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Germiston is a small city in the
East Rand The East Rand is the urban eastern part of the Witwatersrand that is functionally merged with the Johannesburg conurbation in South Africa. This area became settled by Europeans after a gold-bearing reef was discovered in 1886 and sparked the g ...
region of
Gauteng Gauteng ( ; tn, Gauteng; Northern and Southern Sotho: ''Gauteng''; zu, eGoli; Tsonga: ''Gauteng/eXilungwini;'' Ndebele, xh, iRhawuti; nr, I-Gauteng; ve, Gauteng) is one of the nine provinces of South Africa. The name in Sotho-Tswana languages mea ...
,
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 59 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital cities: e ...
, administratively forming part of the
City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality The City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality is a metropolitan municipality that forms the local government of the East Rand region of Gauteng, South Africa. The municipality itself is a large suburban region east of Johannesburg. The name ''E ...
since the latter's establishment in 2000. It functions as the municipal seat of Ekurhuleni, hosting the municipal council and administration.


History

It was established in the early days of the gold rush when two prospectors, John Jack from the farm of
Germiston Germiston is a small city in the East Rand region of Gauteng, South Africa, administratively forming part of the City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality since the latter's establishment in 2000. It functions as the municipal seat of Ekurhul ...
near
Glasgow Glasgow, (, also , ; sco, Glesca or ; gd, Glaschu ) with an estimated city population of 633,120 in 2019, is the most populous city in Scotland and the fourth-most populous city in the United Kingdom (as of 2011), as well as being the 27th lar ...

Glasgow
and August Simmer from Vacha in Germany, struck paydirt on the farm of ''Elandsfontein''. In August 1887, the pair were on their way to the Eastern Transvaal when they ''outspanned'' (rest the pack animals) on the farm ''Elandsfontein'' and decided to stay and buy the land. Both men made fortunes and the town sprang up 2 km from the Simmer and Jack mine named after Jack's fathers farm. In 1921 the world's largest gold refinery, the
Rand Refinery Rand Refinery (Pty) Limited is the largest integrated single-site precious metals refining and smelting complex in the world. It was established in 1920 to refine gold within South Africa which until that time had been refined in London. History ...
, was established at Germiston. Seventy percent of the western world's gold passes through this refinery. Although gold mining gradually wound down in Germiston, to the point that by the end of the 20th century it was no longer a mining centre, the Rand Refinery remains as busy as ever. Family names in Germiston from 1934-Du Rant Hernandez, Rudolph, Botha, Morris, Van As, Smith, Du Toid, Van der Merwe, Els, Dorrin


Geography


Architecture

The city has a number of historic buildings. Among these are the St Andrew's Presbyterian Church which was built in 1905, and St Boniface Church designed by
Sir Herbert Baker Sir Herbert Baker (9 June 1862 – 4 February 1946) was an English architect remembered as the dominant force in South African architecture for two decades, and a major designer of some of New Delhi's most notable government structures. He was b ...
, which was built in 1910 (this is the second church on the site, as the Anglican Parish was founded in 1897). The church also houses the historic 1910 English Romantic Norman and Beard Organ. The Alexander Hotel was also partly designed by Baker, using his traditional stone appearance. This building has recently been completely renovated and now houses a well-known law firm. The builder of the hotel, Alexander Stuart, some of whose descendants still live in Germiston, died when the RMS Lusitania was torpedoed in the First World War on 7 May 1915. The hotel thus remains a memorial to his pioneer work in the city over a hundred years ago.


Demographics

According to the South African National Census of 2001, 2001 census, the population of Germiston consisted of 139,719 people living in 49,062 households, and its land area was . Of this population, 49.8% described themselves as "White South African, White", 46.8% as "Black African", 1.9% as "Coloured", and 1.5% as "Indian South African, Indian or Asian South African, Asian". No language was predominant, with the breakdown of first languages being as follows:


Economy

South African Airways moved its head office from Durban to Rand Airport in Germiston on 1 July 1935. It later moved the offices first to Johannesburg, then to Kempton Park, Gauteng, Kempton Park. The city is an industrial centre with steel manufacture and distribution being the largest industries. It has large railway workshops, a large glassworks, engineering companies, gas distribution firms, and many other heavy and light industries.


Sports

Victoria Lake is better known today simply as Germiston Lake, however, the famous Sailing and Rowing Club retains the name of the Victoria Lake Club. The club is home to some of the best canoeists and rowing crews in the country, including the twenty-time South African School Champions, St Benedict's College. The lake is very popular at weekends for water-skiing and regattas. The lake grounds have recently been re-landscaped and the braai areas and shelters rebuilt. The WesBank Raceway motorsports facility was located in the city, but it was sold to industrial estate developers in November 2007. The Raceway was formerly the Gosforth Park Race Club, one of the major horse racing facilities in Gauteng. Germiston Stadium (formerly the Herman Immelman Stadium), home stadium of Moroka Swallows FC is also located in the city. This is also the home ground for the Germiston Simmer Rugby Club and has a tartan track for athletics.


