
Venus Williams
(WI&US) 2003: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&WI) 2003: Justine Henin
Justine Henin
(FO&US) 2006: Amélie Mauresmo
Amélie Mauresmo
(AO&WI) 2007: Justine Henin
Justine Henin
(FO&US) 2009: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&WI) 2010: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&WI) 2012: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(WI&US) 2013: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(FO&US) 2016: Angelique Kerber
Angelique Kerber
(AO&US)

AO=Australian Open, FO=French Open, WI=Wimbledon, US=US Open

Helen Wills
Helen Wills
in the Grand Slam Tournaments

v t e

French Championships women's singles champions

(1897) Adine Masson (1898) Adine Masson (1899) Adine Masson (1900) Hélène Prévost (1901) P. Girod (1902) Adine Masson (1903) Adine Masson (1904) Kate Gillou (1905) Kate Gillou (1906) Kate Gillou-Fenwick (1907) Comtesse de Kermel (1908) Kate Gillou-Fenwick (1909) Jeanne Matthey (1910) Jeanne Matthey (1911) Jeanne Matthey (1912) Jeanne Matthey (1913) Marguerite Broquedis (1914) Marguerite Broquedis (1915–1919) No competition (due to World War I) (1920) Suzanne Lenglen (1921) Suzanne Lenglen (1922) Suzanne Lenglen (1923) Suzanne Lenglen (1924) Julie Vlasto (1925) Suzanne Lenglen (1926) Suzanne Lenglen (1927) Kea Bouman (1928) Helen Wills (1929) Helen Wills (1930) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1931) Cilly Aussem (1932) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1933) Margaret Scriven (1934) Margaret Scriven (1935) Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling (1936) Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling (1937) Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling (1938) Simonne Mathieu (1939) Simonne Mathieu (1940–1945) No competition (due to World War II) (1946) Margaret Osborne duPont (1947) Patricia Canning Todd (1948) Nelly Adamson Landry (1949) Margaret Osborne duPont (1950) Doris Hart (1951) Shirley Fry (1952) Doris Hart (1953) Maureen Connolly (1954) Maureen Connolly (1955) Angela Mortimer (1956) Althea Gibson (1957) Shirley Bloomer (1958) Zsuzsa Körmöczy (1959) Christine Truman (1960) Darlene Hard (1961) Ann Jones (1962) Margaret Smith (1963) Lesley Turner (1964) Margaret Smith (1965) Lesley Turner (1966) Ann Haydon-Jones (1967) Françoise Dürr

v t e

Pre Open Era Wimbledon ladies' singles champions

(1884) Maud Watson (1885) Maud Watson (1886) Blanche Bingley (1887) Lottie Dod (1888) Lottie Dod (1889) Blanche Bingley
Blanche Bingley
Hillyard (1890) Lena Rice (1891) Lottie Dod (1892) Lottie Dod (1893) Lottie Dod (1894) Blanche Bingley
Blanche Bingley
Hillyard (1895) Charlotte Cooper (1896) Charlotte Cooper (1897) Blanche Bingley
Blanche Bingley
Hillyard (1898) Charlotte Cooper (1899) Blanche Bingley
Blanche Bingley
Hillyard (1900) Blanche Bingley
Blanche Bingley
Hillyard (1901) Charlotte Sterry (1902) Muriel Robb (1903) Dorothea Douglass (1904) Dorothea Douglass (1905) May Sutton (1906) Dorothea Lambert Chambers (1907) May Sutton (1908) Charlotte Sterry (1909) Dora Boothby (1910) Dorothea Lambert Chambers (1912) Dorethea Lambert Chambers (1913) Ethel Thomson Larcombe (1914) Dorothea Lambert Chambers (1915) Dorothea Lambert Chambers (1915-18) No competition (due to World War I) (1919) Suzanne Lenglen (1920) Suzanne Lenglen (1921) Suzanne Lenglen (1922) Suzanne Lenglen (1923) Suzanne Lenglen (1924) Kathleen McKane (1925) Suzanne Lenglen (1926) Kathleen McKane
Kathleen McKane
Godfree (1927) Helen Wills (1928) Helen Wills (1929) Helen Wills (1930) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1931) Cilly Aussem (1932) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1933) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1934) Dorothy Round (1935) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1936) Helen Jacobs (1937) Dorothy Round (1938) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1939) Alice Marble (1940–45) No competition (due to World War II) (1946) Pauline Addie (1947) Margaret Osborne (1948) Louise Brough (1949) Louise Brough (1950) Louise Brough (1951) Doris Hart (1952) Maureen Connolly (1953) Maureen Connolly (1954) Maureen Connolly (1955) Louise Brough (1956) Shirley Fry (1957) Althea Gibson (1958) Althea Gibson (1959) Maria Bueno (1960) Maria Bueno (1961) Angela Mortimer (1962) Karen Hantze Susman (1963) Margaret Smith (1964) Maria Bueno (1965) Margaret Smith (1966) Billie Jean King (1967) Billie Jean King

