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Hannibal Hamlin
Hannibal Hamlin
(August 27, 1809 – July 4, 1891) was an American attorney and politician from the state of Maine. In a public service career that spanned over 50 years, he is most notable for having served as the 15th Vice President of the United States. The first Republican to hold the office, Hamlin served from 1861 to 1865. He is considered among the most influential politicians to have come from Maine. A native of Paris, Maine, Hamlin managed his father's farm before becoming a newspaper editor. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1833, and began to practice in Hampden, Maine. Originally a Democrat, Hamlin began his political career with election to the Maine House of Representatives in 1835 and an appointment to the military staff of the Governor of Maine. As an officer in the militia, he took part in the 1839 negotiations that helped end the Aroostook War. In the 1840s Hamlin was elected and served in the United States House of Representatives. In 1848 the state house elected him to the United States Senate, where he served until January 1857. He served temporarily as governor for six weeks in the beginning of 1857, after which he returned to the Senate. Hamlin was an active opponent of slavery; he supported the Wilmot Proviso
Wilmot Proviso
and opposed the Compromise Measures of 1850. In 1854, he strongly opposed passage of the Kansas–Nebraska Act. Hamlin's increasingly anti-slavery views caused him to leave the Democratic Party for the newly formed Republican Party in 1856. In 1860, Hamlin was the Republican nominee for Vice President; selected to run with Abraham Lincoln, who was from Illinois, Hamlin was chosen in part to bring geographic balance to the ticket and in part because as a former Democrat, he could work to convince other anti-slavery Democrats that their future lay with the Republican Party. The Lincoln and Hamlin ticket was successful, and Hamlin served as Vice President from 1861 to 1865, which included the majority of the American Civil War. The first Republican Vice President, Hamlin held the office in an era when the office was considered more a part of the legislative branch than the executive; he was not personally close to Lincoln and did not play a major role in his administration. Even so, Hamlin supported the administration's legislative program in his role as presiding officer of the Senate, and he looked for other ways to demonstrate his support for the Union, including a term of service in a Maine
Maine
militia unit during the war. For the 1864 election, Hamlin was replaced as Vice Presidential nominee by Andrew Johnson, a Southern Democrat chosen for his appeal to Southern Unionists. After leaving the vice presidency, Hamlin served as Collector of the Port of Boston, a lucrative post to which he was appointed by Johnson after the latter succeeded to the presidency following Lincoln's assassination. However, Hamlin later resigned as Collector because of his disagreement with Johnson over Reconstruction of the former Confederacy. In 1869, Hamlin was elected again to the U.S. Senate, and he served two terms. After leaving the Senate in 1881, he served briefly as United States Ambassador to Spain
United States Ambassador to Spain
before returning to Maine
Maine
in late 1882. In retirement, Hamlin was a resident of Bangor, Maine, where he died in 1891. He was buried at Mount Hope Cemetery in Bangor.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Personal life 3 Political beginnings 4 Vice presidency 5 Later life 6 Death 7 Family 8 Honors 9 In popular culture 10 See also 11 References 12 Biographies 13 External links

Early life[edit]

Hamlin in early middle age (30s or 40s)

