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Gwyneth Kate Paltrow[1] (/ˈpæltroʊ/) (born September 27, 1972) is an American actress, singer, author, and businesswoman. She has received numerous accolades for her work, including an Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award, and a Primetime Emmy Award. Her films have grossed $3.3 billion at the U.S. box office and $8.8 billion worldwide.[2] Paltrow gained very early notice for her work in films such as Seven (1995), Emma (1996), Sliding Doors
Sliding Doors
(1998), and A Perfect Murder (1998). She garnered wider critical acclaim for her performance as Viola de Lesseps in the historical romance film Shakespeare in Love (1998) which won her several awards, including the Academy Award for Best Actress. This was followed by roles in The Talented Mr. Ripley (1999), The Royal Tenenbaums
The Royal Tenenbaums
(2001), Shallow Hal
Shallow Hal
(2001), and Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow (2004). After becoming a mother, Paltrow significantly reduced her film workload, making occasional appearances in films, such as Proof (2005), for which she earned a nomination for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama. In 2009, Paltrow received a Grammy Award
Grammy Award
nomination for Best Spoken Word Album for Children for the children's audiobook Brown Bear and Friends and won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series for her guest role as Holly Holliday
Holly Holliday
on the Fox musical comedy-drama television series Glee
Glee
in 2011. From 2008 to 2019, Paltrow portrayed Pepper Potts
Pepper Potts
in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Since 2005, Paltrow has been the face of Estée Lauder's Pleasures perfume. She is also the face of American fashion brand Coach,[3] owner of a lifestyle company, Goop, and author of several cookbooks.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 1989–1995: Early acting work 2.2 1996–2001: Breakthrough and film stardom 2.3 2002–2007: Mixed critical work and hiatus 2.4 2008–2013: Iron Man and return to prominence 2.5 2014–present

3 Other projects

3.1 Activism 3.2 Audiobooks 3.3 Fashion 3.4 Goop 3.5 Food

4 Personal life 5 Filmography

5.1 Film 5.2 Television

6 Discography

6.1 Singles

6.1.1 As lead artist 6.1.2 As featured artist

6.2 Other album appearances 6.3 Music videos

7 Published works 8 Awards and nominations 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] Paltrow was born in Los Angeles, the daughter of actress Blythe Danner and film producer-director Bruce Paltrow. She has a younger brother, Jake Paltrow, who is a director and screenwriter. Paltrow's father was Jewish,[4] while her mother is from a Christian background.[5] She was raised celebrating "both Jewish and Christian holidays."[6] Her brother had a traditional Bar Mitzvah when he turned 13.[7][8] Her father's Ashkenazi Jewish family emigrated from Belarus
Belarus
and Poland,[9][10][11][12][13] while her mother has Pennsylvania Dutch
Pennsylvania Dutch
(German), Irish, and some English ancestry.[14][15][16] Paltrow's paternal great-great-grandfather was a rabbi in Nowogród, Poland, and a descendant of the well known "Paltrowicz" family of rabbis from Kraków.[17][18] She is a half-cousin of actress Katherine Moennig, through her mother, and a second cousin of former U.S. Congresswoman Gabby Giffords
Gabby Giffords
(AZ-08), through her father.[19] Her uncle is opera singer and actor Harry Danner, whose daughter, actress Hillary Danner,[20] is Paltrow's cousin and close friend. Paltrow recalls their family gatherings: "Hillary and I always had this in common, and do to this day [...] cooking for people we love, eating, hanging out as a family. It's how we were raised. It's what we do."[21] Another cousin is Rebekah Paltrow Neumann, whose spouse is the Israeli-American billionaire Adam Neumann, founder of WeWork. Her godfather is director Steven Spielberg.[22][23][24] Paltrow was raised in Santa Monica, California, where she attended Crossroads School, before enrolling in the Spence School, a private girls' school in New York City.[25] Later, she briefly studied anthropology at the University of California, Santa Barbara, before dropping out to act.[26] She is an "adopted daughter" of Talavera de la Reina
Talavera de la Reina
(Spain), where at 15, she spent a year as an exchange student and learned to speak Spanish.[27][28][29] She is also conversant in French.[30]

Career[edit] 1989–1995: Early acting work[edit] Her acting debut was in High (1989), a TV film her father directed, and after spending several summers watching her mother perform at the Williamstown Theatre Festival
Williamstown Theatre Festival
in Massachusetts, Paltrow made her professional stage debut there in 1990.[31] Her film debut followed with the musical romance film Shout (1991), starring John Travolta, and she was cast by Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
in the commercially successful adventure feature Hook (1991) as the young Wendy Darling.[31] Paltrow's next roles were in the made-for-television movies Cruel Doubt (1992) and Deadly Relations (1993). Her first plum feature film role was in the noir drama Flesh and Bone (1993) as the much-younger girlfriend of James Caan. Janet Maslin of The New York Times
The New York Times
described Paltrow as a scene-stealer "who is Blythe Danner's daughter and has her mother's way of making a camera fall in love with her."[32] In 1995, she starred in the thriller Se7en, as the wife of a young detective (Brad Pitt), who is partnered with the retiring William Somerset (Morgan Freeman) and soon tasked with tracking down a serial killer who uses the seven deadly sins as tropes in his murders. The seventh-highest-grossing film of the year,[33] Seven also earned her a nomination for the Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actress. She appeared in Moonlight and Valentino, as a grieving chain-smoker, and in Jefferson in Paris, portraying Martha Jefferson Randolph.[34][35]

1996–2001: Breakthrough and film stardom[edit] In 1996, Paltrow played the title character in the period film adaptation Emma, based on the 1815 novel of the same name by Jane Austen. Director Douglas McGrath decided to bring in Paltrow to audition for the part of Emma Woodhouse, after a suggestion from his agent and after seeing her performance in Flesh and Bone.[36] On his decision to cast the actress, McGrath revealed: "The thing that actually sold me on her playing a young English girl was that she did a perfect Texas accent. I know that wouldn't recommend her to most people [...] I knew she had theater training, so she could carry herself. We had many actresses, big and small, who wanted to play this part. The minute she started the read-through, the very first line, I thought, 'Everything is going to be fine; she's going to be brilliant.'"[36] While she recovered from wisdom-tooth surgery, Paltrow had a month to herself do her own research for the part;[37] she studied horsemanship, dancing, singing, archery and the "highly stylized" manners and dialect during a three-week rehearsal period.[37] The film was released to critical acclaim and commercial success through arthouse cinemas.[38] Variety proclaimed: " Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
shines brightly as Jane Austen's most endearing character, the disastrously self-assured matchmaker Emma Woodhouse. A fine cast, speedy pacing and playful direction make this a solid contender for the Austen sweepstakes."[39] 1998 marked a turning point in Paltrow's career as she took on leading roles in five high-profile film releases in the year—Great Expectations, Sliding Doors, Hush, A Perfect Murder
A Perfect Murder
and Shakespeare in Love. In the adaptation of the Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
novel Great Expectations, also starring Ethan Hawke, Robert De Niro, Anne Bancroft and Chris Cooper, she played the unrequited and haughty childhood love of a New York City painter. The British drama Sliding Doors
Sliding Doors
saw her star as a woman whose life could take two central paths depending on whether or not she catches a train, causing different outcomes. Great Expectations and Sliding Doors
Sliding Doors
both grossed over US$55 million worldwide.[40][41] Paltrow starred opposite Jessica Lange in the thriller Hush, as an unsuspecting woman living with her psychotic mother-in-law. The film made US$13.5 million domestically and was generally panned by critics.[42][43] In another thriller, A Perfect Murder, inspired by Alfred Hitchcock's 1954 film, Dial M for Murder, Paltrow starred alongside Michael Douglas, playing Emily Taylor, who was based on Grace Kelly's character from the original film. Despite a mixed critical response towards A Perfect Murder, the film grossed US$128 million globally.[44] She was also considered for the role of Rose DeWitt Bukater in the 1997 film Titanic.[45]

