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Hastinapur
Hastinapur
is a town and a nagar panchayat in Meerut district
Meerut district
in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It has an ancient history, with occupation going back to 1100 BCE revealed by archaeological excavations. It is described in Hindu
Hindu
texts ( Mahabharata
Mahabharata
and Puranas) as the capital of the Kuru Kingdom, and it is also mentioned in ancient Jain texts.[1]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Geography and climate 4 Demographics 5 Places of interest 6 Temples and monuments

6.1 Shri Digamber Jain Prachin Bada Mandir 6.2 Shri Shwetambar Jain Temple 6.3 Kailash Parvat Rachna 6.4 Jambudweep
Jambudweep
Jain Tirth 6.5 Pandeshwar Temple 6.6 Karna
Karna
Temple 6.7 Bhai Dharam Singh Gurdwara

7 Hastinapur
Hastinapur
Sanctuary 8 Festivals and fairs 9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

Etymology[edit] Hastinapuram (Sanskrit) Hastina (elephant) + puram (city) is a city named after the Elephants. History of this place begins from the period of Mahabharata.[citation needed] It is also said that this place is named after the King Hastina.[2] It is also described as Gajapuram, Nagapura, Asandivata, Brahmasthalam, Shanti Nagaram and Kunjarpuram in ancient texts.[citation needed] History[edit]

Balarama
Balarama
pulling Hastinapur
Hastinapur
toward the Ganges, page from a Bhagavata Dasamskanda series.

Yudhisthira
Yudhisthira
arrives in Hastinapur
Hastinapur
at the end of Kurukshetra War
Kurukshetra War
in the epic Mahabharata.

Located on the right bank of an old bed of the Ganga, known in literature and tradition as the capital of the Kauravas of the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
fame. Hastinapur
Hastinapur
was the capital of the Kuru Kingdom. Many incidents in the epic Mahabharata
Mahabharata
have taken place in the city of Hastinapur. The birth of the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
villains, the 100 Kauravas, happened here, by their mother, Queen Gandhari, wife of King Dhritarashtra. On the bank of the Budhi Ganga, two places known as Draupadi
Draupadi
Ghat[3] and Karna
Karna
Ghat remind one of the Mahabharata personages. The first reference to Hastinapur
Hastinapur
in Puranas
Puranas
comes as the capital of Emperor Bharata. Samrat Samprati, the grandson of the emperor Asoka the Great, of the Mauryan Empire, built many temples here during his empire. The ancient temple and stupas are not present today. Excavation at Hastinapur
Hastinapur
was carried out in the early 1950s by B.B. Lal, Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India. Although the main aim of this excavation, mentioned by Lal himself, was to find out the stratigraphic position of Painted Grey Ware
Painted Grey Ware
with reference to other known ceramic industries of the early historical period, Lal also ended up making correlations between the text of the Mahabharata and the material remains that he uncovered at Hastinapur. This exercise led him to historicize some of the traditions mentioned in the text, as well as link the appearance of the Painted Grey Ware
Painted Grey Ware
with Aryans in upper Ganges
Ganges
basin areas.[4] Though pre-history of Hastinapur
Hastinapur
is not clear as full scale excavation could not be undertaken in inhabited area. In the medieval era, Hastinapur
Hastinapur
was attacked by Mughal ruler Babur
Babur
when invading Hindustan. During British India, Hastinapur
Hastinapur
was ruled by the Gujjar
Gujjar
Raja Nain Singh Nagar. He built many Hindu
Hindu
temples in and around Hastinapura.[5] Geography and climate[edit] In the present-day Hastinapur
Hastinapur
is a town in the Doab
Doab
region of Uttar Pradesh in India
India
around 37 km from Meerut
Meerut
and 90 km north-east of Delhi
Delhi
on National Highway 119. It is a small township re-established by Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru
on February 6, 1949. Hastinapur
Hastinapur
is located at 29°10′N 78°01′E / 29.17°N 78.02°E / 29.17; 78.02.[6] Hastinapur
Hastinapur
has an average elevation of 218 metres, and it experiences extremes of climate similar to the other cities of Uttar Pradesh. The summer season is from the month of March to the month of May, during which the temperatures vary from a minimum of about 32 °C to about 40 °C. The monsoon season is from July to September, and temperatures during this time are usually moderately low. In winter (between December and February), temperatures can drop to nearly 5 °C and usually don't rise beyond 14 °C, with December being the coldest month in the year. Demographics[edit] As of the 2001 Census of India, Hastinapur
Hastinapur
had a population of 21,248. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Hastinapur
Hastinapur
has an average literacy rate of 73.9%, above than the national average of 59.5%. In Hastinapur, 15% of the population is under 10 years of age.[7] Places of interest[edit] Located on the banks of old ravine of Ganges, Hastinapur
Hastinapur
is considered one of the holiest place by both Hindus and Jains alike. It is believed to be the birthplace of three Jain Tirthankaras. There are many ancient Hindu
Hindu
temples, Pandeshwar Temple, Karna
Karna
Temple and Jain temples such as Shri Digamber Jain Mandir, Jambudweep, Kailash Parvat, Shwetambar Jain Temple. Apart from these temples, a nearby Gurdwara and Hastinapur Sanctuary
Hastinapur Sanctuary
are also popular among tourists. Temples and monuments[edit] Shri Digamber Jain Prachin Bada Mandir[edit]

