Gulbarga, officially known as Kalaburagi, is a city in the Indian
state of Karnataka, India. It is the administrative headquarters of
Gulbarga district and a major city of the North
Gulbarga is 623 km north of the state capital city of Bangalore
and 220 km from Hyderabad. Previously it was part of Hyderabad
State, it was incorporated into a newly formed
Mysore State (now known
as Karnataka) through the States Reorganisation Act in 1956.
Gulbarga city is governed by Municipal Corporation and is in Gulbarga
Urban Region. It is called one of the Sufi cities having famous
religious places, like
Sharana Basaveshwara Temple
Sharana Basaveshwara Temple Khwaja Banda Nawaz
Dargah and Ladle Mashak ,and Buddha Vihar. It also has a fort built
during Bahmani rule. Has many domes like Hafth Gumbad (seven domes
together) and Shor Gumbad.
Gulbarga has a few
architectural marvels built during the Bahamani Kingdom rule,
including the Jama Masjid sited in the
2 Art and architecture
The history of
Gulbarga dates to the 6th century. The Rashtrakutas
gained control over the area, but the
Chalukyas regained their domain
within a short period and reigned supreme for over 200 years. The
Kalaharis who succeeded them ruled until the 12th century. Around the
end of the 12th century, the
Devagiri and the Hoysalas of
Dwarasamadra destroyed the supremacy of the
Chalukyas and Kalachuris
of Kalyani. Around the same period, the
Kakatiya kings of Warangal
came into prominence and the present
Gulbarga and Raichur districts
formed part of their domain. The
Kakatiya power was subdued in 1321 AD
and the entire Deccan, including the district of Gulbarga, passed
under the control of the Delhi Sultanate.
The revolt of the officers appointed from Delhi resulted in the
founding of the
Bahmani Sultanate in 1347 CE by Zafar Khan Alaudin
Hasan Gangu, who chose
Gulbarga (Hasanabad) to be the capital. When
the Bahmani dynasty came to an end in 1428, the kingdom broke up into
five independent Sultanates, Bijapur, Bidar, Berar, Ahmednager, and
Golconda. The present Gulbarga/
Gulbarga district came partly under
Bidar and partly under Bijapur. The last of these sultanates,
Golconda, finally fell to
Aurangzeb in 1687.
With the conquest of the Deccan by Aurangezeb in the 17th century,
Gulbarga passed under the Mughal Empire. In the early part of the 18th
century, with the decline of the Mughal Empire, Asaf Jha, one of
Aurangzeb's generals, formed the Hyderabad State, in which a major
part of the
Gulbarga area was also included. In 1948, Hyderabad State
became a part of the Indian Union, and in 1956, excluding two talukas
which were annexed to Andhra Pradesh,
Gulbarga district became part of
new Mysore State.
Gulbarga (Urdu) (city of flowers and gardens) was renamed Kalaburagi
(Kannada) (Kal-means stone in Kannada, buragi means Fort)[citation
needed]) effective 1 November 2014.
Art and architecture
The largest collection of Islamic art is seen only at the domed
ceiling and walls are adorned with painting containing calligraphy
designs and floral, flower and plants and geometric patterns inside
the 14th century tomb of Sufi saint Syed Shah Qhabulullah Husayni with
natural colours. By religious restrictions the artist was prohibited
from depicting living beings in the interior of tomb, and his
imagination was therefore employed either in inventing new designs for
religious texts or in adding further delicacy and subtleness to the
geometric and floral devices by making the drawings more and more
intricate. A small tomb beside the said Sufi’s has an excellent work
painted flower plants on ceiling. Another vacant Shore Gumbad outside
the city has delicate designs on its domed ceiling is superb.
The walls and ceiling of the tomb of Sultan Firuz Shah Bahmani can be
appreciated which, although in monotone, represents faithfully the
creepers and floral patterns, the numerous geometric devices and
calligraphic styles. The most notable building, however, of this
period is Jama Masjid of
Gulbarga fort, built by Persian architect
named Rafi in 1367 during the reign of Muhammad Shah Bahmani I.