Paltrow at the 2000 Toronto International Film Festival Her most critically acclaimed role in the year was that of the fictional lover of William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
in Shakespeare in Love, opposite Joseph Fiennes
Joseph Fiennes
in the titular part. Entertainment Weekly commented, "Best of all is Gwyneth Paltrow, who, at long last, has a movie to star in that's as radiant as she is."[46] The New York Times summed up her performance as Viola thus: "Gwyneth Paltrow, in her first great, fully realized starring performance, makes a heroine so breathtaking that she seems utterly plausible as the playwright's guiding light."[47] Shakespeare in Love
Shakespeare in Love
made US$289 million in box office receipts,[48][49] and earned Paltrow the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role,[50] Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Comedy or Musical,[50] and Academy Award for Best Actress, among other honors.[49] Her pink Ralph Lauren dress worn at the 71st Academy Awards
Academy Awards
in collecting her Oscar was extremely popular and was credited for bringing pink back into fashion.[51] In 1999, Paltrow co-starred alongside Jude Law, Matt Damon
Matt Damon
and Cate Blanchett in the psychological thriller The Talented Mr. Ripley, as the fiancée of a rich and spoiled millionaire playboy (Law) whose identity is adopted by a con artist (Damon). While The Guardian, noting the "very underwritten" female roles in the story, found her to be "peaky and pallid",[52] the film received positive reviews and earned $80 million in North America.[53] She showcased her singing ability in 2000s Duets, which was directed by her father and co-starred singer Huey Lewis. In the film, about "the little known world of karaoke competitions and the wayward characters who inhabit it", she portrayed the estranged daughter of a hustler (Lewis). She performed a cover version of Smokey Robinson's "Cruisin', which was released as a single and went to number one in Australia, while her rendition of the Kim Carnes
Kim Carnes
classic " Bette Davis
Bette Davis
Eyes" reached number three.[54] Also in 2000, Paltrow co-starred with Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
in the moderately successful romantic drama Bounce as Abby Janello. She starred with Jack Black
Jack Black
in the comedy Shallow Hal
Shallow Hal
(2001), about a shallow man falling in love with an overweight woman. To play her role, she had to wear a specially designed 25-pound fatsuit and heavy make-up. Shallow Hal
Shallow Hal
opened with US$22.5 million and grossed US$70.7 million in North America and US$141.1 million around the globe.[55] Roger Ebert
Roger Ebert
remarked that she was "truly touching" in the film, which he described as "often very funny, but [...] also surprisingly moving at times."[56] In the Wes Anderson
Wes Anderson
dramedy The Royal Tenenbaums
The Royal Tenenbaums
(2001), co-starring Gene Hackman, Anjelica Huston, Ben Stiller
Ben Stiller
and Luke Wilson, Paltrow took on the role of the adopted daughter in an estranged family of former child prodigies reuniting with their father. A positive critical response greeted the film upon its release, and it made US$71.4 million worldwide.[57]

2002–2007: Mixed critical work and hiatus[edit] By 2004, it was observed that since the Oscar for Shakespeare in Love, Paltrow's film career had been less noteworthy and critical acclaim had waned.[58] She said she was unequipped for the pressure, leading to several bad movie choices,[59] agreeing with peers who believe the win is, in some ways, a curse.[60] During this time, Paltrow rarely appeared in films, having taken a hiatus to raise her two children.[25] In The Guardian, she said she divided her career into movies for love and films for money: The Royal Tenenbaums, Proof, and Sylvia fell into the former category, while she signed on to View from the Top
View from the Top
and Shallow Hal
Shallow Hal
for the latter.[29] In 2002, Paltrow made small appearances in the documentary Searching for Debra Winger and the action satire comedy Austin Powers in Goldmember, while she starred in the thriller-drama Possession with Aaron Eckhart
Aaron Eckhart
as a couple of literary scholars who unearth the amorous secret of two Victorian poets as they find themselves falling under a deepening connection. The film made a lukewarm US$14.8 million worldwide.[61] In the following year, she headlined the romantic comedy View from the Top, where she obtained the part of woman from a small town who sets out to fulfill her dream of becoming a flight attendant. Budgeted at US$30 million, the film only earned US$7 million in its opening weekend; it eventually grossed US$15.6 domestically and US$19,526,014 worldwide.[62] She herself later disparaged the film, calling it "terrible."[63] Paltrow starred as the titular role in Sylvia (2003), a British biographical drama directed by Christine Jeffs and co-starring Daniel Craig chronicling the romance between prominent poets Sylvia Plath
Sylvia Plath
and Ted Hughes. Distributed for a limited release in most markets, Sylvia made US$2.9 million internationally.[64] The New York Times, in its review for the film, wrote that "her performance goes well beyond mimicry. She has a vivid, passionate presence, even when her lively features have gone slack with depression and her bright blue eyes have glazed over."[65] In 2004, she starred with her The Talented Mr. Ripley co-star Jude Law and Angelina Jolie
Angelina Jolie
in the science-fiction film Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow. Her role in the film was Polly Perkins, a reporter for the fictional New York Chronicle. Law became one of the producers of the film and used his clout to get Paltrow involved. Once she had been suggested for the role, Law did not remember "any other name coming up. It just seems that she was perfect. She was as enthusiastic about the script and about the visual references that were sort of put to her, and jumped on board."[66] She said in an interview, "I thought that this is the time to do a movie like this where it's kind of breaking into new territory and it's not your basic formulaic action-adventure movie."[66] While critical response was positive, with a budget of US$70 million, Sky Captain only grossed US$58 million at the international box office.[67] Also in 2004, she was recognized as an outstanding woman in entertainment by Women in Film Los Angeles
Los Angeles
with the Crystal Award.[68] In the drama Proof (2005), she starred as the depressed daughter of a brilliant, eccentric mathematician (played by Anthony Hopkins). The film was based on the play of the same name, in which Paltrow also played the same character at London's Donmar Warehouse
Donmar Warehouse
between May and June 2002. On her portrayal in the film version, Eye for Film remarked: "As she has already shown in Sylvia, The Royal Tenenbaums and even Sliding Doors, Paltrow has an uncanny talent for playing women who are coming apart at the seams and her [character] veers from lovably eccentric to more disturbingly unhinged and back again with fluent ease. The scenes, which she and Hopkins share, as two difficult people bound together by affection, dependency and mutual respect, are entirely believable and all the more touching for it."[69] For her performance, Paltrow earned her second Golden Globe Award nomination for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama. Paltrow filmed small roles for the 2006 films Love and Other Disasters, Running with Scissors and Infamous, where she sang Cole Porter's "What Is This Thing Called Love?" Her brother Jake Paltrow directed her in his feature debut, the romantic comedy The Good Night (2007), in which she starred opposite Penélope Cruz, Martin Freeman, Danny DeVito
Danny DeVito
and Simon Pegg
Simon Pegg
as the wife of a former keyboard player (Freeman). The film received a two-theater run in North America and garnered mixed reviews from critics.[70] View London felt the actress was "clearly only playing her part as a courtesy to her director brother and it just makes you wish she'd go back to playing lead roles again."[71]

