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Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman, CBE
CBE
(née Hotchkiss; December 20, 1886 – December 5, 1974) was an American tennis player and founder of the Wightman Cup, an annual team competition for British and American women. She dominated American women's tennis before World War I, and won 45 U.S. titles during her life.

Contents

1 Personal life 2 Career highlights 3 Career in depth 4 Grand Slam finals

4.1 Singles: 5 ( 4 titles, 1 runner-up) 4.2 Doubles: 9 ( 7 titles, 2 runners-up) 4.3 Mixed doubles: 8 ( 6 titles, 2 runners-up)

5 Grand Slam singles tournament timeline 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

Personal life[edit] Wightman was born Hazel Virginia Hotchkiss in Healdsburg, California to William Joseph and Emma Lucretia (Grove) Hotchkiss. In February 1912, at the age of 25, she married George William Wightman of Boston. Her father-in-law, George Henry Wightman, was a leader in the steel industry, as an associate of Andrew Carnegie, and one of the country's foremost pioneers of amateur tennis.[1] She became a member of Kappa Kappa Gamma
Kappa Kappa Gamma
at the University of California-Berkeley and served as the chapter's President.[2] Wightman was the mother of five children. She died at her home in the village of Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, on December 5, 1974.[3] In 1973, Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II
made her an honorary Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Career highlights[edit] Wightman dominated American women's tennis before World War I
World War I
and had an unparalleled reputation for sportsmanship. Wightman won a lifetime total of 45 U.S. titles, the last at age 68. She won 16 titles overall at the U.S. Championships, four of them in singles (1909–11, 1919). Nine of her titles at the U.S. Championships came in 1909–11, when she swept the singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles competitions three consecutive years.[4] Wightman is known as the "Queen Mother of American Tennis" or "Lady Tennis" for her lifelong participation in and promotion of women's tennis and because she was instrumental in organizing the Ladies International Tennis
Tennis
Challenge between British and American women's teams, better known as the Wightman Cup.[5] The Cup was first held in 1923 and continued through 1989. She played five years on the American team and was the captain of the American team from inception of the competition through 1948. The Cup was composed of five singles and two doubles matches. The cup itself was donated in 1923 by Wightman in honor of her husband. The first contest, at Forest Hills, New York on August 11 and 13, 1923, was won by the United States. Born during the early days of American tennis, Wightman was a frail and awkward child. Her doctor recommended that she take up a sport to strengthen herself. Her brother suggested tennis as it was considered a "genteel" sport. Wightman learned to play at the nearby courts of the University of California, Berkeley
University of California, Berkeley
where she graduated in 1911. Her rivalry with fellow Californian, May Sutton, shaped a new women's game, with Wightman attacking the net to counter Sutton's dominating forehand.[6] Wightman devoted herself to teaching young people, opening her home near Boston's Longwood Cricket Club
Longwood Cricket Club
to aspiring champions. In recognition of Wightman's contributions to tennis, the USTA Service Bowl was donated in her honor. In 1973 Wightman was appointed as an honorary Commander of the Order of the British Empire.[7][8]

17 Grand Slam titles (4 singles, 7 women's doubles, 6 mixed doubles) Won all three titles at the U.S. Championships: 1909–1911 Won singles title at the U.S. Championships: 1909–1911, 1919 Runner-up in singles at the U.S. Championships: 1915 Won women's doubles title at the U.S. Championships: 1909–1911, 1915, 1924, 1928 Runner-up in women's doubles at the U.S. Championships: 1919, 1923 Won mixed doubles title at the U.S. Championships: 1909–1911, 1915, 1918, 1920 Runner-up in mixed doubles at the U.S. Championships: 1926 Won women's doubles title at Wimbledon: 1924 Olympic gold medalist in women's doubles and mixed doubles: 1924 Won singles title at the U.S. Indoor Championships: 1919, 1927 Won women's doubles title at the U.S. Indoor Championships: 1919, 1921, 1924, 1927–1931, 1933, 1943 Runner-up in women's doubles at the U.S. Indoor Championships: 1923, 1926, 1932, 1941, 1946 Won mixed doubles title at the U.S. Indoor Championships: 1923, 1924, 1926–1928 Won doubles title at the U.S. Grass Court Championships (for age 40 and over): 1940–1942, 1944, 1946–1950, 1952, 1954 U.S. Wightman Cup
Wightman Cup
team member: 1923, 1924, 1927, 1929, 1931 U.S. Wightman Cup
Wightman Cup
team captain: 1923, 1924, 1927, 1929, 1931, 1933, 1935, 1937–1939, 1946–1948 Winner of USTA Service Bowl, donated in Wightman's honor: 1940, 1946 Author of Better Tennis Coached several women champions, including Sarah Palfrey Cooke, Helen Wills Moody, and Helen Jacobs Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame
International Tennis Hall of Fame
in 1957 Appointed as an Honorary Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II
in 1973 Inducted into the International Women's Sports Hall of Fame in 1986 First honoree in the University of California
California
women's athlete hall of fame