Hamlin was born to Cyrus Hamlin
Cyrus Hamlin
and his wife Anna, née Livermore, in Paris (in modern-day Maine, then a part of Massachusetts). He was a descendant in the sixth generation of English colonist James Hamlin, who had settled in the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Colony in 1639. He was a grandnephew of U.S. Senator Samuel Livermore II[1] of New Hampshire. Hamlin attended the district schools and Hebron Academy
Hebron Academy
and later managed his father's farm. From 1827 to 1830 he published the Oxford Jeffersonian newspaper in partnership with Horatio King.[2] He studied law with the firm headed by Samuel Fessenden,[3] was admitted to the bar in 1833, and began practicing in Hampden, Maine, where he lived until 1848.[citation needed] Personal life[edit] Hamlin married Sarah Jane Emery of Paris Hill in 1833. Her father was Stephen Emery, who was appointed as Maine's Attorney General in 1839–1840.[4] Hamlin and Sarah had four children together: George, Charles, Cyrus and Sarah. Sarah died in 1855. The next year, Hamlin married her half-sister, Ellen Vesta Emery
Ellen Vesta Emery
in 1856. They had two children together: Hannibal E. and Frank. Ellen Hamlin died in 1925.[5] Political beginnings[edit] Hamlin's political career began in 1835, when he was elected to the Maine
Maine
House of Representatives. Appointed a Major on the staff of Governor John Fairfield, he served with the militia in the bloodless Aroostook War
Aroostook War
of 1839. He facilitated negotiations between Fairfield and Lieutenant Governor John Harvey of New Brunswick, which helped reduce tensions and make possible the Webster–Ashburton Treaty, which ended the war.[citation needed] Hamlin unsuccessfully ran for the United States House of Representatives in 1840 and left the State House in 1841. He later was elected to two terms in the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1843 to 1847. He was elected by the state legislature to fill a U.S. Senate
U.S. Senate
vacancy in 1848, and to a full term in 1851. A Democrat at the beginning of his career, Hamlin supported the candidacy of Franklin Pierce
Franklin Pierce
in 1852. From the very beginning of his service in Congress, Hamlin was prominent as an opponent of the extension of slavery. He was a conspicuous supporter of the Wilmot Proviso
Wilmot Proviso
and spoke against the Compromise Measures of 1850. In 1854, Hamlin strongly opposed the passage of the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise. After the Democratic Party endorsed that repeal at the 1856 Democratic National Convention, on June 12, 1856, he withdrew from the Democratic Party and joined the newly organized Republican Party, causing a national sensation. The Republicans nominated Hamlin for Governor of Maine
Maine
in the same year. He carried the election by a large majority and was inaugurated on January 8, 1857. In the latter part of February 1857, however, he resigned the governorship. He returned to the United States Senate, serving from 1857 to January 1861. Vice presidency[edit]

1860 election campaign button for Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
and Hannibal Hamlin. The other side of the button has Lincoln's portrait.

