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Giorgakis Olympios
Giorgakis Olympios
(Greek: Γιωργάκης Ολύμπιος; Romanian: Iordache Olimpiotul; 1772–1821) was a Greek armatolos and military commander during the Greek War of Independence
Greek War of Independence
against the Ottoman Empire. Noted for his activities with the Filiki Eteria
Filiki Eteria
in the Danubian Principalities, he is considered to be a leading figure of the Greek Revolution.

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Early activities 1.2 Greek War of Independence

2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Biography[edit] Early activities[edit] Olympios was of Aromanian origin.[1] He was born in the village of Livadi, near Larissa, on Mount Olympus, in Ottoman-ruled Greece. After joining the Armatolikia in the Olympus area around the age of 20, Olympios became a prominent member of the local society by protecting villages from the Ali Pasha's raids, when the powerful Pasha started expanding his authority out of Epirus. In 1798, however, he was forced to abandon his birthplace, due to Ali Pasha's hostility towards him, and fled to Serbia, where he collaborated for some time with Karađorđe Petrović
Karađorđe Petrović
during the First Serbian Uprising
First Serbian Uprising
(he is known in Serbia
Serbia
as Kapetan Jorgać, Captain Giorgakis). Olympios became a supporter of the ideas diffused by Rigas Feraios
Rigas Feraios
for a common Balkan revolution against the Ottoman rule, and moved to Wallachia. There, with the help of Constantine Ypsilantis, he composed a military force of Greeks
Greeks
to fight alongside the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
in the Russo-Turkish War of 1806. After the Battle of Ostrova, he was named a Polkovnik
Polkovnik
in the Russian Army. Emperor Alexander I included him in the Russian military escort during the Congress of Vienna, where Olympios met with Alexander Ypsilantis, a Filiki Eteria
Filiki Eteria
leader. Greek War of Independence[edit] Olympios entered Filiki Eteria
Filiki Eteria
in 1817, taking the high rank of Shepherd. He initiated many others in the Eteria, and established contacts with the Wallachian Pandur Tudor Vladimirescu, who led the parallel uprising of 1821. Olympios married Čučuk Stana, the widow of Hajduk Veljko, who had arrived from Serbia
Serbia
to participate in the Greek War of Independence
Greek War of Independence
as a fighter, alongside his own men. They had three children: sons Milanos and Alexandros and daughter Euphrosyne.[2][not in citation given] At the beginning of the Greek War of Independence, when the Eteria began its expedition in Moldavia
Moldavia
and Wallachia, Olympios was appointed leader of the Greek forces in Bucharest
Bucharest
by Alexander Ypsilantis, at first cooperating with Tudor Vladimirescu, who led the parallel Wallachian uprising. However, when Vladimirescu distanced himself from the Fililiki Eteria, Olympios was responsible for his arrest on June 1 in Goleşti - following which Vladimirescu was summarily put to death . He took part in the Battle of Sculeni
Battle of Sculeni
on June 29, 1821, where Ottoman forces chased him (along with Yiannis Pharmakis and a small force of 400 Greeks) to the Secu Monastery in the Neamț County, where the Greeks
Greeks
made their last stand. Olympios died during the Ottoman attack on the monastery. His widow and children fled to Khotyn, then part of the Bessarabia Governorate
Bessarabia Governorate
of the Russian Empire, where other people of the Serbian- and Greek War, had taken refuge. After the liberation of Greece, Stana and her children moved to Athens.[2] See also[edit]

Hadži-Prodan Gligorijević, fellow Serbian revolutionary that participated in the same wars Vasos Mavrovouniotis, fellow Montenegrin Serb revolutionary that participated in the Greek War

References[edit]

^ Giannēs Koliopoulos. Λεηλασία Φρονημάτων. p. 85. ... of a separate Vlach armed band, named after Georgakis Olympios, the Vlach hero of the Greek War of Independence.  ^ a b [Δημήτρης Φωτιάδης,Επανάσταση του 21 , τ.Α,σ.445]

Paroulakis, Peter H. The Greeks: Their Struggle For Independence. Hellenic International Press, 1984. ISBN 0-9590894-1-1. Stratiki, Poti. To Athanato 1821. Stratikis Bros, 1990. ISBN 960-7261-50-X.