2008–2013: Iron Man and return to prominence[edit] Paltrow saw a resurgence in her career in 2008, when she was cast in Iron Man as Pepper Potts, Tony Stark's personal assistant, closest friend, and budding love interest.[72] First hesitant to appear in a big-budget project, Paltrow asked Marvel to send her any comics they would consider relevant to her understanding of the character, who she considered to be very smart, levelheaded, and grounded. She said she liked "the fact that there's a sexuality that's not blatant." Director Jon Favreau
Jon Favreau
wanted Potts' and Stark's relationship to be reminiscent of a 1940s screwball comedy, something which Paltrow considered to be fun in an "innocent yet sexy" way.[73] Iron Man was favorably received by critics, and with a worldwide gross of US$585 million, it became Paltrow's highest-grossing film until The Avengers (2012).[74] She reprised her role in the sequels Iron Man 2
Iron Man 2
(2010) and Iron Man 3 (2013). While the second film made US$623.9 million internationally,[75] the third entry went on to gross US$1.215 billion.[76] She also reprised the role in Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017), Avengers: Infinity War (2018) and Avengers: Endgame (2019). Paltrow starred with Joaquin Phoenix
Joaquin Phoenix
in the romantic drama Two Lovers (2008), playing the beautiful but volatile new neighbor of a depressed bachelor. Two Lovers premiered in competition at the 2008 Cannes Film Festival in May, receiving largely positive reviews,[77][78] especially for Phoenix and Paltrow's performances; Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times felt that "Phoenix is at his best with Paltrow's bruised sparrow of a girl; he's desperate to take care of her when he can't even take care of himself. She is one of those actresses who understands the power of a look, and the one of regret and then resignation that overtakes her when Leonard professes his love is steeped in sadness."[79] The film was an arthouse success, grossing US$16 million worldwide.[80]

Paltrow at a ceremony for receiving her Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
star on December 13, 2010 In the musical drama Country Strong
Country Strong
(2010), she starred as an emotionally unstable country music star who attempts to resurrect her career. She recorded the song "Country Strong" for the film's soundtrack,[81] and it was released to country radio stations in August 2010.[82] The film received mediocre reviews and grossed a modest US$20.2 million in North America.[83] The consensus of review-aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes
Rotten Tomatoes
was: "The cast gives it their all, and Paltrow handles her songs with aplomb, but Country Strong's cliched, disjointed screenplay hits too many bum notes."[84] At the 83rd Academy Awards, Paltrow performed another song from the movie, "Coming Home," which was nominated for Best Original Song.[85] Paltrow made her first scripted television appearance[86] on Fox's Glee, as substitute teacher Holly Holliday, who fills in for Matthew Morrison's character when he falls ill. Her role was developed by co-creator Ryan Murphy, a personal friend of Paltrow's, who suggested that she showcase her vocal and dancing abilities ahead of the release of Country Strong.[87] In her first episode, "The Substitute," she sang "Nowadays" from the musical Chicago with Lea Michele, CeeLo Green's "Forget You", and a mash-up of "Singin' In the Rain" and Rihanna's "Umbrella" with Morrison and the rest of the cast.[88] Her debut in Glee
Glee
attracted significant buzz and positive commentary from critics; she earned a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series.[89] Indeed, at the time, Entertainment Weekly's Tim Stack and E! Online's Kristin dos Santos
Kristin dos Santos
called her appearance Emmy-worthy, with the former rating it among her best performances, and the latter stating that Holly received "some of Glee's best-ever one-liners."[90][91] She later performed "Forget You" with CeeLo Green
CeeLo Green
himself and several puppet characters provided by The Jim Henson Company
The Jim Henson Company
at the 2011 Grammy Awards.[92] She reprised her role twice more that season, performing " Do You Wanna Touch Me
Do You Wanna Touch Me
(Oh Yeah)" by Gary Glitter, an acoustic version of "Landslide" by Fleetwood Mac, "Kiss" by Prince, and Adele's "Turning Tables." Paltrow was briefly featured in Glee: The 3D Concert Movie after being filmed while she performed "Forget You" as Holly in the 2011 Glee
Glee
Live! In Concert! tour performances of June 16 and 17, 2011.[93] Afterwards in the year, Paltrow appeared in Steven Soderbergh's film Contagion, featuring an ensemble cast consisting of Marion Cotillard, Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
and her The Talented Mr. Ripley co-stars Matt Damon
Matt Damon
and Jude Law. The thriller follows the rapid progress of a lethal indirect contact transmission virus that kills within days.[94] Paltrow portrayed Elizabeth Emhoff, a "working mom" and one of the virus' first victims.[95] Contagion received positive reviews and opened atop at the North American box office with US$23.1 million; it went on to gross US$75.6 million domestically and US$135.4 million worldwide.[96] She reprised her role of Pepper Potts
Pepper Potts
in The Avengers (2012), which set numerous box office records, including the biggest opening weekend in North America; it grossed over $1.5 billion worldwide, becoming Paltrow's most widely seen film.[97] Also in 2012, she starred in the independent romantic dramedy Thanks for Sharing, opposite Mark Ruffalo as people learning to face a challenging and confusing road as they struggle together against sex addiction. Distributed for a limited release in certain parts of the United States, the film garnered mixed reviews and grossed US$1 million domestically.[98] Paste magazine noted that her role "exhibits some of the same obsessive diet and exercise habits that Paltrow herself has been accused of—a kind of meta character trait that balances the power in [the main roles'] budding relationship."[99] In April 2013, Paltrow was named People magazine's annual "Most Beautiful Woman."[100]

2014–present[edit] In 2014, she had a two-episode arc in the improvised online series Web Therapy, as Maya Ganesh, "a new-age caricature."[101] In 2015, she starred in Mortdecai,[102] alongside Johnny Depp, Olivia Munn, and Paul Bettany. In it, she portrayed the wife of an unscrupulous art dealer and swindler (Depp). Budgeted at US$60 million, the film only grossed US$7.7 million in North America and US$47.3 million internationally.[103] Paltrow was featured on the track "Everglow", which was included in Coldplay's seventh studio album A Head Full of Dreams
A Head Full of Dreams
(2015).[104] In June 2017, Paltrow announced that she would take a break from acting to focus on her business Goop, stating: "I'm still going to do a little bit here and there, but [the company] really requires almost all of my time."[105] In 2019, Paltrow reprised her role as Pepper Potts
Pepper Potts
in Avengers: Endgame,[106] The film received positive reviews from film critics and grossed over $2 billion at the box office.[107][108] Paltrow announced the film would be her final major appearance as Potts, but expressed interest in returning for a cameo or a flashback in future films.[109] That same year, she appeared in the Netflix
Netflix
comedy-drama series The Politician, playing the mother of Ben Platt's character.[110] The series received mixed reviews from critics, with Paltrow's performance receiving praise.[111][112]

