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The HöFLE TELEGRAM (or HOEFLE TELEGRAM) is a cryptic one page document discovered in 2000 among the declassified World War II archives of the Public Record Office in Kew
Kew
, England. The document consists of two top secret messages, one to SS Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann in Berlin
Berlin
, and one to SS Obersturmbannführer
Obersturmbannführer
Franz Heim in German-occupied Kraków (Cracow), sent by SS Sturmbannführer Hermann Höfle on 11 January 1943.

The Telegram contained the detailed statistics on the 1942 killings of Jews in the extermination camps of Belzec
Belzec
, Sobibor , Treblinka
Treblinka
, and Lublin-Majdanek ; as compiled by Höfle, most likely from the very precise records shared with the Deutsche Reichsbahn (DRG). Even though the Holocaust train -records were notoriously incomplete as revealed by the Main Commission for the Investigation of German Crimes against the Polish Nation , the quoted numbers shed a new light on the evidential standard of proof for the scope of the crimes committed by the SS . The telegram gave train arrivals in the prior fortnight, as well as cumulative arrivals until 31 December 1942, for the camps of Einsatz Reinhardt (later commonly called Aktion Reinhard), the most deadly phase of the " Final Solution ". German waybill prepared by Generaldirektion der Ostbahn on 3 August 1942 for shuttle train No. 548 departing from Warszawa Gdańska station to Treblinka
Treblinka
beginning 6 August 1942 onward; exact timetable. Purpose: daily deportations; returning empty. No numbers specified

CONTENTS

* 1 Background * 2 Translation * 3 Importance of the document * 4 Notes * 5 Citations

BACKGROUND

The SS paid German Railways the equivalent of a third class ticket for every prisoner transported via Sonderzüge to extermination camps of Operation Reinhard from the Ghettos in Nazi-occupied Europe and the Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Poland . Children under four went free during the Holocaust . The payment was collected from the SS by the German Transport Authority on behalf of the Reichsbahn according to a schedule, at a cost of 4 Pfennig
Pfennig
per track kilometer. The actual waybills did not include the number of prisoners per each Güterwagen boxcar because calculations were predetermined. The standard means of delivery was a 10 metre long cattle freight wagon , although third class passenger carriages were also used with train tickets paid by the Jews themselves, when the SS wanted to keep up the "resettlement to work in the East" myth. The DRB railway manual which was used by the SS for making payments, had a listed carrying capacity of each trainset set up at 50 boxcars, each loaded with 50 prisoners.

In reality, boxcars were crammed with up to 100 persons and routinely loaded from the minimum of 150% to 200% capacity for the same price. Notably, during the mass deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto
Warsaw Ghetto
to Treblinka
Treblinka
in 1942 trains carried up to 7,000 victims each, which means that the SS did not have to forward the payment for the rail transport of more than half of the victims in that time period. According to an expert report established on behalf of the German "Train of Commemoration" project, the receipts taken in by the state-owned Deutsche Reichsbahn for mass deportations in the period between 1938 and 1945 reached a sum of US $664,525,820.34.

TRANSLATION

Höfle Telegram
Höfle Telegram
is a decoded message, encrypted at source by the German Enigma machine . A missing "5" is added in the table, and is considered to be the correct figure, because only the number 713,555 yields the correct total of 1,274,166, and also, the Korherr Report of 1943 substantiates that the total number of 1,274,166 Jews subjected to "special treatment" ( Sonderbehandlung
Sonderbehandlung
) in General Government is correct to the last incongruous digit. The British decoded version of the Telegram would almost certainly be a transcription error, since British security clearly did not realise what this message was about (see above). It is unlikely that the numerical mistake would have been noticed by them at the time. Admittedly the interception and decoding was not 100% accurate (see reproduction).

ORIGINAL IN THE GERMAN LANGUAGE COMPLETE ENGLISH TRANSLATION

The Hofle Telegram (including two small PRO annotations) 12. OMX de OMQ 1000 89 ? ? State secret! To the Reich Security Main Office , for the attention of SS Obersturmbannführer
Obersturmbannführer
EICHMANN , BERLIN 13/15. OLQ de OMQ 1005 83 234 250 State secret! To the commander of the Security Police , for the attention of SS Obersturmbannführer
Obersturmbannführer
HEIM, KRAKAU . Re: 14-day report Operation REINHARD . Reference: radiogram from there. Recorded arrivals until 31 December 42, L 12761, B 0, S 515, T 10335 totaling 23611. Situation 31 December 42, L 24733, B 434508, S 101370, T 71355, totaling 1274166. SS and police leader of Lublin , HOEFLE , Sturmbannführer
Sturmbannführer
.

