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The Info List - Guy-Victor Duperré


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French Revolutionary Wars Napoleonic Wars

Mauritius
Mauritius
Campaign

Action of 3 July 1810 Battle of Grand Port

Invasion of Algiers
Algiers
in 1830

Awards Peer of the Empire Peer of France Inscription on the Arc de Triomphe Légion d'honneur

Other work Préfet maritime
Préfet maritime
of Brest Minister of the Navy

Guy-Victor Duperré
Guy-Victor Duperré
(20 February 1775, La Rochelle – 2 November 1846, Paris) was a French naval officer and Admiral of France.[1] Duperré famously commanded naval forces in the Mauritius
Mauritius
Campaign and was victorious in the Battle of Grand Port, where he was wounded. Later he had a command in the Mediterranean and continued to serve during and after the Bourbon Restoration. He commanded the naval elements of the expeditionary force that carried out the Invasion of Algiers
Algiers
in 1830 and went on to become Minister of the Navy three times.

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Youth 1.2 French Revolution 1.3 Restoration 1.4 July Monarchy

2 Honours 3 References

Biography[edit] Youth[edit] Duperré was born in La Rochelle
La Rochelle
to Jean Augustin Duperré, counselor of the king and financer for war, and Marie-Gabrielle Prat-Desprez. He spent a few years with the Oratory of Saint Philip Neri
Oratory of Saint Philip Neri
at the Collège de Juilly, before enlisting at 16 on the Henri IV, a French East Indiaman. French Revolution[edit] In November 1792, Duperré joined the Navy. He served against the Netherlands and Britain aboard the corvette Maire-Guiton, and later aboard the frigate Tortu. In May 1796, he was made an auxiliary ensign aboard the Virginie. In June, he was captured by the British during a night fight. He was exchanged two years later and made a full rank enseign, taking command of the corvette Pélagie. In 1804, he was made a lieutenant de vaisseau, and later assistant of the préfet maritime of Boulogne-sur-Mer. In 1806, he served off Brazil aboard the Vétéran, under Jérôme Bonaparte. Back to France, he was promoted to capitaine de frégate on 28 September. In 1808, commanding the frigate Sirène, he led a troop convoy to Martinique; returning to France, he was intercepted by a British blockade off Lorient, and managed to escape by beaching his ship. Napoléon made him a capitaine de vaisseau and knight of the Légion d'honneur, before promoting him to Commodore. On 6 December 1810, Duperré was made Baron of the Empire. Duperré was sent to the Isle de France (now Mauritius) aboard the frigate Bellone, fighting several British ships in the process, notably the Action of 3 July 1810. On 23 August 1810, he won the Battle of Grand Port, completely destroying a British squadron. He was wounded in this battle. The naval victory made its way on the Arc de Triomphe. In recognition, Duperré was promoted to contre-amiral when he returned to France in September 1811. From 1812 to 1814, Duperré commanded the Italian and French naval forces in the Mediterranean and the Adriatic. In 1814, he defended Venice against Austria. Restoration[edit]

The attack of Admiral Duperré during the take-over of Algiers
Algiers
in 1830.

Duperré was made Préfet maritime
Préfet maritime
of Toulon
Toulon
during the Hundred Days, and was retired during the Bourbon Restoration. In 1818, he was brought back to active duty. He commanded the squadron which blockaded Cadiz
Cadiz
during the war which reinstated Ferdinand VII of Spain
Ferdinand VII of Spain
on the throne. In October 1823, he was made vice-admiral, grand officier de la Légion d'honneur
Légion d'honneur
and Commander of the Order of Saint Louis
Order of Saint Louis
in 1824. In 1827, he was made Préfet maritime
Préfet maritime
of Brest and inspector of the 5th arrondissement militaire. Though Duperré was critical towards the expedition against Algiers, Charles X made him commander of the fleet which ferried troops under Bourmont to depose the Algerian Regency. The fleet of the invasion of Algiers
Algiers
was 103 warships strong, with 572 freighters ferrying 35 000 soldiers, 3 800 horses and 91 heavy guns. In recognition for his role, Duperré was made pair de France on 16 July 1830. July Monarchy[edit]

Statue of Duperré in La Rochelle

After the July Revolution, all pairages were cancelled as a whole. Duperré was reinstated pair de France by Louis-Philippe on 18 August 1830, and promoted to Admiral in March 1831. Then in Africa, Duperré was called back to France and made chief of the council of the Admiralty.

Portrait of Admiral Duperré, 1855, by Claudius Jacquand.

On 18 November 1834, Duperré became Naval Minister in Mortier's government. He retained the office in de Broglie's and Thiers' governments, and got out of office when Thiers' government collapsed on the 16 September 1836. Duperré came back to office on 12 May 1839 in Soult's second government. In 1840, a budget project for the Duke of Nemours was rejected, which made the government collapse; Duperré then said: "The ministry has received a round shot in the belly, which has gone to hit the wood of the Crown." Duperré came back again to the ministry on the 29 October 1840 in Soult's third government, until he retired for health reasons on 6 February 1843. Duperré died on 2 November 1846 in Saint-Servan. Admiral Jean Tupinier said a eulogy in the chamber of the pairs de France. Honours[edit]

Duperré's name engraved on the Arc de Triomphe
Arc de Triomphe
(2nd column, 6th from top)

Duperré was buried in the Invalides
Invalides
in a national funeral. His name is carved on the Arc de Triomphe
Arc de Triomphe
in Paris.