Career in depth[edit]

Though short in stature, Wightman anticipated and moved extremely well around a tennis court. She perfected her volleying style early, hitting the ball against the family home in Berkeley, California, where she grew up and graduated from the University of California. She refused to let the ball bounce because the yard was so uneven. She used to play against her four brothers and then the proud and spiky Sutton sisters. Wightman was a shy, somewhat awed, and fascinated 22-year-old college girl when she arrived at the Philadelphia Cricket Club in 1909 for the U.S. Championships. She had never before played on grass, but she used her attacking style and rock-ribbed volleying—she was the first woman to rely so heavily on the volley—to win the all-comers final over Louise Hammond 6–8, 6–1, 6–4 and then the title over 39-year-old Maud Barger-Wallach
Maud Barger-Wallach
6–0, 6–1. Wightman also won the women's doubles and mixed doubles titles that year. In the 1910 Washington State Championships, Wightman won one of the few recorded "Golden Matches" in which the winner did not lose a point. She defeated a Miss Huiskamp (first name unknown).[9] Wightman successfully defended all three titles at the U.S. Championships in 1910 and 1911. Wightman easily defeated Hammond in the 1910 singles final. May Sutton, an old West Coast rival and singles titlist at the U.S. Championships in 1904, pushed Wightman hard in the 1911 singles final before Wightman prevailed 8–10, 6–4, 9–7. The most remarkable comeback in Wightman's career came at the singles final of the 1911 Niagara International Tennis
Tennis
Tournament against Sutton. After losing the first set 0–6 and going down 1–5 in the second, she won twelve straight games and the title 0–6, 7–5, 6–0.[6] In 1912, Wightman married Bostonian George Wightman and did not defend her U.S. titles. But, responding to a challenge from her father to win after becoming a mother, which would be a U.S. first, she played again in 1915, losing the singles final to Molla Bjurstedt Mallory
Molla Bjurstedt Mallory
but winning the women's doubles and mixed doubles titles. At age 32, she won her fourth singles title with the loss of only one set, beating Marion Zinderstein
Marion Zinderstein
6–1, 6–2 in the final. She also reached the women's doubles final. Thereafter, her success (U.S. adult titles between 1909 and 1943) was limited to doubles.[6] Wightman envisioned a team tournament for women similar to the Davis Cup and offered a silver vase as prize. In 1923, the British and Americans had the strongest women players. So, Julian Myrick of the United States
United States
Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Association decided that a U.S.-Britain competition would be in order for the Wightman Cup. The event, with Wightman captaining and playing for a winning U.S. side, opened the newly constructed stadium at Forest Hills, New York. A treasured series, it lasted through 1989, disbanding when the event was no longer competitive. Wightman, devoted to the game in all aspects, generously instructed innumerable players at no charge throughout her life. She also teamed with two of her protégées who later joined her in the International Tennis
Tennis
Hall of Fame to win important titles: Wimbledon, U.S., and Olympic doubles titles with Helen Wills Moody
Helen Wills Moody
in 1924 and U.S. Indoor women's doubles titles with Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
from 1928 through 1931. Her second Olympic gold medal in 1924 came in mixed doubles with Dick Williams. The last of Wightman's record 34 U.S. adult titles was recorded in 1943 as she, 56, and Pauline Betz Addie
Pauline Betz Addie
won the women's doubles title at the U.S. Indoor Championships over Lillian Lopaus and Judy Atterbury, 7–5, 6–1. Wightman was included in the year-end top ten rankings issued by the United States
United States
Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Association in 1915, 1918, and 1919 and was the top ranked U.S. player in 1919 (rankings began in 1913).[10] Grand Slam finals[edit] Singles: 5 ( 4 titles, 1 runner-up)[edit]

Result Year Championship Surface Opponent Score Ref.

