GIESSEN, spelled GIEßEN in German (German pronunciation: ), is a
town in the German federal state (Bundesland) of
Hesse , capital of
both the district of
Giessen and the administrative region of Giessen
. The population is approximately 78,000, with roughly 24,000
The name comes from Giezzen, as it was first referred to in 1197,
which refers to the position of the town between several rivers, lakes
and streams. The largest river in
Giessen is the
Lahn , which divides
the town in two parts (west and east), roughly 50 kilometres (31
miles) north of
Frankfurt am Main
Frankfurt am Main .
In 1969, the town hosted the ninth
Hessentag state festival.
* 1 History
* 2 International relations
* 2.1 Twin towns — sister cities
* 3 Points of interest
* 4 Sport
* 5 Gallery
* 6 Notable people
* 7 Education
* 9 Geography
* 9.1 Climate
* 10 See also
* 11 References
* 12 External links
Giessen came into being as a moated castle in 1152 built by Count
Wilhelm von Gleiberg, although the history of the community in the
northeast and in today's suburb called "Wieseck" dates back to 775.
The town became part of
Hesse-Marburg in 1567, passing to
Hesse-Darmstadt in 1604. The
University of Giessen was founded in
Giessen was included within the Grand Duchy of
Hesse created in
1806 during the
Napoleonic Wars . After the
First World War , it was
part of the People\'s State of
Second World War , a subcamp of the Buchenwald
concentration camp was located in the Heil- und Pflegeanstalt Licher
Straße. Heavy bombing destroyed about 75% of Gießen in 1944,
including most of the town's historic buildings. It became part of the
modern state of
Hesse after the war.
Giessen was merged with the neighbouring city
form the new city of
Lahn . However, this attempt to reorganize the
administration was reversed in 1979. It was bounded to Darmstadt
(region) between 1945 and 1981 until
Giessen (region) was founded on 1
An American military base was located in
Giessen after the Second
World War. The U.S. Army Garrison of Gießen had a population of 500
Americans. The base is a converted German Army Air Field which is
reflected in some of the buildings including the housing area. A
theatre, known as the Keller Theatre, is a converted German Army
Officers' Club. As of 28 September 2007, the
Giessen Depot and all
other communities in the greater
Giessen area were turned back over to
the local German authorities.
After the war, the city was twinned with
Winchester , UK.
LARGEST GROUPS OF FOREIGN RESIDENTS
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in
TWIN TOWNS — SISTER CITIES
Giessen is twinned with:
Hradec Králové ,
Czech Republic (since 1990)
Hungary (since 1988)
Israel (since 1978)
Italy (since 1998)
San Juan del Sur ,
Nicaragua (since 1986)
United Kingdom (since 1962)
* Waterloo ,
United States (since 1981)
China (since 2011)
POINTS OF INTEREST
Akademischer Forstgarten Gießen , botanical gardens
Botanischer Garten Gießen , established in 1609, is the oldest
botanical garden in
Germany still at its original location.
* Old Cemetery, (German: Alter Friedhof ), is the resting place of
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen and Hugo von Ritgen .
* Liebig-Museum was established in 1920 to honor the chemist Justus
von Liebig .
Mathematikum was established in 2002, offering a huge variety of
mathematical hands-on exhibits.
University of Giessen
Rubber Island is a residential area near the
Lahn River .
Giessen is home to the basketball club
Giessen 46ers , five-time
champion of the
Basketball Bundesliga . Its home games take place at
Sporthalle Gießen-Ost . Also,
Giessen has an American football
Giessen Golden Dragons.
Historical drawing of the marketplace, 1844
Historical drawing of the
Akademischer Forstgarten Gießen , 1877
Botanical garden Gießen
Architecture in Gießen
Liebig laboratory, 1909
Multiway pedestrian bridge "Elephant loo"
* Samuel Adler (1809–1891), a noted rabbi in the
United States ,
University of Giessen
Annika Beck (b. 1994), professional tennis player
Stefan Bellof (1957–1985),
Formula One and Sportscar driver, who
was killed during a race held in
Christa Blanke (b. 1948), theologist, founder of Animals' Angels
Georg Büchner (1813–1837) studied two years at the University
Daniel Davari (b. 1988), Iranian footballer.