Pracheen Bada Mandir

Column of Dignity (Manastambha) of Shri Digamber Jain Bada Mandir

Main article: Digamber Jain Mandir Hastinapur Shri Digamber Jain Bada Mandir is the oldest Jain Temple in Hastinapur. The main temple is believed to be built in the year 1801 under the auspices of Raja Harsukh Rai, who was the imperial treasurer of the Emperor Shah Alam II.[8][9] The principal deity in the main temple is of 16th Jain Tirthankar, Shri Shantinath
Shantinath
in Padmasana posture. The altar also has idols of 17th and 18th Tirthankara, Shri Kunthunath
Kunthunath
and Shri Aranath
Aranath
on each side.[10] There are dozens of other temples and historical monuments in the premises which were mostly built in the late 20th century. Shri Digamber Jain Mandir Tirth Kshetra Committee is also managing numerous Dharamshalas for Jain pilgrims. It has many other facilities including Post Office, Police Sub-station, Jain Gurukul
Gurukul
and Udaseen ashram. There are nearby sites of tourist attraction as well, like Jal Mandir, Jain Library, Acharya Vidyanand Museum, 24 Tonks and ancient Nishiyaji’s, situated few kilometres from the main temple.[11] Shri Shwetambar Jain Temple[edit]

Ashtapad

The Shwetambar temple is renovated recently and the re-establishment took place on Margashirsha Shukla of VS 2021. Ashtapad Teerth built under the aegis of Shri Shwetambar Jain Temple is 151 feet high structure.[12] The architectural details of this monument is worth being seen. The Panch-kalyanak Pratishtha
Panch-kalyanak Pratishtha
took place in December 2009 under nishra of Gachhadipati Acharya Nityanand Surishwerji. Jain Sthanak is also situated near to Shwetambar Jain Temple.[13] Kailash Parvat Rachna[edit] Kailash Parvat is a 131 feet high structure, constructed under the aegis of Shri Digamber Jain Mandir Hastinapur. The principal deity here is of Rishabhanatha, the first Tirthankara. The Panch-kalyanak Pratishtha Mahotsava of Kailash Parvat was accomplished in April 2006. Kailash Parvat premises has various Jain Temples, Yatri Niwas, Bhojanshala, Auditorium, Helipad and lots of tourist attractions.[14][15] Jambudweep
Jambudweep
Jain Tirth[edit]