Winner 1909 U.S. National Championships Grass Maud Barger-Wallach 6–0, 6–1 [11]

Winner 1910 U.S. National Championships Grass Louise Hammond Raymond 6–4, 6–2 [11]

Winner 1911 U.S. National Championships Grass Florence Sutton 8–10, 6–1, 9–7

Runner-up 1915 U.S. National Championships Grass Molla Bjurstedt 6–4, 2–6, 0–6 [11]

Winner 1919 U.S. National Championships Grass Marion Zinderstein 6–1, 6–2 [11]

Doubles: 9 ( 7 titles, 2 runners-up)[edit]

Result Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score Ref.

Winner 1909 U.S. National Championships Grass Edith Rotch Dorothy Green Lois Moyes 6–1, 6–1 [12]

Winner 1910 U.S. National Championships Grass Edith Rotch Adelaide Browning Edna Wildey 6–4, 6–4 [12]

Winner 1911 U.S. National Championships Grass Eleonora Sears Dorothy Green Florence Sutton 6–4, 4–6, 6–2 [12]

Winner 1915 U.S. National Championships Grass Eleonora Sears G. L. Chapman Helen Homans McLean 10–8, 6–2 [12]

Runner-up 1919 U.S. National Championships Grass Eleonora Sears Eleanor Goss Marion Zinderstein 8–10, 7–9 [12]

Runner-up 1923 U.S. National Championships Grass Eleanor Goss Phyllis Howkins Covell Kitty McKane 6–2, 2–6, 1–6 [12]

Winner 1924 Wimbledon Grass Helen Wills Phyllis Howkins Covell Kitty McKane 6–4, 6–4 [13]

Winner 1924 U.S. National Championships Grass Helen Wills Eleanor Goss Marion Zinderstein
Marion Zinderstein
Jessup 6–4, 6–3 [12]

Winner 1928 U.S. National Championships Grass Helen Wills Edith Cross Anna McCune Harper 6–2, 6–2 [12]

Mixed doubles: 8 ( 6 titles, 2 runners-up)[edit]

Result Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score Ref.

Winner 1909 U.S. National Championships Grass Wallace Johnson Louise Hammond Raymond Raymond Little 6–2, 6–0 [14]

Winner 1910 U.S. National Championships Grass Joseph Carpenter Edna Wildey Herbert Morris Tilden 6–2, 6–2 [14]

Winner 1911 U.S. National Championships Grass Wallace Johnson Edna Wildey Herbert Morris Tilden 6–4, 6–4 [14]

Winner 1915 U.S. National Championships Grass Harry Johnson Molla Bjurstedt Irving Wright 6–0, 6–1 [14]

Winner 1918 U.S. National Championships Grass Irving Wright Molla Bjurstedt Fred Alexander 6–2, 6–3 [14]

Winner 1920 U.S. National Championships Grass Wallace Johnson Molla Bjurstedt Mallory Craig Biddle 6–4, 6–3 [14]

Runner-up 1926 U.S. National Championships Grass René Lacoste Elizabeth Ryan Jean Borotra 4–6, 5–7 [14]

Runner-up 1927 U.S. National Championships Grass René Lacoste Eileen Bennett Henri Cochet 2–6, 6–0, 3–6

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline[edit]

Key

W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH

(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held.