Walter Dornberger (1895–1980), rocket scientist
Peter Düttmann (1923-2001), Luftwaffe Ace
Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1635–1709),
Electress Palatine , ancestress of most of today's royals
Charles Friedek (b. 1971), triple jumper
Adolph Hansen (1851–1920), botanist and professor at University
Fritz Heichelheim (1901–1968), economic historian
* Juli , rock band
Friedrich Kellner (1885–1970), Chief Regional Auditor in Giessen
1948-1950, and Chief Justice Inspector of Laubach, where he wrote his
secret WWII diary . The Holocaust Research Unit of Justus Liebig
University of Giessen has established the Kellner Project
Karl Kling (1910-2003), Racing driver and head of Mercedes-Benz
* Jonathan Koch (b. 1985), rower
Chris Liebing (b. 1968) techno/electronic music producer and DJ
Justus von Liebig
Justus von Liebig (1803–1873), chemist, professor. The official
name of the
University of Giessen is now Justus Liebig University
Wilhelm Liebknecht (1826–1900), founder of the Social Democratic
Germany , was born on March 29, 1826 in Giessen
Sigmund Livingston (1872–1946), American lawyer, founder and
first president of the
Christopher Ludwick (1720–1801) Baker General for the American
Revolutionary War Army - Philadelphia
Wangari Maathai , Nobel Laureate 2004
Alfred Milner (1854–1925), British statesman
Demis Nikolaidis (b. 1973), Greek footballer
* James J. O\'Donnell (b. 1950), American scholar and University
administrator, born in Giessen
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (1845–1923), physicist, professor of
physics from 1879 until 1888 at the University of Giessen. He was
buried at the "Alte Friedhof", where his tomb can still be found
Johann Georg Rosenmüller (1736–1815), professor of theology at
Til Schweiger (b. 1968), actor, director and producer. Grew up,
went to school and started studying in Giessen
Wilhelm Sievers (1860–1921), geographer, explorer, professor at
Marie Wittich (1868–1931), opera singer
* Willy Zschietzschmann (b. 1900), Classical archeologist and author
* Ernst Dieffenbach, born Johann Karl Ernst Dieffenbach (27 January
1811 – 1 October 1855), German physician, geologist and naturalist
* Georg Christian Dieffenbach (1822-1901), German poet and
* Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach (1792–1847), German surgeon
* Joseph Dieffenbach (1796–1863), German gardener
* MBML: The International Graduate Programme "Molecular Biology and
Medicine of the Lung" of the
University of Giessen Lung Center
University hospital Giessen und Marburg
* Mittelhessen University of Applied Sciences
University of Giessen
Manisch is a dialect of rotwelsch spoken in and around
people in lower income neighbourhoods, some of which are known as
"Eulenkopf", "Gummiinsel", "Heyerweg" and "Margaretenhütte".
Approximately 700–750 residents spoke the dialect fluently as of
1976. Although the dialect still influences the
Giessen vernacular ,
it is nearly extinct in terms of fluent speakers.
Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and
there is adequate rainfall year-round. The Köppen Climate
Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb ". (Marine West Coast
CLIMATE DATA FOR GIESSEN
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
Giessen 46ers —
Giessen emigration society — founded 1833
* ^ "Bevölkerung der hessischen Gemeinden". Hessisches
Statistisches Landesamt (in German). August 2016.
* ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Giessen". Encyclopædia
Britannica . 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 4.
* ^ Edward Victor. Alphabetical List of Camps, Subcamps and Other
* ^ 1933-1945 Lager G. Tenhumberg Reinhard. Retrieved 2014-08-03.
* ^ Hessian Regional History Information System (LAGIS)
* ^ "USAG
Giessen Folds Up Tent". Retrieved 2008-05-08.
* ^ "Gießen: Städtepartnerschaften" (in German). Stadt Gießen.
Archived from the original on 2013-04-13. Retrieved 2013-08-01.
* ^ "
Netanya - Twin Cities".
Netanya Municipality. Archived from
the original on 2013-02-01. Retrieved 2013-08-01.
* ^ "Twin Towns in Hampshire". Www3.hants.gov.uk. Archived from the
original on 2009-11-30. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
* ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis
Who's Who. 1967.
* ^ Hans-Günter Lerch, "Tschü lowi...Das Manische in Gießen",
1976/2005, pages 16-22.
* ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on May 9,
Wikimedia Commons has media related to GIESSEN .