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The Info List - Gravelines


1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Gravelines
Gravelines
(Dutch: Grevelingen) is a commune in the Nord department in Northern France. It lies at the mouth of the river Aa 15 miles (24 km) southwest of Dunkirk. It was formed in the 12th century around the mouth of a canal built to connect Saint-Omer
Saint-Omer
with the sea. As it was on the western borders of Spanish territory in Flanders
Flanders
it became heavily fortified, some of which still remains. There is a market in the town square (Place Charles Valentin) on Fridays. The "Arsenal" approached from the town square is home to an extensive and carefully displayed art collection. There are modern bronze statues in the grounds. The town is also home to French basketball club BCM Gravelines.

Contents

1 History 2 Politics

2.1 Presidential Elections 2nd Round

3 Twin towns 4 Economy 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External links

History[edit]

In the early 12th century, Saint-Omer
Saint-Omer
was an important port in western Flanders. Silting gradually cut it off from the North Sea, resulting in the construction of a canal to the new coast at what is now Gravelines. The name is derived from the Dutch Gravenenga, meaning Count's Canal. The new town became heavily fortified as it guarded the western borders of Spanish territory in Flanders. Gravelines
Gravelines
was taken by Henry le Despenser's English forces during the Norwich Crusade of 1383 and was that year destroyed on his orders as the English retreated towards Calais.[1]

The moat, the drawbridge, the western walls and the bastion of the Mill

There was a famous meeting at Gravelines
Gravelines
in 1520, between the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Henry VIII of England. There were two battles fought nearby: the first was a land battle in 1558 resulting in a victory by Spanish forces of Lamoral, Count of Egmont
Count of Egmont
over the French under Marshal Paul des Thermes, while the second was a naval attack using fire ships in 1588 launched by England's Royal Navy
Royal Navy
under Lord Howard against the Spanish Armada
Spanish Armada
at anchor. Gravelines
Gravelines
was also the setting for Sir Philip Sidney's failure to deliver the town from Spanish occupation in July 1586, which is described in the anonymous A Discourse of the enterprise of Gravelines. The town was captured and recaptured several times by the French and Spanish between 1639 and 1658. It was finally annexed to France
France
in the Treaty of the Pyrenees
Treaty of the Pyrenees
of 1659. Only in the 19th century did the population become entirely French-speaking. On May 24, 1940, during the Fall of France, German Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt, commanding Army Group A, ordered his armored divisions to close up the "Canal Line" of Lens-Gravelines, and halt there. Politics[edit] Presidential Elections 2nd Round[edit]

Election Candidate Party %

2017 Marine Le Pen FN 56.12

2012 François Hollande PS 60.45

2007 Ségolène Royal PS 55.71

2002 Jacques Chirac RPR 73.62

[2] Twin towns[edit]

Biblis, Germany Dartford, England, United Kingdom

The charter between Dartford
Dartford
and Gravelines
Gravelines
was signed in Gravelines on the 22 September 1991 by The Mayor, Councillor Tony Gillham, on behalf of Dartford
Dartford
Borough Council and Councillor A. May on behalf of the Dartford
Dartford
and District Twinning Association together with The Mayor of Gravelines, Monsieur A. Denvers and Monsieur C. Marquis, Chairman of their Jumelage (which is Gravelines' equivalent to Dartford's Twinning Association).

Fáskrúðsfjörður, Iceland

Economy[edit] Now the city is mainly known for its nuclear energy plant. It also hosts a OVH
OVH
data center.[3][4][5]

Gare de Gravelines
Gravelines
on the TER Nord-Pas-de-Calais
TER Nord-Pas-de-Calais
system.