v t e

U.S. National Championships women's singles champions

(1887) Ellen Hansell (1888) Bertha Townsend (1889) Bertha Townsend (1890) Ellen Roosevelt (1891) Mabel Cahill (1892) Mabel Cahill (1893) Aline Terry (1894) Helen Hellwig (1895) Juliette Atkinson (1896) Elisabeth Moore (1897) Juliette Atkinson (1898) Juliette Atkinson (1899) Marion Jones (1900) Myrtle McAteer (1901) Elisabeth Moore (1902) Marion Jones (1903) Elisabeth Moore (1904) May Sutton (1905) Elisabeth Moore (1906) Helen Homans (1907) Evelyn Sears (1908) Maud Barger-Wallach (1909) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (1910) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (1911) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (1912) Mary Browne (1913) Mary Browne (1914) Mary Browne (1915) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1916) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1917) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1918) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1919) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (1920) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1921) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1922) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1923) Helen Wills (1924) Helen Wills (1925) Helen Wills (1926) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1927) Helen Wills (1928) Helen Wills (1929) Helen Wills (1930) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
Shoemaker (1931) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1932) Helen Jacobs (1933) Helen Jacobs (1934) Helen Jacobs (1935) Helen Jacobs (1936) Alice Marble (1937) Anita Lizana (1938) Alice Marble (1939) Alice Marble (1940) Alice Marble (1941) Sarah Palfrey Cooke (1942) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (1943) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (1944) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (1945) Sarah Palfrey Cooke (1946) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (1947) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp (1948) Margaret Osborne duPont (1949) Margaret Osborne duPont (1950) Margaret Osborne duPont (1951) Maureen Connolly (1952) Maureen Connolly (1953) Maureen Connolly (1954) Doris Hart (1955) Doris Hart (1956) Shirley Fry
Shirley Fry
Irvin (1957) Althea Gibson (1958) Althea Gibson (1959) Maria Bueno (1960) Darlene Hard (1961) Darlene Hard (1962) Margaret Court (1963) Maria Bueno (1964) Maria Bueno (1965) Margaret Court (1966) Maria Bueno (1967) Billie Jean King

