|Image||Scientific name||Common Name||Distribution|
|Gyps africanus||White-backed vulture||west and east Africa|
|Gyps bengalensis||White-rumped vulture||Gangetic plains of India|
|Gyps coprotheres||Cape griffon||Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, and Zimbabwe|
|Gyps fulvus||Griffon vulture||Europe and Asia|
|Gyps himalayensis||Himalayan vulture||the Himalayas, the Pamirs, Kazakhstan and on the Tibetan Plateau (technically in China), with northwestern limits of the breeding range being in Afghanistan and southern limits in Bhutan|
|Gyps indicus||Indian vulture, - formerly long-billed vulture||India, Pakistan and Nepal|
|Gyps rueppelli||Rüppell's vulture||Sahel region of central Africa|
|Gyps tenuirostris||Slender-billed vulture||India from the Gangetic plain north, west to Himachal Pradesh, south potentially as far as northern Odisha, and east through Assam|
These are the typical vultures, with bald head, broad wings and mainly dark plumage. They are large scavenging birds, feeding mostly from carcasses of dead animals. Old World vultures find carcasses exclusively by sight. Representatives of this group are found throughout warmer parts of the Old World.
Compared to other vultures, Gyps species have quite feathered heads, with characteristic downy covers. Indeed, rather than being an adaptation for scavenging as once thought, it seems to be related to thermoregulation.
A prehistoric species is known only from fossil remains found in Middle to Late Pleistocene sites all over the central and eastern Mediterranean: Gyps melitensis. Recently, a fossil species Gyps bochenskii has been described from the late Pliocene in Bulgaria.
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