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The Info List - Helen Jacobs





Helen Hull Jacobs (August 6, 1908 – June 2, 1997) was an American tennis player who won nine Grand Slam titles. She was born in Globe, Arizona, United States.

Contents

1 Tennis
Tennis
career

1.1 Honors and awards

2 World War II
World War II
and personal life 3 Grand Slam finals

3.1 Singles (5 titles, 11 runners-up) 3.2 Doubles (3 titles, 6 runner-ups) 3.3 Mixed doubles (1 title, 1 runner-up)

4 Grand Slam singles tournament timeline 5 Bibliography 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Tennis
Tennis
career[edit] Jacobs had a powerful serve and overhead smash and a sound backhand, but she never learned to hit a flat forehand, despite her friendship, and some coaching, from Bill Tilden.[1] Like both her Wightman Cup coach Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
and her archrival Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody, she grew up in Berkeley, California, learned the game at the Berkeley Tennis
Tennis
Club, pursued her undergraduate degree at the University of California, Berkeley and was inducted into the Cal Sports Hall of Fame. Jacobs won five Grand Slam singles titles and was an eleven-time Grand Slam singles runner-up. Six of those losses were to Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody. Jacobs's only victory over Moody was in the final of the 1933 U.S. Championships. Moody retired from the match with a back injury while trailing 3–0 in the third set to a chorus of boos from the audience who believed that Moody quit the match merely to deny Jacobs the satisfaction of finishing out her victory. It was reported by many witnesses after the match that Moody still planned to play her doubles match later that afternoon but was advised against it. Years later, Moody confirmed her injury, saying, "My back is kind of funny. The vertebra between the fourth and fifth disk is thin. When the disk slips around it's intolerable. It rained the whole week before that final match. I lay in bed, and that was bad because it stiffened worse. I just couldn't play any longer, but I didn't say anything because it would look like an excuse." Jacobs almost defeated Moody again when she had match point at 6–3, 3–6, 5–3 in the 1935 Wimbledon Championships singles final but a mishit on a short lob, which she decided to let bounce, cost her the point and four games later the match.[2][3] In the 1938 Wimbledon final against Moody, Jacobs turned her ankle at 4–4 in the first set and hobbled around the court for the remainder of the match, with Moody winning the final eight games and the second set lasting a mere eight minutes. When asked after the match why she did not accept Hazel Wightman's on-court advice to quit the match after the injury, Jacobs said that continuing was the sporting thing to do so that Moody could enjoy the full taste of victory, an obvious allusion to Moody's retirement from the 1933 U.S. final. Moody said, "I was very sorry about Helen's ankle. But it couldn't be helped, could it? I thought there was nothing I could do but get it over as quickly as possible." In total, Jacobs lost 14 of the 15 career singles matches she played against Moody. Jacobs won three Grand Slam women's doubles titles and one in mixed doubles. She was the runner-up at six Grand Slam women's doubles tournaments and one Grand Slam mixed doubles tournament. She won the singles and women's doubles titles at the Italian Championships in 1934.

Jacobs, in 1933.

According to A. Wallis Myers
A. Wallis Myers
and John Olliff
John Olliff
of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail, Jacobs was ranked in the world top ten from 1928 through 1939 (no rankings issued from 1940 through 1945), reaching a career high of World No. 1 in those rankings in 1936.[4] With the exceptions of 1930 and 1938, Jacobs was included in the year-end top ten rankings by the United States
United States
Tennis
Tennis
Association from 1927 through 1941. She was the top ranked U.S. player from 1932 through 1935.[5] Jacobs was a member of the U.S. Wightman Cup
Wightman Cup
team from 1927 through 1937 and again in 1939. Her lifetime record was 19–11. In 1933, Jacobs became the first woman to break with tradition by wearing man-tailored shorts at Wimbledon. While she was still playing tennis, Jacobs became a writer. Her first books were Modern Tennis
Tennis
(1933) and Improve Your Tennis
Tennis
(1936). She also wrote fictional works, such as Storm Against the Wind (1944). Her autobiography Beyond the Game appeared in 1936. In 1949 she published Gallery of Champions, a collection of biographies of female players, which she dedicated to Molla Mallory.[6] Honors and awards[edit] Jacobs was named Associated Press Female Athlete of the Year in 1933. She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame
International Tennis Hall of Fame
in 1962. In 2015, she was inducted into the National Gay and Lesbian
Lesbian
Sports Hall of Fame.[7] World War II
World War II
and personal life[edit] Jacobs served as a commander in the U.S. Navy
U.S. Navy
intelligence during World War II, one of only five women to achieve that rank in the Navy.[2] Long known to have been lesbian, she was in a relationship from 1934 to 1943 with Henrietta Bingham, daughter of Louisville publisher and ambassador to England Robert Bingham.[8] Her partner in later life was Virginia Gurnee.[2] Jacobs died of heart failure in East Hampton, New York on June 2, 1997. She was cremated and her ashes are under a plaque in the memorial garden of St. Luke’s Episcopal Church, East Hampton (town), New York.[9] Grand Slam finals[edit] Singles (5 titles, 11 runners-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score

