Welschriesling (also known as Laški Rizling, Olasz
Graševina) is a white wine grape variety, unrelated to the Rhine
Riesling, that is grown throughout Central Europe.
2 Wine regions
The descendance of
Welschriesling is uncertain. The German name
Welschriesling literally means 'Romanic Riesling' (cf. Walhaz), and
most of the synonyms in
Central Europe are variations on 'Italian
Welschriesling may have been brought to
Central Europe by
the ancient Romans. However, the Croatian name Graševina suggests
that the origin might be somewhere to the east of the Balkans.
A modern theory claims that
Welschriesling originated in the Champagne
region and came as welsch (in this case French)
Heidelberg to the lands of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.
In Austria, the main regions where it is grown are south and south
eastern Styria, in Burgenland, and in the
Weinviertel region of Lower
Austria, where it is also made into sparkling wine. In Rust near Lake
Neusiedl, it is used to make Botrytis dessert wines.
In Croatia, Graševina is the most planted white grape variety. It is
grown in all the inland wine regions, particularly in Kutjevo
municipality and around Ilok, both in the far east of the country.
In the Czech Republic, Ryzlink vlašský is grown in the South
Moravian Region, particularly in the Mikulovská and Velkopavlovická
wine subregions (vinařská podoblast).
In Hungary, Olaszrizling is the most widespread grape variety of the
country, e.g. in the Csopak wine region on Lake Balaton.
In Italy, it is known as
Riesling Italico when grown in the northern
regions such as Trentino, Collio and Friuli.
In Romania, it is called
Riesling Italian where it makes a late
harvest and sparkling wine.
In Slovakia it is grown in the
Nitra wine regions.
Welschriesling is known as laški rizling ('Italian
Riesling') as opposed to renski rizling ('Rhine Rieslingi; i.e.,
Riesling proper). It is grown in the Lower
Styria region of eastern
Slovenia, produces dry to medium-dry wines in the
Vipava Valley in
western Slovenia, and is cultivated in
White Carniola to the southeast
with well-known superior quality wines.
Bottles of Graševina quality wine from Međimurje County, northern
Aminea Gemela, Biela Sladka, Bielasladka Grasica, Glasica, Grasavina
Talijanska, Grasevina, Graševina, Grasica, Groshevina, Italianski
Rizling, Laški Rizling, Nemes Olasz Rizling, Olaszrizling, Olasz
Rizling, Petit Riesling, Petracine, Rakusky Rizling, Riesler, Riesli,
Riesling Italico, Risling Italyanskii,
Risling Vlashskii, Rismi, Rizling Italico, Rizling Vlašský,
Talianska Graseviana, Talijanski Rizling, Vlasak, Italian Riesling,
Ryzlink vlašský, Ryzlink
^ Wine of Czech Republic: Statistics and Charts, Accessed: June 29,
^ Maul, E.; Eibach, R. (1999-06-00). "Vitis International Variety
Catalogue". Information and Coordination Centre for Biological
Diversity (IBV) of the Federal Agency for Agriculture and Food (BLE),
Deichmanns Aue 29, 53179 Bonn, Germany. Retrieved 2007-04-15.
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