Giovanni Carmelo Verga (2 September 1840 – 27 January 1922) was an
Italian realist (Verismo) writer, best known for his depictions of
life in his native Sicily, and especially for the short story (and
later play) Cavalleria Rusticana and the novel
I Malavoglia (The House
by the Medlar Tree).
1 Life and career
2.2 Short stories
5 External links
Life and career
The first son of Giovanni Battista Catalano Verga and Caterina Di
Mauro, Verga was born into a prosperous family of
Catania in Sicily.
He began writing in his teens, producing the largely unpublished, but
currently quite famous, historical novel Amore e Patria (Love and
Country); then, although nominally studying law at the University of
Catania, he used money his father had given him to publish his I
Carbonari della Montagna (The Carbonari of the Mountain) in 1861 and
1862. This was followed by Sulle lagune (On the Lagoons) in 1863.
Portrait of Verga, by Antonino Gandolfo.
Meanwhile, Verga had been serving in the
Catania National Guard
(1860–64), after which he travelled to
Florence several times,
settling there in 1869.
He moved to
Milan in 1872, where he developed his new approach,
characterized by the use of dialogue to develop character, which
resulted in his most significant works. In 1880 his story collection
Vita dei campi (Life in the Fields), including "Fantasticheria"
("Daydreaming"), "La Lupa" ("The She-wolf"), "Jeli il Pastore" ("Jeli
the Shepherd), "Pentolaccia" ("The Plaything"), and Rosso Malpelo,
most of which were about rural Sicily, came out. It also included
"Cavalleria Rusticana" ("Rustic Chivalry"), which he adapted for the
theatre and later formed the basis for several opera librettos
Cavalleria rusticana and Gastaldon's Mala
Pasqua!. Verga's short story, "Malaria", was one of the first literary
depictions of the disease malaria.
He then embarked on a projected series of five novels, but only
I Malavoglia and
Mastro-don Gesualdo (1889), the second
of which was the last major work of his literary career. Both are
widely recognized as masterpieces.
In 1894 Verga moved back to Catania, to the house in which he had
lived as a child. In 1920 he was appointed Senator of the Kingdom
(Senatore del Regno) for life (ad vitam). He died of a cerebral
thrombosis in 1922.
Teatro Verga in
Catania is named after him. His house in via
Sant'Anna is now a museum, the Casa-Museo Giovanni Verga.
He was an atheist.
A 20th-century edition of I Malavoglia
Verga's house-museum in Catania
Love and Homeland (1856–1857) (Amore e patria)
Carbonari of the Mountain (1861–1862) (I carbonari della montagna)
On the Lagoons (1862–1863) (Sulle lagune)
A Sinner (1866) (Una peccatrice)
History of a Blackcap (1871) (Storia di una capinera)
Eva (1873) (Eva)
Eros (1875) (Eros)
Royal Tiger (1875) (Tigre reale)
The House by the Medlar-tree (1881) (I Malavoglia)
Elena's Husband (1882) (Il marito di Elena)
Mastro-don Gesualdo (1889) (Mastro-don Gesualdo)
From Yours to Mine (1905) (Dal tuo al mio)
Photo by Verga of Sicilian couple who worked his property in 1897.
Shewolf (1874) (Nedda)
Spring and other Stories (1877) (Primavera e altri racconti)
The Tail of the Devil (La coda del diavolo)
Certain Subjects (Certi argomenti)
The Stories of the Trezza's Castle (Le storie del castello di Trezza)
Red Evil Hair (1878) (Rosso Malpelo)
The Life of the Fields (1880) (Vita dei campi)
Rustic Chivalry (Cavalleria rusticana)
Little Novels of
Sicily (1883) (Novelle rusticane) translated by D.H.
His Reverence (Il reverendo)
So Much for the King (Cos'è il re)
Don Licciu Papa (Don Licciu papa)
The Mystery Play (Il mistero)
The Orphans (Gli orfani)
Property (La roba)
Story of St. Joseph's Ass (Storia dell'asino di S. Giuseppe)
Black Bread (Pane nero)
The Gentry (I galantuomini)
Across the Sea (Di là del mare)
^ Editors, The (1922-01-27). "
Giovanni Verga Italian author".
Britannica.com. Retrieved 2016-10-30.
^ Simona Cigliana, Roberto Fedi, Giovanni Verga, Istituto Poligrafico
e Zecca dello Stato, 2002, p. 287.
^ Verga, Giovanni. D.H. Lawrence, Translator. 2000. Little Novels of
Sicily. Steerforth Press. Hanover, New Hampshire. 145 pp.
Gesù Sebastiano L'Etna nel cinema. Un vulcano di celluloide, Giuseppe
Maimone Editore, Catania, 2005
Nunzio Zago, Racconto della letteratura siciliana, Giuseppe Maimone
Scritti su Verga, di Luigi Pirandello e Vittorio Emanuele Orlando,
prefazione di Giuseppe Giarrizzo, Giuseppe Maimone Editore, Catania,
Verga e il cinema. Con una sceneggiatura verghiana inedita di
Cavalleria rusticana, testo di Gesualdo Bufalino a cura di Nino
Genovese e Sebastiano Gesù, Giuseppe Maimone Editore, Catania, 1996
Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Verga, Giovanni". Encyclopædia
Britannica. 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Giovanni Verga.
Giovanni Verga at Project Gutenberg
Works by or about
Giovanni Verga at Internet Archive
Giovanni Verga at
LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
(in Italian) Giovanni Verga: all the works
I Malavoglia - chapter 1 on audio mp3 for free
(in Italian) Collected works of Giovanni Verga
(in Italian) All the novels of
Giovanni Verga detailed by years
Poor People are Like Oysters: The Life of Giovanni Verga
Rosso Malpelo (full text) at The Short Story Project
ISNI: 0000 0001 2098 1334
BNF: cb119279531 (data)