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Gupta (/ˈɡptə/; Devanagari: गुप्त) is a common surname of Indian origin.

According to some academics, the name Gupta is derived from Goptri, meaning 'protector' or 'governor'.[1] According to historian R. C. Majumdar, the surname Gupta was adopted by several different communities in northern and eastern India at different times.[2] In modern north India, the surname Gupta is used mainly by the Vaishya Baniya communities, particularly those belonging to Varshney, Rauniyar, Agarwal ( or gahoi), Mahur, Barnwal, Khandelwal, Jaiswal,Arya Vaishya, Mahajan, Mahawar, Maheshwari, Patwa, Kasuadhan,sanmani,Lashkari and Mathur Vaishya sub-castes.[3] In eastern India, the Gupta surname is used by the Baidya community of West Bengal and is often double-barrelled with other surnames like Sengupta, Dasgupta and Duttagupta.[citation needed]

Geographical distribution

As of 2014, 89.6% of all known bearers of the surname Gupta were residents of India. 3.0% were residents of Nepal and 2.2% residents of Bangladesh. In India, the frequency of the surname was higher than national average in the following states and union territories:[4]

List of people with the name Gupta

Monarchs

Academics

In business and management

In entertainment

In judiciary

  • Deepak Gupta, a judge of the Supreme Court of India and former Chief Justice of the Tripura and the Chhattisgarh High Courts
  • Rajiv Gupta, former Chief Justice of Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand and Kerala High Courts

In journalism

In literature

In politics

In sports

See also

References

  1. ^ GUPTA - Surname Meaning Origin for the Surname Gupta Genealogy. Genealogy.about.com (2013-07-14). Retrieved on 2013-07-18.
  2. ^ Majumdar, Ramesh Chandra; Anant Sadashiv Altekar (1986). Vakataka Gupta Age: circa 200–550 A.D. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 126. ISBN 81-208-0026-5. 
  3. ^ Sharma, Tej Ram (1978). Personal and Geographical Names in the Gupta. Concept Publishing Company. 
  4. ^ Gupta Surname Distribution