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GIESSEN, spelled GIEßEN in German (German pronunciation: ), is a town in the German federal state (Bundesland) of Hesse
Hesse
, capital of both the district of Giessen
Giessen
and the administrative region of Giessen . The population is approximately 78,000, with roughly 24,000 university students.

The name comes from Giezzen, as it was first referred to in 1197, which refers to the position of the town between several rivers, lakes and streams. The largest river in Giessen
Giessen
is the Lahn
Lahn
, which divides the town in two parts (west and east), roughly 50 kilometres (31 miles) north of Frankfurt am Main
Frankfurt am Main
.

In 1969, the town hosted the ninth Hessentag state festival.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 International relations

* 2.1 Twin towns — sister cities

* 3 Points of interest * 4 Sport * 5 Gallery * 6 Notable people * 7 Education * 8 Manisch

* 9 Geography

* 9.1 Climate

* 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links

HISTORY

Giessen
Giessen
came into being as a moated castle in 1152 built by Count Wilhelm von Gleiberg, although the history of the community in the northeast and in today's suburb called "Wieseck" dates back to 775. The town became part of Hesse-Marburg in 1567, passing to Hesse-Darmstadt in 1604. The University of Giessen was founded in 1607. Giessen
Giessen
was included within the Grand Duchy of Hesse
Hesse
created in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars . After the First World War , it was part of the People\'s State of Hesse
Hesse
.

During the Second World War , a subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp was located in the Heil- und Pflegeanstalt Licher Straße. Heavy bombing destroyed about 75% of Gießen in 1944, including most of the town's historic buildings. It became part of the modern state of Hesse
Hesse
after the war.

In 1977, Giessen
Giessen
was merged with the neighbouring city Wetzlar
Wetzlar
to form the new city of Lahn
Lahn
. However, this attempt to reorganize the administration was reversed in 1979. It was bounded to Darmstadt (region) between 1945 and 1981 until Giessen (region) was founded on 1 January 1981.

An American military base was located in Giessen
Giessen
after the Second World War. The U.S. Army Garrison of Gießen had a population of 500 Americans. The base is a converted German Army Air Field which is reflected in some of the buildings including the housing area. A theatre, known as the Keller Theatre, is a converted German Army Officers' Club. As of 28 September 2007, the Giessen
Giessen
Depot and all other communities in the greater Giessen
Giessen
area were turned back over to the local German authorities.

After the war, the city was twinned with Winchester
Winchester
, UK.

LARGEST GROUPS OF FOREIGN RESIDENTS

NATIONALITY POPULATION (2011)

Turkey
Turkey
1,922

Greece
Greece
569

Italy
Italy
425

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany
Germany

TWIN TOWNS — SISTER CITIES

Giessen
Giessen
is twinned with:

* Hradec Králové , Czech Republic (since 1990) * Gödöllő , Hungary
Hungary
(since 1988) * Netanya
Netanya
, Israel
Israel
(since 1978) * Ferrara
Ferrara
, Italy
Italy
(since 1998)

* San Juan del Sur , Nicaragua (since 1986) * Winchester
Winchester
, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(since 1962) * Waterloo , Iowa
Iowa
, United States
United States
(since 1981) * Wenzhou
Wenzhou
, Zhejiang , China
China
(since 2011)

POINTS OF INTEREST

* Akademischer Forstgarten Gießen , botanical gardens * Botanischer Garten Gießen , established in 1609, is the oldest botanical garden in Germany
Germany
still at its original location. * Old Cemetery, (German: Alter Friedhof ), is the resting place of Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
and Hugo von Ritgen . * Liebig-Museum was established in 1920 to honor the chemist Justus von Liebig . * Mathematikum was established in 2002, offering a huge variety of mathematical hands-on exhibits. * University of Giessen * Rubber Island is a residential area near the Lahn
Lahn
River .

SPORT

Giessen
Giessen
is home to the basketball club Giessen 46ers , five-time champion of the Basketball
Basketball
Bundesliga . Its home games take place at the Sporthalle Gießen-Ost . Also, Giessen
Giessen
has an American football team called Giessen
Giessen
Golden Dragons.

GALLERY

*

Historical drawing of the marketplace, 1844 *

Historical drawing of the Akademischer Forstgarten Gießen , 1877 *

Botanical garden
Botanical garden
Gießen *

Theater Gießen *

Architecture in Gießen *

Röntgen memorial *

Liebig laboratory, 1909 *

Multiway pedestrian bridge "Elephant loo"