Law and government


Government


Coats of arms

* Municipal (1) By 1931, the Germiston municipality had assumed a pseudo-heraldic coat of arms, depicting (1) buck in the veld, (2) a scene showing mineshafts, (3) a railway train in a landscape, and (4) a half-tented ox-wagon in a landscape, the quarters separated by a red cross. The motto was ''Salus populi suprema lex''.The arms were depicted on
cigarette card
issued in 1931.
* Municipal (2) A proper coat of arms was granted by the College of Arms in August 1935. It was registered with the Transvaal Provincial Administration in August 1963Transvaal ''Official Gazette'' 2400 (19 August 1963). and at the Bureau of Heraldry in February 1968.http://www.national.archsrch.gov.za The arms were: ''Gules, within two bendlets Or between two ox wagons Argent, three bezants'' (i.e. a red shield displaying three gold coins between two diagonal gold lines between two ox-wagons). The crest was a rising falcon (representing Rand Airport); the supporters were two eland, each resting a foot on an heraldic fountain (a white and blue striped disc); the motto was ''Salus populi suprema lex''.


Infrastructure


Transportation


Roads

Germiston is well-connected to five major freeways or motorways that service the Greater Johannesburg region. These include to the west of Germiston, the M2 (Johannesburg), M2 motorway that connects the southern Johannesburg CBD, the N3 (South Africa)#Gauteng, N3 Eastern Bypass, the N12 Southern Bypass (South Africa), N12 South. On the southern side, the N17 (South Africa), N17 and N3 and in the north, the N12 East and the R24 (South Africa), R24 service the city.


Railways

Being a mining and industrial city, Germiston is serviced by passenger rail and the CBD has several stations, the main one being Germiston Station. The industrial areas are serviced by rail spurs and stations and the Transnet has a large depot north of the CBD in Keswick Road.


Airports

Germiston is also the location of Rand Airport, at one time one of the busiest in Africa and the southern hemisphere. Today it caters largely for light aircraft and flying schools, but is also home to the South African Airways Museum. As a result of this, two of the earlier Boeing 747 Jumbo aircraft used by South African Airways, SAA now reside there on permanent display.


Health systems

Germiston is served by the Bertha Gxowa Hospital, a public state hospital. Other private hospitals include Life Roseacres Hospital in Primrose.


Education

The oldest high school in the city is part of the Combined school, combined St Catherine's School, Germiston, St Catherine's School, an independent Catholic school which was founded by the Dominican Sisters under the leadership of Mother Rose Nyland in the city centre in 1908. The school then relocated to Piercy Avenue in the suburb of Parkhill Gardens in the 1940s. Today it is considered to be one of the leading private schools in Gauteng. Germiston High School was founded in 1917 alongside Victoria Lake; from the 1940s to 1963, the girls were based in Fourth Avenue in Lambton, at what was known as Germiston Girls' High School, whilst the boys remained at the 1917 campus as Germiston Boys' High School. In 1964, due to the need to relocate the Afrikaans Delville Primary School, the girls were moved back to combine with the boys in the original historic buildings. The school celebrated its centenary in 2017. Famous past pupils include Dr Sydney Brenner, winner of the 2002 Nobel Prize. The Germiston Boys' High School cadet band was known throughout South Africa as one of the greatest school cadet bands ever to compete and parade in South Africa. This cadet band's record of achievement is unparalleled in the history of South African school cadet bands. The band started its success from the year 1952, running up to and including 1964. Often the band would record an average mark of 99 percent overall. (Music performance, drumming, bugle and trumpet ensemble, along with drill, dress and discipline). The school boasted a very large and active music centre for a number of years, which grew largely due to the work of the late George Burgess. The various jazz and concert bands that were the product of the music centre recorded various long playing records, won awards in various Eisteddfods and national competitions and appeared on television. Sadly, due to education department budget restructuring, the music centre was closed. The school still enjoys the singing of an excellent choir. The rowing club, which won the South African National Championships in 1980, is still flourishing, and the oarsmen and women compete at all the school regattas.


Notable people

Notable people to come from Germiston include: * Dr Sydney Brenner, winner of the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine * Neville Colman, hematologist and DNA expert * John Cundill, journalist and playwright * Jeannie de Gouveia (better known as Jeannie D), TV presenter, media personality and founder of Finery Gin. * Trevor Denman, an American sportscaster and public-address announcer specialising in thoroughbred horse racing * Arlene Dickinson, South African-Canadian entrepreneur * Mike dos Santos, strategist, dancer and writer * Ernie Els, golfer who attended Delville Primary School and Jan de Klerk High School. * Malcolm Marx, South African rugby player (2019 Rugby World Cup winner) * Ted Grant, Trotskyism, Trotskyist politician and theorist * Bertha Gxowa, anti-apartheid and women's rights activist and trade unionist * Pierre Issa, Lebanese South African former footballer * Albert Johanneson, professional footballer and first black player to play in the FA Cup * Bobby Locke, professional golfer, winner of four Open Championships * André Nel, South African cricket fast bowler * Sir Hugh Saunders, air chief marshal * Stanley Skewes, mathematician * Helen Suzman, anti-apartheid activist and politician * Marie Warder, journalist who went on to champion the cause of hemochromatosis


References


External links

* {{Authority control Germiston, Populated places in Ekurhuleni Populated places established in 1886