v t e

French Championships women's doubles champions

(1907) Adine Masson / Yvonne de Ploffel (1908) Kate Gillou-Fenwick / Cecile Matthey (1909) Jeanne Matthey
Jeanne Matthey
/ Daisy Speranza (1910) Jeanne Matthey
Jeanne Matthey
/ Daisy Speranza (1911) Jeanne Matthey
Jeanne Matthey
/ Daisy Speranza (1912) Jeanne Matthey
Jeanne Matthey
/ Daisy Speranza (1913) Blanche Amblard / Suzanne Amblard (1914) Blanche Amblard / Suzanne Amblard (1915–1919) No competition (due to World War I) (1920) Élisabeth d'Ayen / Suzanne Lenglen (1921) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Geramine Pigueron (1922) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Geramine Pigueron (1923) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Julie Vlasto (1924) Marguerite Broquedis
Marguerite Broquedis
/ Yvonne Bourgeois (1925) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Julie Vlasto (1926) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Julie Vlasto (1927) Irene Bowder Peacock
Irene Bowder Peacock
/ Bobbie Heine (1928) Phoebe Holcroft Watson
Phoebe Holcroft Watson
/ Eileen Bennett (1929) Lilí Álvarez
Lilí Álvarez
/ Kea Bouman (1930) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody / Elizabeth Ryan (1931) Eileen Bennett Whittingstall
Eileen Bennett Whittingstall
/ Betty Nuthall (1932) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody / Elizabeth Ryan (1933) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1934) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1935) Margaret Scriven
Margaret Scriven
/ Kay Stammers (1936) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Billie Yorke (1937) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Billie Yorke (1938) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Billie Yorke (1939) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Jadwiga Jędrzejowska (1940–1945) No competition (due to World War II) (1945) Paulette Fritz / Simone Lafargue (1946) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne (1947) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1948) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Patricia Canning Todd (1949) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1950) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Shirley Fry (1951) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Shirley Fry (1952) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Shirley Fry (1953) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Shirley Fry (1954) Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
/ Nell Hall Hopman (1955) Beverly Baker Fleitz / Darlene Hard (1956) Angela Buxton / Althea Gibson (1957) Shirley Bloomer / Darlene Hard (1958) Rosie Reyes / Yola Ramírez Ochoa (1959) Sandra Reynolds / Renée Schuurman (1960) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Darlene Hard (1961) Sandra Reynolds / Renée Schuurman (1962) Sandra Reynolds Price / Renée Schuurman (1963) Ann Haydon-Jones / Renée Schuurman (1964) Margaret Smith / Lesley Turner (1965) Margaret Smith / Lesley Turner (1966) Margaret Smith / Judy Tegart (1967) Françoise Dürr
Françoise Dürr
/ Gail Chanfreau

v t e

Pre Open Era Wimbledon ladies' doubles champions

(1913) Winifred McNair / Dora Boothby (1914) Agnes Morton / Elizabeth Ryan (1915-18) No competition (due to World War I) (1919) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1920) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1921) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1922) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1923) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1924) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Helen Wills (1925) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1926) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1927) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1928) Peggy Saunders Michel / Phoebe Holcroft Watson (1929) Peggy Saunders Michel / Phoebe Holcroft Watson (1930) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody / Elizabeth Ryan (1931) Phyllis Mudford / Dorothy S. Barron (1932) Doris Metaxa / Josane Sigart (1933) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1934) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1935) Freda James
Freda James
/ Kay Stammers (1936) Freda James
Freda James
/ Kay Stammers (1937) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Billie Yorke (1938) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Alice Marble (1939) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Alice Marble (1940-45) No competition (due to World War II) (1946) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1947) Patricia Canning Todd / Doris Hart (1948) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1949) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1950) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1951) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Shirley Fry (1952) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Shirley Fry (1953) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Shirley Fry (1954) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1955) Angela Mortimer Barrett / Anne Shilcock (1956) Angela Buxton / Althea Gibson (1957) Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
/ Darlene Hard (1958) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Althea Gibson (1959) Jeanne Arth / Darlene Hard (1960) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Darlene Hard (1961) Karen Hantze Susman / Billie Jean Moffitt (1962) Karen Hantze Susman / Billie Jean Moffitt (1963) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Darlene Hard (1964) Margaret Court
Margaret Court
/ Lesley Turner Bowrey (1965) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Billie Jean Moffitt (1966) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Nancy Richey (1967) Rosemary Casals / Billie Jean King