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Samuel Adler (1809–1891), a noted rabbi in the United States
United States
, attended the University of Giessen * Annika Beck (b. 1994), professional tennis player * Stefan Bellof (1957–1985), Formula One
Formula One
and Sportscar driver, who was killed during a race held in Spa-Francorchamps * Christa Blanke (b. 1948), theologist, founder of Animals' Angels e.V. * Georg Büchner (1813–1837) studied two years at the University of Gießen * Daniel Davari (b. 1988), Iranian footballer. * Walter Dornberger (1895–1980), rocket scientist * Peter Düttmann
Peter Düttmann
(1923-2001), Luftwaffe Ace * Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1635–1709), Electress Palatine , ancestress of most of today's royals * Charles Friedek (b. 1971), triple jumper * Adolph Hansen (1851–1920), botanist and professor at University of Giessen
Giessen
* Fritz Heichelheim (1901–1968), economic historian * Juli , rock band * Friedrich Kellner (1885–1970), Chief Regional Auditor in Giessen 1948-1950, and Chief Justice Inspector of Laubach, where he wrote his secret WWII diary . The Holocaust Research Unit of Justus Liebig University of Giessen has established the Kellner Project * Karl Kling (1910-2003), Racing driver and head of Mercedes-Benz Motorsport * Jonathan Koch (b. 1985), rower * Chris Liebing (b. 1968) techno/electronic music producer and DJ * Justus von Liebig
Justus von Liebig
(1803–1873), chemist, professor. The official name of the University of Giessen is now Justus Liebig University * Wilhelm Liebknecht
Wilhelm Liebknecht
(1826–1900), founder of the Social Democratic Party of Germany
Germany
, was born on March 29, 1826 in Giessen * Sigmund Livingston (1872–1946), American lawyer, founder and first president of the Anti-Defamation League * Christopher Ludwick (1720–1801) Baker General for the American Revolutionary War Army - Philadelphia * Wangari Maathai
Wangari Maathai
, Nobel Laureate 2004 * Alfred Milner (1854–1925), British statesman * Demis Nikolaidis (b. 1973), Greek footballer * James J. O\'Donnell (b. 1950), American scholar and University administrator, born in Giessen * Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
(1845–1923), physicist, professor of physics from 1879 until 1888 at the University of Giessen. He was buried at the "Alte Friedhof", where his tomb can still be found * Johann Georg Rosenmüller (1736–1815), professor of theology at the university * Til Schweiger (b. 1968), actor, director and producer. Grew up, went to school and started studying in Giessen * Wilhelm Sievers (1860–1921), geographer, explorer, professor at the university * Marie Wittich (1868–1931), opera singer * Willy Zschietzschmann (b. 1900), Classical archeologist and author

* Ernst Dieffenbach, born Johann Karl Ernst Dieffenbach (27 January 1811 – 1 October 1855), German physician, geologist and naturalist * Georg Christian Dieffenbach (1822-1901), German poet and theologian * Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach (1792–1847), German surgeon * Joseph Dieffenbach (1796–1863), German gardener

EDUCATION

* MBML: The International Graduate Programme "Molecular Biology and Medicine of the Lung" of the University of Giessen Lung Center * University hospital Giessen und Marburg * Mittelhessen University of Applied Sciences * University of Giessen

MANISCH

Manisch is a dialect of rotwelsch spoken in and around Giessen
Giessen
by people in lower income neighbourhoods, some of which are known as "Eulenkopf", "Gummiinsel", "Heyerweg" and "Margaretenhütte". Approximately 700–750 residents spoke the dialect fluently as of 1976. Although the dialect still influences the Giessen
Giessen
vernacular , it is nearly extinct in terms of fluent speakers.

GEOGRAPHY

CLIMATE

Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb ". (Marine West Coast Climate).

CLIMATE DATA FOR GIESSEN

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 3 (37) 4 (40) 8 (47) 13 (56) 18 (65) 21 (70) 23 (73) 22 (71) 18 (65) 12 (54) 7 (44) 3 (38) 13 (55)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −2 (28) −2 (29) 1 (33) 3 (38) 8 (46) 11 (51) 13 (55) 12 (53) 9 (48) 5 (41) 2 (35) −1 (30) 5 (41)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 46 (1.8) 36 (1.4) 36 (1.4) 41 (1.6) 50 (2) 61 (2.4) 74 (2.9) 61 (2.4) 48 (1.9) 56 (2.2) 46 (1.8) 50 (2) 602 (23.7)

Source: Weatherbase

SEE ALSO

* Giessen station * Giessen 46ers Basketball
Basketball
club * Giessen emigration society — founded 1833

REFERENCES

Notes

* ^ "Bevölkerung der hessischen Gemeinden". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). August 2016. * ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Giessen". Encyclopædia Britannica . 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 4. * ^ Edward Victor. Alphabetical List of Camps, Subcamps and Other Camps. * ^ 1933-1945 Lager G. Tenhumberg Reinhard. Retrieved 2014-08-03. * ^ Hessian Regional History Information System (LAGIS) * ^ "USAG Giessen
Giessen
Folds Up Tent". Retrieved 2008-05-08. * ^ "Gießen: Städtepartnerschaften" (in German). Stadt Gießen. Archived from the original on 2013-04-13. Retrieved 2013-08-01. * ^ " Netanya
Netanya
- Twin Cities". Netanya
Netanya
Municipality. Archived from the original on 2013-02-01. Retrieved 2013-08-01. * ^ "Twin Towns in Hampshire". Www3.hants.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 2009-11-30. Retrieved 2009-11-06. * ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967. * ^ Hans-Günter Lerch, "Tschü lowi...Das Manische in Gießen", 1976/2005, pages 16-22. * ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on May 9, 2013.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to GIESSEN .

* Giessen
Giessen
travel

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