The glory of the towns in north
Karnataka really waned with the
decline of Bahmani dynasty, although Barid Shahi and Adil Shahi kings
kept up its beauty during their chequered rule. It suffers from
pollution through nickel and lead. It has affected the mental health
Royal patronage played an important role in the making of Islamic art,
as it has in the arts of other culture. From 14th century onwards,
especially in the eastern lands, the books of art provide the best
documentation of the courtly patronage.
The entire district is on the Deccan Plateau, and the elevation ranges
from 300 to 750 m above MSL. Two main rivers, the Krishna and Bhima,
flow through the district. The predominant soil type is black soil.
The district has many tanks, which irrigate the land along with the
river. The Upper Krishna Project is a major irrigation venture in the
district of Jowar. The main crops are groundnuts, rice, and pulses.
Gulbarga is the largest producer of toor dal, or pigeon peas, in
Gulbarga is an industrially backward district but is
showing signs of growth in the cement, textile, leather and chemical
Gulbarga has a university with Medical and Engineering
Central University of Karnataka (cuk) is located in
Kadaganchi, Aland Taluk of Gulbarga.The geographical area of the
city is 64 square kilometres.
The climate of the district is generally dry, with temperatures
ranging from 8 °C to 45 °C and an annual rainfall of about
750 mm. The year in
Gulbarga is divided into three main seasons.
The summer lasts from late February to mid-June. It is followed by the
southwest monsoon, which lasts from late June to late September. This
is then followed by dry winter weather until mid-January.
Temperatures during the seasons are:
Summer : 26 °C to 45 °C
Monsoon : 23 °C to 33 °C
Winter : 3 °C to 31 °C
Climate data for Gulbarga
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
As of the 2014 Indian census,
Gulbarga has a population of
1,101,989. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%.
Gulbarga has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national
average of 59.5%. The male literacy is 70%, while that of females is
30%. In Gulbarga, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Kannada, Deccani Urdu (Hyderabadi Urdu) and
Hindi are the main
Religions in Gulbarga
Distribution of religions
†Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).
Gulbarga has been home to two ex-chief ministers of Karnataka, namely
Veerendra Patil (1968–1971, 1988–1990) and Dharam Singh
(2004–2006); both belonged to the
Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress party.
Mallikarjun Kharge is the present
Member of Parliament and was also
formerly the Union Minister for Railways and Minister of Labour and
Employment. The Legislative Assembly members from
Gulbarga North, Dattatraya C Patil Revoor Gulbarga
South and G Ramkrishna
Gulbarga Rural. Gulbarga's present Mayor
is : Dr Sharankumar Modi.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Gulbarga.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gulbarga.
^ "Kalaburagi". indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
^ "Central Government The States Reorganisation Act, 1956" (PDF).
indiaenvironmentportal.org.in. Retrieved 18 Aug 2016.
^ "Remembering a Sufi saint". www.thehindu.com. Retrieved 26 September
^ "KALABURAGI CITY CORPORATION". www.gulbargacity.mrc.gov.in/.
Retrieved 26 September 2017.
^ "The Haft Gumbaz–Gulbarga". hariexploresindia.wordpress.com.
Retrieved 26 September 2017.
^ "Remains of a grand dream". www.deccanherald.com/. Retrieved 26
^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus
Books. pp. 106–108. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
^ Variyar, Mugdha (November 1, 2014). "
Bangalore Wakes up to
'Bengaluru'; 11 Other
Karnataka Cities Renamed". IBTimes. Retrieved 16
^ "Census of
India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities,
villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India.
Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
Indian state of Karnataka
Deva Raya II
Kingdom of Mysore
Unification of Karnataka
Veera Ballala II
Western Ganga dynasty
Cities and towns
Dams and Reservoirs
Kannada Sahitya Parishat
Kannada Sahitya Sammelana
Krishnaraja Wadiyar III
D. R. Bendre
K. S. Narasimhaswamy
M. Govinda Pai
D. V. Gundappa
G. S. Shivarudrappa
People and Society
Karnataka ethnic groups
List of people from Karnataka
Varnashilpi Venkatappa Award
Sharana Basaveshwara Temple
Jama Mosque Gulbarga
Gulbarga railway station
Nruputunga city bus service