Hamlin was nominated by the Republican Party to serve as Vice President of the United States in the 1860 presidential election on a ticket with former Representative Abraham Lincoln.[6] Given that Lincoln was from Illinois, a vice presidential nominee from Maine
Maine
made sense in terms of regional balance. As a former Democrat, Hamlin could also be expected to try to persuade other anti-slavery Democrats that joining the Republican Party was the only way to ensure slavery's demise.[citation needed] Hamlin and Lincoln were not close personally, but had a good working relationship. At the time, the Vice President was considered part of the legislative branch in his role as President of the Senate, and so did not attend cabinet meetings; thus, Hamlin did not regularly visit the White House. It was said that Mary Todd Lincoln
Mary Todd Lincoln
and Hamlin disliked each other. For his part, Hamlin complained, "I am only a fifth wheel of a coach and can do little for my friends."[7] He had little influence in the Lincoln Administration, although he urged both the Emancipation Proclamation[8] and the arming of Black Americans.[9] He strongly supported Joseph Hooker's appointment as commander of the Army of the Potomac,[10] which ended in failure at the Battle of Chancellorsville.[11] Beginning in 1860, Hamlin was a member of Company A of the Maine
Maine
Coast Guard, a militia unit. When the company was called up in the summer of 1864, Hamlin was told that because of his position as Vice President, he did not have to take part in the muster. He opted to serve, arguing that he could set an example by doing the duty expected of any citizen, and the only concession made because of his office was that he was quartered with the officers. He reported to Fort McClary
Fort McClary
in July, initially taking part in routine assignments including guard duty, and later taking over as the company cook. He was promoted to corporal during his service, and mustered out with the rest of his unit in mid-September.[12][13] In June 1864, the Republicans and War Democrats joined to form the National Union Party. Although Lincoln was renominated, War Democrat Andrew Johnson
Andrew Johnson
of Tennessee was named to replace Hamlin as Lincoln's running mate. Lincoln was seeking to broaden his base of support and was also looking ahead to Southern Reconstruction, at which Johnson had proven himself adept as military governor of occupied Tennessee. Hamlin, by contrast, was an ally of the Northern "Radical Republicans" (who would later impeach Johnson). Lincoln and Johnson were elected in November 1864, and Hamlin's term expired on March 4, 1865. After leaving the vice presidency Hamlin served briefly as Collector of the Port of Boston. Appointed to the post by Johnson, Hamlin resigned in protest over Johnson's Reconstruction policy and accompanying efforts to build a political following loyal to him after he had been repudiated by the Republicans. Republicans had supported Johnson as part of the National Union ticket during the war, but opposed him after he became President and his position on Reconstruction deviated from theirs.[14] Although Hamlin narrowly missed becoming President, his vice presidency would usher in a half-century of sustained national influence for the Maine
Maine
Republican Party. In the period 1861–1911, Maine
Maine
Republicans occupied the offices of Vice President, Secretary of the Treasury (twice), Secretary of State, President pro tempore of the United States Senate, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (twice), and would field a presidential nominee in James G. Blaine, a level of influence in national politics unmatched by subsequent Maine
Maine
political delegations. Later life[edit] Not content with private life, Hamlin returned to the U.S. Senate
U.S. Senate
in 1869 to serve two more 6-year terms before declining to run for re-election in 1880 because of an ailing heart. His last duty as a public servant came in 1881 when Secretary of State James G. Blaine convinced President James A. Garfield
James A. Garfield
to name Hamlin as United States Ambassador to Spain. Hamlin received the appointment on June 30, 1881, and held the post until October 17, 1882. Upon returning from Spain, Hamlin retired from public life to his home in Bangor, Maine, which he had purchased in 1851. The Hannibal Hamlin House – as it is known today – is located in central Bangor at 15 5th Street; incorporating Victorian, Italianate, and Mansard-style architecture, the mansion was posted to the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.[15] Hamlin was elected as a Third Class Companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Third Class was the MOLLUS division created to recognize civilians who had contributed outstanding service to the Union during the war. Death[edit] On Independence Day, July 4, 1891, Hamlin collapsed and fell unconscious while playing cards at the Tarratine Club he founded in downtown Bangor. He was then placed on one of the club's couches and died a few hours later. He was 81. The couch is preserved at the Bangor Public Library.[16] Hannibal Hamlin
Hannibal Hamlin
was buried in the Hamlin family plot at Mount Hope Cemetery in Bangor, Maine. Family[edit] Hamlin had four sons who grew to adulthood: Charles Hamlin, Cyrus Hamlin, Hannibal Emery and Frank Hamlin. Charles and Cyrus served in the Union forces during the Civil War, both becoming generals, Charles by brevet. Cyrus was among the first Union officers to argue for the enlistment of black troops, and himself commanded a brigade of freedmen in the Mississippi River campaign. Charles and sister Sarah were present at Ford's Theater
Ford's Theater
the night of Lincoln's assassination. Hannibal Emery Hamlin was Maine
Maine
Attorney General from 1905 to 1908. Hannibal Hamlin's great-granddaughter Sally Hamlin
Sally Hamlin
was a child actor who made many spoken word recordings for the Victor Talking Machine Company in the early years of the 20th century. Hannibal's older brother, Elijah Livermore Hamlin, was president of the Mutual Fire Insurance Co. of Bangor, and the Bangor Institution for Savings.[17] He was twice an unsuccessful candidate for Governor of Maine
Maine
in the late 1840s, though he did serve as Mayor of Bangor in 1851–52. The brothers were members of different political parties (Hannibal a Democrat, and Elijah a Whig) before both becoming Republican in the later 1850s.[18] Hannibal's nephew (Elijah's son) Augustus Choate Hamlin was a physician, artist, mineralogist, author, and historian. He was also Mayor of Bangor in 1877–78, and a founding member of the Bangor Historical Society.[19] Augustus served as surgeon in the 2nd Maine
Maine
Volunteer Infantry Regiment during the Civil War, eventually becoming a U.S. Army Medical Inspector, and later the Surgeon General of Maine. He wrote books about Andersonville Prison
Andersonville Prison
and the Battle of Chancellorsville.[20] Hannibal's grand-nephew (Elijah's grandson) Isaiah K. Stetson was Speaker of the Maine
Maine
House of Representatives in 1899–1900,[21] and owned a large company in Bangor which manufactured and shipped lumber and ice and ran a shipyard and marine railway.[22] Hannibal's first cousin Cyrus Hamlin, who was a graduate of the Bangor Theological Seminary, became a missionary in Turkey, where he founded Robert College. He later became president of Middlebury College
Middlebury College
in Vermont. His son, A. D. F. Hamlin, Hannibal's first cousin once removed, became a professor of architecture at Columbia University
Columbia University
and a noted architectural historian. There are biographies of Hamlin by his grandson Charles E. Hamlin (published 1899, reprinted 1971) and by H. Draper Hunt (published 1969).[citation needed] Honors[edit]