Jambudweep

Main article: Jambudweep Jambudweep
Jambudweep
depicting the model Jain cosmology
Jain cosmology
has been designed here under the supervision of Shri Gyanmati Mataji
Gyanmati Mataji
was in 1985. The premises has various Jain temples which includes Sumeru Parvat, Lotus Temple, Teen Murti Mandir, Meditation Temple, Badi Murti, Teen Lok Rachna and many other tourist attractions.[16] Pandeshwar Temple[edit] Located in the ruins of the old city of Hastinapur, Pandeshwar temple, believed to be around 7000-year-old [17][not in citation given] is dedicated to Lord Shiva.This temple is believed to be a place where Kauravas and Pandavas took education of Vedas
Vedas
and Puranas. A temple of Goddess Kali
Goddess Kali
and many Hindu
Hindu
Ashrams
Ashrams
are also present on hillock of the ruins. Karna
Karna
Temple[edit]

Karneshwar Mandir

Karna
Karna
Temple is dated to about 4000 B.C.[18][not in citation given] is situated near to Pandeshwar temple, lies on the bank of old ravine of Ganges. The Shivling
Shivling
inside Karna
Karna
temple is said to be established by Karna, one of the central figures in the epic of Mahabharata.[19] Bhai Dharam Singh Gurdwara[edit] It is a small Gurdwara
Gurdwara
located in a village Saifpur, some 2.5 km (1.6 mi) away from Hastinapur. Bhai Dharam Singh (1666–1708) was one of the Panj Pyare
Panj Pyare
(Punjabi: ਪੰਜ ਪਿਆਰੇ) or the Five Beloved, the forerunners of Khalsa. He was the son of Bhai Sant Ram of the village Saifpur.[20][21] Hastinapur
Hastinapur
Sanctuary[edit]

Migratory birds at Hastinapur
Hastinapur
Wildlife Sanctuary

Hastinapur Sanctuary
Hastinapur Sanctuary
is one of the prominent wildlife projects in India. It was constituted in the year 1986. The sanctuary extends over a wide area of Meerut, Bijnore, Hapur
Hapur
and Jyotiba Phule Nagar
Jyotiba Phule Nagar
in Uttar Pradesh. The Hastinapur Sanctuary
Hastinapur Sanctuary
is a sprawling forest occupying the area of 2073 km2.[22][23] Festivals and fairs[edit] Various cultural and religious fairs are held here round the year, like Akshaya Tritiya, Das Lakshana, Kartik mela, Holi
Holi
mela, Durga Puja and many other programs are organised by NGOs and the tourism department round the year. See also[edit]

Indraprastha Mahabharata Digamber Jain Mandir Hastinapur Jambudweep

References[edit]

