HMS Supply (1759)
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Launched in 1759, the third HMS ''Supply'' was a
Royal Navy The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare Naval warfare is combat Combat ( French for ''fight'') is a purposeful violent conflict meant to physically harm or kill the opposition. Combat may be armed (using weapon A ...
armed tender that played an important part in the foundation of the
Colony of New South Wales The Colony of New South Wales was a colony In political science, a colony is a territory subject to a form of foreign rule. Though dominated by the foreign colonizers, colonies remain separate from the administration of the original count ...
. The Navy sold her in 1792. She then served commercially until about 1806.


Construction

''Supply'' was designed in 1759 by shipwright Thomas Slade, as a
yard craft A yard craft is a vessel which performs utility work in a shipyard. Typically, these included tugs, coalers and other supply ships. Smaller ships no longer suitable for active service are sometimes used. See also * Admiralty Yard Craft Service Ref ...
for the ferrying of naval supplies. Construction was contracted to Henry Bird of
Rotherhithe Rotherhithe () is a residential district in south-east London London is the Capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. It stands on the River Thames in south-east ...
, for a vessel measuring 168 tons (bm) to be built in four months at £8.80 per ton. In practice, construction took about five months from the laying of the keel on 1 May 1759 to launch on 5 October. As built, the vessel was also larger than designed, measuring 174 tons (bm) and with a length overall of , a beam of , and a hold depth of . She had two masts, and was fitted with four small 3-pounder cannons and six -pounder swivel guns. Her armament was substantially increased in 1786 with the addition of four 12-pounder carronades. Her initial complement was 14 men, rising to 55 when converted to an armed tender for the
First Fleet The First Fleet was a fleet of 11 ships A ship is a large watercraft that travels the world's oceans and other sufficiently deep Sea lane, waterways, carrying goods or passengers, or in support of specialized missions, such as defense, ...
voyage in 1788.


Service history


Naval service

''Supply'' was used to transport naval supplies between the Thames and Channel ports from 1759 to 1786. Throughout this period, she was based at
Deptford Dockyard Deptford Dockyard was an important naval dockyard A naval base, navy base, or military port is a military base A military base is a facility directly owned and operated by or for the military A military, also known collectively a ...
, undergoing minor repairs as required to maintain seaworthiness. She left
Spithead Spithead is an area of the Solent The Solent ( ) is a strait between the Isle of Wight and Great Britain. It is about long and varies in width between , although the Hurst Spit which projects into the Solent narrows the sea crossing b ...
on 13 May 1787 and was the first to arrive in
Botany Bay Botany Bay (Aboriginal Aborigine, aborigine or aboriginal may refer to: * Indigenous peoples, ethnic groups who are the original or earliest known inhabitants of an area **List of indigenous peoples, including: ***Aboriginal Australians ****A ...
on 18 January 1788, as recorded in the journals of William Bradley and John Hunter of HMS ''Sirius'', which arrived on 20 January. ''Supply'' was under the command of Captain
Arthur Phillip Admiral Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navy, navies, and in many navies is the highest rank. In the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth nations and the United States, a "full" admiral is equivalent to a "full" general officer ...

Arthur Phillip
(who had transferred from ''Sirius'' at
Cape Town Cape Town (Afrikaans: Kaapstad ; Xhosa language, Xhosa: ''iKapa;'') is the second-most populous city in South Africa, after Johannesburg, and also the legislative Capital city, capital of South Africa. Colloquially named the Mother City, it is ...

Cape Town
). She was captained by
Henry Lidgbird Ball Rear-Admiral Rear admiral is a senior naval flag officer rank, equivalent to a major general and air vice marshal and above that of a Commodore (rank), commodore and Captain (naval), captain, but below that of a vice admiral. It is regarded ...
, the master was David Blackburn, and the surgeon was James Callam. ''Supply'' was also the first ship to sail into
Port Jackson Port Jackson, consisting of the waters of Sydney Harbour, Middle Harbour Middle Harbour (or ''Warring-Ga''), a semi–mature tide (U.S.), low tide occurs roughly at moonrise and high tide with a high Moon, corresponding to the simple ...

Port Jackson
after the original Botany Bay landing was found unsuitable for settlement. After the establishment of the initial settlement at Port Jackson, ''Supply'' was the link between the colony and
Norfolk Island Norfolk Island (, ; Norfuk language, Norfuk: ''Norf'k Ailen'') is an States and territories of Australia, external territory of Australia located in the Pacific Ocean between New Zealand and New Caledonia, directly east of Australia's Evans ...
, making 10 trips. Following the loss of ''Sirius'' in 1790, she became the colony's only link with the outside world. On 17 April 1790, she was sent to
Batavia Batavia may refer to: Historical places * Batavia (region), a land inhabited by the Batavian people during the Roman Empire, today part of the Netherlands * Batavia, Dutch East Indies, present-day Jakarta, the former capital of the Dutch East In ...
for supplies, returning on 19 September, her captain having chartered a Dutch vessel, ''Waaksamheid'', to follow with more stores. ''Supply'' left Port Jackson on 26 November 1791 and sailed via
Cape Horn Cape Horn ( es, Cabo de Hornos, ) is the southernmost headland of the Tierra del Fuego #REDIRECT Tierra del Fuego#REDIRECT Tierra del Fuego Tierra del Fuego (, ; Spanish for "Land of Fire", formerly also Fireland in English) is an archipelag ...
, reaching
Plymouth Plymouth () is a port city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: ...

Plymouth
on 21 April 1792. A number of David Blackburn's letters to family and friends have survived. These letters describe the events of the voyage and the early days of settlement, including Blackburn's participation in the expedition to Norfolk Island to establish a settlement there in February 1788.


Later service

The Admiralty sold her at auction in July 1792 and her new owners renamed her ''Thomas and Nancy''. She then carried coal in the Thames area until 1806.''Register of Shipping'' (1806), Seq.№186.
/ref> The Admiralty in October 1793 purchased the American mercantile ship ''New Brunswick'', named her , and sent her out to Botany Bay to replace her predecessor.


Postscript

An
Urban Transit Authority The Urban Transit Authority, a former statutory authority of the Government of New South Wales, was responsible for the operation and maintenance of buses and ferries in Sydney and Newcastle, New South Wales, Newcastle from July 1980 until Janua ...
First Fleet ferry was named after ''Supply'' in 1984.Sydney Ferries Fleet Facts
Transport for NSW


See also

*
Journals of the First Fleet There are 20 known contemporary accounts of the First Fleet made by people sailing in the fleet, including journals (both manuscript and published) and letters. The eleven ships of the fleet, carrying over 1,000 convicts, soldiers and seamen, le ...


Citations


References

* * *


External links

*
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] {{DEFAULTSORT:Supply (1759), HMS Auxiliary ships of the Royal Navy Ships of the First Fleet Brigs of the Royal Navy 1788–1850 ships of Australia Convict ships to Norfolk Island 1759 ships