Sculptor Charles Tefft
Charles Tefft
of Brewer, Maine, created this bronze statue of Hannibal Hamlin, which was dedicated in 1927 in downtown Bangor.

Hamlin County, South Dakota
Hamlin County, South Dakota
is named in his honor, as are Hamlin, Kansas; Hamlin, New York; Hamlin, West Virginia; Hamlin Township; Hamlin Lake
Hamlin Lake
in Mason County, Michigan; and, Hamlin, a small Maine village that is a U.S.–Canada border crossing with Grand Falls, New Brunswick. There are statues in Hamlin's likeness in the United States Capitol and in a public park ( Norumbega
Norumbega
Mall) in Bangor, Maine.[citation needed] There is also a building on the University of Maine
Maine
Campus, in Orono, named Hannibal Hamlin
Hannibal Hamlin
Hall. This burned down in 1945, in a fire that killed two students, but was subsequently rebuilt. Hannibal Hamlin Memorial Library is next to his birthplace in Paris, Maine.[citation needed] Hamlin's house in Bangor subsequently housed the Presidents of the adjacent Bangor Theological Seminary. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, as is Hamlin's birthplace in Paris, Maine (as part of the Paris Hill Historic District).[citation needed] In popular culture[edit] Hamlin appears briefly in three alternate history writings by Harry Turtledove: The Guns of the South, Must and Shall, and How Few Remain.[23][24][25] Fallout 3
Fallout 3
features a character named Hannibal Hamlin. He is shown to be an admirer of Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
and was a former slave who now leads an anti-slavery militia of sorts composed of other former slaves. See also[edit]

Biography portal Hannibal Hamlin
Hannibal Hamlin
(Tefft)

References[edit]