Other projects[edit] Activism[edit] Paltrow at the 84th Academy Awards
Academy Awards
in 2012 Paltrow is a Save the Children
Save the Children
artist ambassador, raising awareness about World Pneumonia Day.[113] She is on the board of the Robin Hood Foundation, a charitable organization that works to alleviate poverty in New York City.[114] In October 2014, she hosted a Democratic fundraiser attended by President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
at her private residence in Los Angeles.[115] In May 2019, Paltrow and actor Bradley Whitford
Bradley Whitford
hosted a fundraiser for Democratic Presidential candidate Mayor Pete Buttigieg.[116]

Audiobooks[edit] In 2009, Paltrow narrated the audiobook The Brown Bear & Friends by Bill Martin Jr., the first of a series of children's audiobooks that she narrated. The Brown Bear & Friends audiobook earned Paltrow a Grammy Award
Grammy Award
nomination for Best Spoken Word Album for Children.[117] Since, she has also narrated Bill Martin's Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?, Baby Bear, Baby Bear, What Do You See?, Panda Bear, Panda Bear, What Do You See?, and Polar Bear, Polar Bear, What Do You Hear?.[118]

Fashion[edit] In May 2005, Paltrow became the face of Estée Lauder's Pleasures perfume. She appeared in Chicago on August 17, 2007, to sign bottles of the perfume, and on July 8, 2008, she promoted Lauder's Sensuous perfume in New York with the company's three other models.[119] Estée Lauder donates a minimum of $500,000 of sales of items from the 'Pleasures Gwyneth Paltrow' collection to breast cancer research.[120] In 2006, she became the face for Bean Pole International, a Korean fashion brand and in 2014, she partnered with Blo Blow Bar, teaming up with the brand's creative branch.[121]

Goop[edit] Main article: Goop (company) In September 2008, Paltrow launched the weekly lifestyle newsletter Goop, encouraging readers to 'nourish the inner aspect'.[122] Goop has expanded into a web-based company, Goop.com. According to Paltrow, the company's name came from someone telling her successful internet companies have double O's in their name,[123] and "is a nickname, like my name is G.P., so that is really where it came from. And I wanted it to be a word that means nothing and could mean anything."[124] Goop has expanded into e-commerce, collaborating with fashion brands, launching pop-up shops,[125] launching a wellness summit,[126] a print magazine,[127] a podcast,[128] and a documentary series to be streamed on Netflix.[129] Goop, and by extension Paltrow, have drawn criticism by showcasing expensive products[130] and promoting medically and scientifically impossible treatments, many of which have harmful consequences. The controversies have included vaginal steaming,[131] the use of jade eggs,[132][133] a dangerous coffee enema device,[134][135] and "Body Vibes", wearable stickers that were claimed to "rebalance the energy frequency in our bodies" and which Goop falsely claimed were made of a NASA-developed material.[136][137] Goop settled a lawsuit regarding the health claims it made over the jade eggs.[138] Jill Avery, a brand analyst, has noted how Goop's response to criticisms seems designed to "strengthen their brand and draw their customers closer", noting Goop's references to feminism, traditional Asian medicines and Eastern philosophies, and anti-establishment politics to do so.[139]

Food[edit] Library resources about Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
Resources in your library Resources in other libraries

By Gwyneth Paltrow Resources in your library Resources in other libraries

In October 2007, Paltrow signed for the PBS
PBS
television series Spain... on the Road Again, which showcases the food and culture of Spain.[140] In 2008, Paltrow co-wrote the book Spain... A Culinary Road Trip with Mario Batali.[141] In 2011, she wrote a book titled My Father's Daughter: Delicious, Easy Recipes Celebrating Family and Togetherness.[142] That same year she penned the book Notes From the Kitchen Table.[143] Two years later she published a book titled It's All Good: Delicious Easy Recipes That Will Make You Look Good and Feel Great, which promoted an elimination diet that is unsupported by medical evidence.[144] Included in that book was a recipe for avocado toast which was widely copied and adapted as part of a 2010s food trend.[145] Also in 2013, Paltrow wrote a foreword for a book by Ross Matthews, Man Up! Tales of My Delusional Self-Confidence. In 2016, Paltrow published a cookbook: It's All Easy: Delicious Weekday Recipes for the Super-Busy Home Cook.[146] Negative reaction by a group of scientist and science communication mothers to Paltrow's 2015 video pushing for mandatory labelling of food containing genetically modified organisms led to the creation of a documentary, Science
Science
Moms. The film is about mothers who advocate for science-based decision-making concerning the health and nutrition of children.[147]

Personal life[edit] At the age of 24, Paltrow was engaged to actor Brad Pitt, whom she dated from 1994 to 1997.[27] They called off the engagement, according to Paltrow, because she was not ready for marriage.[148] Paltrow has since said that, as this was her first high-profile relationship with another celebrity, it taught her the need for public discretion about her romantic life.[149]

Paltrow at the Iron Man 3
Iron Man 3
French premiere in April 2013 Paltrow had an on-and-off three-year relationship with actor Ben Affleck from 1997 to late 2000.[150] They first broke up in early 1999; soon afterward, Paltrow persuaded Affleck to star in the film Bounce with her.[151] During the making of the film, the couple started dating again and eventually broke up in October 2000. In October 2002, Paltrow met Chris Martin
Chris Martin
of the British band Coldplay backstage three weeks after the death of her father, Bruce Paltrow. They married in December 2003 in a ceremony at a hotel in Southern California. Paltrow was pregnant with Martin's child at the time of their wedding.[152] Paltrow and Martin have two children together: daughter Apple, born in May 2004,[153][154] and a son Moses, born in April 2006.[155][156] Moses' name was inspired by a song Chris Martin
Chris Martin
wrote for Paltrow. Simon Pegg and Martin's bandmate Jonny Buckland
Jonny Buckland
are Apple's godfathers.[157] Paltrow cut down on work after becoming a mother.[158] She also suffered from postpartum depression after the 2006 birth of her son.[159] In March 2014, Paltrow announced that she and Martin had separated after ten years of marriage, describing the process as "conscious uncoupling."[160][161][162] In her official announcement, Paltrow had her doctors Dr. Habib Sadeghi (whose guidance she closely followed through the uncoupling process) and his wife, Dr. Sherry Sami, explain Conscious Uncoupling. A "conscious uncoupling is the ability to understand that every irritation and argument [within a marriage] was a signal to look inside ourselves and identify a negative internal object that needed healing," Sadeghi explained. "From this perspective, there are no bad guys, just two people, it's about people as individuals, not just the relationship".[163] In April 2015, Paltrow filed for divorce,[164] which was finalized on July 14, 2016.[165] In 2014, Paltrow began dating producer Brad Falchuk, whom she met on the set of Glee
Glee
in 2010. The couple went public with their relationship in April 2015.[166] They announced their engagement on January 8, 2018[167] and the following July, that they would have a "private and small" wedding.[168][169] The marriage ceremony was held in September 2018 in The Hamptons
The Hamptons
on Long Island, New York. Falchuk had been married since 1994 to Suzanne Bukinik Falchuk, who filed for divorce in 2013. In 2004, Paltrow practiced cupping therapy, attending a film premiere with bruises on her back.[170] As of 2013[update], Paltrow practices Transcendental Meditation.[171] While Paltrow had previously smoked one cigarette a week, as of 2018[update] she had cut down.[172] In 2017, Paltrow said that during the filming of the 1996 movie Emma, producer Harvey Weinstein
Harvey Weinstein
made unwanted sexual advances toward her. She confided in her ex-fiancé Brad Pitt, who confronted Weinstein at an industry event. Weinstein later warned Paltrow not to tell anyone else.[173] In 2017, Paltrow was a major source for an article written by New York Times
New York Times
investigative journalists Jodi Kantor and Megan Twohey about Weinstein's alleged sexual misconduct.[174] In January 2019, retired optometrist Terry Sanderson sued Paltrow for $3.1 million, claiming that three years earlier she collided with him on a ski slope at Deer Valley
Deer Valley
Resort in Park City, Utah, causing him permanent traumatic brain injury.[175] Paltrow counter-sued Sanderson in February, claiming that he was the one who crashed into her. She sought a symbolic $1 in damages, as well as repayment of her legal fees.[176][177]