Runner-up 1928 U.S. Championships Grass Helen Wills 2–6, 1–6

Runner-up 1929 Wimbledon Grass Helen Wills 1–6, 2–6

Runner-up 1930 French Championships Clay Helen Wills 2–6, 1–6

Runner-up 1932 Wimbledon Grass Helen Wills 3–6, 1–6

Winner 1932 U.S. Championships Grass Carolin Babcock 6–2, 6–2

Winner 1933 U.S. Championships (2) Grass Helen Wills 8–6, 3–6, 3–0 retired

Runner-up 1934 French Championships Clay Margaret Scriven 5–7, 6–4, 1–6

Runner-up 1934 Wimbledon Grass Dorothy Round 2–6, 7–5, 3–6

Winner 1934 U.S. Championships (3) Grass Sarah Palfrey 6–1, 6–4

Runner-up 1935 Wimbledon Grass Helen Wills 3–6, 6–3, 5–7

Winner 1935 U.S. Championships (4) Grass Sarah Palfrey 6–2, 6–4

Winner 1936 Wimbledon Grass Hilde Krahwinkel 6–2, 4–6, 7–5

Runner-up 1936 U.S. Championships Grass Alice Marble 6–4, 3–6, 2–6

Runner-up 1938 Wimbledon Grass Helen Wills 4–6, 0–6

Runner-up 1939 U.S. Championships Grass Alice Marble 0–6, 10–8, 4–6

Runner-up 1940 U.S. Championships Grass Alice Marble 2–6, 3–6

Doubles (3 titles, 6 runner-ups)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score

Runner-up 1931 U.S. National Championships Grass Dorothy Round Betty Nuthall Eileen Bennett Whittingstall 2–6, 4–6

Runner-up 1932 Wimbledon Championships Grass Elizabeth Ryan Doris Metaxa Josane Sigart 4–6, 3–6

Winner 1932 U.S. National Championships Grass Sarah Palfrey Alice Marble Marjorie Morrill 8–6, 6–1

Runner-up 1934 French Championships Clay Sarah Palfrey Simonne Mathieu Elizabeth Ryan 6–3, 4–6, 2–6

Winner 1934 U.S. National Championships Grass Sarah Palfrey Carolin Babcock Dorothy Andrus 4–6, 6–3, 6–4

Winner 1935 U.S. National Championships Grass Sarah Palfrey Carolin Babcock Dorothy Andrus 6–4, 6–2

Runner-up 1936 Wimbledon Championships Grass Sarah Palfrey Freda James Kay Stammers 2–6, 1–6

Runner-up 1936 U.S. National Championships Grass Sarah Palfrey Marjorie Gladman Van Ryn Carolin Babcock 7–9, 6–2, 4–6

Runner-up 1939 Wimbledon Championships Grass Billie Yorke Alice Marble Sarah Palfrey 1–6, 0–6

Mixed doubles (1 title, 1 runner-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score

Runner-up 1932 U.S. Championships Grass Ellsworth Vines Sarah Palfrey Fred Perry 3–6, 5–7

Winner 1934 U.S. Championships Grass George Lott Elizabeth Ryan Lester Stoefen 4–6, 13–11, 6–2

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline[edit]

Key

W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH

(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held.