^ Hamlin, Charles Eugene (1899). The Life and Times of Hannibal Hamlin by his Grandson Charles Eugene Hamlin. Cambridge, MA: Riverside Press. p. 2,12.  ^ Waterman, Charles E. (August 1, 1891). "The Birthplace of Hannibal Hamlin". The New England Magazine. Boston, MA. 4 (6): 731.  ^ Hamlin, Charles Eugene (1899). The Life and Times of Hannibal Hamlin. Cambridge, MA: Riverside Press. p. 41.  ^ Barrett, Joseph Hartwell (1860). Life of Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
(of Illinois). Moore, Wilstach, Keys & Co.: Cincinnati, OH. p. 196.  ^ "Fogler Library: Finding Guide to the Hamlin Family Papers". Library.umaine.edu. Archived from the original on February 5, 2012. Retrieved October 1, 2012.  ^ "Abraham Lincoln: Campaigns and Elections (Winning Republican Support)". The Miller Center. Retrieved August 27, 2016.  ^ "Abraham Lincoln's White House – Hannibal Hamlin
Hannibal Hamlin
(1809–1891)". Mrlincolnswhitehouse.org. Retrieved October 1, 2012.  ^ Eicher, David J. (2001). The Longest Night: A Military History of the Civil War. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. p. 366. ISBN 978-0-7432-1846-7.  ^ Dray, Philip (2008). Capitol Men: The Epic Story of Reconstruction Through the Lives of the First Black Congressmen. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-618-56370-8.  ^ Taaffe, Stephen R. (2006). Commanding the Army of the Potomac. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. p. 55. ISBN 978-0-7006-1451-6.  ^ Steers, Edward Jr. (2007). Lincoln Legends: Myths, Hoaxes, and Confabulations Associated with Our Greatest President. Lexington, KY: University Press of KY. p. 109. ISBN 978-0-8131-2466-7.  ^ Laird, Archibald (1980). The Near Great—Chronicle of the Vice Presidents. Boston, MA: Christopher Publishing House. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-8158-0381-2.  ^ Scroggins, Mark (1994). Hannibal: The Life of Abraham Lincoln's First Vice President. Lanham, MD: University Press of America. pp. 210–11. ISBN 978-0-8191-9440-4.  ^ Hamlin, Charles Eugene (1899). The Life and Times of Hannibal Hamlin. Cambridge, MA: Riverside Press. pp. 505–509.  ^ "The Hannibal Hamlin House
Hannibal Hamlin House
posted to the National Register of Historic Places in 1979". Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ " Hannibal Hamlin
Hannibal Hamlin
Death Couch". Atlas Obscura.  ^ Augustus C. Smith, Bangor, Brewer, and Penobscot Co. Directory, 1859–60 (Bangor, 1859) ^ "The late Hon. Elijah L. Hamlin" (PDF). The New York Times. July 23, 1872. Retrieved December 20, 2010.  ^ Moorhead, Warren King (1980). A Report on the Archeology of Maine. New York City: AMS Press. p. 34. ISBN 978-0404156435.  ^ Augustus Choate Hamlin (1896). The Battle of Chancellorsville. Bangor, Maine.  ^ "Speakers of the Maine
Maine
House of Representatives 1820–". Maine State Legislature. October 6, 2015. Retrieved October 21, 2015.  ^ "Isaiah K. Stetson profile". Representative Men of Maine. 1893. Retrieved October 21, 2015.  ^ Turtledove, Harry (1992). The Guns of the South. New York: Random House. p. 248. ISBN 0345384687 – via Google Books. ...'but when it finally convened, it renominated Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin...'  ^ "Russo-Japanese War – The Dogger Bank Incident Goes Wrong". www.changingthetimes.net. Retrieved February 3, 2017.  ^ Turtledove, Harry (1998). How Few Remain. London: Hodder and Stoughton. ISBN 9781444744965 – via Google Books. 

Biographies[edit]

Harry Draper Hunt (1969). Hannibal Hamlin
Hannibal Hamlin
of Maine, Lincoln's First Vice-President. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 978-0-8156-2142-3. OCLC 24587.  Charles Eugene Hamlin (1899). The Life and Times of Hannibal Hamlin. Syracuse University Press. OCLC 1559174. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hannibal Hamlin.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of a 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article about Hannibal Hamlin.

United States Congress. " Hannibal Hamlin
Hannibal Hamlin
(id: H000121)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.  Biography at Mr. Lincoln's White House The life and Times of Hannibal Hamlin
Hannibal Hamlin
by Charles Eugene Hamlin Bangor in Focus: Hannibal Hamlin Ted Widmer (November 22, 2010). "Lincoln Speaks". Opinionator (department). The New York Times.  Hamlin Memorial Library and Museum

Political offices

Preceded by John C. Breckinridge Vice President of the United States March 4, 1861 – March 4, 1865 Succeeded by Andrew Johnson

Preceded by Samuel Wells Governor of Maine January 8 – February 25, 1857 Succeeded by Joseph H. Williams

Preceded by John Z. Goodrich Collector of Customs for the Port of Boston 1865–1866 Succeeded by Darius N. Couch