Filmography[edit] Film[edit]

Year

Title

Role

Notes

1991

Shout

Rebecca

Hook

Young Wendy Darling

1992

Cruel Doubt

Angela Pritchard

1993

Deadly Relations

Carol Ann Fagot Applegarth Holland

Malice

Paula Bell

Flesh and Bone

Ginnie

1994

Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle

Paula Hunt

1995

Higher Learning

Student

Uncredited

Jefferson in Paris

Patsy Jefferson

Seven

Tracy Mills

Moonlight and Valentino

Lucy Trager

1996

Hard Eight

Clementine

The Pallbearer

Julie DeMarco

Emma

Emma Woodhouse

1998

Sliding Doors

Helen Quilley

Great Expectations

Estella Havisham

Hush

Helen Baring

A Perfect Murder

Emily Bradford Taylor

Shakespeare in Love

Viola de Lesseps

1999

The Talented Mr. Ripley

Marge Sherwood

2000

The Intern

Herself

Uncredited

Duets

Liv Dean

Bounce

Abby Janello

2001

The Anniversary Party

Skye Davidson

The Royal Tenenbaums

Margot Tenenbaum

Shallow Hal

Rosemary Shanahan

2002

Searching for Debra Winger

Herself

Documentary

Austin Powers in Goldmember

Dixie Normous

Cameo

Possession

Maud Bailey

2003

View from the Top

Donna Jensen

Sylvia

Sylvia Plath

2004

Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow

Polly Perkins

2005

Proof

Catherine Llewellyn

2006

Infamous

Kitty Dean

Love and Other Disasters

Hollywood Jacks

Cameo

Running with Scissors

Hope Finch

2007

The Good Night

Dora Shaller

2008

Two Lovers

Michelle Rausch

Iron Man

Pepper Potts

2010

Iron Man 2

Country Strong

Kelly Canter

2011

Glee: The 3D Concert Movie

Holly Holliday

Uncredited[178]

Contagion

Beth Emhoff

2012

Thanks for Sharing

Phoebe

The Avengers

Pepper Potts

Cameo

2013

Iron Man 3

2014

Virunga

Herself

Documentary

2015

Mortdecai

Johanna Mortdecai

2016

Justin Timberlake + The Tennessee Kids

Herself

Documentary

2017

Man in Red Bandana[179]

Narrator (voice)

Documentary

Spider-Man: Homecoming

Pepper Potts

Cameo

2018

Avengers: Infinity War

2019

Avengers: Endgame

Television[edit]

Year

Title

Role

Notes

1992

Cruel Doubt

Angela Pritchard

Miniseries

1999–2011; 2019

Saturday Night Live

Herself / Host / Various

6 episodes

2000

Clerks: The Animated Series

Herself (voice)

2008

Spain... on the Road Again

Herself

Documentary; 13 episodes

2010

The Marriage Ref

Herself / Panelist

Episode: "Gwyneth Paltrow/Jerry Seinfeld/Greg Giraldo"

2010–2011; 2014

Glee

Holly Holliday

5 episodes

2011

Who Do You Think You Are?

Herself

Episode: "Gwyneth Paltrow"

2012

The New Normal

Abby

Episode: "Pilot"

2014

Web Therapy

Maya Ganesh

2 episodes

2016

Nightcap

Herself

Episode: "A-List Thief"

2017

Planet of the Apps

Herself

Mentor

2019

The Chef Show

Herself

Episode: " Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
/ Bill Burr"

2019

The Politician

Georgina Hobart

Main role

Discography[edit] Singles[edit] As lead artist[edit]

List of singles as lead artist, with selected chart positions and certifications

Title

Year

Peak chart positions

Certifications

Album

US[180]

US AC[181]

USCountry[182]

AUS[183]

NZ[184]

UK[185]

"Cruisin'" (with Huey Lewis)

2000

— 1 — 1 1

AUS: 2× Platinum[186]

Duets

" Bette Davis
Bette Davis
Eyes"

— — — 3 — —

AUS: Platinum[186]

"Country Strong"

2010

81 — 30 — — —

Country Strong

"Me and Tennessee" (with Tim McGraw)

2011

— — 34 — — 63

"—" denotes releases that did not chart

As featured artist[edit]

List of singles as featured artist, with selected chart positions and certifications

Title

Year

Peak chart positions

Album

US[187][188][189]

AUS[190][191]

CAN[192][193][194]

IRL[195]

UK[196][197][198]

"Forget You" (among Glee
Glee
cast)

2010

11 24 12 20 31

Glee: The Music, Volume 4

"Nowadays/Hot Honey Rag" (among Glee
Glee
cast)[199]

— — — — —

Non-album singles

"Singing in the Rain/Umbrella" (among Glee
Glee
cast)

18 23 20 10 22

" Do You Wanna Touch Me
Do You Wanna Touch Me
(Oh Yeah)"(among Glee
Glee
cast)

2011

57 — 63 — 95

Glee: The Music, Volume 5

"Kiss" (among Glee
Glee
cast)

83 98 80 — —

"Landslide" (among Glee
Glee
cast)

23 38 35 36 52

"Turning Tables" (among Glee
Glee
cast)

66 — 66 — 75

Glee: The Music, Volume 6

"Happy" (among Glee
Glee
cast)

2014

— — — — —

Glee: The Music, Celebrating 100 Episodes

"Party All the Time" (among Glee
Glee
cast)

— — — — —

"—" denotes releases that did not chart.

Other album appearances[edit]

Song

Year

Album

"Silent Worship" (with Ewan McGregor)

1996

Emma

"Just My Imagination (Running Away with Me)" (with Babyface)

2000

Duets

"It's Only Love" (with Sheryl Crow)

2002

C'mon, C'mon

"What Is This Thing Called Love?" (with Mark Rubin Band)

2006

Infamous

"Shake That Thing"

2010

Country Strong

"Coming Home"

"A Fighter"

"Travis"

"Over the Rainbow" (with Matthew Morrison)

2011

Matthew Morrison

"This Woman's Work"

Every Mother Counts

"Waiting on June" (with Holly Williams)

2013

The Highway

"Everglow" (with Coldplay)

2015

A Head Full of Dreams

Music videos[edit]

Video

Year

Director

"I Want to Come Over" (with Melissa Etheridge)

1996

Pam Thomas

"Country Strong"

2010

Kristin Barlowe, Christoper Sims, Shana Feste

"Me and Tennessee" (with Tim McGraw)

