(Swedish: Guldbaggen, English: Gold scarab) is an
official and annual Swedish film awards ceremony honoring achievements
in the Swedish film industry. Winners are awarded a statuette
depicting a rose chafer, better known by the name Guldbaggen. The
awards, first presented in 1964 at the Grand Hôtel in Stockholm, are
overseen by the Swedish
Institute. It is described as the
Swedish equivalent of the Academy Awards.
The awards ceremony was first televised in 1981 on SVT2, and has since
then been broadcast, almost every year, on SVT1,
2 The Award
3.1 The Nominating Committee
3.2 The Winners jury
4 Merit categories
4.1 Current categories
4.2 Discontinued categories
Special and related categories
5.1 Current categories
5.2 Discontinued categories
8 External links
Olof Palme in a conversation with Lena Nyman, who received one of the
three awards that were distributed at the 5th Guldbagge Awards.
Guldbagge Awards were presented on September 25, 1964, at a
private party at Grand Hôtel in Stockholm. Four "guldbaggar" were
awarded, honoring directors, actors, actresses and other personalities
of the film-making industry of the time for their works during the
1963–64 period. The original categories were: Best Film, Best
Director, Best Actor and Best Actress.
The first Best Actor awarded was Keve Hjelm, for his performance in
Raven's End. The first Best Actress was awarded to Ingrid
Thulin, for her performance in The Silence. The first Best
Director were awarded to Ingmar Bergman, for his work on the film The
Silence, which also won the first Best
Film award. For a long
Guldbagge Awards were an exquisite exclusivity, and it was
supposed to be so, and it took fifteen years before someone managed to
win a second time, which was Keve Hjelm, receiving a special price for
his performance in the television series God natt, jord.
For the first nineteen ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned two
calendar years. For example, the
2nd Guldbagge Awards presented on
October 15, 1965, recognized films that were released between July,
1964 and June, 1965. Starting with the 20th Guldbagge Awards,
held in 1985, the period of eligibility became the full previous
calendar year from January 1 to December 31. The Awards presented at
that ceremony were in respect of 18 months of film production owing to
the changeover from the broken calendar year to the standard calendar
year during 1984. Due to a mediocre film year, no awards ceremony
was held in 1971, and only the category for Best
Film was awarded that
year. Since that year, ceremonies were held annually.
Before 1991 the awards did not announce nominees, only winners. From
1991 and forward, SFI introduced the system of three nominations in
all price categories. In 2016, the following categories has been
expanded to four nominees: Best Director, Best Screenplay, Best
Actress, Best Actor, Supporting Actress and Supporting Actor, while
the category of Best
Film has been expanded to five.
A Guldbagge from the
48th Guldbagge Awards
48th Guldbagge Awards ceremony, January 21, 2013.
The prize itself, a small statue in the shape of a beetle, is made
from copper which is enamelled and gilded and weighs approximately
1.2 kg. It was designed by the artist Karl Axel Pehrson, who
won a design competition, which was organized on the initiative of
SFI's CEO at the time, Harry Schein. The award would then be
presented to those who had made a strong contribution during the
year. Exactly which artists, beside Pehrson, who took part in the
competition is still wrapped in mystery.
An inscription of the name of the award's winner, and the category in
question, is glued to the underside of the beetle. The following
text is engraved under the abdomens of each beetle: "Guldbaggen:
comic, tragic, bizarre, outstanding - as the film's contrast-rich
world. Its shimmering flight - operating filmstrip". All beetles
are similar and yet different and unique works of art.
Guldbagge is the Swedish name for Cetonia aurata, a beetle also known
as rose chafer. Karl Axel Pehrson gave the following description of
why he chose a rose chafer beetle as his inspiration when designing
the award: "The rose chafer likes to fly in the summer sunshine. It
shimmers much like a film strip as it flies by. Something about its
behaviour and its way of living can be likened to that of film."