Preceded by Charles, baron Dupin Ministers of Marine and the Colonies 18 November 1834 – 6 September 1836 Succeeded by Claude Charles Marie du Campe de Rosamel

Preceded by Jean Marguerite Tupinier Ministers of Marine and the Colonies 12 May 1839 – 1 March 1840 Succeeded by Albin Reine, baron Roussin

Preceded by Albin Reine, baron Roussin Ministers of Marine and the Colonies 29 October 1840 – 7 February 1843 Succeeded by Albin Reine, baron Roussin

References[edit]

^ B. Barbiche, Les institutions de la monarchie française à l'époque moderne, Presses universitaires de France, 1999.

v t e

Cabinet of Édouard Adolphe Mortier
Cabinet of Édouard Adolphe Mortier
(18 November 1834 to 12 March 1835)

Head of state: King Louis Philippe I

President of the council

Édouard Mortier, duc de Trévise

Édouard Mortier, duc de Trévise

War

Édouard Mortier, duc de Trévise

Interior

Adolphe Thiers

Justice and Religious Affairs

Jean-Charles Persil

Foreign Affairs

Henri de Rigny

Finance

Georges Humann

Navy and Colonies

Guy-Victor Duperré

Public Education

François Guizot

Commerce

Tanneguy Duchâtel

v t e

Cabinet of Victor de Broglie
Cabinet of Victor de Broglie
(12 March 1835 to 22 February 1836)

Head of state: King Louis Philippe I

President of the council

Victor de Broglie

Victor de Broglie

Foreign Affairs

Victor de Broglie

Interior

Adolphe Thiers Adrien de Gasparin
Adrien de Gasparin
(Sub-Secretary of State)

Justice

Jean-Charles Persil

War

Henri de Rigny
Henri de Rigny
(interim) Nicolas Joseph Maison

Finance

Georges Humann Antoine Maurice Apollinaire d'Argout

Navy and Colonies

Guy-Victor Duperré

Public Education

François Guizot

Commerce

Tanneguy Duchâtel

v t e

First cabinet of Adolphe Thiers
Adolphe Thiers
(22 February 1836 to 6 September 1836)

Head of state: King Louis Philippe I

President of the council

Adolphe Thiers

Adolphe Thiers

Foreign Affairs

Adolphe Thiers

Interior

Camille de Montalivet

Justice and Religious Affairs

Paul Jean Pierre Sauzet

War

Nicolas Joseph Maison

Finance

Antoine Maurice Apollinaire d'Argout

Navy and Colonies

Guy-Victor Duperré

Public Education

Joseph Pelet de la Lozère

Commerce and Public Works

Hippolyte Passy

v t e

Second cabinet of Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult
Jean-de-Dieu Soult
(12 May 1839 to 1 March 1840)

Head of state: King Louis Philippe I

President of the council

Nicolas Soult

Nicolas Soult

Foreign Affairs

Nicolas Soult

Interior

Tanneguy Duchâtel

Justice and Religious Affairs

Jean-Baptiste Teste

War

Antoine Virgile Schneider

Finance

Hippolyte Passy

Navy and Colonies

Guy-Victor Duperré

Public Education

Abel-François Villemain

Public Works

Jules Armand Dufaure

Agriculture and Commerce

Laurent Cunin-Gridaine

v t e

Third cabinet of Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult
Jean-de-Dieu Soult
(29 October 1840 to 19 September 1847)

Head of state: King Louis Philippe I

President of the council

Nicolas Soult

Nicolas Soult

War

Nicolas Soult Alexandre Moline de Saint-Yon Camille Trézel François Martineau des Chenez (Undersecretary of State)

Interior

Tanneguy Duchâtel Antoine François Passy
Antoine François Passy
(Undersecretary of State)

Justice and Religious Affairs

Nicolas Martin du Nord Michel Pierre Alexis Hébert

Foreign Affairs

François Guizot

Finance

Georges Humann Jean Lacave-Laplagne Pierre Sylvain Dumon

Navy and Colonies

Guy-Victor Duperré Albin Roussin Ange de Mackau Louis Napoléon Lannes Jean Jubelin (Undersecretary of State)

Public Education

Abel-François Villemain Narcisse-Achille de Salvandy

Public Works

Jean-Baptiste Teste Pierre Sylvain Dumon Hippolyte Paul Jayr

Agriculture and Commerce

Laurent Cunin-Gridaine

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 14837581 LCCN: no94010627 ISNI: 0000 0000 0162 1328 GND: 116252308 SUDOC: 031913725 BNF: cb12304008p (data) Léonore: LH/85

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