The Info List - Gramps

Gramps (formerly GRAMPS, an acronym for Genealogical Research and Analysis Management Programming System) is Free and open source genealogy software. Gramps is programmed in Python using PyGObject. It uses Graphviz to create relationship graphs.


  • Supports multiple languages and cultures.[10]
    • Full Unicode support.
    • Relationship calculators.[11] Some languages have relationship terminology with no proper translation to other languages. Gramps deals with this by allowing for language specific relationship calculators.
  • Generates reports in multiple formats, including .odt, LaTeX, .pdf, .rtf, .html, and .txt.
  • Gramps is easily extended via plugins called Gramplets. A Gramplet is a view of data that either changes dynamically during the running of Gramps, or provides interactivity to your genealogical data.[12]

File format

Gramps XML[13]
Filename extension .gramps
Internet media type application/x-gramps-xml[14][15]
Developed by Gramps
Initial release 2004; 14 years ago (2004)
Latest release
(18 August 2015; 2 years ago (2015-08-18))
Type of format Genealogy data exchange
Extended from XML
Website gramps-project.org/xml/
Portable Gramps XML Package
Filename extension .gpkg
Type code .tar.gz archive
Developed by Gramps
Type of format Genealogy data exchange
Container for Gramps XML and referenced media

The core export file format of Gramps is named Gramps XML and uses the file extension .gramps. It is extended from XML. Gramps XML is a free format. Gramps usually compresses Gramps XML files with gzip.[16] The file format Portable Gramps XML Package uses the extension .gpkg and is currently a .tar.gz archive including Gramps XML together with all referenced media. The user may rename the file extension .gramps to .gz for editing the content of the genealogy document with a text editor. Internally, Gramps uses Berkeley DB as the working database format.

Gramps can import from the following formats:[17] Gramps XML, Gramps Package (Portable Gramps XML), Gramps 2.x .grdb (older versions Gramps), GEDCOM, CSV.

Gramps supports exporting data in the following formats: Gramps XML, Gramps Package (Portable Gramps XML), GEDCOM, GeneWeb's GW format,[18] Web Family Tree (.WFT) format,[19] vCard, vCalendar, CSV.

Programs that support Gramps XML

  • PhpGedView (version 4.1 and up) supports[20] output to Gramps XML.
  • GrampsXMLview - uses PHP to display the contents of a Gramps XML on your website.
  • The script tmg2gramps by Anne Jessel converts The Master Genealogist v6 genealogy software datafile to a Gramps v2.2.6 XML.
  • The Gramps PHP component Joomlagen for Joomla uses an upload of the GRAMPS XML database export to show genealogical information and overviews. Joomlagen is compatible with GRAMPS 3.3.0.


Gramps is available in 40 languages[9] (December 2014).

Gramps also has two special use sub-translation languages:

  • Animal pedigree which allows to keep track of the pedigree and breed of animals[21]
  • Same gender/sex which makes using Gramps far more intuitive when dealing with a same gender family.[22]


Selected release history:[4][3][23]

Version Release date Name Comment
Gramps 1.0.0 2004-02-11 "Stable as a Tombstone" Used XML to store all information.
Gramps 2.0.0 2005-05-11 "The Bright Side of Life" Introduction of the Berkeley database backend.
Gramps 2.2.1 2006-10-30 "One, two, five!" Originally only available for Unix-like operating systems, with this release GRAMPS became available for Windows.
Gramps 3.0.0 2008-03-24 "It was just getting interesting." Introduced the new Family Tree database format .gpkg and deprecated the old .grdb database format. Plugin system called "Gramplets".
Gramps 3.4.0 2012-05-21 "always look on the bright side of life" Replaced Source References with Citations that allow sharing and can have media objects and 'data' elements attached to them. The Gramps XML Specification was updated to make it idempotent.
Gramps 4.0.0 2013-05-21 "The Miracle of Birth" Conversion to GTK+ 3, add support for Python 3. Keeps the same data format as Gramps 3.4.
Gramps 4.1.0 2014-06-18 "Name go in book" Full Python 3 support. New place hierarchies model.[24] Different data format to the Gramps 3.4 series.
Gramps 4.2.0 2015-08-03 Python 3 support only (Python 2 support dropped).[25] Different data format to the GRAMPS 3.4 series.


  1. ^ Allingham, Don (21 April 2006). "Looking Back Over 5 Years". Gramps blog. 
  2. ^ "History of Gramps". Gramps Wiki. 
  3. ^ a b Releases · gramps-project/gramps, GitHub
  4. ^ a b gramps-announce - SourceForge.net
  5. ^ Gramps on SourceForge.net
  6. ^ Gramps 3.4.9 released, This is a maintenance release designed for still running Gramps with gtk2. The database is common between version 4.0.x and 3.4.x branch, most differences are into interface...
  7. ^ https://github.com/gramps-project/gramps/releases/tag/v5.0.0-beta1
  8. ^ Installation - Gramps
  9. ^ a b "Gramps translations". Gramps Wiki. 
  10. ^ Features - Gramps
  11. ^ Relationship Calculator - Gramps
  12. ^ Gramplets - Gramps, Gramps Wiki
  13. ^ Gramps XML - Gramps Wiki
  14. ^ GRAMPS XML is the XML format designed for storing GRAMPS data. Gramps Wiki
  15. ^ Generate XML - Why doesn't GRAMPS just use a .gz extension? - Gramps
  16. ^ How to make a backup - Gramps
  17. ^ "Import from another program". Gramps wiki. 
  18. ^ GeneWeb - The GW format
  19. ^ Web Family Tree - simonward.com
  20. ^ PhpGedView @ Neumont University -
    *Clippings Cart (v4.1)
    ** Add option to zip the GEDCOM/Gramps XML with the associated media files Gramps XML
    *Gramps XML (v4.1)
    ** Add option to download entire GEDCOM in Gramps XML form
    ** Add option to retrieve raw data from the SOAP web service in Gramps XML format
    ** Gramps XML export support to include full source and media support
  21. ^ Animal pedigree, Gramps Wiki
  22. ^ 0003346: Same gender relationship reports Gramps Bugtracker
  23. ^ Previous releases of Gramps, Gramps Wiki
  24. ^ Place hierarchies, Gramps 4.1 Wiki Manual - What's new? - Gramps
  25. ^ Enhanced Place Editor and new Place Name editor and added PlaceNames (with Date and Language) Place, Gramps 4.2 Wiki Manual - What's new? - Gramps

External links

This article contains text from the GNU GPL Gramps Manual V2.9.