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HEINRICH OTTO SEETZEN, called HEINZ SEETZEN (22 June 1906 in Rüstringen, Duchy of Oldenburg – 28 September 1945 in Blankenese
Blankenese
), was a German jurist, SS- Standartenführer and police lieutenant. Seetzen was a perpetrator of the Holocaust, responsible for the mass murder of civilians in Ukraine and in Belarus .

CONTENTS

* 1 Life * 2 Post-war * 3 References * 4 Bibliography

LIFE

Seetzen was born in 1906 as the only child of a deli owner in Rüstringen, in what is today part of Wilhelmshaven . While a student he joined the Jungstahlhelm . Seetzen studied jurisprudence at the University of Marburg and the University of Kiel . After his law examination he worked, helping out in various law firms. Heinz Seetzen was married to Ellen Knickrem.

On 1 May 1933, he joined the NSDAP
NSDAP
(Nazi Party membership number 2,732,725) and the SA . On 1 February 1935, he became a member of the SS (membership number 267,231). After an unsuccessful bid for the post of mayor in Eutin
Eutin
, the unemployed Seetzen took a job as a temporary worker in the Eutin
Eutin
government, as an assistant to SA-Brigadeführer Heinrich Böhmcker. In 1935, he joined the Gestapo
Gestapo
.

Seetzen was promoted to Chief of the SiPo and SD in Aachen (1935-1938), Vienna
Vienna
, Stettin
Stettin
and Hamburg
Hamburg
(January 1940 to July 1941, then absent until August 1942). As of August 1942, he was Chief of the SiPo and SD in Kassel
Kassel
, and then in spring 1943 in Breslau
Breslau
. In 1944, he was commander of the SiPo in Prague.

After the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, Seetzen was commander of Sonderkommando 10a, which followed Army Group South and was responsible for mass killings in the south of the Soviet Union. Austrian police officer Robert Barth, an accomplice in the mass murder, said about Seetzen:

"A particularly brutal Kommandoführer . He is said to have boasted that his Kommando would shoot the most Jews. I was also told that, at his command, once the ammunition for the shootings of Jews ran out, the Jews were cast alive into a well with a depth of approximately 30 meters (98 ft)."

From 28 April to August 1944, he served as commander of Einsatzgruppe B , which perpetrated mass murder in Belarus . This unit was responsible for the deaths of more than 134,000 people in Minsk
Minsk
and Smolensk
Smolensk
. After his promotion to SS- Standartenführer and police colonel, he was made Commander of the SiPo and SD in Belarus in April 1944.

POST-WAR

After the war, Seetzen stayed with a female acquaintance, hiding his identity by using the false name “Michael Gollwitzer”. His acquaintance reported that Seetzen was remorseful and completely finished from a moral perspective. He told her "that he was heavily burdened by guilt, that he was a criminal, and that he had essentially forfeited his life." He also openly admitted that he would commit suicide by taking potassium cyanide the moment he was captured.

After his arrest by the British military police in Hamburg-Blankenese on 28 September 1945, Seetzen committed suicide using a cyanide capsule. He was not identified and was buried as "Michael Gollwitzer". Due to this fact (since his whereabouts remained uncertain), a Denazification Court classified Seetzen as a “lesser offender” (Group 3- Minderbelasteten) in 1949, adding the stipulation, "in the event that the person concerned is still alive".

REFERENCES

* ^ Linde Apel, Hamburg
Hamburg
Ministry of Culture, Sports and Media, in cooperation with the Research Center for Contemporary History in Hamburg
Hamburg
and the Neuengamme Concentration Camp Memorial (eds.): In den Tod geschickt - Die Deportationen von Juden, Roma und Sinti aus Hamburg, 1940 bis 1945, Metropol Verlag, Hamburg
Hamburg
2009 - DVD of the exhibition, Die Gestapo, p. 8 * ^ Report of Robert Barth of 8 October 1943 (Nuremberg document NO-3663) cited in: Stokes, Seetzen, p. 199 * ^ Statement of Seetzen's acquaintance from 26 October 1962, quoted in: Stokes: Seetzen, p. 203

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Lawrence D. Stokes: Heinz Seetzen - Chef des Sonderkommandos 10a. In: Klaus-Michael Mallmann, Gerhard Paul (eds.): Karrieren der Gewalt. Nationalsozialistische Täterbiographien Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft , Darmstadt 2004, ISBN 3-534-16654-X * Lawrence D. Stokes: From law student to Einsatzgruppe commander: The career of a Gestapo
Gestapo
officer. Canadian Journal of History, April 2002. * Linde Apel, Hamburg
Hamburg
Ministry of Culture, Sports and Media, in cooperation with the Research Center for Contemporary History in Hamburg
Hamburg
and the Neuengamme Concentration Camp Memorial (eds.): In den Tod geschickt - Die Deportationen von Juden, Roma und Sinti aus Hamburg, 1940 bis 1945, Metropol Verlag, Hamburg
Hamburg
2009 * Ernst Klee : Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007. ISBN 978-3-596-16048-8 . (revised second edition)