Tournament 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 Career SR

Australian Championships A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A NH 0 / 0

French Championships A A A A A F QF QF SF F SF A QF A A NH R 0 / 7

Wimbledon A A A 3R F QF SF F SF F F W QF F QF NH NH 1 / 12

U.S. Championships 2R A SF F SF A QF W W W W F SF 3R F F SF 4 / 15

SR 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 3 1 / 3 1 / 3 1 / 3 1 / 3 1 / 2 0 / 3 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 1 0 / 1 5 / 34

R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation. SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played. Bibliography[edit]

Modern Tennis
Tennis
(1933) Improve Your Tennis
Tennis
(1936) Beyond the game: an autobiography (1936) Storm Against the Wind (1944) Gallery of Champions (1949)

See also[edit]

Performance timelines for all female tennis players who reached at least one Grand Slam final List of select Jewish tennis players

References[edit]

^ Obituary: Helen Jacobs ^ a b c "Helen Jacobs, Tennis
Tennis
Champion in the 1930's, Dies at 88". The New York Times. June 4, 1997.  ^ "Mrs. Wills Moody Achieves Her Ambition". Gloucester Citizen. British Newspaper Archive. 6 July 1935. p. 1.  ^ Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins
Bud Collins
History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New York, N.Y: New Chapter Press. pp. 576, 695, 701–2. ISBN 0-942257-41-3.  ^ United States
United States
Tennis
Tennis
Association (1988). 1988 Official USTA Tennis Yearbook. Lynn, Massachusetts: H.O. Zimman, Inc. p. 260.  ^ "Jacobs, Helen Hull". WorldCat.  ^ Jim Buzinski (27 July 2015). "9 inducted into National Gay and Lesbian
Lesbian
Sports Hall of Fame". Outsports.  ^ Bingham, Emily (2015). Irrepressible: The Jazz Age Life of Henrietta Bingham. New York, N.Y: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. pp. 223–266.  ^ Wilson, Scott. Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed.: 2 (Kindle Location 23378). McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. Kindle Edition.

External links[edit]

Helen Jacobs
Helen Jacobs
at the International Tennis
Tennis
Hall of Fame Intercollegiate Tennis
Tennis
Association Hall of Fame – Helen Hull Jacobs

Helen Jacobs
Helen Jacobs
in the Grand Slam Tournaments

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Pre Open Era Wimbledon ladies' singles champions

(1884) Maud Watson (1885) Maud Watson (1886) Blanche Bingley (1887) Lottie Dod (1888) Lottie Dod (1889) Blanche Bingley
Blanche Bingley
Hillyard (1890) Lena Rice (1891) Lottie Dod (1892) Lottie Dod (1893) Lottie Dod (1894) Blanche Bingley
Blanche Bingley
Hillyard (1895) Charlotte Cooper (1896) Charlotte Cooper (1897) Blanche Bingley
Blanche Bingley
Hillyard (1898) Charlotte Cooper (1899) Blanche Bingley
Blanche Bingley
Hillyard (1900) Blanche Bingley
Blanche Bingley
Hillyard (1901) Charlotte Sterry (1902) Muriel Robb (1903) Dorothea Douglass (1904) Dorothea Douglass (1905) May Sutton (1906) Dorothea Lambert Chambers (1907) May Sutton (1908) Charlotte Sterry (1909) Dora Boothby (1910) Dorothea Lambert Chambers (1912) Dorethea Lambert Chambers (1913) Ethel Thomson Larcombe (1914) Dorothea Lambert Chambers (1915) Dorothea Lambert Chambers (1915-18) No competition (due to World War I) (1919) Suzanne Lenglen (1920) Suzanne Lenglen (1921) Suzanne Lenglen (1922) Suzanne Lenglen (1923) Suzanne Lenglen (1924) Kathleen McKane (1925) Suzanne Lenglen (1926) Kathleen McKane Godfree (1927) Helen Wills (1928) Helen Wills (1929) Helen Wills (1930) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1931) Cilly Aussem (1932) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1933) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1934) Dorothy Round (1935) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1936) Helen Jacobs (1937) Dorothy Round (1938) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1939) Alice Marble (1940–45) No competition (due to World War II) (1946) Pauline Addie (1947) Margaret Osborne (1948) Louise Brough (1949) Louise Brough (1950) Louise Brough (1951) Doris Hart (1952) Maureen Connolly (1953) Maureen Connolly (1954) Maureen Connolly (1955) Louise Brough (1956) Shirley Fry (1957) Althea Gibson (1958) Althea Gibson (1959) Maria Bueno (1960) Maria Bueno (1961) Angela Mortimer (1962) Karen Hantze Susman (1963) Margaret Smith (1964) Maria Bueno (1965) Margaret Smith (1966) Billie Jean King (1967) Billie Jean King

