HEINRICH OTTO SEETZEN, called HEINZ SEETZEN (22 June 1906 in
Duchy of Oldenburg – 28 September 1945 in
* 1 Life * 2 Post-war * 3 References * 4 Bibliography
Seetzen was born in 1906 as the only child of a deli owner in Rüstringen, in what is today part of Wilhelmshaven . While a student he joined the Jungstahlhelm . Seetzen studied jurisprudence at the University of Marburg and the University of Kiel . After his law examination he worked, helping out in various law firms. Heinz Seetzen was married to Ellen Knickrem.
On 1 May 1933, he joined the
Seetzen was promoted to Chief of the
SiPo and SD in Aachen
After the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, Seetzen was commander of Sonderkommando 10a, which followed Army Group South and was responsible for mass killings in the south of the Soviet Union. Austrian police officer Robert Barth, an accomplice in the mass murder, said about Seetzen:
"A particularly brutal Kommandoführer . He is said to have boasted that his Kommando would shoot the most Jews. I was also told that, at his command, once the ammunition for the shootings of Jews ran out, the Jews were cast alive into a well with a depth of approximately 30 meters (98 ft)."
From 28 April to August 1944, he served as commander of Einsatzgruppe
B , which perpetrated mass murder in Belarus . This unit was
responsible for the deaths of more than 134,000 people in
After the war, Seetzen stayed with a female acquaintance, hiding his identity by using the false name “Michael Gollwitzer”. His acquaintance reported that Seetzen was remorseful and completely finished from a moral perspective. He told her "that he was heavily burdened by guilt, that he was a criminal, and that he had essentially forfeited his life." He also openly admitted that he would commit suicide by taking potassium cyanide the moment he was captured.
After his arrest by the British military police in Hamburg-Blankenese on 28 September 1945, Seetzen committed suicide using a cyanide capsule. He was not identified and was buried as "Michael Gollwitzer". Due to this fact (since his whereabouts remained uncertain), a Denazification Court classified Seetzen as a “lesser offender” (Group 3- Minderbelasteten) in 1949, adding the stipulation, "in the event that the person concerned is still alive".
* ^ Linde Apel,
* Lawrence D. Stokes: Heinz Seetzen - Chef des Sonderkommandos 10a.
In: Klaus-Michael Mallmann, Gerhard Paul (eds.): Karrieren der Gewalt.
Nationalsozialistische Täterbiographien Wissenschaftliche
Buchgesellschaft , Darmstadt 2004, ISBN 3-534-16654-X
* Lawrence D. Stokes: From law student to Einsatzgruppe commander:
The career of a
* v * t * e
* Horst Böhme
Commanders of Einsatzkommandos, Sonderkommandos
Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski
* Walter Blume
* Fritz Dietrich
The Black Book
* v * t * e
* Günther Herrmann