Coordinates: 18°57′51″N 72°50′05″E / 18.964143°N
72.834750°E / 18.964143; 72.834750
Grant Government Medical College
Mens sana in corpore sano
T. P. Lahane
200 per year
100 per year
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Grant Medical College
Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik
The Grant Government Medical College,
Mumbai is a medical college
affiliated to the
Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik.
Founded in 1845, it counts among the premier medical institutions in
India and one of the oldest institutions teaching
Western medicine in
Asia. It has been consistently ranked on the list of top ten medical
colleges in the country. The college accepts 200 students annually for
the undergraduate degree and around 100 annually for the various
postgraduate degrees in medicine. The medical college is situated in
Byculla on the campus of Sir J. J. Hospital. the hospital has combined
bed strength of 2844 and caters to an annual load of 1,200,000 out
patients and 80,000 indoor patients, from all parts of
Its clinical affiliate is Sir
Jamsetjee Jeejebhoy Group of Hospitals:
a conglomerate of four hospitals in South Bombay that include the Sir
J. J. Hospital, St George Hospital, Gokuldas Tejpal Hospital, and Cama
and Albess Hospital( women and children hospital) Grant Medical
College is among the 8 medical colleges of
India which have been
recognised by medical council of Singapore.
1.1 Establishment of Grant Medical College
1.2 Gradual expansion of Sir J.J. Hospital
1.3 Non-cooperation movement
1.4 Post-independence reconstructions
2 The J.J. Hospital Campus
4 List of buildings
5 Department and faculties
6 The Research Society
7 Notable alumni
9 See also
10 External links
Establishment of Grant Medical College
Old Grant Medical College building, 1860.
Bombay Presidency became part of the British possessions in India
in 1818. In Western
India there was a need for well-trained doctors as
well as a general hospital for Indians . Under the guidance of
Mountstuart Elphinstone attempts were made to offer Indians an
opportunity to learn and practice Medicine along western lines. In
1826, a medical school was started with surgeon John McLennan as the
superintendent of the Indian (native) medical school around Azad
Maidan in southern Bombay. However, this school failed after six
years. Around 1840 only two medical schools existed in India, one at
Calcutta and another at Madras. In 1834 Sir Robert Grant was appointed
the Governor of Bombay. He directed his attention to the expediency of
establishing a systematic institution in the city for imparting
medical knowledge to the, which would be more complete, comprehensive
and better planned than the previously abolished medical school. He
instituted a detailed inquiry into the ways and means by which Indians
could have better medical care and education. As he struggled and
strove to push through his ambition for a wisely planned medical
college in Bombay, he met strong opposition. To quell the opposition
Grant envisaged the formation of the first medical society in India,
The Medical and Physical Society of Bombay. It was a society that
would bring together the medical officers of the
Bombay Presidency and
encourage a spirit of scientific enquiry. It was due to efforts of
Charles Morehead (the then surgeon) to the governor that this society
came into existence in November 1835.
Jamshedjee Jeejeebhoy Hospital, 1843 print.
Moorehead and other members studied all the documents pertaining to
the abolished medical school. They also drew up and circulated a
questionnaire aimed at collecting information on the current medical
practice amongst the Indians. It was also intended to help educate
Indians in European medicine. In July, 1837, the Society reported that
"the conclusion to which we have been led by this course of inquiry is
that the establishment of a medical School for the education of the
Indians of the presidency in Medical Science, to the extent of
qualifying Indians to become useful and safe practitioners of
Grant developed a proposal on March 1838 in which the subject of
medical education of Indians of this presidency was fully discussed in
detail. It was sent to Sir Auckland's government in Calcutta. In March
Jamsetjee Jeejebhoy offered a donation of Rs. 1 lac for
building a new general hospital with Indians. Grant took note of this
in his minute, adding that the hospital would facilitate medical
instruction. The East
India Company, as conveyed in its letter dated
18 July 1838, happily endorsed the proposal for a medical college.
However, nine days before the arrival of this news, Grant succumbed to
an attack of cerebral apoplexy while vacationing in Dapori, near Pune.
A historic public meeting was held in town hall by citizens of Bombay
to mourn his death. The Sanskrit scholar Jagannath Shankarsheth
proposed that it would be a fitting tribute that the medical college
should be established and that it should bear his name. The government
accepted this proposal. The foundation stone of the building was laid
on 30 March 1843, and the building was completed in October 1845.
Simultaneously with the plans and foundation of the college, it was
also decided, with the aid of a munificent donation offered by Sir
Jamsetjee Jeejebhoy, to substitute the previously existing Indian
general hospital in the city, by creating a "School of Practice" (now
known as the Sir J.J. Hospital) near the hospital and in conjunction
with it. The professors of the medical college were the medical
officers of the hospital. The foundation stone was laid on 3 January
1843 and the School of Practice was opened for reception of the sick
from 15 May 1845. In 1845, admittance to the college was accorded
without exception for caste or creed to candidates between the ages of
16 and 20 with respectable connection and general intelligence;
grammatical knowledge of their vernacular language, arithmetic
including Rules of Proportion and a thorough knowledge of English with
fluency was expected. Each candidate was required to present a
certificate of good conduct from the headmaster of the school in which
he had studied and also one expressly stating that he was possessed of
the necessary information and capable of undergoing the examination
The entrance examination was conducted by the superintendent and the
professors of the college. The books selected for testing the
knowledge of English were Milton's Paradise Lost, Robertson's
Histories, or a similar classical standard.