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U.S. National Championships women's singles champions

(1887) Ellen Hansell (1888) Bertha Townsend (1889) Bertha Townsend (1890) Ellen Roosevelt (1891) Mabel Cahill (1892) Mabel Cahill (1893) Aline Terry (1894) Helen Hellwig (1895) Juliette Atkinson (1896) Elisabeth Moore (1897) Juliette Atkinson (1898) Juliette Atkinson (1899) Marion Jones (1900) Myrtle McAteer (1901) Elisabeth Moore (1902) Marion Jones (1903) Elisabeth Moore (1904) May Sutton (1905) Elisabeth Moore (1906) Helen Homans (1907) Evelyn Sears (1908) Maud Barger-Wallach (1909) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (1910) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (1911) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (1912) Mary Browne (1913) Mary Browne (1914) Mary Browne (1915) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1916) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1917) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1918) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1919) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (1920) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1921) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1922) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1923) Helen Wills (1924) Helen Wills (1925) Helen Wills (1926) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1927) Helen Wills (1928) Helen Wills (1929) Helen Wills (1930) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
Shoemaker (1931) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1932) Helen Jacobs (1933) Helen Jacobs (1934) Helen Jacobs (1935) Helen Jacobs (1936) Alice Marble (1937) Anita Lizana (1938) Alice Marble (1939) Alice Marble (1940) Alice Marble (1941) Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke (1942) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (1943) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (1944) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (1945) Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke (1946) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (1947) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp (1948) Margaret Osborne duPont (1949) Margaret Osborne duPont (1950) Margaret Osborne duPont (1951) Maureen Connolly (1952) Maureen Connolly (1953) Maureen Connolly (1954) Doris Hart (1955) Doris Hart (1956) Shirley Fry
Shirley Fry
Irvin (1957) Althea Gibson (1958) Althea Gibson (1959) Maria Bueno (1960) Darlene Hard (1961) Darlene Hard (1962) Margaret Court (1963) Maria Bueno (1964) Maria Bueno (1965) Margaret Court (1966) Maria Bueno (1967) Billie Jean King

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U.S. National Championships women's doubles champions