v t e

U.S. National Championships women's doubles champions

(1889) Margarette Ballard / Bertha Townsend (1890) Ellen Roosevelt
Ellen Roosevelt
/ Grace Roosevelt (1891) Mabel Cahill
Mabel Cahill
/ Emma Leavitt Morgan (1892) Mabel Cahill
Mabel Cahill
/ Adeline McKinlay (1893) Aline Terry
Aline Terry
/ Harriet Butler (1894) Helen Hellwig / Juliette Atkinson (1895) Helen Hellwig / Juliette Atkinson (1896) Elisabeth Moore
Elisabeth Moore
/ Juliette Atkinson (1897) Juliette Atkinson / Kathleen Atkinson (1898) Juliette Atkinson / Kathleen Atkinson (1899) Jane Craven / Myrtle McAteer (1900) Edith Parker / Hallie Champlin (1901) Juliette Atkinson / Myrtle McAteer (1902) Juliette Atkinson / Marion Jones (1903) Elisabeth Moore
Elisabeth Moore
/ Carrie Neely (1904) May Sutton
May Sutton
Bundy / Miriam Hall (1905) Helen Homans / Carrie Neely (1906) Ann Burdette Coe / Ethel Bliss Platt (1907) Marie Wimer / Carrie Neely (1908) Evelyn Sears / Margaret Curtis (1909) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Edith Rotch (1910) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Edith Rotch (1911) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Eleonora Sears (1912) Dorothy Green / Mary Browne (1913) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Louise Riddell Williams (1914) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Louise Riddell Williams (1915) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Eleonora Sears (1916) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory / Eleonora Sears (1917) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory / Eleonora Sears (1918) Marion Jessup
Marion Jessup
/ Eleanor Goss (1919) Marion Jessup
Marion Jessup
/ Eleanor Goss (1920) Marion Jessup
Marion Jessup
/ Eleanor Goss (1921) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Louise Riddell Williams (1922) Marion Jessup
Marion Jessup
/ Helen Wills (1923) Kathleen McKane Godfree
Kathleen McKane Godfree
/ Phyllis Howkins Covell (1924) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Helen Wills (1925) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Helen Wills (1926) Elizabeth Ryan
Elizabeth Ryan
/ Eleanor Goss (1927) Kathleen McKane Godfree
Kathleen McKane Godfree
/ Ermyntrude Harvey (1928) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Helen Wills (1929) Phoebe Holcroft Watson
Phoebe Holcroft Watson
/ Peggy Mitchell (1930) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
Shoemaker / Sarah Palfrey Cooke (1931) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
Shoemaker / Eileen Bennett Whittingstall (1932) Helen Jacobs
Helen Jacobs
/ Sarah Palfrey Cooke (1933) Betthy Nutthall Shoemaker / Freda James (1934) Helen Jacobs
Helen Jacobs
/ Sarah Palfrey Cooke (1935) Helen Jacobs
Helen Jacobs
/ Sarah Palfrey Cooke (1936) Marjorie Gladman Van Ryn / Carolin Babcock Stark (1937) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Alice Marble (1938) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Alice Marble (1939) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Alice Marble (1940) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Alice Marble (1941) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1942) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1943) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1944) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1945) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1946) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1947) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1948) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1949) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1950) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1951) Shirley Fry Irvin
Shirley Fry Irvin
/ Doris Hart (1952) Shirley Fry Irvin
Shirley Fry Irvin
/ Doris Hart (1953) Shirley Fry Irvin
Shirley Fry Irvin
/ Doris Hart (1954) Shirley Fry Irvin
Shirley Fry Irvin
/ Doris Hart (1955) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1956) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1957) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1958) Jeanne Arth / Darlene Hard (1959) Jeanne Arth / Darlene Hard (1960) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Darlene Hard (1961) Darlene Hard / Lesley Turner Bowrey (1962) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Darlene Hard (1963) Robyn Ebbern
Robyn Ebbern
/ Margaret Smith (1964) Billie Jean Moffitt / Karen Hantze Susman (1965) Carole Caldwell Graebner
Carole Caldwell Graebner
/ Nancy Richey (1966) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Nancy Richey (1967) Rosemary Casals / Billie Jean King