The first group of students admitted to the Grant Medical College,
Bombay, on 1 November 1845 were:
Grant Medical College in the Illustrated London News, 8 October 1859,
print from a photograph by H. Hinton.
Bhau Daji Parsekar, Monoel A.D. Carvalho, Sebestian A.D.
Stipendary: Atmaram Pandurang, Paul Francis Gomes, Fardemjee
Jamshetji, Ananta Chandroba Dkule, J.C. Lisoba, Manoel Antonio
The first professors of Grant Medical College were Charles Morehead,
M.D., FRCS, Professor of the Institute of Practice of Medicine, Dr.
John Peet, M.D., FRCS, Professor of Anatomy and Surgery and Dr.
Herbert John Giraud, M.D., Professor of Chemistry and Materia Medica.
Early Professor of
Midwifery of Grant College
In 1849 two more teachers joined the college. Dr. W. C. Colls taught
Medical Jurisprudence and Dr. R. D. Peele taught Midwifery.
Attendance was not quite satisfactory during the first year. In
following years, however, it became so good that students declined to
take advantage of holidays but preferred to attend classes.
Bombay University was founded in 1857. In 1860, Grant Medical
College became one of the four colleges recognized by it for teaching
courses leading to degrees (others being Elphinstone College, Deccan
College and Government Law College, Mumbai). With its affiliation to
the university, GMC's entrance exams were abolished. Matriculation in
Bombay University was made a necessary qualification for admission to
the Medical College. The G.G.M.C. degree was replaced by L.M.
(Licentiate of Medicine) which later gave way to L.M.&S.
(Licentiate of Medicine and Surgery) and finally to
Gradual expansion of Sir J.J. Hospital
Immediately after the First World War, there was a great rush of
students to the college. To continue to provide effective instruction
training at the bedside of patients, the
Gokuldas Tejpal Hospital
Gokuldas Tejpal Hospital was
used as a teaching center in the subjects of Medicine and Surgery in
1924. This arrangement has continued to date.
Gradually the facilities at the Sir J.J. Group of Hospitals were also
increased. The Sir Leslie Wilson Hospital Fund played an important
part. The Yellappa Balaram pavilion (104 beds), Sir David Sassoon
Hospital (97 beds and O.T.), Byramjee Jejeebhoy Hospital for Children
(100 beds) were constructed and the Sir C.J. Ophthalmic Hospital was
reconstructed (adding 73 beds).
The students had to stay in chawls opposite the compound until 1911
when the old hostel was built. In 1938, the R.M. Bhatt hostel was
built thanks to the efforts of C.S. Patel and Col. Bhatia — one of
the most respected teacher of his time.
The Pathology Department was established in 1880; the first autopsy
was conducted in 1882. In 1896, Sir V.M. Haffkine/Waldemar Haffkine
worked on the preparation of plague vaccine in the F.D. Petit
Laboratory of G.M.C. (which is today occupied by Pharmacology
Robert Koch's work on
Vibrio cholerae was done in two rooms of the old
animal house behind coroner's court. Van Duke Carter, after whom the
O.P.D. Laboratory of Sir J.J.H. is named discovered in pathology
department the spirochaetes of relapsing fever in blood smears in
1907. It was here that Christopher and Caval worked on malaria and Dr.
Raghavendra Rao worked in on tropical diseases, leprosy, plague and
In 1929, the department was shifted to the new building of Pathology
School thanks to the munificence of the Tatas. Dr. V.R. Khanolkar the
doyen of Pathology in
India initiated work on cancer epidemiology. He
was the founder member and the first president of the Indian
Association of Pathologists in 1949. Dr. P.V. Gharpure started the
Pathology Museum and the Association of Teaching Pathologists in
The first M.D. of
Bombay University was Dr. Anna Moreshwar Kunte in
1876. Another GMCite Dr. K.N. Bahadurji was the first Indian to obtain
M.D. from London and who died of plague in 1896 while in charge of the
Passes Plaque Hospital. In his memory the Student Sick Ward was built.
This was torn down and replaced in 1908 to make room for the William
Moore Operation Theatre.
Initially in 1845, J.J. Hospital had only a casualty and an Out
Patient Department with a dispensary behind it. Soon in 1851, the
Obstetric institution was built thanks to Sir J.J.'s donations. In
1892, the Obstetric ward became the Parsee ward.
In 1866, the Ophthalmic Hospital was erected by the donation given by
Sir Cowasjee Jehangirjee. In 1930 it was remodeled by Sir J. Duggan in
a three-storeyed building remodeled it for which Sir Cowasjee
Jehangir, Third Baronet, donated a large sum. This was later reformed
as the O.P.D. In this small place also existed the Medical Department,
Minor Surgery, E.N.T. Department, and Dental chair. From 1907-1928
this was converted into biology and bacteriology laboratories.