Tournament 1909 1910 1911 1912 – 1914 1915 1916 – 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 Career SR

Australian Championships NH NH NH NH NH NH NH NH NH A A A A A A A 0 / 0

French Championships* R R R A NH NH NH A A A A NH A A A A 0 / 0

Wimbledon A A A A NH NH A A A A A 3R A A A A 0 / 1

U.S. Championships W W W A F A W A A A A A A 3R 1R QF 4 / 8

SR 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 0 1 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 4 / 9

R = tournament restricted to French nationals. SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

*Through 1923, the French Championships were open only to French nationals. The World Hard Court Championships (WHCC), actually played on clay in Paris or Brussels, began in 1912 and were open to all nationalities. The results from that tournament are shown here from 1912 through 1914 and from 1920 through 1923. The Olympics replaced the WHCC in 1924, as the Olympics were held in Paris. Beginning in 1925, the French Championships were open to all nationalities, with the results shown here beginning with that year. References[edit]

^ "Geo. H. Wightman, Pioneer in Tennis". New York Times. April 21, 1937.  ^ http://wiki.kappakappagamma.org/pages/Pi_Deuteron ^ Alfred E. Clark (March 6, 1974). " Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Dies; Holder of Tennis
Tennis
Titles was 86". New York Times.  ^ Collins, Bud (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis
Tennis
(2nd ed.). [New York]: New Chapter Press. pp. 467, 468, 479, 481. ISBN 978-0942257700.  ^ "Hall of Famers – Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman". International Tennis Hall of Fame. Retrieved 22 September 2012.  ^ a b c Ohnsorg, Roger W. Robert Lindley Murray: The Reluctant U.S. Tennis
Tennis
Champion; includes "The First Forty Years of American Tennis". Victoria, BC: Trafford On Demand Pub. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-4269-4514-4.  ^ "You would like to be served this time", Lewiston Evening journal, 25 August 1973 ^ Olympic profile of Hazel Wightman, Sports-Reference.com ^ All-Time Records, Tennis
Tennis
Magazine, February 1981, page 72 ^ United States
United States
Tennis
Tennis
Association (1988). 1988 Official USTA Tennis Yearbook. Lynn, Massachusetts: H.O. Zimman, Inc. p. 260.  ^ a b c d "US Open Past Champions / Women's Singles". US Open official website. Archived from the original on 2015-10-06. Retrieved 2015-10-09.  ^ a b c d e f g h "US Open Past Champions / Women's Doubles". US Open official website. Archived from the original on 2015-12-19. Retrieved 2015-10-09.  ^ "Wimbledon Rolls of Honour / Ladies Doubles". Wimbledon official tournament website. Retrieved 2015-10-09.  ^ a b c d e f g "US Open Past Champions / Mixed Doubles". US Open official website. Archived from the original on 2006-09-08. Retrieved 2015-10-09. 

Further reading[edit]

Tom Carter and Jim Hotchkiss, First Lady of Tennis: Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (June, 2001), Creative Arts Book Company, ISBN 978-0887393341

External links[edit]

Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
at the International Tennis
Tennis
Hall of Fame Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
at the International Tennis
Tennis
Federation 1972 Sports Illustrated Article – The Original Little Old Lady In Tennis
Tennis
Shoes

Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
in the Grand Slam Tournaments

v t e

U.S. National Championships women's singles champions

(1887) Ellen Hansell (1888) Bertha Townsend (1889) Bertha Townsend (1890) Ellen Roosevelt (1891) Mabel Cahill (1892) Mabel Cahill (1893) Aline Terry (1894) Helen Hellwig (1895) Juliette Atkinson (1896) Elisabeth Moore (1897) Juliette Atkinson (1898) Juliette Atkinson (1899) Marion Jones (1900) Myrtle McAteer (1901) Elisabeth Moore (1902) Marion Jones (1903) Elisabeth Moore (1904) May Sutton (1905) Elisabeth Moore (1906) Helen Homans (1907) Evelyn Sears (1908) Maud Barger-Wallach (1909) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (1910) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (1911) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (1912) Mary Browne (1913) Mary Browne (1914) Mary Browne (1915) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1916) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1917) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1918) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1919) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (1920) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1921) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1922) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1923) Helen Wills (1924) Helen Wills (1925) Helen Wills (1926) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1927) Helen Wills (1928) Helen Wills (1929) Helen Wills (1930) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
Shoemaker (1931) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1932) Helen Jacobs (1933) Helen Jacobs (1934) Helen Jacobs (1935) Helen Jacobs (1936) Alice Marble (1937) Anita Lizana (1938) Alice Marble (1939) Alice Marble (1940) Alice Marble (1941) Sarah Palfrey Cooke (1942) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (1943) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (1944) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (1945) Sarah Palfrey Cooke (1946) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (1947) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp (1948) Margaret Osborne duPont (1949) Margaret Osborne duPont (1950) Margaret Osborne duPont (1951) Maureen Connolly (1952) Maureen Connolly (1953) Maureen Connolly (1954) Doris Hart (1955) Doris Hart (1956) Shirley Fry
Shirley Fry
Irvin (1957) Althea Gibson (1958) Althea Gibson (1959) Maria Bueno (1960) Darlene Hard (1961) Darlene Hard (1962) Margaret Court (1963) Maria Bueno (1964) Maria Bueno (1965) Margaret Court (1966) Maria Bueno (1967) Billie Jean King

