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Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
Day is an American holiday in honor of the anti-slavery activist Harriet Tubman, observed on March 10 in the whole country, and in the U.S. state of New York. Observances also occur locally around the U.S. state of Maryland.

Contents

1 History 2 Observances by state 3 Origins 4 See also

4.1 Other holidays honoring African Americans 4.2 Other holidays honoring women

5 References 6 External links

History[edit] The holiday was approved as Public Law 101-252 by the 101st Congress in a joint resolution on March 13, 1990. The law was considered and passed by the U.S. Senate on March 6, 1990 and then was considered and passed through the U.S. House of Representatives on March 7, 1990.[1] U.S. President George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
gave Proclamation 6107 on March 9, 1990 proclaiming the holiday.[2] In February 1995, Christ Episcopal Church, Great Choptank Parish, in Cambridge, Maryland
Cambridge, Maryland
celebrated (via a "service of song and word") Tubman's nomination, the previous year, to the liturgical Calendar of Saints of the Episcopal Church. The parish is the home of Dorchester County's Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
Coalition. Final approval of naming her a saint occurred at the 1997 General Convention,[3] and Tubman is now commemorated together with Amelia Bloomer, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Sojourner Truth in the calendar of saints of the Episcopal Church on July 20. The calendar of saints of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America remembers Tubman and Truth on March 10. Observances by state[edit]

State Current local observances

Maryland Louis C. Fields, President of the African American Tourism Council of MD is the founder of Harriet Ross Tubman Day of Remembrance in the State of Maryland
Maryland
in year 2000. Fields requested former State Senator Clarence Mitchell IV (C4) to introduce legislation to have the State of Maryland
Maryland
designate and annually recognize March 10 as officially Harriet Ross Tubman Day of Remembrance in the State of Maryland. The resolution passed both the House of Delegates and the Maryland
Maryland
Senate in March 2000. Annually, Fields hosts the Tubman Day celebrations across the State of Maryland
Maryland
and on a date closest to March 10, Fields hosts the annual Harriet Ross Tubman Day in Annapolis at the Maryland General Assembly. Annually, the Governor of Maryland
Maryland
issues the State's Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
Day Proclamation proclaiming March 10 as Harriet Ross Tubman in MD. Also, each year Fields selects a deserving person to be the recipient of the Harriet Ross Tubman Lifetime Achievement Award presented in the Maryland
Maryland
General Assembly. The program includes an annual Tubman lecture (2016-Dr. Dale Green, MSU professor) and the reading of the Governor's proclamation by a United States Naval Academy Midshipman. President Barack Obama designated a part of Dorchester county as a National Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
Park. Past Tubman Day Awardees include... 2016-Janice Greene Curtis, Tubman re-enactor, storyteller. 2015-Dr. Ruth J. Pratt, educator. 2014-Marsha Jews, Planner, Media personality. 2013-Barbara Tagger, NPS administrator. 2012-Senator Barbara Mikulski. 2011-Dr. Clara Smalls, educator. 2010-Delegate Adrienne Jones. 2009-Bettye McLeod. 2008-Verda Day-Jones,actress (deceased) & Louise Webb-historian. 2007-Dr. Kay McElvey, historian, educator. 2006-Wylene Burch, educator, museum founder (deceased). 2005-Delegate Hattie Harrison & Delegate Ruth Kirk (both deceased). 2004-Rachel Hall Brown, educator, author, (deceased). 2003-Evelyn Townsend, educator (deceased). 2002-Addie Richburg, UGRR advocate. 2001-Dr. Thelma Daley, educator, Vice-Chair NCNW. 2000-Dr. Joanne Martin, museum founder update 2017: The March 2017 Maryland
Maryland
Tubman Day program will be held in Annapolis, Maryland
Maryland
to coincide the grand opening of the Harriet Tubman Museum & Discovery Center in Cambridge, Maryland
Cambridge, Maryland
on Tubman Day, March 10, 2017. A Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
Underground Railroad
Underground Railroad
Conference is held in Cambridge during June each year. Source: Lou Fields, Founder, Tubman Day in MD. 2016: Governor of Maryland
Maryland
Larry Hogan
Larry Hogan
issued a proclamation which was read by Midshipman from the U.S. Naval Academy.[4] A symposium is held on March 10 at the Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
Byway.[5]

New York The holiday is a legal observance in the state. As of 2003,[6] the holiday was made official in the U.S. state of New York. The bill was sponsored by State Senator Michael F. Nozzolio, and was passed as Bill #A2087.[7][8][9] In Auburn, New York, Mayor Michael D. Quill, Sr. issued an official proclamation.[10]

Origins[edit] Main articles: Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
and Underground Railroad

Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
(photo H. B. Lindsley), c. 1870. A worker on the Underground Railroad, Tubman made 13 trips to the South, helping to free over 70 people. She led people to the northern free states and Canada. This helped Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
gain the name "Moses of Her People".[11]

Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
(born Araminta Ross; c. 1822[12] – March 10, 1913) was an American abolitionist, humanitarian, and an armed scout and spy for the United States
United States
Army during the American Civil War. Born into slavery, Tubman escaped and subsequently made some thirteen missions to rescue approximately seventy enslaved families and friends,[11] using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. She later helped abolitionist John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry, and in the post-war era was an active participant in the struggle for women's suffrage.

Map of various Underground Railroad
Underground Railroad
routes

When the Civil War began, Tubman worked for the Union Army, first as a cook and nurse, and then as an armed scout and spy. The first woman to lead an armed expedition in the war, she guided the raid at Combahee Ferry, which liberated more than 700 slaves. After the war, she retired to the family home on property she had purchased in 1859 in Auburn, New York, where she cared for her aging parents. She was active in the women's suffrage movement until illness overtook her and she had to be admitted to a home for elderly African-Americans that she had helped to establish years earlier. After she died in 1913, she became an icon of American courage and freedom. See also[edit]

Public holidays in the United States

Other holidays honoring African Americans[edit]

Martin Luther King, Jr. Day Malcolm X Day Rosa Parks Day

Other holidays honoring women[edit]

Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day
(February 4 / December 1) National Girls and Women in Sports Day (one day first week of February) Susan B. Anthony Day
Susan B. Anthony Day
(February 15) International Women's Day, (March 8) Helen Keller Day
Helen Keller Day
(June 27) Women's Equality Day
Women's Equality Day
(August 26)

References[edit]

^ "Harriet Tubman".  ^ "Proclamation 6107 - Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
Day, 1990".  ^ Somerville, Frank P. L. (February 20, 1995). " Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
honored as a saint". Baltimore Sun. Cambridge, MD.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ "USNA Midshipman Presents Governor's Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
Day Proclamation".  ^ "Tubman Day Symposium Set for March 10th".  ^ " Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
Day: March 10".  ^ "METRO NEWS BRIEFS: NEW YORK; Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
Day Proposed as Holiday".  ^ "An act to amend the general construction law, in relation to the designation of Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
day".  ^ "Senate Bill S2038".  ^ "City of Auburn honors March 10 as Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
Day".  ^ a b Larson, p. xvii. ^ Larson, p. 16.

External links[edit]

Official website

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