U.S. Senate

Preceded by Lot M. Morrill U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Maine March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1881 Served alongside: William P. Fessenden, Lot M. Morrill, James G. Blaine Succeeded by Eugene Hale

Preceded by Amos Nourse U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Maine March 4, 1857 – January 17, 1861 Served alongside: William P. Fessenden Succeeded by Lot M. Morrill

Preceded by Wyman B. S. Moor U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Maine June 8, 1848 – January 7, 1857 Served alongside: James W. Bradbury
James W. Bradbury
and William P. Fessenden Succeeded by Amos Nourse

U.S. House of Representatives

Preceded by Alfred Marshall Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maine's 6th congressional district March 4, 1843 – March 4, 1847 Succeeded by James S. Wiley

Party political offices

Preceded by William L. Dayton Republican nominee for Vice President of the United States 1860 Succeeded by Andrew Johnson(1)

Diplomatic posts

Preceded by Lucius Fairchild United States Minister to Spain June 30, 1881 – October 17, 1882 Succeeded by John W. Foster

Notes and references

1. Lincoln and Johnson ran on the National Union ticket in 1864.

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Jay (1779–82) Carmichael (chargé d'affaires) (1783–94) Short (1794–95) Humphreys (1797–01) Pinckney (1802–04) Erving (chargé d'affaires) (1805–10) Erving (1816–19) Forsyth (1819–23) Nelson (1823–25)

Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Spain 1825–1913

Everett (1825–29) Van Ness (1829–36) Eaton (1836–40) Vail (chargé d'affaires) (1840–42) Irving (1842–46) Saunders (1846–49) Barringer (1849–53) Soulé (1853–55) Dodge (1855–59) Preston (1859–61) Schurz (1861) Koerner (1862–64) Hale (1865–69) Sickles (1869–74) Cushing (1874–77) Lowell (1877–80) Fairchild (1880–81) Hamlin (1881–82) Foster (1883–85) Curry (1885–88) Belmont (1889) Palmer (1889–90) Grubb (1890–92) Snowden (1892–93) Taylor (1893–97) Woodford (1897–98) Storer (1899–02) Hardy (1903–05) Collier (1905–09) Ide (1909–13)

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Spain 1913–present

Willard (1913–21) Woods (1921–23) Moore (1923–25) Hammond (1926–29) Laughlin (1929–33) Bowers (1933–39) Matthews (chargé d'affaires) (1839) Weddell (1939–42) Hayes (1942–45) Armour (1945) Bonsal (chargé d'affaires) (1946–47) Culbertson (chargé d'affaires) (1947–50) Griffis (1951–52) MacVeagh (1952–53) Dunn (1953–55) Lodge (1955–61) Biddle (1961) Woodward (1962–65) Duke (1965–68) Wagner (1968–69) Hill (1969–72) Rivero (1972–74) Penn (1975–78) Todman (1978–83) Enders (1983–86) Bartholomew (1986–89) Zappala (1989–92) Capen (1992–93) Gardner (1993–97) Romero (1997–01) Argyros (2001–2004) Aguirre (2005–09) Solomont (2010–13) Costos (2013–2017)

v t e

Governors of Maine

W. King Williamson Ames Rose Parris Lincoln Cutler Hall Hunton Smith Dunlap Kent Fairfield Vose Kent Fairfield Kavanagh Dunn Anderson Dana Hubbard Crosby A. Morrill Wells Hamlin Williams L. Morrill Washburn Coburn Cony Chamberlain Perham Dingley Connor Garcelon Davis H. Plaisted Robie Bodwell Marble Burleigh Cleaves Powers Hill Cobb Fernald F. Plaisted Haines O. Curtis Milliken Parkhurst Baxter Brewster Gardiner Brann Barrows Sewall Hildreth Payne Cross N. Haskell Cross Muskie R. Haskell Clauson Reed K. Curtis Longley Brennan McKernan A. King Baldacci LePage

v t e

(1856 ←) United States presidential election, 1860
United States presidential election, 1860
(1864 →)

