Harold G. "Hal" Rosson, A.S.C. (April 6, 1895 – September 6, 1988) was an American cinematographer who worked during the early and classical Hollywood cinema. He is best known for his work on the 1939 fantasy film The Wizard of Oz.
Born in New York City, Rosson came from a film-making family. His older brother Arthur was a successful director as was his other older brother Richard and his younger sister Helene was an actress.
Harold Rosson began his film career in 1908 as an actor at the Vitagraph Studios in the Flatbush area of Brooklyn. He became the assistant to Irvin Willat at the Mark Dintenfass Studios. In 1912 he divided his time as an office boy in a stockbrokers firm and as an assistant, extra, and handyman at the Famous Players Studio in New York. His first film for Famous Players was David Harum (1915).
In December 1914, Rosson moved to California and joined Metro Pictures. During World War I, he served in the United States Army. After his demobilization, he went to work on the Marion Davies film The Dark Star. He was offered a contract with the Davies Company. In 1920 he was signed by Mary Pickford working primarily with her brother Jack Pickford. In the 1930s, Rosson signed with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and directed the photography for some of the studios most popular films including Treasure Island (1934), The Wizard of Oz, On the Town and Singin' in the Rain (1952). In 1936, Rosson and fellow cinematographer W. Howard Greene were awarded an Honorary Oscar for the color cinematography of the 1936 David O. Selznick production The Garden of Allah. Rosson later said it was the first time he attempted to film in color.
After a very long and successful career in Hollywood, Rosson retired in 1958. He briefly came out of retirement in 1966 for the Howard Hawks film El Dorado starring John Wayne.
Rosson was married twice, with both marriages ending in divorce, and had no children. While shooting the film Bombshell in 1933, actress Jean Harlow proposed to Rosson. The two had worked together previously on Red-Headed Woman, Dinner at Eight, Hold Your Man and Red Dust and had struck up a friendship. On September 17, 1933, the two were married in Yuma, Arizona. In an interview with Leicester Wagner, Harlow recalled the she and Rosson grew closer after the death of her second husband, Paul Bern, and he encouraged her to go out and socialize. Rosson and Harlow separated in May 1934 with Harlow charging that Rosson was "rude, sullen and irritable". She was granted a divorce in March 1935.
On October 11, 1936, Rosson married socialite Yvonne Crellin in Beverly Hills. They divorced in June 1945.
On September 6, 1988, Rosson died at his home in Palm Beach, Florida. He is buried in Hollywood Forever Cemetery.
Awards and nominations
Harold Rosson was nominated for five Academy Awards: The Wizard of Oz (1939), Boom Town (1940), Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo (1944), The Asphalt Jungle (1950), The Bad Seed (1956).
In 1936, Rosson was awarded an Honorary Oscar for the color cinematography of the 1936 David O. Selznick production The Garden of Allah.
