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Henry DeWitt Carey II (January 16, 1878 – September 21, 1947) was an American actor and one of silent film's earliest superstars, usually cast as a Western hero. One of his best known performances is as the president of the United States Senate in the drama film Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939), for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. He was the father of Harry Carey Jr., who was also a prominent actor.

Early life

Human Stuff (1920)

Carey was born in the Bronx, New York, a son of Henry DeWitt Carey [1][better source needed] (a newspaper source gives the actor's name as "Harry DeWitt Carey II").[2] a prominent lawyer and judge of the New York Supreme Court, and his wife Ella J. (Ludlum). He grew up on City Island, Bronx.[3]

Carey was a cowboy, railway superintendent, author, lawyer and playwright. He attended Hamilton Military Academy, then studied law at New York University.[4]

Stage

When a boating accident led to pneumonia, he wrote a play, Montana, while recuperating and toured the country performing in it[2] for three years.[4] His play was very successful, but Carey lost it all when his next play was a failure. In 1911, his friend Henry B. Walthall introduced him to director D.W. Griffith, with whom Carey would make many films.[5]

Carey's Broadway credits include But Not Goodbye, Ah, Wilderness, and Heavenly Express.[6]

Career

Harry Carey and cowboys (1916)

Carey first appeared in a film in 1908. He was contracted to make four films—not only acting but also doing his own stunt work.[2] He is best remembered as one of the first stars of the Western film genre.

In 1909, Carey began working for the Biograph Company. In 1911, he was signed by D.W. Griffith. His first film for Griffith was The Sorrowful Shore, a sea story.[4]

One of his most popular roles was as the good-hearted outlaw Cheyenne Harry. The Cheyenne Harry franchise spanned two decades, from A Knight of the Range (1916) to Aces Wild (1936).[7] Carey starred in director John Ford's first feature film, Straight Shooting (1917).

Carey's rugged frame and craggy features were well suited to westerns and outdoor adventures. When sound films arrived, Carey displayed an assured, gritty baritone voice that suited his rough-hewn screen personality. He was the logical choice for the title role in MGM's outdoor jungle epic Trader Horn. By this time Carey, already in his fifties, was too mature for most leading roles, and the only starring roles that he was offered were in low-budget westerns and the Bronx, New York, a son of Henry DeWitt Carey [1][better source needed] (a newspaper source gives the actor's name as "Harry DeWitt Carey II").[2] a prominent lawyer and judge of the New York Supreme Court, and his wife Ella J. (Ludlum). He grew up on City Island, Bronx.[3]

Carey was a cowboy, railway superintendent, author, lawyer and playwright. He attended Hamilton Military Academy, then studied law at New York University.[4]

Stage

When a boating accident led to pneumonia, he wrote a play, Montana, while recuperating and toured the country performing in it[2] for three years.[4] His play was very successful, but Carey lost it all when his next play was a failure. In 1911, his friend Henry B. Walthall introduced him to director D.W. Griffith, with whom Carey would make many films.[5]

Carey's Broadway credits include But Not Goodbye, Ah, Wilderness, and Heavenly Express.[6]

Career

Harry Carey and cowboys (1916)
New York University.[4]

When a boating accident led to pneumonia, he wrote a play, Montana, while recuperating and toured the country performing in it[2] for three years.[4] His play was very successful, but Carey lost it all when his next play was a failure. In 1911, his friend Henry B. Walthall introduced him to director D.W. Griffith, with whom Carey would make many films.[5]

Carey's Broadway credits include But Not Goodbye, Ah, Wilderness, and Heavenly Express.Broadway credits include But Not Goodbye, Ah, Wilderness, and Heavenly Express.[6]

Carey first appeared in a film in 1908. He was contracted to make four films—not only acting but also doing his own stunt work.[2] He is best remembered as one of the first stars of the Western film genre.