For clarity the figures as well as coded letters with their true meaning may be arranged as a table:

Part of a series on

THE HOLOCAUST

Responsibility

NAZI GERMANY

PEOPLE

* Major perpetrators * Adolf Hitler * Heinrich Himmler * Reinhard Heydrich * Adolf Eichmann * Odilo Globocnik * Theodor Eicke * Richard Glücks
Richard Glücks
* Ernst Kaltenbrunner * Rudolf Höss * Christian Wirth * Joseph Goebbels

ORGANIZATIONS

* Nazi Party * Gestapo
Gestapo
* Schutzstaffel (SS) * Totenkopfverbände (SS-TV) * Einsatzgruppen * Sturmabteilung (SA) * Verfügungstruppe (SS-VT) * Wehrmacht

Collaborators during World War II
World War II
Nazi ideologues

Early policies

* Racial policy * Nazi eugenics * Nuremberg Laws
Nuremberg Laws
* Haavara Agreement
Haavara Agreement
* Madagascar Plan
Madagascar Plan
* Forced euthanasia

Victims

* Jews during World War II
World War II

* Europe * Germany

* Romani people (Gypsies) * Poles * Soviet POWs * Slavs in Eastern Europe * Homosexuals * People with disabilities * Freemasons * Jehovah\'s Witnesses

Ghettos

* Białystok * Budapest * Kaunas * Kraków * Łódź * Lublin * Lwów * Minsk * Riga * Warsaw * Vilnius

------------------------- Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Poland

* List of selected ghettos

Atrocities

POGROMS

* Kristallnacht * Bucharest * Dorohoi * Iaşi * Izieu * Jedwabne * Kaunas * Lviv (Lvov) * Marseille * Oradour-sur-Glane * Tulle * Tykocin * Vel\' d\'Hiv * Wąsosz

EINSATZGRUPPEN

* Babi Yar * Bydgoszcz * Częstochowa * Kamianets-Podilskyi * Ninth Fort
Ninth Fort
* Odessa * Piaśnica * Ponary * Rumbula * Erntefest

"FINAL SOLUTION "

* Wannsee Conference * Operation "Reinhard" * Holocaust trains * Extermination camps

END OF WORLD WAR II

* Wola massacre * Death marches

Camps

NAZI EXTERMINATION CAMPS

* Auschwitz-Birkenau * Bełżec * Chełmno * Jasenovac * Majdanek * Maly Trostenets * Sajmište * Sobibór * Treblinka
Treblinka

NAZI CONCENTRATION CAMPS

* Bergen-Belsen * Bogdanovka * Buchenwald * Dachau * Dora * Gonars (Italy) * Gross-Rosen * Herzogenbusch * Janowska * Kaiserwald * Mauthausen-Gusen * Neuengamme * Rab * Ravensbrück * Sachsenhausen * Salaspils * Stutthof * Theresienstadt * Uckermark * Warsaw

TRANSIT AND COLLECTION CAMPS

Belgium

* Breendonk * Mechelen

France

* Gurs * Drancy

Italy

* Bolzano

Netherlands

* Amersfoort * Westerbork

DIVISIONS

* SS-Totenkopfverbände * Concentration Camps Inspectorate
Concentration Camps Inspectorate
* Politische Abteilung * Sanitätswesen

EXTERMINATION METHODS

* Gas van * Gas chamber * Extermination through labour
Extermination through labour
* Einsatzgruppen * Human medical experimentation

Resistance

* Jewish partisans * Bricha

GHETTO UPRISINGS

* Warsaw * Białystok * Łachwa * Częstochowa

Allied response Joint Declaration by Members of the United Nations

* Auschwitz bombing debate * Nuremberg trials * Denazification

Aftermath

* Bricha * Displaced persons * Central Committee of the Liberated Jews

Reparations Agreement between Israel and West Germany

Lists

* Holocaust survivors

Deportations of French Jews to death camps

* Survivors of Sobibór * Timeline of Treblinka
Treblinka
extermination camp * Victims of Nazism * Rescuers of Jews

Resources

* Bibliography * List of books about Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany

The Destruction of the European Jews Functionalism versus intentionalism

* Auschwitz Protocols * Vrba–Wetzler report
Vrba–Wetzler report

Remembrance

* Days of remembrance * Memorials and museums

* v * t * e

DESTINATIONS Recorded arrivals for the 2 weeks until 31 December 1942 Sum total as of 31 December 1942