See also[edit]

Communes of the Nord department

Notes[edit]

^ Allington-Smith, Henry Despenser the Fighting Bishop, chapter 4 ^ http://www.lemonde.fr/nord-pas-de-calais-picardie/nord,59/gravelines,59273/elections/presidentielle-2017/ ^ OVH. "Gravelines, le plus grand centre de données d'Europe". Actualités OVH
OVH
(in French). Retrieved 2017-11-10.  ^ " OVH
OVH
installe des datacenters en Allemagne et en Angleterre - Le Monde Informatique". LeMondeInformatique (in French). Retrieved 2017-11-10.  ^ " OVH
OVH
investit 180 millions d'euros à Gravelines
Gravelines
et recrute 500 personnes". LeMagIT (in French). Retrieved 2017-11-10. 

References[edit]

INSEE commune file Allington-Smith, R. (2003). Henry Despenser: the fighting bishop. Dereham: Larks Press. ISBN 1-904006-16-7. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gravelines.

Webpage about the fortifications Le zouave de l'Alma

v t e

Communes of the Nord department

Abancourt Abscon Aibes Aix Allennes-les-Marais Amfroipret Anhiers Aniche Anneux Annœullin Anor Anstaing Anzin Arleux Armbouts-Cappel Armentières Arnèke Artres Assevent Attiches Aubencheul-au-Bac Auberchicourt Aubers Aubigny-au-Bac Aubry-du-Hainaut Auby Auchy-lez-Orchies Audignies Aulnoye-Aymeries Aulnoy-lez-Valenciennes Avelin Avesnelles Avesnes-les-Aubert Avesnes-le-Sec Avesnes-sur-Helpe Awoingt Bachant Bachy Bailleul Baisieux Baives Bambecque Banteux Bantigny Bantouzelle Bas-Lieu La Bassée Bauvin Bavay Bavinchove Bazuel Beaucamps-Ligny Beaudignies Beaufort Beaumont-en-Cambrésis Beaurain Beaurepaire-sur-Sambre Beaurieux Beauvois-en-Cambrésis Bellaing Bellignies Bérelles Bergues Berlaimont Bermerain Bermeries Bersée Bersillies Berthen Bertry Béthencourt Bettignies Bettrechies Beugnies Beuvrages Beuvry-la-Forêt Bévillers Bierne Bissezeele Blaringhem Blécourt Boeschepe Boëseghem Bois-Grenier Bollezeele Bondues Borre Bouchain Boulogne-sur-Helpe Bourbourg Bourghelles Boursies Bousbecque Bousies Bousignies Bousignies-sur-Roc Boussières-en-Cambrésis Boussières-sur-Sambre Boussois Bouvignies Bouvines Bray-Dunes Briastre Brillon Brouckerque Broxeele Bruay-sur-l'Escaut Bruille-lez-Marchiennes Bruille-Saint-Amand Brunémont Bry Bugnicourt Busigny Buysscheure Caëstre Cagnoncles Cambrai Camphin-en-Carembault Camphin-en-Pévèle Cantaing-sur-Escaut Cantin Capelle Capinghem Cappelle-Brouck Cappelle-en-Pévèle Cappelle-la-Grande Carnières Carnin Cartignies Cassel Le Cateau-Cambrésis Catillon-sur-Sambre Cattenières Caudry Caullery Cauroir Cerfontaine La Chapelle-d'Armentières Château-l'Abbaye Chemy Chéreng Choisies Clairfayts Clary Cobrieux Colleret Comines Condé-sur-l'Escaut Coudekerque-Branche Courchelettes Cousolre Coutiches Craywick Crespin Crèvecœur-sur-l'Escaut Crochte Croix Croix-Caluyau Cuincy Curgies Cuvillers Cysoing Damousies Dechy Dehéries Denain Deûlémont Dimechaux Dimont Doignies Dompierre-sur-Helpe