2011

Shana Feste

Published works[edit] Paltrow, Gwyneth (2011). My Father's Daughter: Delicious, Easy Recipes Celebrating Family & Togetherness. Grand Central Life & Style. ISBN 978-0-446-55731-3..mw-parser-output cite.citation font-style:inherit .mw-parser-output .citation q quotes:"""""""'""'" .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration color:#555 .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output code.cs1-code color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error display:none;font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format font-size:95% .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left padding-left:0.2em .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right padding-right:0.2em Paltrow, Gwyneth (2011). Notes from My Kitchen Table. Grand Central Life & Style. ISBN 978-0-7522-2789-4. Paltrow, Gwyneth (2013). It's All Good: Delicious, Easy Recipes That Will Make You Look Good and Feel Great. Grand Central Life & Style. ISBN 978-1-4555-2271-2. Paltrow, Gwyneth (2019). The Clean Plate: Eat, Reset, Heal. Grand Central Life & Style. Sadeghi Habib – Author, Paltrow, Gwyneth – Foreword (2017). The Clarity Cleanse: 12 Steps to Finding Renewed Energy, Spiritual Fulfillment and Emotional Healing. ISBN 1455542245. Awards and nominations[edit] Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Gwyneth Paltrow References[edit]

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Gwyneth Paltrow
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Gwyneth Paltrow
over Goop". Thestar.com. Toronto Star. Archived from the original on August 5, 2017. Retrieved August 5, 2017.

^ Phillips, Kristine (January 22, 2017). "No, Gwyneth Paltrow, women should not put jade eggs in their vaginas, gynecologist says". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 7, 2017.

^ Gunter, Jen (January 17, 2017). "Dear Gwyneth Paltrow, I'm a GYN and your vaginal jade eggs are a bad idea". Dr. Jen Gunter. Retrieved July 7, 2017.

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^ Ernst, E (June 1997). "Colonic irrigation and the theory of autointoxication: a triumph of ignorance over science". Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology. 24 (4): 196–8. doi:10.1097/00004836-199706000-00002. PMID 9252839.

^ "Wearable Stickers that Promote Healing (Really!)". Goop. June 20, 2017. Retrieved July 7, 2017.

^ Paoletta, Rae (June 22, 2017). " NASA
NASA
Calls Bullshit on Goop's $120 'Bio-Frequency Healing' Sticker Packs". Gizmodo. Retrieved July 7, 2017.

^ Weaver, Matthew (September 5, 2018). "Goop to pay out over unproven health benefits of vaginal eggs". The Guardian. Retrieved September 5, 2018.

^ Belluz, Julia (September 12, 2017). "Is Gwyneth Paltrow's Goop pseudoscience winning?". Vox.com. Archived from the original on December 6, 2017. Retrieved December 5, 2017.

^ "Paltrow to make Spain TV series". BBC News. October 3, 2007. Retrieved December 6, 2007.

^ Reese, Jennifer (October 1, 2008). "Spain...A Culinary Road Trip (2008)". Entertainment Weekly.

^ "What We're Reading, April 19–25". NPR. April 19, 2011.

^ Young, Eleanor (May 11, 2011). "WIN Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
Notes from my Kitchen Table". Marie Claire.

^ Hoffman, Steven J; Tan, Charlie (2015). "Biological, psychological and social processes that explain celebrities' influence on patients' health-related behaviors". Archives of Public Health. 73 (1): 3. doi:10.1186/2049-3258-73-3. PMC 4429495. PMID 25973193.

^ Orenstein, Jayne. "How the Internet became ridiculously obsessed with avocado toast". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 1, 2017.

^ Wiedemann, Elettra. "Gwyneth Paltrow's Avocado Toast Recipe Is Better Than Yours". www.refinery29.com. Retrieved February 15, 2019.

^ Miller, Matthew (March 19, 2018). "' Science
Science
Moms,' a documentary on 'fact-based parenting,' to screen at MSU". Lansingstatejournal.com. Lansing State Journal. Retrieved March 21, 2018. It was 2015. Paltrow and company had filmed a video pushing for mandatory labeling of food made with genetically modified organisms. A group of women scientists, science writers and farmers decided to respond.

^ "Gwyneth in love". MSN. October 19, 2003. Archived from the original on July 7, 2010.

^ Clehane, Diane (October 2000). "Beneath the elegance". Biography.

^ McClurg, Jocelyn (October 9, 2001). "Paltrow dishes about Ben, bum". USA Today.

^ Lidz, Frank (September 10, 2000). " Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
Shocker: I Bargained With Devil for Fame". The New York Times.

^ Hiscock, Simon (April 30, 2008). "Gwyneth Paltrow: I'm back – and I just love it". Daily Telegraph. London, England: Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved May 25, 2008.

^ Silverman, Stephen M. (May 14, 2004). "It's a Girl for Gwyneth Paltrow & Hubby". People. Retrieved February 3, 2008.

^ "Gwyneth lets Oprah in on the secret of Apple". Hello!. August 27, 2004. Retrieved August 21, 2006.

^ " Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
Has a Boy". People. April 10, 2006. Retrieved February 3, 2019.

^ Robertson, Jessica (April 10, 2006). "Coldplay's Chris Martin
Chris Martin
Has a Boy". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 24, 2009.

^ "Martin+Paltrow Name Pegg As Godfather". Contactmusic.com. September 9, 2007. Retrieved March 17, 2009.

^ "Second baby on the way for Gwyneth and Chris". Hello!. January 13, 2006.

^ Everett, Jenny (January 6, 2011). " Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
Opens Up About Postpartum Depression: Could You Be at Risk?". Self. Archived from the original on February 11, 2011. Retrieved February 11, 2011.

^ Fleeman, Mike (March 25, 2014). " Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
and Chris Martin Separate". People. Retrieved March 10, 2019.

^ Paltrow, Gwyneth (March 25, 2014). "Conscious Uncoupling". Goop.com. Retrieved March 25, 2014.[failed verification]

^ " Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
and Coldplay
Coldplay
star Chris Martin
Chris Martin
to separate". BBC News. March 25, 2014. Retrieved March 26, 2014.

^ Natalie, Matthews. "What Gwyneth Paltrow's 'Conscious Uncoupling' really means". CNN.

^ " Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
files for divorce from chris martin". The Hollywood Reporter. April 21, 2015.

^ Dowd, Kathy Ehrich (July 15, 2016). " Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
and Chris Martin Finalize Their Divorce More Than Two Years After Split". People. New York City: Meredith Corporation. Retrieved November 21, 2017. The duo reached a divorce settlement in May, and their judgment was entered into a Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County courthouse on Thursday [July 14, 2016].

^ "Gwyneth Paltrow, Brad Falchuk
Brad Falchuk
Debut Romance at Robert Downey Jr.'s Star-Studded 50th Birthday Party". Us Magazine. April 6, 2015. Retrieved November 22, 2017.

^ Reed, Sam (January 8, 2018). " Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
Confirms Engagement with Goop Magazine Cover". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 9, 2018. Retrieved January 8, 2018.

^ "How Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
Is Prepping for Her Wedding to Brad Falchuk". Us Weekly. July 11, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.

^ "How Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
Is Prepping for Her 'Small and Personal' Wedding". www.msn.com. Retrieved July 12, 2018.

^ "What caused Gwyneth's spots". BBC News. July 9, 2004. Retrieved July 28, 2018.

^ Hoffman, Claire (February 22, 2013). "David Lynch Is Back ... as a Guru of Transcendental Meditation". New York Times. Archived from the original on February 22, 2013. Retrieved February 23, 2013.