v t e

Pre Open Era Wimbledon ladies' doubles champions

(1913) Winifred McNair / Dora Boothby (1914) Agnes Morton / Elizabeth Ryan (1915-18) No competition (due to World War I) (1919) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1920) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1921) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1922) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1923) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1924) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Helen Wills (1925) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1926) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1927) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1928) Peggy Saunders Michel / Phoebe Holcroft Watson (1929) Peggy Saunders Michel / Phoebe Holcroft Watson (1930) Helen Wills Moody
Helen Wills Moody
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1931) Phyllis Mudford / Dorothy S. Barron (1932) Doris Metaxa / Josane Sigart (1933) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1934) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1935) Freda James
Freda James
/ Kay Stammers (1936) Freda James
Freda James
/ Kay Stammers (1937) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Billie Yorke (1938) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Alice Marble (1939) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Alice Marble (1940-45) No competition (due to World War II) (1946) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1947) Patricia Canning Todd / Doris Hart (1948) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1949) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1950) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1951) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Shirley Fry (1952) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Shirley Fry (1953) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Shirley Fry (1954) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1955) Angela Mortimer Barrett / Anne Shilcock (1956) Angela Buxton / Althea Gibson (1957) Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
/ Darlene Hard (1958) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Althea Gibson (1959) Jeanne Arth / Darlene Hard (1960) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Darlene Hard (1961) Karen Hantze Susman / Billie Jean Moffitt (1962) Karen Hantze Susman / Billie Jean Moffitt (1963) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Darlene Hard (1964) Margaret Court
Margaret Court
/ Lesley Turner Bowrey (1965) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Billie Jean Moffitt (1966) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Nancy Richey (1967) Rosemary Casals / Billie Jean King