Don Douai Douchy-les-Mines Le Doulieu Dourlers Drincham Dunkirk Ebblinghem Écaillon Eccles Éclaibes Écuélin Eecke Élesmes Élincourt Émerchicourt Emmerin Englefontaine Englos Ennetières-en-Weppes Ennevelin Eppe-Sauvage Erchin Eringhem Erquinghem-le-Sec Erquinghem-Lys Erre Escarmain Escaudain Escaudœuvres Escautpont Escobecques Esnes Esquelbecq Esquerchin Estaires Estourmel Estrées Estreux Estrun Eswars Eth Étrœungt Faches-Thumesnil Famars Faumont Le Favril Féchain Feignies Felleries Fenain Férin Féron Ferrière-la-Grande Ferrière-la-Petite La Flamengrie Flaumont-Waudrechies Flers-en-Escrebieux Flesquières Flêtre Flines-lès-Mortagne Flines-lez-Raches Floursies Floyon Fontaine-au-Bois Fontaine-au-Pire Fontaine-Notre-Dame Forest-en-Cambrésis Forest-sur-Marque Fourmies Fournes-en-Weppes Frasnoy Frelinghien Fresnes-sur-Escaut Fressain Fressies Fretin Fromelles Genech Ghissignies Ghyvelde Glageon Godewaersvelde Gœulzin Gognies-Chaussée Gommegnies Gondecourt Gonnelieu La Gorgue Gouzeaucourt Grande-Synthe Grand-Fayt Grand-Fort-Philippe Gravelines La Groise Gruson Guesnain Gussignies Hallennes-lez-Haubourdin Halluin Hamel Hantay Hardifort Hargnies Hasnon Haspres Haubourdin Haucourt-en-Cambrésis Haulchin Haussy Haut-Lieu Hautmont Haveluy Haverskerque Haynecourt Hazebrouck Hecq Hélesmes Hem Hem-Lenglet Hergnies Hérin Herlies Herrin Herzeele Hestrud Holque Hon-Hergies Hondeghem Hondschoote Honnechy Honnecourt-sur-Escaut Hordain Hornaing Houdain-lez-Bavay Houplin-Ancoisne Houplines Houtkerque Hoymille Illies Inchy Iwuy Jenlain Jeumont Jolimetz Killem Lallaing Lambersart Lambres-lez-Douai Landas Landrecies Lannoy Larouillies Lauwin-Planque Lecelles Lécluse Lederzeele Ledringhem Leers Leffrinckoucke Lesdain Lesquin Leval Lewarde Lez-Fontaine Lezennes Liessies Lieu-Saint-Amand Ligny-en-Cambrésis Lille Limont-Fontaine Linselles Locquignol Loffre Lompret La Longueville Looberghe Loon-Plage Loos Lourches Louvignies-Quesnoy Louvil Louvroil Lynde Lys-lez-Lannoy La Madeleine Maing Mairieux Le Maisnil Malincourt Marbaix Marchiennes Marcoing Marcq-en-Barœul Marcq-en-Ostrevent Maresches Maretz Marly Maroilles Marpent Marquette-en-Ostrevant Marquette-lez-Lille Marquillies Masnières Masny Mastaing Maubeuge Maulde Maurois Mazinghien Mecquignies Merckeghem Mérignies Merris Merville Méteren Millam Millonfosse Mœuvres Monceau-Saint-Waast Monchaux-sur-Écaillon Moncheaux Monchecourt Mons-en-Barœul Mons-en-Pévèle Montay Montigny-en-Cambrésis Montigny-en-Ostrevent Montrécourt Morbecque Mortagne-du-Nord Mouchin Moustier-en-Fagne Mouvaux Naves Neuf-Berquin Neuf-Mesnil La Neuville Neuville-en-Avesnois Neuville-en-Ferrain Neuville-Saint-Rémy Neuville-sur-Escaut Neuvilly Nieppe Niergnies Nieurlet Nivelle Nomain Noordpeene Noyelles-lès-Seclin Noyelles-sur-Escaut Noyelles-sur-Sambre Noyelles-sur-Selle Obies Obrechies Ochtezeele Odomez Ohain Oisy Onnaing