^ Brodesser-Akner, Taffy (July 25, 2018). "How Goop's Haters Made Gwyneth Paltrow's Company Worth $250 Million". The New York Times. Retrieved July 26, 2018.

^ Kantor, Jodi; Abrams, Rachel (October 10, 2017). "Gwyneth Paltrow, Angelina Jolie
Angelina Jolie
and Others Say Weinstein Harassed Them". The New York Times. New York City: New York Times
New York Times
Company.

^ Hills, Megan C. (September 11, 2019). " Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
revealed as key player in Weinstein investigation in new book She Said". Evening Standard.

^ "Utah man sues Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
for alleged ski slope 'hit and run'". Reuters. January 30, 2019. Retrieved February 24, 2019.

^ " Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
counter-sues Utah man over ski collision, seeks $1". Reuters. February 20, 2019. Retrieved February 24, 2019.

^ Delbyck, Cole (February 22, 2019). " Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
Says She's The Real Victim In Ski Slope Hit-Run". Huffington Post. Retrieved March 13, 2019.

^ Maloy, Sarah (June 17, 2011). "' Glee
Glee
Live!' Surprises With Paltrow & Lynch Appearances, a Proposal". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media.

^ Kilgannon, Corey (September 8, 2017). "Saved on 9/11, by the Man in the Red Bandanna". The New York Times. Retrieved September 12, 2017.

^ " Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
Album & Song Chart History – Hot 100". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved April 9, 2011.

^ "Adult Contemporary Top 10 for chart week of December 16, 2000". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved August 2, 2010.

^ " Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
– "Country Strong" chart history". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved November 24, 2010.

^ "australian-charts.com – Australian charts portal". australian-charts.com. Retrieved November 29, 2010.

^ "charts.nz – New Zealand charts portal". charts.nz. Retrieved October 11, 2010.

^ " Tim McGraw
Tim McGraw
& Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
full Official Chart history". Official Charts Company. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

^ a b " ARIA Charts
ARIA Charts
– Accreditations – 2001 Singles". ARIA Charts. Retrieved October 11, 2010.

^ "Hot 100: Week of December 04, 2010 (Biggest Jump)". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved November 28, 2010.

^ "Hot 100: Week of March 26, 2011 (Biggest Jump)". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved March 17, 2011.

^ Trust, Gary (April 27, 2011). "Katy Perry's 'E.T.' Returns To No. 1 On Hot 100". Billboard. New York: Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved April 27, 2011.

^ "Discography Glee
Glee
Cast". australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved November 29, 2010.

^ "Chartifacts – Week Commencing: 21 March 2011". Australian Recording Industry Association. March 21, 2011. Archived from the original on February 16, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2011.

^ "Canadian Hot 100: Week of December 04, 2010 (Biggest Jump)". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved November 28, 2010.

^ "Canadian Hot 100: Week of March 26, 2011 (Biggest Jump)". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved March 17, 2011.

^ "Canadian Hot 100: Week of May 07, 2011 (Biggest Jump)". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved April 28, 2011.

^ "Discography Glee
Glee
Cast". irish-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved April 22, 2011.

^ " Adele
Adele
holds on to singles and albums charts". BBC News. February 27, 2011. Retrieved February 28, 2011.

^ "Official UK Singles Top 100 – 30 April 2011". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on May 13, 2012. Retrieved April 24, 2011.

^ "Official UK Singles Top 100 – 14 May 2011". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on May 13, 2012. Retrieved May 8, 2011.

^ " Nowadays / Hot Honey Rag ( Glee
Glee
Cast Version) [feat. Gwyneth Paltrow] – Single". iTunes Store Ireland. Archived from the original on March 28, 2012. Retrieved November 15, 2010.

External links[edit]

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(1965) Elizabeth Taylor
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(1966) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1967) Katharine Hepburn
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/ Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1968) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1969) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1970) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
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Liza Minnelli
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Glenda Jackson
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Ellen Burstyn
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Louise Fletcher
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Jodie Foster
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Kathy Bates
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Holly Hunter
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Jessica Lange
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Susan Sarandon
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Frances McDormand
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Sandra Bullock
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Natalie Portman
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Meryl Streep
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Jennifer Lawrence
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Cate Blanchett
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Julianne Moore
(2014) Brie Larson
Brie Larson
(2015) Emma Stone
Emma Stone
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Frances McDormand
(2017) Olivia Colman
Olivia Colman
(2018)

vte Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1975) Beah Richards
Beah Richards
(1988) Colleen Dewhurst
Colleen Dewhurst
(1989) Swoosie Kurtz
Swoosie Kurtz
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Colleen Dewhurst
(1991) No Award (1992) Tracey Ullman
Tracey Ullman
(1993) Eileen Heckart (1994) Cyndi Lauper
Cyndi Lauper
(1995) Betty White
Betty White
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Carol Burnett
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Emma Thompson
(1998) Tracey Ullman
Tracey Ullman
(1999) Jean Smart
Jean Smart
(2000) Jean Smart
Jean Smart
(2001) Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(2002) Christina Applegate
Christina Applegate
(2003) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2004) Kathryn Joosten
Kathryn Joosten
(2005) Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(2006) Elaine Stritch
Elaine Stritch
(2007) Kathryn Joosten
Kathryn Joosten
(2008) Tina Fey
Tina Fey
(2009) Betty White
Betty White
(2010) Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
(2011) Kathy Bates
Kathy Bates
(2012) Melissa Leo
Melissa Leo
(2013) Uzo Aduba
Uzo Aduba
(2014) Joan Cusack
Joan Cusack
(2015) Tina Fey
Tina Fey
& Amy Poehler
Amy Poehler
(2016) Melissa McCarthy
Melissa McCarthy
(2017) Tiffany Haddish
Tiffany Haddish
(2018) Jane Lynch
Jane Lynch
(2019)

vteEmpire Award for Best Actress Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(1996) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(1997) Joan Allen
Joan Allen
(1998) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(1999) Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
(2000) Connie Nielsen
Connie Nielsen
(2001) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2002) Kirsten Dunst
Kirsten Dunst
(2003) Uma Thurman
Uma Thurman
(2004) Julie Delpy
Julie Delpy
(2005) Thandie Newton
Thandie Newton
(2006) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
(2007) Keira Knightley
Keira Knightley
(2008) Helena Bonham Carter
Helena Bonham Carter
(2009) Zoe Saldana
Zoe Saldana
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Noomi Rapace
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Olivia Colman
(2012) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
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Emma Thompson
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Rosamund Pike
(2015) Alicia Vikander
Alicia Vikander
(2016) Felicity Jones
Felicity Jones
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Daisy Ridley
(2018)