External links[edit]

Biography of Giorgakis Olympios

v t e

Greek War of Independence
Greek War of Independence
(1821–29)

Background

Ottoman Greece

People

Ali Pasha Armatoloi Proestoi Klephts Daskalogiannis Cosmas of Aetolia Dionysius the Philosopher Lambros Katsonis Maniots Phanariotes Souliotes

Events

Orlov Revolt Souliote War (1803)

Greek Enlightenment

People

Athanasios Christopoulos Theoklitos Farmakidis Rigas Feraios Anthimos Gazis Theophilos Kairis Adamantios Korais Eugenios Voulgaris

Organizations

Ellinoglosso Xenodocheio Filiki Eteria Filomousos Eteria Society of the Phoenix Serene Grand Orient of Greece

Publications

Adelphiki Didaskalia Asma Polemistirion Hellenic Nomarchy Pamphlet of Rigas Feraios Salpisma Polemistirion Thourios or Patriotic hymn

European intervention

Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774) Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca Greek Plan
Greek Plan
of Catherine the Great Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792) French Revolution Fall of the Republic of Venice Napoleonic Wars

Septinsular Republic Adriatic campaign of 1807–14 Albanian Regiment 1st Regiment Greek Light Infantry

United States of the Ionian Islands

Ideas

Nationalism Eastern Orthodox Christianity Liberalism Constitutionalism

Events

Battles

Kalamata Patras Wallachian uprising Alamana 1st Acropolis Gravia Valtetsi Doliana Dragashani Sculeni Vasilika Trench Tripolitsa Peta Dervenakia 1st Messolonghi Karpenisi 2nd Messolonghi Greek civil wars Sphacteria Neokastro Maniaki Lerna Mills 3rd Messolonghi Mani 2nd Acropolis Arachova Kamatero Phaleron Chios expedition Petra

Massacres

Constantinople Thessaloniki Navarino Tripolitsa Naousa Samothrace Chios Psara Kasos

Naval conflicts

Nauplia Psara Samos Andros Sphacteria Gerontas Souda Alexandria Itea Navarino

Ships

Greek sloop Karteria Greek brig Aris

Greek regional councils and statutes

Messenian Senate Directorate of Achaea Peloponnesian Senate Senate of Western Continental Greece Areopagus of Eastern Continental Greece Provisional Regime of Crete Military-Political System of Samos

Greek national assemblies

First (Epidaurus) Second (Astros) Third (Troezen) Fourth (Argos) Fifth (Nafplion)

International Conferences, Treaties and Protocols

Congress of Laibach Congress of Verona Protocol of St. Petersburg Treaty of London Conference of Poros London Protocol of 1828 London Protocol of 1829 Treaty of Adrianople London Protocol of 1830 London Conference Treaty of Constantinople

Personalities

Greece

Chian Committee Odysseas Androutsos Anagnostaras Markos Botsaris Laskarina Bouboulina Constantin Denis Bourbaki Hatzimichalis Dalianis Athanasios Diakos Germanos III of Old Patras Dimitrios Kallergis Athanasios Kanakaris Constantine Kanaris Ioannis Kapodistrias Stamatios Kapsas Georgios Karaiskakis Nikolaos Kasomoulis Ioannis Kolettis Theodoros Kolokotronis Georgios Kountouriotis Antonios Kriezis Nikolaos Kriezotis Kyprianos of Cyprus Georgios Lassanis Lykourgos Logothetis Andreas Londos Yannis Makriyannis Manto Mavrogenous Alexandros Mavrokordatos Petrobey Mavromichalis Andreas Metaxas Andreas Miaoulis Theodoros Negris Nikitaras Antonis Oikonomou Ioannis Orlandos Papaflessas Dimitrios Papanikolis Emmanouel Pappas Ioannis Papafis Christoforos Perraivos Nikolaos Petimezas Georgios Sachtouris Iakovos Tombazis Anastasios Tsamados Ioannis Varvakis Demetrios Ypsilantis

Philhellenes

London Philhellenic Committee Lord Byron François-René de Chateaubriand Richard Church Lord Cochrane Jean-Gabriel Eynard Vincenzo Gallina Charles Fabvier Thomas Gordon Frank Abney Hastings Carl von Heideck Johann Jakob Meyer Karl Normann Maxime Raybaud Giuseppe Rosaroll Santorre di Santa Rosa Friedrich Thiersch Ludwig I of Bavaria German Legion (el) Serbs

Moldavia
Moldavia
and Wallachia (Danubian Principalities)

Alexander Ypsilantis Sacred Band Alexandros Kantakouzinos Georgios Kantakouzinos Giorgakis Olympios Yiannis Pharmakis Dimitrie Macedonski Tudor Vladimirescu

Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and Egypt

Sultan Mahmud II Hurshid Pasha Nasuhzade Ali Pasha (tr) Omer Vrioni Kara Mehmet Mahmud Dramali Pasha Koca Hüsrev Mehmed Pasha Reşid Mehmed Pasha Yussuf Pasha Ibrahim Pasha Soliman Pasha al-Faransawi

Britain, France and Russia

Stratford Canning Edward Codrington Henri de Rigny Nicholas I of Russia Login Geiden

Morea expedition

Military

Nicolas Joseph Maison Louis-Eugène Cavaignac Antoine Virgile Schneider Amédée Despans-Cubières Auguste Regnaud de Saint-Jean d'Angély Camille Alphonse Trézel

Scientific

Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent Gabriel Bibron Gaspard Auguste Brullé Gérard Paul Deshayes Eugène Emmanuel Amaury Duval Pierre-Narcisse Guérin Edgar Quinet

Impact

Art

Eugène Delacroix Louis Dupré Peter von Hess Victor Hugo François Pouqueville Alexander Pushkin Karl Krazeisen Andreas Kalvos Dionysios Solomos Theodoros Vryzakis Hellas The Reception of Lord Byron
Lord Byron
at Missolonghi Greece
Greece
on the Ruins of Missolonghi The Massacre at Chios The Free Besieged Hymn to Liberty The Archipelago on Fire The Apotheosis of Athanasios Diakos

Remembrance

25 March (Independence Day) Hymn to Liberty Eleftheria i thanatos Pedion tou Areos Propylaea (Munich) Garden of Heroes (Missolonghi) Royal Phalanx Evzones
Evzones
(Presidential Guard)

v t e

Serbian Revolutionaries (1804–1817)

Đorđe Petrović-Karađorđe Stojan Abraš Uzun-Mirko Apostolović Ilija Barjaktarović Anta Bogićević Mina Bimbaša Mica Brka-Krajević Đura Brničanin Pavle Cukić Milosav Čamdžija Vasa Čarapić Ilija Čarapić Stojan Čupić Sava Dedobarac Aćim Doljanac Milić Drinčić Dimitrije Đorđević Hrista Đorđević Todor-Toša Đorđević Stanoje Glavaš Jovan Gligorijević-Zeka Buljubaša Hadži-Prodan Gligorijević Milovan Grbović Nikola Grbović Radovan Grbović Petar Ičko Jovan Jančić-Sarajlija Jakov Jakšić Stojan Karadžić Vasilije-Šujo Karadžić Janko Katić Ivan-Ivo Knežević Radojko Kojadinović Vreta Kolarac Cincar-Marko Kostić Naum Krnar Marko Krstić Dimitrije Kujundžić Kosta Kujundžić Jovan Kursula Milosav Lapovac Luka Lazarević Raka Levajac Arsenije Loma Paulj Matejić Teodosije Maričević Sima Marković Jovan Mićić Nikola Milićević-Lunjevica Tomo Milinović Đorđe Milovanović-Guzonja Mladen Milovanović Lazar Mutap-Čačanin Prota Mateja Nenadović Sima Nenadović Jakov Nenadović Petar Nikolajević-Moler Dositije Novaković Petar Novaković-Čardaklija Đorđe Obradović-Ćurčija Jovan Obrenović Miloš Obrenović Giorgakis Olympios Dragan Papazoglu Dimitrije Parezan Janko Popović Pavle Popović Milutin-Era Petrović Jovan Petrović Kovač Ilija Strelja Veljko Petrović-Hajduk Veljko Radič Petrović Cincar-Janko Popović Mileta Radojković Mihailo Radović Tanasko Rajić Old Rashko Antonije Ristić-Pljakić Ćira Rošavi Mihailo Ružičić Milutin Savić-Garašanin Čolak-Anta Simeonović Jovan Simić Bobovac Stevan Sinđelić Nikola Smiljanić Hadži-Melentije Stevanović Stevan-Steva Stevanović Miloš Stojićević Pocerac Milenko Stojković Đorđe Šagić Petronije Šišo Marko Štitarac Petar Teodorović-Dobrnjac Marko Todorović Miloje Todorović Kara Petar Trešnjevičanin Đorđe Zagla Milosav Zdravković-Resavac Vuča Žikić Nikola Ziković Kara-Marko Vasić Nina Vasiljević Petko Vasiljević Konda Bimbaša Toma Vučić Perišić Dušan-Đuša Vulićević Vujica Vulićević

This navigational box only includes notable commanders and fighters, for a full list, see: List of Serbian Revolutionaries

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 50598207 LCCN: n83058979 ISNI: 0000 0000 2326 04

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