(1889) Margarette Ballard / Bertha Townsend (1890) Ellen Roosevelt
Ellen Roosevelt
/ Grace Roosevelt (1891) Mabel Cahill
Mabel Cahill
/ Emma Leavitt Morgan (1892) Mabel Cahill
Mabel Cahill
/ Adeline McKinlay (1893) Aline Terry
Aline Terry
/ Harriet Butler (1894) Helen Hellwig / Juliette Atkinson (1895) Helen Hellwig / Juliette Atkinson (1896) Elisabeth Moore
Elisabeth Moore
/ Juliette Atkinson (1897) Juliette Atkinson / Kathleen Atkinson (1898) Juliette Atkinson / Kathleen Atkinson (1899) Jane Craven / Myrtle McAteer (1900) Edith Parker / Hallie Champlin (1901) Juliette Atkinson / Myrtle McAteer (1902) Juliette Atkinson / Marion Jones (1903) Elisabeth Moore
Elisabeth Moore
/ Carrie Neely (1904) May Sutton
May Sutton
Bundy / Miriam Hall (1905) Helen Homans / Carrie Neely (1906) Ann Burdette Coe / Ethel Bliss Platt (1907) Marie Wimer / Carrie Neely (1908) Evelyn Sears / Margaret Curtis (1909) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Edith Rotch (1910) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Edith Rotch (1911) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Eleonora Sears (1912) Dorothy Green / Mary Browne (1913) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Louise Riddell Williams (1914) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Louise Riddell Williams (1915) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Eleonora Sears (1916) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory / Eleonora Sears (1917) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory / Eleonora Sears (1918) Marion Jessup
Marion Jessup
/ Eleanor Goss (1919) Marion Jessup
Marion Jessup
/ Eleanor Goss (1920) Marion Jessup
Marion Jessup
/ Eleanor Goss (1921) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Louise Riddell Williams (1922) Marion Jessup
Marion Jessup
/ Helen Wills (1923) Kathleen McKane Godfree
Kathleen McKane Godfree
/ Phyllis Howkins Covell (1924) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Helen Wills (1925) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Helen Wills (1926) Elizabeth Ryan
Elizabeth Ryan
/ Eleanor Goss (1927) Kathleen McKane Godfree
Kathleen McKane Godfree
/ Ermyntrude Harvey (1928) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Helen Wills (1929) Phoebe Holcroft Watson
Phoebe Holcroft Watson
/ Peggy Mitchell (1930) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
Shoemaker / Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke (1931) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
Shoemaker / Eileen Bennett Whittingstall (1932) Helen Jacobs
Helen Jacobs
/ Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke (1933) Betthy Nutthall Shoemaker / Freda James (1934) Helen Jacobs
Helen Jacobs
/ Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke (1935) Helen Jacobs
Helen Jacobs
/ Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke (1936) Marjorie Gladman Van Ryn / Carolin Babcock Stark (1937) Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke / Alice Marble (1938) Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke / Alice Marble (1939) Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke / Alice Marble (1940) Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke / Alice Marble (1941) Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke / Margaret Osborne duPont (1942) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1943) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1944) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1945) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1946) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1947) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1948) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1949) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1950) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1951) Shirley Fry Irvin
Shirley Fry Irvin
/ Doris Hart (1952) Shirley Fry Irvin
Shirley Fry Irvin
/ Doris Hart (1953) Shirley Fry Irvin
Shirley Fry Irvin
/ Doris Hart (1954) Shirley Fry Irvin
Shirley Fry Irvin
/ Doris Hart (1955) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1956) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1957) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1958) Jeanne Arth / Darlene Hard (1959) Jeanne Arth / Darlene Hard (1960) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Darlene Hard (1961) Darlene Hard / Lesley Turner Bowrey (1962) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Darlene Hard (1963) Robyn Ebbern
Robyn Ebbern
/ Margaret Smith (1964) Billie Jean Moffitt / Karen Hantze Susman (1965) Carole Caldwell Graebner
Carole Caldwell Graebner
/ Nancy Richey (1966) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Nancy Richey (1967) Rosemary Casals / Billie Jean King

v t e

U.S. National Championships mixed doubles champions

(1892) Mabel Cahill
Mabel Cahill
/ Clarence Hobart (1893) Ellen Roosevelt
Ellen Roosevelt
/ Clarence Hobart (1894) Juliette Atkinson / Edwin P. Fischer (1895) Juliette Atkinson / Edwin P. Fischer (1896) Juliette Atkinson / Edwin P. Fischer (1897) Laura Henson / D.L. Magruder (1898) Carrie Neely
Carrie Neely
/ Edwin P. Fischer (1899) Elizabeth Rastall / Albert Hoskins (1900) Margaret Hunnewell / Alfred Codman (1901) Marion Jones
Marion Jones
/ Raymond Little (1902) Elisabeth Moore
Elisabeth Moore
/ Wylie Grant (1903) Helen Chapman / Harry Allen (1904) Elisabeth Moore
Elisabeth Moore
/ Wylie Grant (1905) Augusta Schultz Hobart / Clarence Hobart (1906) Sarah Coffin / Edward Dewhurst (1907) May Sayers / Wallace Johnson (1908) Edith Rotch / Nathaniel Niles (1909) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Wallace Johnson (1910) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Joseph Carpenter, Jr. (1911) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Wallace Johnson (1912) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ R. Norris Williams (1913) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Bill Tilden (1914) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Bill Tilden (1915) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Harry Johnson (1916) Eleonora Sears
Eleonora Sears
/ Willis E. Davis (1917) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory / Irving Wright (1918) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Irving Wright (1919) Marion Jessup
Marion Jessup
/ Vincent Richards (1920) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Wallace Johnson (1921) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Bill Johnston (1922) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory / Bill Tilden (1923) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory / Bill Tilden (1924) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
/ Vincent Richards (1925) Kathleen McKane Godfree
Kathleen McKane Godfree
/ John Hawkes (1926) Elizabeth Ryan
Elizabeth Ryan
/ Jean Borotra (1927) Eileen Bennett Whittingstall
Eileen Bennett Whittingstall
/ Henri Cochet (1928) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
/ John Hawkes (1929) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
Shoemaker / George Lott (1930) Edith Cross / Wilmer Allison (1931) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
Shoemaker / George Lott (1932) Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke / Fred Perry (1933) Elizabeth Ryan
Elizabeth Ryan
/ Ellsworth Vines (1934) Helen Jacobs
Helen Jacobs
/ George Lott (1935) Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke / Enrique Maier (1936) Alice Marble
Alice Marble
/ Gene Mako (1937) Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke / Don Budge (1938) Alice Marble
Alice Marble
/ Don Budge (1939) Alice Marble
Alice Marble
/ Harry Hopman (1940) Alice Marble
Alice Marble
/ Bobby Riggs (1941) Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke / Jack Kramer (1942) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Ted Schroeder (1943) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Bill Talbert (1944) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Bill Talbert (1945) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Bill Talbert (1946) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Bill Talbert (1947) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / John Bromwich (1948) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Tom Brown (1949) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Eric Sturgess (1950) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Ken McGregor (1951) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Frank Sedgman (1952) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Frank Sedgman (1953) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Vic Seixas (1954) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Vic Seixas (1955) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Vic Seixas (1956) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Ken Rosewall (1957) Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
/ Kurt Nielsen (1958) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Neale Fraser (1959) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Neale Fraser (1960) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Neale Fraser (1961) Margaret Smith / Bob Mark (1962) Margaret Smith / Fred Stolle (1963) Margaret Smith / Ken Fletcher (1964) Margaret Smith / John Newcombe (1965) Margaret Smith / Fred Stolle (1966) Donna Floyd Fales / Owen Davidson (1967) Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
/ Owen Davidson