In 1909, Carey began working for the Biograph Company. In 1911, he was signed by D.W. Griffith. His first film for Griffith was The Sorrowful Shore, a sea story.[4]

One of his most popular roles was as the good-hearted outlaw Cheyenne Harry. The Cheyenne Harry franchise spanned two decades, from A Knight of the Range (1916) to Aces Wild (1936).[7] Carey starred in director John Ford's first feature film, Straight Shooting (1917).

Carey's rugged frame and craggy features were well suited to westerns and outdoor adventures. When sound films arrived, Carey displayed an assured, gritty baritone voice that suited his rough-hewn screen personality. He was the logical choice for the title role in MGM's outdoor jungle epic Trader Horn. By this time Carey, already in his fifties, was too mature for most leading roles, and the only starring roles that he was offered were in low-budget westerns and serials. He soon settled into a comfortable career as a solid, memorable character actor; he received an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor for his role as the President of the Senate in the 1939 film Mr. Smith Goes to Washington. Among hi

In 1909, Carey began working for the Biograph Company. In 1911, he was signed by D.W. Griffith. His first film for Griffith was The Sorrowful Shore, a sea story.[4]

One of his most popular roles was as the good-hearted outlaw Cheyenne Harry. The Cheyenne Harry franchise spanned two decades, from A Knight of the Range (1916) to Aces Wild (1936).[7] Carey starred in director John Ford's first feature film, Straight Shooting (1917).

Carey's rugged frame and craggy features were well suited to westerns and outdoor adventures. When sound films arrived, Carey displayed an assured, gritty baritone voice that suited his rough-hewn screen personality. He was the logical choice for the title role in MGM's outdoor jungle epic Trader Horn. By this time Carey, already in his fifties, was too mature for most leading roles, and the only starring roles that he was offered were in low-budget westerns and serials. He soon settled into a comfortable career as a solid, memorable character actor; he received an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor for his role as the President of the Senate in the 1939 film Mr. Smith Goes to Washington. Among his other notable later roles were that of M/Sgt. Robert White, crew chief of the bomber "Mary Ann" in the 1943 Howard Hawks film Air Force and Mr. Melville, the cattle buyer, in Hawks's Red River. Carey made his Broadway stage debut in 1940, in Heavenly Express with John Garfield.

Carey married at least twice and possibly a third time. Census records for 1910 indicate he had a wife named Clare E. Carey. Some references state that he was also married to an actress named Fern Foster.[8]

His last marriage was in 1920 to actress Olive Fuller Golden, "daughter of John Fuller Golden, one of the greatest of the vaudevillians."[9] Harry

His last marriage was in 1920 to actress Olive Fuller Golden, "daughter of John Fuller Golden, one of the greatest of the vaudevillians."[9] Harry and Olive were together until his death in 1947. They purchased a 1,000-acre[2] ranch in Saugus, California, north of Los Angeles, which was later turned into Tesoro Adobe Historic Park in 2005.[10]

The Careys had a son, Harry Carey, Jr., and a daughter, Ella "Cappy" Carey.[4] Harry Carey, Jr., nicknamed Dobe,[11] would become a character actor, most famous for his roles in westerns. Father and son both appear (albeit in different scenes) in the 1948 film Red River, and mother and son are both featured in 1956's The Searchers.

A long-time cigar smoker, Harry Carey died in 1947 from coronary thrombosis, at the age of 69, which is believed to have been aggravated by a bite from a black widow spider a month earlier.[12] However, more reliable sources refute the arachnid anecdote listed in contemporary Associated Press reports. Carey's son blamed a combination of emphysema and cancer in his 1994 memoir Company of Heroes: My Life As an Actor in the John Ford Stock Company.[13] In Print the Legend: The Life and Times of John Ford, author Scott Eyman states that lung cancer was the cause of death.[14] He was interred in Woodlawn Cemetery in the family mausoleum in the Bronx, New York.[15]

Honors and homages