The Golden Lion (Italian: Leone d'Oro) is the highest prize given to a film at the Venice Film Festival. The prize was introduced in 1949 by the organizing committee and is now regarded as one of the film industry's most distinguished prizes. In 1970, a second Golden Lion was introduced; this is an honorary award for people who have made an important contribution to cinema.

The prize was introduced in 1949 as the Golden Lion of Saint Mark (the winged lion which had appeared on the flag of the Republic of Venice).[1] Previously, the equivalent prize was the Gran Premio Internazionale di Venezia (Grand International Prize of Venice), awarded in 1947 and 1948. Before that, from 1934 until 1942, the highest awards were the Coppa Mussolini (Mussolini Cups) for Best Italian Film and Best Foreign Film.

No Golden Lions were awarded between 1969 and 1979. According to the Biennale's official website, this hiatus was a result of the 1968 Lion being awarded to the radically experimental Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: Ratlos; the website says that the awards "still had a statute dating back to the fascist era and could not side-step the general political climate. Sixty-eight produced a dramatic fracture with the past".[2]

14 French films have been awarded the Golden Lion, more than that of any other nation. However, there is considerable geographical diversity in the winners. Five American filmmakers have won the Golden Lion, with awards for John Cassavetes and Robert Altman (both times the awards were shared with other winners who tied), as well as Ang Lee (Brokeback Mountain was the first winning US film not to tie), Darren Aronofsky and Sofia Coppola.

Although prior to 1980, only 3 of 21 winners were of non-European origins, since the 1980s, the Golden Lion has been presented to a number of Asian filmmakers, particularly in comparison to the Cannes Film Festival's top prize, the Palme d'Or, which has only been awarded to five Asian filmmakers since 1980. The Golden Lion, by contrast, has been awarded to ten Asians during the same time period, with two of these filmmakers winning it twice. Ang Lee won the Golden Lion twice within three years during the 2000s, once for an American film and once for a Chinese-language film. Zhang Yimou has also won twice. Other Asians to win the Golden Lion since 1980 include Jia Zhangke, Hou Hsiao-hsien, Tsai Ming-liang, Trần Anh Hùng, Takeshi Kitano, Kim Ki-duk, Jafar Panahi, Mira Nair, and Lav Diaz. Russian filmmakers have also won the Golden Lion several times, including since the end of the USSR.

Still, to date 33 of the 54 winners were European men (including Soviet/Russian winners). Since 1949 only four women have ever won the Golden Lion for directing: Mira Nair, Sofia Coppola, German Margarethe von Trotta and Belgium's Agnès Varda. In comparison to the other major Western European festivals, the Berlinale's Golden Bear has also been awarded to four women. In the history of Cannes, only one woman filmmaker has been awarded the Palme d'Or.

Golden Lion

The following films received the Golden Lions or the major awards of the Venice Film Festival:[3]

Year English title Original title Director Country of origin
1946-1948 - Awarded as Grand International Prize of Venice
1946 The Southerner Jean Renoir USA
1947 The Strike Siréna Karel Steklý Czechoslovakia
1948 Hamlet Laurence Olivier UK
1949-present - Awarded as Golden Lion
1949 Manon Henri-Georges Clouzot France
1950 Justice Is Done Justice est faite André Cayatte France
1951 Rashōmon Akira Kurosawa Japan
1952 Forbidden Games Jeux interdits René Clément France
1953 No award
1954 Romeo and Juliet Renato Castellani Italy
1955 The Word Ordet Carl Theodor Dreyer Denmark
1956 No award [4]
1957 The Unvanquished Aparajito Satyajit Ray India
1958 Rickshaw Man Muhomatsu no issho Hiroshi Inagaki Japan
1959 General della Rovere (tie) Il generale della Rovere Roberto Rossellini Italy
The Great War (tie) La grande guerra Mario Monicelli
1960 Tomorrow Is My Turn Le passage du Rhin André Cayatte France
1961 Last Year in Marienbad L'année dernière à Marienbad Alain Resnais France
1962 Family Diary (tie) Cronaca familiare Valerio Zurlini Italy
Ivan's Childhood (tie) Ivanovo detstvo Andrei Tarkovsky Soviet Union
1963 Hands Over the City Le mani sulla città Francesco Rosi Italy
1964 Red Desert Il deserto rosso Michelangelo Antonioni Italy
1965 Sandra of a Thousand Delights Vaghe stelle dell'Orsa Luchino Visconti Italy
1966 The Battle of Algiers La battaglia di Algeri Gillo Pontecorvo Italy / Algeria
1967 Beauty of the Day Belle de jour Luis Buñuel France
1968 Artists Under the Big Top: Perplexed Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: Ratlos Alexander Kluge West Germany
1969–79 No award
1980 Atlantic City (tie) Louis Malle Canada / France
Gloria (tie) John Cassavetes United States
1981 Marianne and Juliane Die Bleierne Zeit Margarethe von Trotta West Germany
1982 The State of Things Der Stand der Dinge Wim Wenders West Germany
1983 First Name: Carmen Prénom Carmen Jean-Luc Godard France
1984 A Year of the Quiet Sun Rok spokojnego słońca Krzysztof Zanussi Poland
1985 Vagabond Sans toit ni loi Agnès Varda France
1986 The Green Ray Le rayon vert Éric Rohmer France
1987 Au revoir les enfants Louis Malle France
1988 The Legend of the Holy Drinker La leggenda del santo bevitore Ermanno Olmi Italy
1989 A City of Sadness Bei qing cheng shi Hou Hsiao-hsien Taiwan
1990 Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead Tom Stoppard UK / USA
1991 Close to Eden Urga Nikita Mikhalkov Soviet Union
1992 The Story of Qiu Ju Qiu Ju da guan si Zhang Yimou China
1993 Short Cuts (tie) Robert Altman USA
Three Colors: Blue (tie) Trois couleurs: Bleu Krzysztof Kieślowski France / Poland
1994 Vive L'Amour (tie) Ai qing wan sui Tsai Ming-liang Taiwan
Before the Rain (tie) Пред дождот (Pred doždot) Milčo Mančevski Republic of Macedonia
1995 Cyclo Xich lo Anh Hung Tran France / Vietnam
1996 Michael Collins Neil Jordan Ireland
1997 Fireworks Hana-bi Takeshi Kitano Japan
1998 The Way We Laughed Così ridevano Gianni Amelio Italy
1999 Not One Less Yi ge dou bu neng shao Zhang Yimou China
2000 The Circle Dayereh Jafar Panahi Iran
2001 Monsoon Wedding Mira Nair USA / India
2002 The Magdalene Sisters Peter Mullan Ireland
2003 The Return Vozvrashcheniye Andrey Zvyagintsev Russia
2004 Vera Drake Mike Leigh United Kingdom
2005 Brokeback Mountain Ang Lee United States
2006 Still Life Sanxia haoren Jia Zhangke China
2007 Lust, Caution Se, jie Ang Lee USA / China / Taiwan
2008 The Wrestler Darren Aronofsky United States
2009 Lebanon Samuel Maoz Israel
2010 Somewhere Sofia Coppola United States
2011 Faust Alexander Sokurov Russia
2012 Pietà Kim Ki-duk South Korea
2013 Sacro GRA Gianfranco Rosi Italy
2014 A Pigeon Sat on a Branch Reflecting on Existence En duva satt på en gren och funderade på tillvaron Roy Andersson Sweden
2015 From Afar Desde allá Lorenzo Vigas Venezuela
2016 The Woman Who Left Ang Babaeng Humayo Lav Diaz Philippines
2017 The Shape of Water Guillermo del Toro United States