v t e

U.S. National Championships women's doubles champions

(1889) Margarette Ballard / Bertha Townsend (1890) Ellen Roosevelt
Ellen Roosevelt
/ Grace Roosevelt (1891) Mabel Cahill
Mabel Cahill
/ Emma Leavitt Morgan (1892) Mabel Cahill
Mabel Cahill
/ Adeline McKinlay (1893) Aline Terry
Aline Terry
/ Harriet Butler (1894) Helen Hellwig / Juliette Atkinson (1895) Helen Hellwig / Juliette Atkinson (1896) Elisabeth Moore
Elisabeth Moore
/ Juliette Atkinson (1897) Juliette Atkinson / Kathleen Atkinson (1898) Juliette Atkinson / Kathleen Atkinson (1899) Jane Craven / Myrtle McAteer (1900) Edith Parker / Hallie Champlin (1901) Juliette Atkinson / Myrtle McAteer (1902) Juliette Atkinson / Marion Jones (1903) Elisabeth Moore
Elisabeth Moore
/ Carrie Neely (1904) May Sutton
May Sutton
Bundy / Miriam Hall (1905) Helen Homans / Carrie Neely (1906) Ann Burdette Coe / Ethel Bliss Platt (1907) Marie Wimer / Carrie Neely (1908) Evelyn Sears / Margaret Curtis (1909) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Edith Rotch (1910) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Edith Rotch (1911) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Eleonora Sears (1912) Dorothy Green / Mary Browne (1913) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Louise Riddell Williams (1914) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Louise Riddell Williams (1915) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Eleonora Sears (1916) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory
Molla Bjurstedt Mallory
/ Eleonora Sears (1917) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory
Molla Bjurstedt Mallory
/ Eleonora Sears (1918) Marion Jessup
Marion Jessup
/ Eleanor Goss (1919) Marion Jessup
Marion Jessup
/ Eleanor Goss (1920) Marion Jessup
Marion Jessup
/ Eleanor Goss (1921) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Louise Riddell Williams (1922) Marion Jessup
Marion Jessup
/ Helen Wills (1923) Kathleen McKane Godfree
Kathleen McKane Godfree
/ Phyllis Howkins Covell (1924) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Helen Wills (1925) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Helen Wills (1926) Elizabeth Ryan
Elizabeth Ryan
/ Eleanor Goss (1927) Kathleen McKane Godfree
Kathleen McKane Godfree
/ Ermyntrude Harvey (1928) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Helen Wills (1929) Phoebe Holcroft Watson
Phoebe Holcroft Watson
/ Peggy Mitchell (1930) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
Shoemaker / Sarah Palfrey Cooke (1931) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
Shoemaker / Eileen Bennett
Eileen Bennett
Whittingstall (1932) Helen Jacobs
Helen Jacobs
/ Sarah Palfrey Cooke (1933) Betthy Nutthall Shoemaker / Freda James (1934) Helen Jacobs
Helen Jacobs
/ Sarah Palfrey Cooke (1935) Helen Jacobs
Helen Jacobs
/ Sarah Palfrey Cooke (1936) Marjorie Gladman Van Ryn / Carolin Babcock Stark (1937) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Alice Marble (1938) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Alice Marble (1939) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Alice Marble (1940) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Alice Marble (1941) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1942) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1943) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1944) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1945) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1946) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1947) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1948) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1949) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1950) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1951) Shirley Fry
Shirley Fry
Irvin / Doris Hart (1952) Shirley Fry
Shirley Fry
Irvin / Doris Hart (1953) Shirley Fry
Shirley Fry
Irvin / Doris Hart (1954) Shirley Fry
Shirley Fry
Irvin / Doris Hart (1955) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1956) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1957) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Margaret Osborne duPont (1958) Jeanne Arth / Darlene Hard (1959) Jeanne Arth / Darlene Hard (1960) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Darlene Hard (1961) Darlene Hard / Lesley Turner Bowrey (1962) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Darlene Hard (1963) Robyn Ebbern
Robyn Ebbern
/ Margaret Smith (1964) Billie Jean Moffitt / Karen Hantze Susman (1965) Carole Caldwell Graebner
Carole Caldwell Graebner
/ Nancy Richey (1966) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Nancy Richey (1967) Rosemary Casals / Billie Jean King