Oost-Cappel Orchies Ors Orsinval Ostricourt Oudezeele Oxelaëre Paillencourt Pecquencourt Pérenchies Péronne-en-Mélantois Petit-Fayt Petite-Forêt Phalempin Pitgam Poix-du-Nord Pommereuil Pont-à-Marcq Pont-sur-Sambre Potelle Pradelles Prémesques Préseau Preux-au-Bois Preux-au-Sart Prisches Prouvy Proville Provin Quaëdypre Quarouble Quérénaing Le Quesnoy Quesnoy-sur-Deûle Quiévelon Quiévrechain Quiévy Râches Radinghem-en-Weppes Raillencourt-Sainte-Olle Raimbeaucourt Rainsars Raismes Ramillies Ramousies Raucourt-au-Bois Recquignies Rejet-de-Beaulieu Renescure Reumont Rexpoëde Ribécourt-la-Tour Rieulay Rieux-en-Cambrésis Robersart Rœulx Rombies-et-Marchipont Romeries Ronchin Roncq Roost-Warendin Rosult Roubaix Roucourt Rousies Rouvignies Rubrouck Les Rues-des-Vignes Ruesnes Rumegies Rumilly-en-Cambrésis Sailly-lez-Cambrai Sailly-lez-Lannoy Sainghin-en-Mélantois Sainghin-en-Weppes Sains-du-Nord Saint-Amand-les-Eaux Saint-André-lez-Lille Saint-Aubert Saint-Aubin Saint-Aybert Saint-Benin Sainte-Marie-Cappel Saint-Georges-sur-l'Aa Saint-Hilaire-lez-Cambrai Saint-Hilaire-sur-Helpe Saint-Jans-Cappel Saint-Martin-sur-Écaillon Saint-Momelin Saint-Pierre-Brouck Saint-Python Saint-Remy-Chaussée Saint-Remy-du-Nord Saint-Saulve Saint-Souplet Saint-Sylvestre-Cappel Saint-Vaast-en-Cambrésis Saint-Waast Salesches Salomé Saméon Sancourt Santes Sars-et-Rosières Sars-Poteries Sassegnies Saultain Saulzoir Sebourg Seclin Sémeries Semousies La Sentinelle Sepmeries Sequedin Séranvillers-Forenville Sercus Sin-le-Noble Socx Solesmes Solre-le-Château Solrinnes Somain Sommaing Spycker Staple Steenbecque Steene Steenvoorde Steenwerck Strazeele Taisnières-en-Thiérache Taisnières-sur-Hon Templemars Templeuve-en-Pévèle Terdeghem Téteghem-Coudekerque-Village Thiant Thiennes Thivencelle Thumeries Thun-l'Évêque Thun-Saint-Amand Thun-Saint-Martin Tilloy-lez-Cambrai Tilloy-lez-Marchiennes Toufflers Tourcoing Tourmignies Trélon Tressin Trith-Saint-Léger Troisvilles Uxem Valenciennes Vendegies-au-Bois Vendegies-sur-Écaillon Vendeville Verchain-Maugré Verlinghem Vertain Vicq Viesly Vieux-Berquin Vieux-Condé Vieux-Mesnil Vieux-Reng Villeneuve-d'Ascq Villereau Villers-au-Tertre Villers-en-Cauchies Villers-Guislain Villers-Outréaux Villers-Plouich Villers-Pol Villers-Sire-Nicole Volckerinckhove Vred Wahagnies Walincourt-Selvigny Wallers Wallers-en-Fagne Wallon-Cappel Wambaix Wambrechies Wandignies-Hamage Wannehain Wargnies-le-Grand Wargnies-le-Petit Warhem Warlaing Warneton Wasnes-au-Bac Wasquehal Watten Wattignies Wattignies-la-Victoire Wattrelos Wavrechain-sous-Denain Wavrechain-sous-Faulx Wavrin Waziers Wemaers-Cappel Wervicq-Sud West-Cappel Wicres Wignehies Willems Willies Winnezeele Wormhout Wulverdinghe Wylder Zegerscappel Zermezeele Zuydcoote Zuytpeene

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 135620783 GND: 4021900-8 SUDOC: 067105033 BNF: cb1526