Hatmaking or millinery is the design, manufacture and sale of hats and
head-ware. A person engaged in this trade is called a milliner or
Millinery is sold to women, men and children, though some definitions
limit the term to women's hats. Historically, milliners, typically
female shopkeepers, produced or imported an inventory of garments for
men, women, and children, including hats, shirts, cloaks, shifts,
caps, neckerchiefs, and undergarments, and sold these garments in
their millinery shop.
More recently, the term milliner has evolved to describe a person who
designs, makes, sells or trims hats primarily for a female clientele.
The origin of the term is probably the Middle English milener, meaning
an inhabitant of the city of
Milan or one who deals in items from
Milan, known for its fashion and clothing.
2 Notable hatters and milliners
3 See also
5 External links
Main article: List of headgear
Many styles of headgear have been popular through history and worn for
different functions and events. They can be part of uniforms or worn
to indicate social status. Styles include the top hat, hats worn as
part of military uniforms, cowboy hat, and cocktail hat.
Notable hatters and milliners
This is a partial list of people who have had a significant influence
on hatmaking and millinery.
Hat Company, an American manufacturer credited with
inventing one of America's most popular early 20th century harvest
hats for field hands, farmers, and workmen.
Hawley Products Company, an American manufacturer credited with
inventing the tropical shaped, pressed fiber sun helmet used from
World War II
World War II through the Persian Gulf War.
John Cavanagh, an American hatter whose innovations included
manufacturing regular, long and wide-oval fitting hats to enable
customers to find better-fitting ready-to-wear hats.
James Lock & Co. of London (founded 1676), is credited with the
introduction of the bowler hat in 1849.
John Batterson Stetson, credited with inventing the classic cowboy
Giuseppe Borsalino, with the famous "Borsalino"
The Millinery Shop
The Millinery Shop by Edgar Degas
Anna Ben-Yusuf wrote The Art of Millinery (1909), one of the first
reference books on millinery technique.
Rose Bertin, milliner and modiste to Marie Antoinette, is often
described as the world's first celebrity fashion designer.
John Boyd was one of London's most respected milliners and is known
for the famous pink tricorn hat worn by Diana, Princess of Wales.
Lilly Daché was a famous American milliner of the mid-20th century.
Frederick Fox was an Australian born milliner noted for his designs
for the British Royal family.
Mr. John was an American milliner considered by some to be the
millinery equivalent of Dior in the 1940s and 1950s.
Stephen Jones of London, is considered one of the world's most radical
and important milliners of the late 20th and early 21st centuries.
Simone Mirman was known for her designs for
Elizabeth II and other
members of the British Royal Family.
Caroline Reboux was a renowned milliner of the 19th and early 20th
David Shilling is a renowned milliner, artist and designer based in
Justin Smith is an award-winning milliner creating bespoke and couture
hats under the J Smith Esquire brand.
Philip Treacy of London is an award-winning milliner.
Mad hatter disease
Mad as a hatter
Marchandes de modes
^ "Milliner". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
^ American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition
Bowler hat makes a comeback Telegraph (London). Retrieved 9 June
^ Reynolds, William and Rich Rand (1995) The Cowboy
Hat book. Pg 8
^ Jones, Stephen & Cullen, Oriole (editor) (2009). Hats: An
Anthology. V&A Publishing. ISBN 1-85177-557-9. CS1
maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
^ Steele, Valerie (2010). The Berg Companion to Fashion. Berg.
pp. 72–73. ISBN 1847885926. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
^ "John Boyd". The FMD - FashionModelDirectory.com.
^ "Mr. John, 91,
Hat Designer for Stars and Society". 29 June
^ Biography of Stephen Jones on the V&A Museum website, accessed 1
^ Hillier, Bevis (13 October 1985). "
Hat Trick". LA Times. Retrieved
24 January 2013.
All Sewn Up: Millinery, Dressmaking, Clothing and Costume
18th Century millinery
Popular Science, November 1941, "Pulling Hats Out Of Rabbits" article
on modern mass production hat making
Individuality in millinery, a 1923 book on hatmaking from The
Metropolitan Museum of Art Libraries (fully available online as PDF)
Millinery guide (UK)
Decorative arts and handicrafts
Pressed flower craft