- David Harum (1915)
- Oliver Twist (1916)
- The Victoria Cross (1916)
- The American Consul (1917)
- Polly of the Storm Country (1920)
- Buried Treasure (1921)
- Everything for Sale (1921)
- Through a Glass Window (1922)
- Dark Secrets (1923)
- Zaza (1923)
- A Society Scandal (1924)
- Manhattan (1924)
- Too Many Kisses (1925)
- The Little French Girl (1925)
- The Street of Forgotten Men (1925)
- Classified (1925)
- Up in Mabel's Room (1926)
- Getting Gertie's Garter (1927)
- Evening Clothes (1927, Lost)
- Rough House Rosie (1927, Lost)
- A Gentleman of Paris (1927)
- Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1928, Lost)
- The Sawdust Paradise (1928)
- The Docks of New York (1928)
- Three Weekends (1928)
- The Case of Lena Smith (1929, Lost)
- Frozen Justice (1929, Lost)
- South Sea Rose (1929, Lost)
- Madam Satan (1930)
- Passion Flower (1930)
- Son of India (1931)
- The Squaw Man (1931)
- Tarzan the Ape Man (1932)
- Kongo (1932)
- Hell Below (1933)
- Turn Back the Clock (1933)
- The Girl from Missouri (1934)
- The Scarlet Pimpernel (1934)
- Treasure Island (1934)
- The Ghost Goes West (1935)
- As You Like It (1936)
- The Devil Is a Sissy (1936)
- The Man Who Could Work Miracles (1936)
- They Gave Him a Gun (1937)
- Captains Courageous (1937)
- The Emperor's Candlesticks (1937)
- Double Wedding (1937, Uncredited)
- A Yank at Oxford (1938)
- Too Hot to Handle (1938)
- I Take This Woman (1940)
- Edison, the Man (1940)
- Dr. Kildare Goes Home (1940)
- Flight Command (1940)
- Honky Tonk (1941)
- The Chocolate Soldier (1941, Uncredited)
- Johnny Eager (1941)
- Tortilla Flat (1942, Uncredited)
- Somewhere I'll Find You (1942)
- Tennessee Johnson (1942)
- Slightly Dangerous (1943)
- Marriage Is a Private Affair (1944)
- An American Romance (1944)
- Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo (1944)
- Duel in the Sun (1946)
- No Leave, No Love (1946)
- Three Wise Fools (1946)
- My Brother Talks to Horses (1947)
- Living in a Big Way (1947)
- The Hucksters (1947)
- Homecoming (1948)
- Command Decision (1948)
- The Stratton Story (1949)
- Any Number Can Play (1949)
- On the Town (1949)
- Key to the City (1950)
- To Please a Lady (1950)
- The Red Badge of Courage (1951)
- Lone Star (1952)
- Love Is Better Than Ever (1952)
- Singin' in the Rain (1952)
- The Story of Three Loves (1953)
- I Love Melvin (1953)
- Dangerous When Wet (1953)
- The Actress (1953)
- Mambo (1954)
- Ulysses (1954)
- Strange Lady in Town (1955)
- Pete Kelly's Blues (1955)
- The Bad Seed (1956)
- Toward the Unknown (1956)
- No Time for Sergeants (1958)
- Onionhead (1958)
- El Dorado
- ^ a b c d e "'Oz' cinematographer dies in Florida at age 93". Boca Raton News. September 9, 1988. p. 2B. Retrieved March 23, 2014.
- ^ Maltin, Leonard (1978). The Art of the Cinematographer: A Survey and Interviews with Five Masters. Courier Dover Publications. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-486-23686-5.
- ^ a b c "Harold G. Rosson, 93, 'Oz' Cinematographer". New York Times. New York City. September 9, 1988.
- ^ McCarthy, Todd (2000). Howard Hawks: The Grey Fox of Hollywood. Grove Press. p. 621. ISBN 0-802-13740-7.
- ^ Sragow, Michael (2013). Victor Fleming: An American Movie Master. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 205–206. ISBN 0-813-14443-4.
- ^ "Jean Harlow Weds Movie Cameraman". Lewiston Evening Journal. September 18, 1933. p. 1. Retrieved March 23, 2014.
- ^ Harlow, Jean; Wagner, Leicester (December 8, 1934). "Jean Harlow - Her Story". The Pittsburgh Press. p. 1. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
- ^ "Jean Harlow Is Granted Divorce from Hal Rosson". Ottawa Citizen. March 12, 1934. p. 14. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
- ^ "Hal Rosson Weds". Berkeley Daily Gazette. October 15, 1936. p. 10. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
- ^ "Hal Rosson Sued For Divorce". St. Petersburg Times. June 24, 1945. p. 34. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
- ^ Ellenberger, Allan R. (2001). Celebrities in Los Angeles Cemeteries: A Directory. McFarland & Company Incorporated Pub. p. 138. ISBN 0-786-40983-5.