The Nominating Committee
Which films and who should be nominated for the Guldbagge Awards
different categories are determined by a nominating committee. It
consists of 45 members who nominate three candidates in each category,
except for the Best Foreign Film, Best Short
Film and Best
Documentary, which has special nominating groups. The Committee
members are active in the Swedish film industry and are appointed by
their respective organizations or institutions, as determined by the
Film Institute's Board of Directors.
The members appointed are assumed to have solid experience in the
professional occupation within film or documented experience in
assessing cinematic expression. In appointing the members of the
Nominating Committee seeks gender parity and level of ages. Jury
members shall observe professional secrecy regarding their
participation in the jury. Upon disqualification, the Jury member may
Film Institute's Board of Directors appoints the Chairman,
who is leading the work. The members of the Nominating Committee is
obligated to watch all of the Swedish films that premiered at the
cinema the previous year. The process repeats until there are only
three candidates remain.
The members of the committee has one vote in each category, in which
they indicate their first, second and third choice, respectively.
The votes are then distributed after the first choice, where the
choice has collected the fewest votes are discarded. These votes
are later distributed to the remaining candidates, now after their
second choice. Then the process starts over and the votes are
counted on again and the candidate with the least votes is removed and
distributed over their second choice.
If the second choice has already lost, then the voters third choice
are counted instead. If even this choice has fallen away, the vote
is discarded completely. When everything is ready, there remains
only three candidates being nominated for the award ceremony.
The Winners jury
After the nomination process is completed and presented, usually in
early January, a winners jury takes over. Through open discussions,
the winning jury appoints the winner among the three nominees in all
price categories, except for the category
Special efforts, which is
designated by the jury without prior nomination. The Lifetime
Award is appointed by the Swedish
Film Institute's Board
of Directors. The announcement of the winners takes place during
the award ceremony later in January.
The jury consists of 9 members, including the Chairman. The Board
of Directors appoints the jury chairman, who then along with a team
Swedish Film Institute suggests the other eight members.
The Chairman has no right to vote and leads the work of the jury.
Although, he or she has a casting vote in connection with the jury's
decision meeting, if there is an even distribution of votes.
The members of the jury should have solid experience in the
professional occupation related to film and one of them has to come
from another Nordic country. Jury members shall observe
professional secrecy regarding their jury work. To secure both the
renewal and continuity, a member can only participate in the jury for
a maximum of four years.
The award is given out to the best film-related efforts in the
Best Film: since 1964
Best Director: since 1964
Best Screenplay: since 1989
Best Cinematography: since 1989
Best Actress in a leading role: since 1964
Best Actor in a leading role: since 1964
Best Supporting actress: since 1996
Best Supporting actor: since 1996
Best Editing: since 2012
Best Costume Design: since 2012
Best Sound: since 2012
Best Make-up/Hair: since 2012
Best Original Score: since 2012
Best Art Direction: since 2012
Best Visual Effects: since 2012
Best Foreign Film: since 1988 (In which the country of production, not
the language of the film, is what makes the film a potential nominee)
Best Short film: since 1996
Best Documentary Feature: since 2001
The following list shows earlier awards that has been discontinued:
Special Achievement Award: 1964 to 1987
Creative Achievement Award: 1988 to 1999
Best Achievement in the professional areas of film editing,
scenography, costume, makeup, special effects and animation: 2000 to
Best Achievement in the professional areas of sound technology, mixing
and score composition: 2000 to 2006
Best Achievement (three awards) for achievement in professional areas
not covered by their own Guldbagge: 2007 to 2010
Special and related categories
Hans Alfredson received the Lifetime Achievement
Award at the 48th
The awards are voted on by special committees, rather than by the
Nominating Committee or the Winners jury as a whole. Some of them have
their own statuettes or awards.
Honorary Award: since 2001
The Gullspira: since 2006 (For an individual who has made a special
contribution to children's films.)
The Audience Award: 2007 to 2011; since 2013 (The moviegoers award to
the past year's best Swedish film.)
Ingmar Bergman Award: 1978 to 2007 (Was primarily intended to
honour achievements in Swedish film which had not otherwise been
considered when the Guldbagge awards were handed out.)