Republican Party Convention

Nominee

Abraham Lincoln

VP nominee

Hannibal Hamlin

Candidates

Edward Bates Simon Cameron Salmon P. Chase William L. Dayton John McLean William H. Seward Benjamin Wade

Democratic Party Conventions

Northern Nominee

Stephen A. Douglas

Northern VP nominee

Herschel V. Johnson

Southern Nominee

John C. Breckinridge

Southern VP nominee

Joseph Lane

Candidates

Daniel S. Dickinson James Guthrie Robert M. T. Hunter Andrew Johnson

Constitutional Union Party Convention

Nominee

John Bell

VP nominee

Edward Everett

Candidates

John J. Crittenden William A. Graham Sam Houston William C. Rives

Other 1860 elections: House Senate

v t e

(1860 ←) United States presidential election, 1864
United States presidential election, 1864
(1868 →)

National Union Party Convention

Nominee

Abraham Lincoln

VP nominee

Andrew Johnson

Candidates

Benjamin Butler Daniel S. Dickinson Hannibal Hamlin Lovell Rousseau

Democratic Party Convention

Nominee

George B. McClellan

VP nominee

George H. Pendleton

Candidates

George W. Cass Augustus C. Dodge Thomas H. Seymour Daniel W. Voorhees

Other 1864 elections: House Senate

v t e

American Civil War

Origins

Origins Issues

Timeline leading to the War Antebellum era Bleeding Kansas Border states Compromise of 1850 Dred Scott v. Sandford Lincoln-Douglas debates Missouri Compromise Popular sovereignty Secession States' rights President Lincoln's 75,000 volunteers

Slavery

African Americans Cornerstone Speech Emancipation Proclamation Fugitive slave laws Plantations in the American South Slave Power Slavery in the United States Treatment of slaves in the United States Uncle Tom's Cabin

Abolitionism

Susan B. Anthony John Brown Frederick Douglass William Lloyd Garrison Elijah Parish Lovejoy J. Sella Martin Lysander Spooner George Luther Stearns Thaddeus Stevens Charles Sumner Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad

Combatants Theaters Campaigns Battles States

Combatants

Union (USA)

Army Navy Marine Corps Revenue Cutter Service

Confederacy (CSA)

Army Navy Marine Corps

Theaters

Eastern Western Lower Seaboard Trans-Mississippi Pacific Coast Union naval blockade

Major Campaigns

Anaconda Plan Blockade runners New Mexico Jackson's Valley Peninsula Northern Virginia Maryland Stones River Vicksburg Tullahoma Gettysburg Morgan's Raid Bristoe Knoxville Red River Overland Atlanta Valley 1864 Bermuda Hundred Richmond-Petersburg Franklin–Nashville Price's Raid Sherman's March Carolinas Appomattox

Major battles

Fort Sumter 1st Bull Run Wilson's Creek Fort Donelson Pea Ridge Hampton Roads Shiloh New Orleans Corinth Seven Pines Seven Days 2nd Bull Run Antietam Perryville Fredericksburg Stones River Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Chickamauga Chattanooga Wilderness Spotsylvania Cold Harbor Atlanta Mobile Bay Franklin Nashville Five Forks

Involvement (by  state or territory)

AL AK AR AZ CA CO CT DC DE FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY

Leaders

Confederate

Military

R. H. Anderson Beauregard Bragg Buchanan Cooper Early Ewell Forrest Gorgas Hill Hood Jackson A. S. Johnston J. E. Johnston Lee Longstreet Morgan Mosby Price Semmes E. K. Smith Stuart Taylor Wheeler

Civilian

Benjamin Bocock Breckinridge Davis Hunter Mallory Memminger Seddon Stephens

Union

Military

Anderson Buell Burnside Butler Du Pont Farragut Foote Frémont Grant Halleck Hooker Hunt McClellan McDowell Meade Meigs Ord Pope D. D. Porter Rosecrans Scott Sheridan Sherman Thomas