v t e

U.S. National Championships mixed doubles champions

(1892) Mabel Cahill
Mabel Cahill
/ Clarence Hobart (1893) Ellen Roosevelt
Ellen Roosevelt
/ Clarence Hobart (1894) Juliette Atkinson / Edwin P. Fischer (1895) Juliette Atkinson / Edwin P. Fischer (1896) Juliette Atkinson / Edwin P. Fischer (1897) Laura Henson / D.L. Magruder (1898) Carrie Neely
Carrie Neely
/ Edwin P. Fischer (1899) Elizabeth Rastall / Albert Hoskins (1900) Margaret Hunnewell / Alfred Codman (1901) Marion Jones / Raymond Little (1902) Elisabeth Moore
Elisabeth Moore
/ Wylie Grant (1903) Helen Chapman / Harry Allen (1904) Elisabeth Moore
Elisabeth Moore
/ Wylie Grant (1905) Augusta Schultz Hobart / Clarence Hobart (1906) Sarah Coffin / Edward Dewhurst (1907) May Sayers / Wallace Johnson (1908) Edith Rotch / Nathaniel Niles (1909) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Wallace Johnson (1910) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Joseph Carpenter, Jr. (1911) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Wallace Johnson (1912) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ R. Norris Williams (1913) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Bill Tilden (1914) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Bill Tilden (1915) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Harry Johnson (1916) Eleonora Sears
Eleonora Sears
/ Willis E. Davis (1917) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory
Molla Bjurstedt Mallory
/ Irving Wright (1918) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Irving Wright (1919) Marion Jessup
Marion Jessup
/ Vincent Richards (1920) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Wallace Johnson (1921) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Bill Johnston (1922) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory
Molla Bjurstedt Mallory
/ Bill Tilden (1923) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory
Molla Bjurstedt Mallory
/ Bill Tilden (1924) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
/ Vincent Richards (1925) Kathleen McKane Godfree
Kathleen McKane Godfree
/ John Hawkes (1926) Elizabeth Ryan
Elizabeth Ryan
/ Jean Borotra (1927) Eileen Bennett
Eileen Bennett
Whittingstall / Henri Cochet (1928) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
/ John Hawkes (1929) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
Shoemaker / George Lott (1930) Edith Cross / Wilmer Allison (1931) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
Shoemaker / George Lott (1932) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Fred Perry (1933) Elizabeth Ryan
Elizabeth Ryan
/ Ellsworth Vines (1934) Helen Jacobs
Helen Jacobs
/ George Lott (1935) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Enrique Maier (1936) Alice Marble
Alice Marble
/ Gene Mako (1937) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Don Budge (1938) Alice Marble
Alice Marble
/ Don Budge (1939) Alice Marble
Alice Marble
/ Harry Hopman (1940) Alice Marble
Alice Marble
/ Bobby Riggs (1941) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Jack Kramer (1942) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Ted Schroeder (1943) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Bill Talbert (1944) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Bill Talbert (1945) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Bill Talbert (1946) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Bill Talbert (1947) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / John Bromwich (1948) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Tom Brown (1949) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp / Eric Sturgess (1950) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Ken McGregor (1951) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Frank Sedgman (1952) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Frank Sedgman (1953) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Vic Seixas (1954) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Vic Seixas (1955) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Vic Seixas (1956) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Ken Rosewall (1957) Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
/ Kurt Nielsen (1958) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Neale Fraser (1959) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Neale Fraser (1960) Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
/ Neale Fraser (1961) Margaret Smith / Bob Mark (1962) Margaret Smith / Fred Stolle (1963) Margaret Smith / Ken Fletcher (1964) Margaret Smith / John Newcombe (1965) Margaret Smith / Fred Stolle (1966) Donna Floyd Fales / Owen Davidson (1967) Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
/ Owen Davidson

v t e

Tennis at the Summer Olympics
Tennis at the Summer Olympics
• Olympic champions in women's doubles

Demonstration

1968:   Edda Buding
Edda Buding
& Helga Niessen (FRG)

Women's Doubles

1920:  Kathleen McKane & Winifred McNair (GBR) 1924:  Hazel Wightman & Helen Wills (USA) 1988:   Zina Garrison
Zina Garrison
& Pam Shriver (USA) 1992:   Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
& Mary Joe Fernández (USA) 1996:   Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
& Mary Joe Fernández (USA) 2000:   Serena Williams
Serena Williams
& Venus Williams (USA) 2004:   Sun Tiantian & Li Ting (CHN) 2008:   Serena Williams
Serena Williams
& Venus Williams (USA) 2012:   Serena Williams
Serena Williams
& Venus Williams (USA) 2016:   Ekaterina Makarova
Ekaterina Makarova
& Elena Vesnina (RUS)

v t e

Tennis at the Summer Olympics
Tennis at the Summer Olympics
• Olympic champions in mixed doubles

Demonstration

1968:   Julie Heldman
Julie Heldman
& Herbert Fitzgibbon (USA)

Indoor

1912:   Edith Hannam
Edith Hannam
& Charles Dixon (GBR)

Outdoor

1900:  Charlotte Cooper & Reginald Doherty (GBR) 1912:   Dorothea Köring
Dorothea Köring
& Heinrich Schomburgk (GER) 1920:   Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
& Max Décugis (FRA) 1924:  Hazel Wightman & Richard Williams (USA) 2012:   Victoria Azarenka
Victoria Azarenka
& Max Mirnyi (BLR) 2016:   Bethanie Mattek-Sands
Bethanie Mattek-Sands
& Jack Soc

.