vteGolden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical Judy Holliday
Judy Holliday
(1950) June Allyson
June Allyson
(1951) Susan Hayward
Susan Hayward
(1952) Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1953) Judy Garland
Judy Garland
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Jean Simmons
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Deborah Kerr
(1956) Kay Kendall
Kay Kendall
/ Taina Elg
Taina Elg
(1957) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
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Marilyn Monroe
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Shirley MacLaine
(1960) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
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Rosalind Russell
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Shirley MacLaine
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Julie Andrews
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Julie Andrews
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Lynn Redgrave
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Anne Bancroft
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Barbra Streisand
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Patty Duke
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Twiggy
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Liza Minnelli
(1972) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
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Raquel Welch
(1974) Ann-Margret
Ann-Margret
(1975) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
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Diane Keaton
/ Marsha Mason
Marsha Mason
(1977) Ellen Burstyn
Ellen Burstyn
/ Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
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Bette Midler
(1979) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
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Bernadette Peters
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Julie Andrews
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Julie Walters
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Kathleen Turner
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Kathleen Turner
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Sissy Spacek
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Cher
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Melanie Griffith
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Jessica Tandy
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Julia Roberts
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Bette Midler
(1991) Miranda Richardson
Miranda Richardson
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Angela Bassett
(1993) Jamie Lee Curtis
Jamie Lee Curtis
(1994) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(1995) Madonna (1996) Helen Hunt
Helen Hunt
(1997) Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
(1998) Janet McTeer
Janet McTeer
(1999) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2000) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2001) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2002) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(2003) Annette Bening
Annette Bening
(2004) Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
(2005) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2006) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2007) Sally Hawkins
Sally Hawkins
(2008) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2009) Annette Bening
Annette Bening
(2010) Michelle Williams (2011) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2012) Amy Adams
Amy Adams
(2013) Amy Adams
Amy Adams
(2014) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2015) Emma Stone
Emma Stone
(2016) Saoirse Ronan
Saoirse Ronan
(2017) Olivia Colman
Olivia Colman
(2018)

vteMTV Movie Award for Best Kiss Anna Chlumsky
Anna Chlumsky
& Macaulay Culkin
Macaulay Culkin
in My Girl (1992) Christian Slater
Christian Slater
& Marisa Tomei
Marisa Tomei
in Untamed Heart
Untamed Heart
(1993) Demi Moore
Demi Moore
& Woody Harrelson
Woody Harrelson
in Indecent Proposal
Indecent Proposal
(1994) Jim Carrey
Jim Carrey
& Lauren Holly
Lauren Holly
in Dumb and Dumber
Dumb and Dumber
(1995) Natasha Henstridge
Natasha Henstridge
& Anthony Guidera in Species (1996) Will Smith
Will Smith
& Vivica A. Fox
Vivica A. Fox
in Independence Day (1997) Adam Sandler
Adam Sandler
& Drew Barrymore
Drew Barrymore
in The Wedding Singer
The Wedding Singer
(1998) Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
& Joseph Fiennes
Joseph Fiennes
in Shakespeare in Love
Shakespeare in Love
(1999) Sarah Michelle Gellar
Sarah Michelle Gellar
& Selma Blair
Selma Blair
in Cruel Intentions
Cruel Intentions
(2000) Julia Stiles
Julia Stiles
& Sean Patrick Thomas in Save the Last Dance
Save the Last Dance
(2001) Jason Biggs
Jason Biggs
& Seann William Scott
Seann William Scott
in American Pie 2
American Pie 2
(2002) Tobey Maguire
Tobey Maguire
& Kirsten Dunst
Kirsten Dunst
in Spider-Man
Spider-Man
(2003) Owen Wilson, Carmen Electra
Carmen Electra
& Amy Smart
Amy Smart
in Starsky & Hutch (2004) Ryan Gosling
Ryan Gosling
& Rachel McAdams
Rachel McAdams
in The Notebook
The Notebook
(2005) Heath Ledger
Heath Ledger
& Jake Gyllenhaal
Jake Gyllenhaal
in Brokeback Mountain
Brokeback Mountain
(2006) Will Ferrell
Will Ferrell
& Sacha Baron Cohen
Sacha Baron Cohen
in Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby (2007) Briana Evigan
Briana Evigan
& Robert Hoffman in Step Up 2: The Streets (2008) Robert Pattinson
Robert Pattinson
& Kristen Stewart
Kristen Stewart
in Twilight (2009) Robert Pattinson
Robert Pattinson
& Kristen Stewart
Kristen Stewart
in The Twilight Saga: New Moon (2010) Robert Pattinson
Robert Pattinson
& Kristen Stewart
Kristen Stewart
in The Twilight Saga: Eclipse (2011) Robert Pattinson
Robert Pattinson
& Kristen Stewart
Kristen Stewart
in The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn - Part 1 (2012) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
& Bradley Cooper
Bradley Cooper
in Silver Linings Playbook (2013) Emma Roberts, Jennifer Aniston
Jennifer Aniston
& Will Poulter
Will Poulter
in We're the Millers (2014) Ansel Elgort
Ansel Elgort
& Shailene Woodley
Shailene Woodley
in The Fault in Our Stars (2015) Rebel Wilson
Rebel Wilson
& Adam DeVine
Adam DeVine
in Pitch Perfect 2 (2016) Ashton Sanders & Jharrel Jerome
Jharrel Jerome
in Moonlight (2017) Nick Robinson & Keiynan Lonsdale
Keiynan Lonsdale
in Love, Simon (2018) Noah Centineo & Lana Condor
Lana Condor
in To All the Boys I've Loved Before (2019)

vteSatellite Award for Best Actress – Motion PictureMusical or Comedy(1996–2010, 2018–present) Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
(1996) Helen Hunt
Helen Hunt
(1997) Christina Ricci
Christina Ricci
(1998) Janet McTeer
Janet McTeer
(1999) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2000) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2001) Jennifer Westfeldt
Jennifer Westfeldt
(2002) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(2003) Annette Bening
Annette Bening
(2004) Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
(2005) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2006) Ellen Page
Ellen Page
(2007) Sally Hawkins
Sally Hawkins
(2008) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2009) Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
(2010) Olivia Colman
Olivia Colman
(2018) Motion Picture Drama(1996–2010, 2018–present) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(1996) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(1997) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(1998) Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(1999) Ellen Burstyn
Ellen Burstyn
(2000) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(2001) Diane Lane
Diane Lane
(2002) Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
(2003) Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(2004) Felicity Huffman
Felicity Huffman
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2007) Angelina Jolie
Angelina Jolie
(2008) Shohreh Aghdashloo
Shohreh Aghdashloo
(2009) Noomi Rapace
Noomi Rapace
(2010) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(2018) Motion Picture(2011–2017, retired) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2011) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2012) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2013) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2014) Saoirse Ronan
Saoirse Ronan
(2015) Isabelle Huppert‎ / Ruth Negga
Ruth Negga
(2016) Sally Hawkins
Sally Hawkins
/ Diane Kruger
Diane Kruger
(2017)

vteScreen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1994) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1995) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(1996) Helen Hunt
Helen Hunt
(1997) Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
(1998) Annette Bening
Annette Bening
(1999) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(2000) Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2001) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2002) Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
(2003) Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(2004) Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(2007) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2008) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(2009) Natalie Portman
Natalie Portman
(2010) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2011) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2012) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2013) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2014) Brie Larson
Brie Larson
(2015) Emma Stone
Emma Stone
(2016) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2017) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(2018)

Authority control BIBSYS: 98055645 BNE: XX1266590 BNF: cb14018913p (data) CANTIC: a11822971 CiNii: DA12694519 GND: 129578274 ISNI: 0000 0001 2284 3568 LCCN: no98073797 LNB: 000190830 MusicBrainz: dc71c08e-3ee5-409d-ae0d-f4fd9050e170 NDL: 001171203 NKC: js20060205037 NLK: KAC201008301 NLP: A16479373 NTA: 161255507 SNAC: w6j97351 SUDOC: 059667206 Trove: 1093717 VIAF: 117030333 WorldCat Identities
WorldCat Identities
(via

.