Coordinates: 66°00′S 63°30′W / 66.000°S 63.500°W /
Graham Land and the surrounding islands.
1 Antarctic Peninsula, 2 James Ross Island, 3 D'Urville
Island, 4 Joinville Island, 5 Dundee Island, 6 Snow
Hill Island, 7 Vega Island, 8 Seymour Island,
9 Andersson Island, 10 Paulet Island, 11 Lockyer
Island, 12 Eagle Island, 13 Jonassen Island,
14 Bransfield Island, 15 Astrolabe Island, 16 Tower
A 1944 stamp of the Falkland Islands overprinted for use in Graham
Graham Land is the portion of the
Antarctic Peninsula that lies north
of a line joining
Cape Jeremy and Cape Agassiz. This description of
Graham Land is consistent with the 1964 agreement between the British
Antarctic Place-names Committee and the US Advisory Committee on
Antarctic Names, in which the name "Antarctic Peninsula" was approved
for the major peninsula of Antarctica, and the names
Graham Land and
Palmer Land for the northern and southern portions, respectively. The
line dividing them is roughly 69 degrees south.
Graham Land is named after Sir James R. G. Graham, First Lord of the
Admiralty at the time of John Biscoe's exploration of the west side of
Graham Land in 1832. It is claimed by Argentina (as part of
Argentine Antarctica), Britain (as part of the British Antarctic
Territory) and Chile (as part of the Chilean Antarctic Territory).
Graham Land is the closest part of
Antarctica to South America.
Thus it is the usual destination for small ships taking paying
visitors on Antarctic trips from South America. (Larger ships are
not allowed to disembark passengers.)
Until the discoveries of the
British Graham Land Expedition of
1934–1937, it was generally supposed to be an archipelago rather
than a peninsula. The mountains of
Graham Land are the last range
of the American Cordillera, a chain of mountain ranges (cordillera)
that consists of an almost continuous sequence of mountain ranges that
form the western "backbone" of North America, Central America, South
America and Antarctica.
3 Other names
5 See also
6.1 Further reading
7 External links
Mount Brading, 4 nautical miles (7 km) east of the northeast
corner of Larsen Inlet.
The interior of
Graham Land is occupied by a series of plateaus,
namely (north to south) Laclavère Plateau, Louis Philippe Plateau,
Detroit Plateau, Herbert Plateau, Foster Plateau, Forbidden Plateau,
Avery Plateau and Hemimont Plateau.
Argentina calls the area Tierra de San Martín (Land of Saint
Martin) and also calls the northern peninsula (Trinity Peninsula)
Península Trinidad or Tierra de la Trinidad. Similarly, Chile calls
Antarctic Peninsula Tierra de O'Higgins (Land of
Antarctic Digital Database (ADD). Scale 1:250000 topographic map of
Antarctica. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR). Since
1993, regularly upgraded and updated.
Graham Land Expedition
^ Stanton, William (1975). The Great
United States Exploring
Expedition. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 147.
^ ESA Science & Technology: Graham Land
^ A cruise to
Antarctica is a trip like no other
^ McGonigal, David (2009). Antarctica: Secrets of the Southern
Continent. London: Frances Lincoln Ltd. ISBN 0-7112-2980-5.
^ a b Антарктический полуостров, an article
from Great Soviet Encyclopedia.
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Graham
Media related to
Graham Land at