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World War I

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Hans von Salmuth (11 November 1888 – 1 January 1962) was a German general and war criminal during World War II. Salmuth commanded several armies on the Eastern Front, and the Fifteenth Army in France during the D-Day invasion. Following the war, he was tried in the High Command Trial, as part of the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials. He was found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity and sentenced to 20 years. He was released in 1953.

Contents

1 World War II 2 Trial and conviction 3 Service record 4 References

4.1 Citations 4.2 Bibliography

5 External links

World War II[edit] Hans von Salmuth joined the German Army in 1907 and served in World War I. Salmuth remained in the army and served as chief of staff of II Corps from 1934 to 1937. He was assigned as chief of staff to the First Army Group Command. In 1938 he was transferred as Chief of Staff to the Second Army. In 1939 he was Chief of Staff for Army Group North, commanded by General Fedor von Bock, during the invasion of Poland. Salmuth continued as Chief of Staff to Bock, when the latter was given command of Army Group B for the invasion of Belgium and France, in May 1940. In July 1940 Salmuth was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. On 1 August 1940, he was promoted to lieutenant-general. In 1941, Salmuth was assigned to the Eastern Front and given command of XXX Corps. He participated in Operation Barbarossa
Operation Barbarossa
and took part in the Battle of Sevastopol. As all German corps on the Eastern Front, Salmuth's corps implemented the criminal Commissar Order.[1] In 1942, he was made acting commander of the Seventeenth Army (20 April 1942 to 1 June 1942). For a short time, 6 June 1942 to 15 July 1942, he was assigned to command the Fourth Army, replacing the former commander, Gotthard Heinrici, who went on leave. In mid-July 1942 he was given command of the Second Army. In January 1943 Salmuth was promoted to Generaloberst, the second highest German officer rank in the Wehrmacht. At that time, he was faced with the Soviet Voronezh-Kastornensk Operation, in which the Second Army was almost destroyed. On 3 February 1943, he was given command of the Fourth Army until July 1943. In August 1943, Salmuth was reassigned to command the Fifteenth Army stationed at Pas-de-Calais, France. Salmuth was relieved of his command, in late August 1944, following the disintegration of the German front line, after the Allied breakout from Normandy (Operation Cobra), receiving no further command. Trial and conviction[edit] Salmuth was tried in the High Command Trial, as part of the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials. Salmuth was found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity, including murder and mis-treatment of Soviet prisoners of war, and of murder, deportation, and hostage-taking of civilians in occupied countries. He was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment. His sentence was reviewed in 1951, commuted to 12 years and backdated to June 1945. Salmuth was released in 1953.[2] Hans von Salmuth died in 1962. Service record[edit]

Commissions

XXX Corps - 10 May 1941 - 27 December 1941 Seventeenth Army - 20 April 1942 - 1 June 1942 Fourth Army - 6 June 1942 - 15 July 1942 Second Army - 15 July 1942 - 3 February 1943 Fourth Army - c. June 1943 - 31 July 1943 Fifteenth Army - 1 August 1943 - 25 August 1944

Awards

Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
on 19 July 1940 as Generalleutnant and Chief of the general staff of Heeresgruppe B[3]

References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ Stahel 2015, p. 28. ^ Hebert 2010, pp. 209, 218. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 649.

Bibliography[edit]

Hébert, Valerie (2010). Hitler's Generals on Trial: The Last War Crimes Tribunal at Nuremberg. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0-7006-1698-5.  Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.  Stahel, David (2015). The Battle for Moscow. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-08760-6. 

External links[edit]

US Military Tribunal Nuremberg (1948). "High Command Trial, Judgment of 27 October 1948" (PDF). Retrieved 30 May 2016. 

Military offices

Preceded by Generaloberst
Generaloberst
Hermann Hoth Commander of 17. Armee April 20, 1942 – May 31, 1942 Succeeded by Generaloberst
Generaloberst
Richard Ruoff

Preceded by Generaloberst
Generaloberst
Gotthard Heinrici Commander of 4. Armee June 6, 1942 - July 15, 1942 Succeeded by Generaloberst
Generaloberst
Gotthard Heinrici

Preceded by General Maximilian Reichsfreiherr von Weichs Commander of 2. Armee July 14, 1942 - February 3, 1943 Succeeded by General Walter Weiss

Preceded by Generaloberst
Generaloberst
Gotthard Heinrici Commander of 4. Armee June 1943 - July 31, 1943 Succeeded by Generaloberst
Generaloberst
Gotthard Heinrici

Preceded by General Heinrich von Vietinghoff
Heinrich von Vietinghoff
gennant Scheel Commander of 15. Armee August 8, 1943 - August 24, 1944 Succeeded by General Gustav-Adolf von Zangen

v t e

German Colonel Generals and General Admirals of Nazi Germany

Colonel General (Generaloberst) of the Army

Wilhelm Adam Hans-Jürgen von Arnim Ludwig Beck Johannes Blaskowitz Eduard Dietl Friedrich Dollmann Nikolaus von Falkenhorst Johannes Frießner Werner von Fritsch Friedrich Fromm Heinz Guderian Curt Haase Franz Halder Kurt von Hammerstein-Equord Josef Harpe Gotthard Heinrici Walter Heitz Carl Hilpert Erich Hoepner Karl-Adolf Hollidt Hermann Hoth Hans-Valentin Hube Erwin Jaenecke Alfred Jodl Georg Lindemann Eberhard von Mackensen Erhard Raus Georg-Hans Reinhardt Lothar Rendulic Richard Ruoff Hans von Salmuth Rudolf Schmidt Eugen Ritter von Schobert Adolf Strauss Karl Strecker Heinrich von Vietinghoff Walter Weiß Kurt Zeitzler

Colonel General (Generaloberst) of the Luftwaffe

Otto Deßloch Ulrich Grauert Hans Jeschonnek Alfred Keller Günther Korten Bruno Loerzer Alexander Löhr Günther Rüdel Kurt Student Hans-Jürgen Stumpff Ernst Udet Hubert Weise

General Admiral (Generaladmiral) of the Kriegsmarine

Conrad Albrecht Hermann Boehm Rolf Carls Hans-Georg von Friedeburg Oskar Kummetz Wilhelm Marschall Alfred Saalwächter Otto Schniewind Otto Schultze Walter Warzecha Karl Witzell

Oberst-Gruppenführer of the SS

Kurt Daluege Sepp Dietrich Paul Hausser Franz Xaver Schwarz

v t e

High Command Trial

Judges

John C. Young

Lawyers

Telford Taylor
Telford Taylor
(Chief Counsel for the Prosecution) Hans Laternser (Lead Defence Counsel)

Charges

Crimes against humanity Crimes against peace Criminal conspiracy War crimes

Defendants

Convicted

Karl-Adolf Hollidt Hermann Hoth Georg von Küchler Wilhelm von Leeb Rudolf Lehmann Hermann Reinecke Georg-Hans Reinhardt Karl von Roques Hans von Salmuth Walter Warlimont Otto Wöhler

Acquitted

Otto Schniewind Hugo Sperrle

No decision

Johannes Blaskowitz1

Related articles

Subsequent Nuremberg trials
Subsequent Nuremberg trials
(Hostages trial) Clean Wehrmacht Command responsibility Superior orders

Historiography

Hitler's Generals on Trial: The Last War Crimes Tribunal at Nuremberg

1 Committed suicide

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 70452233 LCCN: n87836434 GND: 1029090718

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