The General Medical Council found that the facilities for teaching
midwifery were deficient in G.M.C. To overcome this problem, the Bai
Motlibai and Cama Albless Hospital were affiliated to G.M.C. by 1923.
During the early 1900s all prestigious professional posts were held by
British I.M.S. officers, while Indians were given only non-clinical
appointments. In 1921, the
Non-cooperation movement appealed to
GMCites to boycott the British government by leaving G.M.C. Students,
professors and practitioners began shifting to Topiwala National
Medical College near Victoria Gardens. Masses were held between 6-8
p.m. for medical students by famous medical practitioners, all
GMCites. To prove that Indians themselves could build and maintain
medical institutions without British support, the K.E.M. Hospital and
Seth G.S. Medical College where the entire staff was Indian were
founded in 1926.
The greatest change to G.M.C. and J.J.H. came in 1958 when the old
J.J. building was torn down and replaced by a seven-storeyed hospital
building. The O.P.D. was extended to contain Investigation
Laboratories. Today it is spread over 44 acres (178,000 m²) in
Byculla with 14 gates, a long jump from the two-room teaching hospital
in an area of 4 acres (16,000 m2).
The J.J. Hospital Campus
The present campus, the largest of any of the Medical Colleges in
Mumbai, is spread out over 44 acres (180,000 m2) in the Byculla
area of South Mumbai. The campus is notable for its greenery and open
spaces in an otherwise congested part of the city. With gradual
additions and expansions since its initial foundation, the campus has
a mix of buildings depicting both modern Indian and Colonial
architecture. As the campus expanded it incorporated hospitals that
were originally independent before being absorbed into J.J. Hospital
and thus retain some of their older names, notably: C.J. Ophthalmic
Hospital, B.J. Hospital for children and the David Sasoon Hospital.
The campus has a total of 45 wards, 5 hostels and 7 canteens. It also
provides residential facilities to its teaching faculty, resident
doctors, medical students, nurses and other hospital workers. The
anatomy hall of Grant Medical College was featured in the movie
M.B.B.S. as central lecture hall in the fictional medical
school attended by the lead character. In addition to the main campus
situated at Byculla, it also has a sea facing gymkhana at marine drive
in south Mumbai.
University and college rankings
Medical - India
The Week (2017)
The institute was ranked seventh among medical colleges in
2017 by Outlook India and eighth by The Week.
List of buildings
Main Hospital Building
Main OPD building
C.J. Ophthalmic Building
Duggan Eye bank
PSM Department Building
Old Pharmacology Building
Boys Common Room
Public Works Department
Central Medical Library
Bai Motlibai Hall
Resident Doctors Hostel
Apna Boys Hostel
R.M. Bhatt Hostel
Infectious Diseases Ward
Skin & VD Building
Old Boys Hostel
Department and faculties
Chest Diseases & Tuberculosis
Obs & Gyn
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
The Research Society
The Research Society started functioning in 1965 in the Skin &
Serology Department building on the second floor with an office and
research library and a proposed space for a research laboratory.This
proposal has not been entertained so far .
The Research Society has the following aims & objectives:
To promote & encourage research & medical science in
departments of GMC & J.J.H.
Sponsor all such activities conducted to promotion of medical science
& all such measures to fulfill objectives.
The founder members were Dr. J. G. Parekh, Dr. P. M. Udani, Dr. B. J.
Vakil, Dr. S. J. Shah, Dr. V. C. Talwalkar, Dr. J.C. Joshipura and Dr.
B. B. Gaitonde.
It awards post graduate students for the best research paper and for
the best thesis. It sponsors scientific conferences, medical workshops
This article's list of alumni may not follow's verifiability
or notability policies. Please improve this article by removing names
that do not have independent reliable sources showing they are notable
AND alumni, or by incorporating the relevant publications into the
body of the article through appropriate citations. (October 2017)
Vithal Nagesh Shirodkar
Reita Faria - Indian model and Miss World 1966.
Aditi Gowitrikar - Indian model and actress Mrs. World 2001
Jivraj Narayan Mehta
N. H. Antia
Luis Jose De Souza,
Padma Shri awardee
Shantilal Jamnadas Mehta, Surgeon and
Padma Bhushan awardee
Shantilal C. Sheth, former president of the Medical Council of India
Padma Bhushan awardee
^ "Dean Dr.
T. P. Lahane Doctor's Of JJ Group of Hospitals".
www.gmcjjh.org. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
^ a b "MBBS admissions: Medical Council of
India recognized colleges
in Maharashtra : News". IndiaToday. 27 June 2014. Retrieved 6
^ a b "Top 25 Medical Colleges In 2017". Outlook India. 5 June 2017.
Retrieved 21 June 2017.
^ a b Singh, Abhinav (18 June 2017). "The Week - Hansa Research Best
Colleges Survey 2017: Top Medical Colleges - All India". The Week.
Retrieved 8 September 2017.
^ Behman M Daver (2007). "Obituary". Indian J Plast Surg. 40 (2):
Grant Medical College and J J Hospital official website