^ Upinder Singh (2008), A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India: From the Stone Age to the 12th Century, p.281 ^ J.P. Mittal (2006). History Of Ancient India
India
(a New Version) : From 7300 Bb To 4250 Bc,. Vol. 1. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers & Distributors. p. 308. ISBN 978-81-269-0615-4. Retrieved 21 March 2018.  ^ "Excavation Sites in Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
- Archaeological Survey of India". asi.nic.in.  ^ "Excavation Sites in Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
- Archaeological Survey of India". asi.nic.in. Retrieved 25 August 2015.  ^ "Unreason and Archaeology: The 'Painted Grey-Ware' and Beyond". jstor.org.  ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Hastinapur, India". fallingrain.com. Retrieved 25 August 2015.  ^ "Census of India
India
2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  ^ http://mdameerut.in/major-attraction/ ^ http://www.digambarjainonline.com/pilgri/hastina.htm ^ A Review of World Antiquarianism: Comparative Perspectives. Getty Publications. p. 431. ISBN 978-1606061480.  ^ "Shri Digamber Jain Prachin Bada Mandir Hastinapur, Meerut(U.P.), Jain Mandir, Mandir, Mandir in Hastinapur, Mandir in Uttar Pradesh, Mandir in India, Jain bada mandir in hastinapur, Shri Digamber Jain Mandir, Shri Digamber Jain Prachin Mandir, Shri Digamber Jain Bada Mandir". jainbaramandirhtr.com. Retrieved 25 August 2015.  ^ "on www.jainsamaj.org ( Jainism, Ahimsa News, Religion, Non-Violence, Culture, Vegetarianism, Meditation, India. )". jainsamaj.org. Retrieved 25 August 2015.  ^ "HereNow4U.net :: Article Archive - The 151 Foot High Ashtapad Teerth in Hastinapur". HereNow4u: Portal
Portal
on Jainism
Jainism
and next level consciousness. Retrieved 25 August 2015.  ^ "Home". kailashparvat.org. Retrieved 25 August 2015.  ^ "WWW.JAINHERITAGECENTRES.COM > Jainism
Jainism
In India
India
> Uttar Pradesh > Hastinapur
Hastinapur
> Kailash parvat Mandir". jainheritagecentres.com. Retrieved 25 August 2015.  ^ "Home". jambudweep.org. Retrieved 25 August 2015.  ^ "Work on Mahabharat Circuit to start soon". The Hindu. Retrieved 25 August 2015.  ^ "Work on Mahabharat Circuit to start soon". The Hindu. Retrieved 25 August 2015.  ^ "Work on Mahabharat Circuit to start soon". The Hindu. Retrieved 25 August 2015.  ^ "Bhai Dharam Sing Gurdwara
Gurdwara
- Hastinapur
Hastinapur
- Bhai Dharam Sing Gurdwara Photos, Sightseeing - Native Planet". nativeplanet.com. Retrieved 25 August 2015.  ^ http://www.up-tourism.com/destination/meerut/excursions.htm ^ " Hastinapur
Hastinapur
sanctuary". The Hindu. Retrieved 25 August 2015.  ^ " Hastinapur
Hastinapur
Sanctuary". indiatravelfaq.com. Retrieved 25 August 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

B.B. Lal (1952). New Light on the "dark Age" of Indian History: Recent Excavations at the Hastinapura Site, Near Delhi. Illustrated London news.  Braj Basi Lal (1955). Excavations at Hastinapura and Other Explorations [in the Upper Gangā and Sutlej Basins], 1950-52. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Hastinapur
Hastinapur
at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

Mahabharata

Books (parvas)

Adi Sabha Vana Virata Udyoga Bhishma Drona Karna Shalya Sauptika Stri Shanti Anushasana Ashvamedhika Ashramavasika Mausala Mahaprasthanika Svargarohana Harivamsa

Kuru Kingdom

Shantanu Ganga Bhishma Satyavati Chitrāngada Vichitravirya Ambika Ambalika Vidura Dhritarashtra Gandhari Pandu Kunti Madri Pandavas

Yudhisthira Bhima Arjuna Nakula Sahadeva

Draupadi Kauravas

Duryodhana Dushasana Vikarna Yuyutsu Dushala

Hidimbi Ghatotkacha Ahilawati Subhadra Uttarā Ulupi Chitrāngadā Abhimanyu Iravan Babruvahana Barbarika Upapandavas Parikshit Janamejaya

Other characters

Amba Ashwatthama Balarama Bhagadatta Brihannala Chekitana Chitrasena Dhrishtadyumna Drona Drupada Durvasa Ekalavya Hidimba Jarasandha Jayadratha Kali (demon) Karna Kichaka Kindama Kripa Krishna Kritavarma Mayasura Sanjaya Satyaki Shakuni Shalya Shikhandi Shishupala Bahlika Sudeshna Uttara Kumara Virata Vrishasena Vyasa

Related articles

Avatars Hastinapur Indraprastha Kingdoms Kurukshetra War Bhagavad Gita Vedic-Puranic chronol

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