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Associated Press Female Athlete of the Year

1931: Helene Madison 1932: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1933: Helen Jacobs 1934: Virginia Van Wie 1935: Helen Wills 1936: Helen Stephens 1937: Katherine Rawls 1938: Patty Berg 1939: Alice Marble 1940: Alice Marble 1941: Betty Hicks 1942: Gloria Callen 1943: Patty Berg 1944: Ann Curtis 1945: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1946: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1947: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1948: Fanny Blankers-Koen 1949: Marlene Hagge 1950: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1951: Maureen Connolly 1952: Maureen Connolly 1953: Maureen Connolly 1954: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1955: Patty Berg 1956: Pat McCormick 1957: Althea Gibson 1958: Althea Gibson 1959: Maria Bueno 1960: Wilma Rudolph 1961: Wilma Rudolph 1962: Dawn Fraser 1963: Mickey Wright 1964: Mickey Wright 1965: Kathy Whitworth 1966: Kathy Whitworth 1967: Billie Jean King 1968: Peggy Fleming 1969: Debbie Meyer 1970: Chi Cheng 1971: Evonne Goolagong 1972: Olga Korbut 1973: Billie Jean King 1974: Chris Evert 1975: Chris Evert 1976: Nadia Comăneci 1977: Chris Evert 1978: Nancy Lopez 1979: Tracy Austin 1980: Chris Evert 1981: Tracy Austin 1982: Mary Decker 1983: Martina Navratilova 1984: Mary Lou Retton 1985: Nancy Lopez 1986: Martina Navratilova 1987: Jackie Joyner-Kersee 1988: Florence Griffith Joyner 1989: Steffi Graf 1990: Beth Daniel 1991: Monica Seles 1992: Monica Seles 1993: Sheryl Swoopes 1994: Bonnie Blair 1995: Rebecca Lobo 1996: Amy Van Dyken 1997: Martina Hingis 1998: Pak Se-ri 1999: United States
United States
women's national soccer team 2000: Marion Jones 2001: Jennifer Capriati 2002: Serena Williams 2003: Annika Sörenstam 2004: Annika Sörenstam 2005: Annika Sörenstam 2006: Lorena Ochoa 2007: Lorena Ochoa 2008: Candace Parker 2009: Serena Williams 2010: Lindsey Vonn 2011: Abby Wambach 2012: Gabby Douglas 2013: Serena Williams 2014: Mo'ne Davis 2015: Serena Williams 2016: Simone Biles 2017: Katie Ledecky

Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 91866043 LCCN: n50027973 SN

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