v t e

Pre Open Era Wimbledon mixed doubles champions

1913: Hope Crisp / Agnes Tuckey 1914: James Parke / Ethel Thomson Larcombe 1915–18: No competition (due to World War I) 1919: Randolph Lycett / Elizabeth Ryan 1920: Gerald Patterson
Gerald Patterson
/ Suzanne Lenglen 1921: Randolph Lycett / Elizabeth Ryan 1922: Pat O'Hara Wood
Pat O'Hara Wood
/ Suzanne Lenglen 1923: Randolph Lycett / Elizabeth Ryan 1924: John Gilbert / Kathleen McKane
Kathleen McKane
Godfree 1925: Jean Borotra
Jean Borotra
/ Suzanne Lenglen 1926: Leslie Godfree / Kathleen McKane
Kathleen McKane
Godfree 1927: Francis Hunter
Francis Hunter
/ Elizabeth Ryan 1928: Patrick Spence
Patrick Spence
/ Elizabeth Ryan 1929: Frank Hunter / Helen Wills 1930: Jack Crawford / Elizabeth Ryan 1931: George Lott / Anna McCune Harper 1932: Enrique Maier
Enrique Maier
/ Elizabeth Ryan 1933: Gottfried von Cramm
Gottfried von Cramm
/ Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling 1934: Ryuki Miki
Ryuki Miki
/ Dorothy Round
Dorothy Round
Little 1935: Fred Perry
Fred Perry
/ Dorothy Round
Dorothy Round
Little 1936: Fred Perry
Fred Perry
/ Dorothy Round
Dorothy Round
Little 1937: Don Budge
Don Budge
/ Alice Marble 1938: Don Budge
Don Budge
/ Alice Marble 1939: Bobby Riggs
Bobby Riggs
/ Alice Marble 1940–45: No competition (due to World War II) 1946: Tom Brown / Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp 1947: John Bromwich
John Bromwich
/ Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp 1948: John Bromwich
John Bromwich
/ Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp 1949: Eric Sturgess / Sheila Piercey Summers 1950: Eric Sturgess / Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp 1951: Frank Sedgman
Frank Sedgman
/ Doris Hart 1952: Frank Sedgman
Frank Sedgman
/ Doris Hart 1953: Vic Seixas
Vic Seixas
/ Doris Hart 1954: Vic Seixas
Vic Seixas
/ Doris Hart 1955: Vic Seixas
Vic Seixas
/ Doris Hart 1956: Vic Seixas
Vic Seixas
/ Shirley Fry
Shirley Fry
Irvin 1957: Mervyn Rose
Mervyn Rose
/ Darlene Hard 1958: Robert Howe / Lorraine Coghlan Robinson 1959: Rod Laver
Rod Laver
/ Darlene Hard 1960: Rod Laver
Rod Laver
/ Darlene Hard 1961: Fred Stolle / Lesley Turner Bowrey 1962: Neale Fraser
Neale Fraser
/ Margaret Osborne duPont 1963: Ken Fletcher
Ken Fletcher
/ Margaret Smith 1964: Fred Stolle / Lesley Turner Bowrey 1965: Ken Fletcher
Ken Fletcher
/ Margaret Smith 1966: Ken Fletcher
Ken Fletcher
/ Margaret Smith 1967: Owen Davidson
Owen Davidson
/ Billie Jean King