Golden Lion Honorary Award

Year Winner(s)
1969 Luis Buñuel[5]
1970 Orson Welles
1971 Ingmar Bergman, Marcel Carné, and John Ford
1972 Charlie Chaplin, Anatoli Golovnya, and Billy Wilder
1982 Alessandro Blasetti, Luis Buñuel, Frank Capra, George Cukor,
Jean-Luc Godard, Sergei Yutkevich, Alexander Kluge, Akira Kurosawa,
Michael Powell, Satyajit Ray, King Vidor, and Cesare Zavattini
1983 Michelangelo Antonioni
1985 Manoel de Oliveira, John Huston, and Federico Fellini
1986 Paolo Taviani and Vittorio Taviani
1987 Luigi Comencini and Joseph L. Mankiewicz
1988 Joris Ivens
1989 Robert Bresson
1990 Marcello Mastroianni and Miklós Jancsó
1991 Mario Monicelli and Gian Maria Volontè
1992 Jeanne Moreau, Francis Ford Coppola, and Paolo Villaggio
1993 Steven Spielberg, Robert De Niro, Roman Polanski, and Claudia Cardinale
1994 Al Pacino, Suso Cecchi d'Amico, and Ken Loach
1995 Woody Allen, Monica Vitti, Martin Scorsese, Alberto Sordi,
Ennio Morricone, Giuseppe De Santis, Goffredo Lombardo, and Alain Resnais
1996 Robert Altman, Vittorio Gassman, Dustin Hoffman, and Michèle Morgan
1997 Gérard Depardieu, Stanley Kubrick, and Alida Valli
1998 Warren Beatty, Sophia Loren, and Andrzej Wajda
1999 Jerry Lewis
2000 Clint Eastwood
2001 Éric Rohmer
2002 Dino Risi
2003 Dino De Laurentiis and Omar Sharif
2004 Stanley Donen and Manoel de Oliveira
2005 Hayao Miyazaki and Stefania Sandrelli
2006 David Lynch
2007 Tim Burton and Bernardo Bertolucci (for the last 75 years of the history of cinema)
2008 Ermanno Olmi
2009 John Lasseter, Brad Bird, Pete Docter, Andrew Stanton, and Lee Unkrich
2010 John Woo
2011 Marco Bellocchio
2012 Francesco Rosi
2013 William Friedkin
2014 Thelma Schoonmaker and Frederick Wiseman
2015 Bertrand Tavernier
2016 Jean-Paul Belmondo and Jerzy Skolimowski
2017 Jane Fonda and Robert Redford

Multiple winners

See also


  1. ^ "Biennale Cinema History of the Venice Film Festival: The Forties and Fifties". La Biennale di Venezia. 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  2. ^ "Biennale Cinema History of the Venice Film Festival: The Sixties and Seventies". La Biennale di Venezia. 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  3. ^ "Golden Lions and major awards of the Venice Film Festival". labiennale.org. Archived from the original on 7 June 2017. 
  4. ^ Due to a tie between Harp of Burma by Kon Ichikawa and Calle Mayor by Juan Antonio Bardem. See Roos, Fred. "Venice Film Festival, 1956" in The Quarterly of Film Radio and Television, Vol. 11, No. 3. (Spring, 1957), p. 249.
  5. ^ "The awards of the Venice Film Festival". La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 2017-01-01. 

External links