In early 2005, the award received some criticism, since only three of
the 33 Swedish feature films that premiered in 2004 received
nominations in seven main categories (film, direction, actor, actress,
supporting actor, supporting actress, screenplay) and it was made
public that some of the jury members had not seen all 33 films.
^ a b c d "Värdar, tid och plats för alla Guldbaggegalor" (in
Swedish). The Swedish
Film Database. Retrieved February 19,
^ a b c d e f g h i "När filmgalan var ny" (in Swedish). The Swedish
Film Database. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
^ a b c d e f "Guldbagge
Award categories". The Swedish
Retrieved February 18, 2014.
^ "Kvarteret Korpen (1963)". Swedish
Film Institute. Retrieved March
^ a b "Tystnaden (1963)". Swedish
Film Institute. 24 February
^ "Fler Guldbaggenomineringar" (in Swedish). Guldbaggen.se. October 6,
2016. Retrieved January 22, 2017.
^ a b c d e f "The Guldbagge
Award History". Guldbaggen.se. Retrieved
March 20, 2014.
^ a b c d e f g h i "Nomineringskommittén" (in Swedish).
Guldbaggen.se. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
^ a b c d e f g "Nominering till Guldbaggen – så fungerar det!"
(PDF) (in Swedish). Guldbaggen.se. Archived from the original (PDF) on
March 20, 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
^ a b c d e f g h i "Vinnarjuryn" (in Swedish). Guldbaggen.se.
Retrieved March 20, 2014.
^ a b c d "Related awards" (in Swedish). The Swedish
Retrieved March 20, 2014.
^ "Guldbaggejuryn anklagas för fusk" (in Swedish). Svt.se. January
24, 2005. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
Official website (in Swedish)
Guldbagge Awards on IMDb
Swedish submissions for the Academy
Award for Best Foreign Language
Cinema of Sweden
Ingmar Bergman Award
Major film awards by countries
Ghana Movie Awards (Ghana)
Academy Awards (Nigeria)
Film and Television Awards (South Africa)
Film Festival (Tajikistan)
Golden Rooster Awards, Hong Kong
Film Award, Hundred Flowers Awards
Huabiao Awards (China)
Japan Academy Prize (Japan)
Grand Bell Awards
Grand Bell Awards and Blue Dragon
Film Awards (South Korea)
Golden Horse Awards (Taiwan)
Film Awards, Meril Prothom Alo Awards, Bachsas Awards
Filmfare Awards South,
Filmfare Awards East, National
Film Awards (India)
Lux Style Awards, ARY
Film Awards and
Nigar Awards (Pakistan)
Myanmar Motion Picture Awards (Burma)
Film Festival and
Indonesian Movie Actor Awards (Indonesia)
Film Festival (Malaysia)
FAMAS Award, Gawad Urian and Luna
Suphannahong Awards (Thailand)
Golden Lotus Awards and
Golden Kite Prize (Vietnam)
Film Festival (Iran)
Film Festival (Turkey)
Czech Lion Awards (Czech Republic)
Film Awards (Poland)
Sun in a Net Awards (Slovakia)
Golden Dzyga (Ukraine)
Robert Awards and
Bodil Awards (Denmark)
Jussi Awards (Finland)
Film & Television Awards (Ireland)
Guldbagge Awards (Sweden)
Film Awards (United Kingdom)
Heart of Sarajevo
Heart of Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Golden Arena Awards (Croatia)
Academy Awards (Greece)
David di Donatello
David di Donatello and
Nastro d'Argento (Italy)
Golden Camera Awards (Macedonia)
Sophia Awards (Portugal)
Goya Awards (Spain)
Award and Lumières
Deutscher Filmpreis (Germany)
Golden Calf (Netherlands)
Canadian Screen Awards
Canadian Screen Awards (Canada)
Academy Awards (United States)
AACTA Awards (Australia)
New Zealand film and television awards (New Zealand)
Argentine Academy of Cinematography Arts and Sciences Awards
Grande Prêmio do Cinema Brasileiro (Brazil)
Golden Precolumbian Circl