L (Lublin, i.e. Majdanek ) 12,761 24,733

B (Bełżec ) 0 434,508

S ( Sobibor ) 515 101,370

T ( Treblinka
Treblinka
) 10,335 713,555

TOTAL 23,611 1,274,166

IMPORTANCE OF THE DOCUMENT

According to the US National Security Agency and the Holocaust historians, "it appears the British analysts who had decrypted the message missed the significance of this particular message at the time. No doubt this happened because the message itself contained only the identifying letters for the extermination camps followed by the numerical totals. The only clue would have been the reference to Operation Reinhard, the meaning of which – the plan to eliminate Polish Jewry that was named after the assassinated SS General Reinhard Heydrich – also probably was unknown at the time to the codebreakers at Bletchley ."

The Höfle's radio telegram is one of two evidential proofs making use of the very precise figures, suggesting their common origin; the other one is the Korherr’s report . Both of them detail the numbers involved in the execution of Jews during Einsatz Reinhardt. Apart from quoting identical totals as of 1942, the Telegram also indicates that the camp at Lublin (Majdanek) was part of Odilo Globocnik 's Operation Reinhard, a fact that historians previously had not fully realised.

NOTES

* ^ The Armia Krajowa
Armia Krajowa
communiqués detailing the number of trains arriving at Operation Reinhard death camps augmented by the demographic information regarding the number of people deported from each ghetto, were published by the Polish Underground State through the Biuletyn Informacyjny
Biuletyn Informacyjny
newspaper (BI) on behalf of the exiled Polish government in London .

CITATIONS

* ^ Public Record Office, Kew, England, HW 16/23, decode GPDD 355a distributed on 15 January 1943, radio telegrams nos 12 and 13/15, transmitted on 11 January 1943. * ^ A B C Witte, Peter; Tyas, Stephen (Winter 2001). "A New Document on the Deportation and Murder of Jews during "Einsatz Reinhardt" 1942" (PDF). Holocaust and Genocide Studies. Oxford University Press. 15 (3): 472. doi :10.1093/hgs/15.3.468 . Retrieved 5 May 2015. * ^ Grzegorz Mazur (2013). "The ZWZ-AK Bureau of Information and Propaganda". Essays and Articles. Polish Home Army Ex-Servicemen Association, London Branch. Retrieved 1 December 2013. * ^ A B C Abstract: Peter Witte and Stephen Tyas, “A New Document on the Deportation and Murder of Jews during ‘Einsatz Reinhardt’ 1942.” Holocaust and Genocide Studies 15:3 (2001) pp. 468-486. * ^ Types of Ghettos. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, D.C. * ^ Richard L. Rubenstein, John K. Roth (2003). Approaches to Auschwitz. Westminster John Knox Press. p. 362. ISBN 0664223532 . * ^ Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team (2007). "Documents Related to the Treblinka
Treblinka
Death Camp". Holocaust Research Project.org. Archived from the original on 17 October 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014. Bundesarchiv - Fahrplanordnung 567. * ^ Hedi Enghelberg (2013). The trains of the Holocaust. Kindle Edition. p. 63. ISBN 978-160585-123-5 . Book excerpts from Enghelberg.com. * ^ A B Geoffrey P. Megargee (2009). The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933-1945. Indiana University Press. p. 1514. ISBN 0253003504 . Retrieved 4 February 2014. * ^ "Treblinka: Railway Transports". This Month in Holocaust History. Yad Vashem. Archived from the original on 8 October 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014 – via Internet Archive. The Treblinka extermination process was based on experience the Germans had gained in the Belzec
Belzec
and Sobibor camps. An incoming train, generally consisting of fifty to sixty cars (containing a total of 6-7,000 persons), first came to a stop in the Treblinka
Treblinka
village railway station. Twenty of the cars were brought into the camp, while the rest waited behind in the station. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link ) * ^ Train of Commemoration (November 2009). "Zusammenfassende Bilanz". Expert Report on the Deutsche Reichsbahn‘s Receipts (PDF). Obtained during the Nazi Dictatorship for Services in Transporting Persons from the German Reich and Occupied Areas of Europe to Concentration Camps (in German, English, French, and Polish). Train of Commemoration Registered, Non-Profit Association, Berlin. p. 53. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014 – via direct download from Wayback. With payment summaries, tables and literature. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link ) * ^ A B Robert J. Hanyok (2005). Eavesdropping on Hell: Historical Guide to Western Communications Intelligence and the Holocaust, 1939-1945. Volume 10. Courier Corporation. pp. 89–90. ISBN 0486481271 . Retrieved 6 May 2015.

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