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Govinda III
Govinda III
(793–814 CE) was a famous Rashtrakuta
Rashtrakuta
ruler who succeeded his illustrious father Dhruva Dharavarsha. He was militarily the most successful emperor of the dynasty with successful conquests-from Cape Comorin
Cape Comorin
in the south to Kannauj
Kannauj
in the north, from Banaras
Banaras
in the east to Broach (Bharuch) in the west. He held such titles as Prabhutavarsha, Jagattunga, Anupama, Kirthinarayana, Prithvivallabha, Shrivallabha, Vimaladitya, Atishayadhavala and Tribhuvanadhavala. From the Someshvara inscription of 804 it is known that Gamundabbe was his chief queen.

Contents

1 Early feud 2 Capture of Kannauj 3 Southern conquests 4 Notes 5 References 6 External links

Early feud[edit] Though Govinda III
Govinda III
became the emperor it was not before having to face some internal family feuds. His elder brother Kambarasa (also known as Stambha) who coveted the throne went to war having formed an alliance of twelve chiefs as written in the Navasari record.[1] Other records like the Sisvayi and Sanjan records mention support to Govinda III from brother Indra and victory against the combined forces of Kambarasa.[2] Shivamara II of Ganga Dynasty of Talakad
Talakad
had joined Kambarasa but after the defeat was imprisoned for a second time while Kambarasa was pardoned and allowed to govern from Gangavadi. Capture of Kannauj[edit] From his capital in Mayurkhandi in Bidar district, Govinda III conducted his northern campaign in 800 C.E.. He successfully obtained the submission of Gurjara-Pratihara
Gurjara-Pratihara
Nagabhata II, Dharmapala of Pala Empire and the incumbent puppet ruler of Kannauj, Chakrayudha. It is said Nagabhata II ran away from the battle field. The Sanjan plates of Govinda III
Govinda III
mentions that the horse of Govinda III
Govinda III
drank the icy liquid bubbling in the Himalayan stream and his war elephants tasted the holy waters of the Ganges.[2] The rulers of Magadha
Magadha
and Bengal also submitted to him. An inscription of 813 states the Govinda III conquered Lata (southern and central Gujarat) and made his brother Indra the ruler of the territory. This in effect became a branch of the Rashtrakuta
Rashtrakuta
Empire.[3] However, another opinion is Govinda III
Govinda III
had control over the regions between Vindhyas and Malwa
Malwa
in the north to Kanchi
Kanchi
in the south, while the heart of his empire extended from the Narmada to Tungabhadra
Tungabhadra
rivers.[3] After the conquest of Malwa
Malwa
Govinda III ensured the Paramara dynasty
Paramara dynasty
would rule vassals of the Rashtrakuta dynasty in 800 CE.[4] Southern conquests[edit]

Fragmentary Old Kannada inscription (800 AD) from Didgur, Dharwad district, Karnataka, during rule of Rashtrakuta
Rashtrakuta
king Govinda III

The Eastern Chalukyas
Eastern Chalukyas
who had taken an antagonistic stand against the Rashtrakutas again had to face the wrath of Govinda III, who defeated Chalukya Vijayaditya II and installed Bhima Salki as its ruler. He further defeated the king of Kaushal (Kosala) and occupied parts of Andhra and defeated Pallava
Pallava
Dantivarman in 803 at Kanchi. He even obtained the submission of the King of Ceylon
Ceylon
without even going to battle. The King of Ceylon
Ceylon
is said to have sent him two statues, one of himself and another of his minister as an act of submission.[5] The Nasari record states that now all the kingdoms of Tamil country, the Cholas, Pandyas
Pandyas
and the Keralas paid their tribute to Govinda III.[5] Never had the Rashtrakuta
Rashtrakuta
Empire reach such levels of military success and zenith of glory.[6] Govinda III
Govinda III
died in 814.[7] His brother Indra during this time founded the Gujarat (Lata) branch. He was succeeded by his son Amoghavarsha
Amoghavarsha
I. Notes[edit]

^ From two records of 808, Reu (1933), p64 ^ a b Kamath (2001), p76 ^ a b Reu (1933), p66 ^ A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India: From the Stone Age to the 12th century by Upinder Singh p.569 ^ a b Kamath (2001), p77 ^ A.S. Altekar in (Kamath 2001, p77) ^ Sen, Sailendra Nath (2013). Textbook of medieval indian history. Primus Books. p. 20. ISBN 9789380607344. 

References[edit]

Sastri, Nilakanta K.A. (2002) [1955]. A history of South India from prehistoric times to the fall of Vijayanagar. New Delhi: Indian Branch, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-560686-8.  Kamath, Suryanath U. (2001) [1980]. A concise history of Karnataka : from pre-historic times to the present. Bangalore: Jupiter books. LCCN 80905179. OCLC 7796041.  Reu, Pandit Bisheshwar Nath (1997) [1933]. History of The Rashtrakutas (Rathodas). Jaipur: Publication scheme. ISBN 81-86782-12-5. 

External links[edit]

History of Karnataka, Mr. Arthikaje

Preceded by Dhruva Dharavarsha Rashtrakuta
Rashtrakuta
Emperor 793–814 Succeeded by

.