* v * t * e

Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
and Einsatzkommandos

PEOPLE

DIRECTOR

* Reinhard Heydrich * Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Commanders of Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen

* Humbert Achamer-Pifrader * Walther Bierkamp * Horst Böhme * Erich Ehrlinger * Wilhelm Fuchs * Heinz Jost * Erich Naumann * Arthur Nebe * Otto Ohlendorf * Friedrich Panzinger * Otto Rasch
Otto Rasch
* Heinrich Seetzen * Franz Walter Stahlecker * Bruno Streckenbach

Commanders of Einsatzkommandos, Sonderkommandos

* Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski * Rudolf Batz * Ernst Biberstein * Wolfgang Birkner * Helmut Bischoff * Paul Blobel * Walter Blume * Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock * Otto Bradfisch * Werner Braune * Friedrich Buchardt * Fritz Dietrich * Karl Jäger * Friedrich Jeckeln * Waldemar Klingelhöfer * Wolfgang Kügler * Walter Kutschmann
Walter Kutschmann
* Rudolf Lange * Gustav Adolf Nosske * Hans-Adolf Prützmann * Walter Rauff * Martin Sandberger * Hermann Schaper
Hermann Schaper
* Karl Eberhard Schöngarth * Erwin Schulz * Franz Six
Franz Six
* Eugen Steimle * Eduard Strauch * Martin Weiss * Udo von Woyrsch

OTHER MEMBERS

* August Becker * Lothar Fendler * Joachim Hamann * Emil Haussmann * Felix Landau * Albert Widmann

COLLABORATORS

* Viktors Arājs * Herberts Cukurs
Herberts Cukurs
* Antanas Impulevičius * Konrāds Kalējs * Algirdas Klimaitis

GROUPS

GERMAN

* SS * RSHA * SD * Orpo * 8th SS Cavalry Division Florian Geyer * Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz * Sonderdienst

NON-GERMAN

* Schutzmannschaft (Belarusian , Estonian , Latvian , Lithuanian , Ukrainian ) * Arajs Kommando * Lithuanian Security Police * Rollkommando Hamann * TDA * Ypatingasis būrys

CRIMES

BELARUS

* Łachwa Ghetto * Minsk
Minsk
Ghetto * Slutsk Affair

ESTONIA

* Kalevi-Liiva

LATVIA

* Burning of the Riga synagogues * Dünamünde Action * Jelgava * Pogulianski * Rumbula * Liepāja (Šķēde)

LITHUANIA

* Ninth Fort * Kaunas June 1941 * Kaunas 29 October 1941 * Ninth Fort November 1941 * Ponary

POLAND

* Operation Tannenberg * Intelligenzaktion * AB-Aktion * Operation Reinhard

RUSSIA

* Gully of Petrushino
Gully of Petrushino
* Zmievskaya Balka * Lokot Autonomy

UKRAINE

* Babi Yar * Drobytsky Yar * Drohobycz * Kamianets-Podilskyi * Lviv pogroms * Mizocz Ghetto * Odessa

RECORDS

* The Black Book
The Black Book
* Commissar Order
Commissar Order
* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
trial * Generalplan Ost
Generalplan Ost
* Jäger Report * Korherr Report * Special
Special
Prosecution Book-Poland (Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen)

* v * t * e

The Holocaust in Ukraine

Main article The Holocaust
The Holocaust
Related articles by country Belarus Estonia Latvia Lithuania Norway Poland Russia

CRIMES

* Babi Yar * Drobytsky Yar * Drohobych * Kamianets-Podilskyi * Lviv pogroms * Mizocz Ghetto * Odessa * Pripyat Swamps

MAJOR PERPETRATORS

* Paul Blobel * Werner Braune * Lothar Fendler * Hans Frank * Günther Herrmann * Friedrich Jeckeln * Ernst Kaltenbrunner * Fritz Katzmann
Fritz Katzmann
* Erich Koch * Felix Landau * Gustav Adolf Nosske * Otto Ohlendorf * Paul Otto Radomski * Otto Rasch
Otto Rasch
* Walter Schimana * Erwin Schulz * Heinrich Seetzen * Otto Wächter