v t e

U.S. National Championships mixed doubles champions

(1892) Mabel Cahill
Mabel Cahill
/ Clarence Hobart (1893) Ellen Roosevelt
Ellen Roosevelt
/ Clarence Hobart (1894) Juliette Atkinson / Edwin P. Fischer (1895) Juliette Atkinson / Edwin P. Fischer (1896) Juliette Atkinson / Edwin P. Fischer (1897) Laura Henson / D.L. Magruder (1898) Carrie Neely
Carrie Neely
/ Edwin P. Fischer (1899) Elizabeth Rastall / Albert Hoskins (1900) Margaret Hunnewell / Alfred Codman (1901) Marion Jones
Marion Jones
/ Raymond Little (1902) Elisabeth Moore
Elisabeth Moore
/ Wylie Grant (1903) Helen Chapman / Harry Allen (1904) Elisabeth Moore
Elisabeth Moore
/ Wylie Grant (1905) Augusta Schultz Hobart / Clarence Hobart (1906) Sarah Coffin / Edward Dewhurst (1907) May Sayers / Wallace Johnson (1908) Edith Rotch / Nathaniel Niles (1909) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Wallace Johnson (1910) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Joseph Carpenter, Jr. (1911) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Wallace Johnson (1912) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ R. Norris Williams (1913) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Bill Tilden (1914) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Bill Tilden (1915) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Harry Johnson (1916) Eleonora Sears
Eleonora Sears
/ Willis E. Davis (1917) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory / Irving Wright (1918) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Irving Wright (1919) Marion Jessup
Marion Jessup
/ Vincent Richards (1920) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Wallace Johnson (1921) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Bill Johnston (1922) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory / Bill Tilden (1923) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory / Bill Tilden (1924) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
/ Vincent Richards (1925) Kathleen McKane Godfree
Kathleen McKane Godfree
/ John Hawkes (1926) Elizabeth Ryan
Elizabeth Ryan
/ Jean Borotra (1927) Eileen Bennett Whittingstall
Eileen Bennett Whittingstall
/ Henri Cochet (1928) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
/ John Hawkes (1929) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
Shoemaker / George Lott (1930) Edith Cross / Wilmer Allison (1931) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
Shoemaker / George Lott (1932) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Fred Perry (1933) Elizabeth Ryan
Elizabeth Ryan
/ Ellsworth Vines (1934) Helen Jacobs
Helen Jacobs
/ George Lott (1935) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Enrique Maier (1936) Alice Marble
Alice Marble
/ Gene Mako (1937) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Don Budge (1938) Alice Marble
Alice Marble
/ Don Budge (1939) Alice Marble
Alice Marble
/ Harry Hopman (1940) Alice Marble
Alice Marble
/ Bobby Riggs (1941) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Jack Kramer (1942) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Ted Schroeder (1943) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Bill Talbert (1944) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Bill Talbert (1945) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Bill Talbert (1946) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Bill Talbert (1947) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / John Bromwich (1948) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Tom Brown (1949) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Eric Sturgess (1950) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Ken McGregor (1951) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Frank Sedgman (1952) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Frank Sedgman (1953) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Vic Seixas (1954) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Vic Seixas (1955) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Vic Seixas (1956) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Ken Rosewall (1957) Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
/ Kurt Nielsen (1958) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Neale Fraser (1959) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Neale Fraser (1960) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Neale Fraser (1961) Margaret Smith / Bob Mark (1962) Margaret Smith / Fred Stolle (1963) Margaret Smith / Ken Fletcher (1964) Margaret Smith / John Newcombe (1965) Margaret Smith / Fred Stolle (1966) Donna Floyd Fales / Owen Davidson (1967) Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
/ Owen Davidson

v t e

Tennis at the Summer Olympics
Tennis at the Summer Olympics
• Olympic champions in women's singles

Demonstration

1968:  Helga Niessen (FRG) 1984:  Steffi Graf (FRG)

Indoor

1908:  Gwendoline Eastlake-Smith (GBR) 1912:  Edith Hannam (GBR)