Civilian

Adams Chase Ericsson Hamlin Lincoln Pinkerton Seward Stanton Stevens Wade Welles

Aftermath

U.S. Constitution

Reconstruction amendments

13th Amendment 14th Amendment 15th Amendment

Reconstruction

Alabama Claims Brooks–Baxter War Carpetbaggers Colfax Riot of 1873 Eufaula Riot of 1874 Freedmen's Bureau Freedman's Savings Bank Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Kirk-Holden War Knights of the White Camelia Ku Klux Klan Memphis Riot of 1866 Meridian Riot of 1871 New Orleans
New Orleans
Riot of 1866 Pulaski (Tennessee) Riot of 1867 Reconstruction acts

Habeas Corpus Act 1867 Enforcement Act of 1870 Enforcement Act of February 1871 Enforcement Act of April 1871

Reconstruction treaties

Indian Council at Fort Smith

Red Shirts Redeemers Confederate refugees

Confederados

Scalawags South Carolina riots of 1876 Southern Claims Commission Homestead acts

Southern Homestead Act of 1866 Timber Culture Act
Timber Culture Act
of 1873

White League

post-Reconstruction

Commemoration

Centennial Civil War Discovery Trail Civil War Roundtables Civil War Trails Program Civil War Trust Confederate History Month Confederate monuments and memorials Historical reenactment Robert E. Lee
Robert E. Lee
Day

Disenfranchisement

Black Codes Jim Crow

Lost Cause mythology Modern display of the Confederate flag Sons of Confederate Veterans Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War Southern Historical Society United Daughters of the Confederacy

Monuments and memorials

Union

List of Union Civil War monuments and memorials List of memorials to the Grand Army of the Republic Memorials to Abraham Lincoln

Confederate

List of Confederate monuments and memorials Removal of Confederate monuments and memorials List of memorials to Robert E. Lee List of memorials to Jefferson Davis Annapolis

Roger B. Taney Monument

Baltimore

Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument Confederate Women's Monument Roger B. Taney Monument Robert E. Lee
Robert E. Lee
and Stonewall Jackson
Stonewall Jackson
Monument

Durham, North Carolina

Robert E. Lee
Robert E. Lee
Monument

New Orleans

Battle of Liberty Place Monument Jefferson Davis
Jefferson Davis
Monument General Beauregard Equestrian Statue Robert E. Lee
Robert E. Lee
Monument

Cemeteries

Confederate Memorial Day Ladies' memorial associations U.S. Memorial Day U.S. national cemeteries

Veterans

1913 Gettysburg Reunion Confederate Veteran Grand Army of the Republic Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the U.S. Old soldiers' homes Southern Cross of Honor United Confederate Veterans

Related topics

Related topics

Military

Arms Campaign Medal Cavalry Confederate Home Guard Confederate railroads Confederate Revolving Cannon Field artillery Medal of Honor recipients Medicine Leadership Naval battles Official Records Partisan rangers POW camps Rations Signal Corps Turning point Union corps badges U.S. Balloon Corps U.S. Home Guard U.S. Military Railroad

Political

Committee on the Conduct of the War Confederate States Presidential Election of 1861 Confiscation Act of 1861 Confiscation Act of 1862 Copperheads Emancipation Proclamation Habeas Corpus Act of 1863 Hampton Roads Conference National Union Party Radical Republicans Trent Affair Union leagues U.S. Presidential Election of 1864 War Democrats

Other topics

Bibliography Confederate war finance

Confederate States dollar

Espionage

Confederate Secret Service

Great Revival of 1863 Music Naming the war Native Americans

Cherokee Choctaw

New York City Gold Hoax of 1864 New York City Riot of 1863 Photographers Richmond Riot of 1863 Sexuality Supreme Court cases Tokens U.S. Sanitary Commission

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 67271157 LCCN: n88070962 ISNI: 0000 0000 7375 279X GND: 119226480 SUDOC: 090409175 US Congress: H000121 SN

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