Outdoor

1900:  Charlotte Cooper (GBR) 1908:  Dorothea Chambers (GBR) 1912:  Marguerite Broquedis (FRA) 1920:  Suzanne Lenglen (FRA) 1924:  Helen Wills (USA) 1988:  Steffi Graf (FRG) 1992:  Jennifer Capriati (USA) 1996:  Lindsay Davenport (USA) 2000:  Venus Williams (USA) 2004:  Justine Henin-Hardenne (BEL) 2008:  Elena Dementieva (RUS) 2012:  Serena Williams (USA) 2016:  Monica Puig (PUR)

v t e

Tennis at the Summer Olympics
Tennis at the Summer Olympics
• Olympic champions in women's doubles

Demonstration

1968:   Edda Buding
Edda Buding
& Helga Niessen (FRG)

Women's Doubles

1920:   Kathleen McKane
Kathleen McKane
& Winifred McNair (GBR) 1924:   Hazel Wightman
Hazel Wightman
& Helen Wills (USA) 1988:   Zina Garrison
Zina Garrison
& Pam Shriver (USA) 1992:   Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
& Mary Joe Fernández (USA) 1996:   Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
& Mary Joe Fernández (USA) 2000:   Serena Williams
Serena Williams
& Venus Williams (USA) 2004:   Sun Tiantian & Li Ting (CHN) 2008:   Serena Williams
Serena Williams
& Venus Williams (USA) 2012:   Serena Williams
Serena Williams
& Venus Williams (USA) 2016:   Ekaterina Makarova
Ekaterina Makarova
& Elena Vesnina (RUS)

v t e

Associated Press
Associated Press
Female Athlete of the Year

1931: Helene Madison 1932: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1933: Helen Jacobs 1934: Virginia Van Wie 1935: Helen Wills 1936: Helen Stephens 1937: Katherine Rawls 1938: Patty Berg 1939: Alice Marble 1940: Alice Marble 1941: Betty Hicks 1942: Gloria Callen 1943: Patty Berg 1944: Ann Curtis 1945: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1946: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1947: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1948: Fanny Blankers-Koen 1949: Marlene Hagge 1950: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1951: Maureen Connolly 1952: Maureen Connolly 1953: Maureen Connolly 1954: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1955: Patty Berg 1956: Pat McCormick 1957: Althea Gibson 1958: Althea Gibson 1959: Maria Bueno 1960: Wilma Rudolph 1961: Wilma Rudolph 1962: Dawn Fraser 1963: Mickey Wright 1964: Mickey Wright 1965: Kathy Whitworth 1966: Kathy Whitworth 1967: Billie Jean King 1968: Peggy Fleming 1969: Debbie Meyer 1970: Chi Cheng 1971: Evonne Goolagong 1972: Olga Korbut 1973: Billie Jean King 1974: Chris Evert 1975: Chris Evert 1976: Nadia Comăneci 1977: Chris Evert 1978: Nancy Lopez 1979: Tracy Austin 1980: Chris Evert 1981: Tracy Austin 1982: Mary Decker 1983: Martina Navratilova 1984: Mary Lou Retton 1985: Nancy Lopez 1986: Martina Navratilova 1987: Jackie Joyner-Kersee 1988: Florence Griffith Joyner 1989: Steffi Graf 1990: Beth Daniel 1991: Monica Seles 1992: Monica Seles 1993: Sheryl Swoopes 1994: Bonnie Blair 1995: Rebecca Lobo 1996: Amy Van Dyken 1997: Martina Hingis 1998: Pak Se-ri 1999: United States
United States
women's national soccer team 2000: Marion Jones 2001: Jennifer Capriati 2002: Serena Williams 2003: Annika Sörenstam 2004: Annika Sörenstam 2005: Annika Sörenstam 2006: Lorena Ochoa 2007: Lorena Ochoa 2008: Candace Parker 2009: Serena Williams 2010: Lindsey Vonn 2011: Abby Wambach 2012: Gabby Douglas 2013: Serena Williams 2014: Mo'ne Davis 2015: Serena Williams 2016: Simone Biles 2017: Katie Ledecky

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 54955472 LCCN: n87892189 GND: 11932302

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