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The German Navy
Navy
(German: Deutsche Marine or simply German: Marine— listen (help·info)) is the navy of Germany
Germany
and part of the unified Bundeswehr
Bundeswehr
("Federal Defense"), the German Armed Forces. The German Navy
Navy
was originally known as the Bundesmarine ("Federal Navy") from 1956 until 1995 when Deutsche Marine ("German Navy") became the official name with respect to the 1990 incorporation of the East German Volksmarine
Volksmarine
("People's Navy"). It is deeply integrated into the NATO
NATO
alliance. Its primary mission is protection of Germany's territorial waters and maritime infrastructure as well as sea lines of communication. Apart from this, the German Navy participates in peacekeeping operations, and renders humanitarian assistance and disaster relief. They also participate in Anti-Piracy operations.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Current operations 3 Equipment

3.1 Ships and submarines 3.2 Aircraft

4 Structure

4.1 Formations

5 Ranks

5.1 Officers 5.2 Petty officers and enlisted seamen

6 Radio and communication stations 7 Future developments 8 See also 9 Further reading (COE CSW) 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] Further information: Naval history of World War II The German Navy
Navy
traces its roots back to the Reichsflotte
Reichsflotte
(Imperial Fleet) of the revolutionary era of 1848–52. The Reichsflotte
Reichsflotte
was the first German navy to sail under the black-red-gold flag. Founded on 14 June 1848 by the orders of the democratically elected Frankfurt Parliament, the Reichsflotte's brief existence ended with the failure of the revolution and it was disbanded on 2 April 1852; thus, the modern day navy celebrates its birthday on 14 June. Between May 1945 and 1956, the German Mine Sweeping Administration
German Mine Sweeping Administration
and its successor organizations, made up of former members of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine
Kriegsmarine
("War Navy"), became something of a transition stage for the navy, allowing the future Marine to draw on recently experienced personnel upon its formation. Also, from 1949-52 the US Navy
Navy
had maintained the Naval Historical Team in Bremerhaven. This group of former Kriegsmarine
Kriegsmarine
officers acting as historical and tactical consultants to the Americans, was significant in establishing a German element in the NATO
NATO
senior naval staff. In 1956, with West Germany's accession to NATO, the Bundesmarine ("Federal Navy"), as the navy was known colloquially, was formally established. In the same year the East German Volkspolizei See (literally "People's Police Sea") became the Volksmarine
Volksmarine
("People's Navy"). During the Cold War all of the German Navy's combat vessels were assigned to NATO's Allied Forces Baltic Approaches's naval command NAVBALTAP. With the accession of East Germany
Germany
to the Federal Republic of Germany in 1990 the Volksmarine
Volksmarine
along with the whole National People's Army (Nationale Volksarmee, NVA) became part of the Bundeswehr. Since 1995 the name German Navy
Navy
is used in international context, while the official name since 1956 remains Marine without any additions. As of 16 December 2016, the strength of the navy is 16,137 men and women.[1] A number of naval forces have operated in different periods. See

Preußische Marine
Preußische Marine
(Prussian Navy), 1701–1867 Reichsflotte
Reichsflotte
(Fleet of the Realm), 1848–52 North German Federal Navy, 1867–71 Imperial German Navy
Imperial German Navy
(Kaiserliche Marine), 1871–1919 Reichsmarine, 1919–35 Kriegsmarine, 1935–45 German Mine Sweeping Administration, 1945–48 Volksmarine
Volksmarine
the navy of East Germany
Germany
(GDR) 1956–90 Marine, 1956–present (Bundesmarine, colloquially) German Navy, 1995–present (international contexts)

Current operations[edit] German warships permanently participate in all four NATO
NATO
Maritime Groups. The German Navy
Navy
is also engaged in operations against international terrorism such as Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Enduring Freedom
and NATO Operation Active Endeavour. Presently the largest operation the German Navy
Navy
is participating in is UNIFIL
UNIFIL
off the coast of Lebanon. The German contribution to this operation is two frigates, four fast attack craft, and two auxiliary vessels. The naval component of UNIFIL
UNIFIL
has been under German command.[3] The navy is operating a number of development and testing installations as part of an inter-service and international network. Among these is the Centre of Excellence for Operations in Confined and Shallow Waters (COE CSW), an affiliated centre of Allied Command Transformation. The COE CSW was established in April 2007 and officially accredited by NATO
NATO
on 26 May 2009.[4] It is co-located with the staff of the German Flotilla 1 in Kiel
Kiel
whose Commander is double-hatted as Director, COE CSW. Equipment[edit] Ships and submarines[edit] See also: List of active German Navy
Navy
ships In total, there are about 65 commissioned ships in the German Navy, including; 10 frigates, 5 corvettes, 3 minesweepers, 10 minehunters, 6 submarines, 11 replenishment ships and 20 miscellaneous auxiliary vessels. The displacement of the navy is 220,000 tonnes. In addition, the German Navy
Navy
and the Royal Danish Navy
Navy
are in cooperation in the "Ark Project". This agreement made the Ark Project responsible for the strategic sealift of German armed forces where the full-time charter of three roll-on-roll-off cargo and troop ships are ready for deployments. In addition, these ships are also kept available for the use of the other European NATO
NATO
countries. The three vessels have a combined displacement of 60,000 tonnes.[5][6] Including these ships, the total ships' displacement available to the Deutsche Marine is 280,000 tonnes. A total of five Joint Support Ships, two JSS800 and three JSS400, were planned during the 1995–2010 period but the programme appears now to have been abandoned, not having been mentioned in two recent defence reviews. The larger ships would have been tasked for strategic troop transport and amphibious operations, and were to displace 27,000 to 30,000 tons for 800 soldiers.[7] The German Navy
Navy
will use the Joint Support Ship HNLMS Karel Doorman (A833)
HNLMS Karel Doorman (A833)
of the Royal Netherlands
Netherlands
Navy as part of the integration of the German Navy
Navy
Marines (Seebatallion) in the Royal Netherlands Marine Corps
Netherlands Marine Corps
as of 2016. Aircraft[edit] See also: Marineflieger The naval air arm of the German Navy
Navy
is called the Marinefliegerkommando. The Marinefliegerkommando operate 55 aircraft.[8]

Type Origin Class Role Introduced In service Total Notes

Camcopter S-100 Austria UAV ISR

6 on order.

Dornier Do 228 Germany Propeller Pollution control

5[9]

[8]

H135 Germany Rotorcraft Trainer

2

[8]

Lockheed P-3C Orion – CUP USA Propeller MPA

8

Former Royal Netherlands
Netherlands
Navy
Navy
[8]

NH90 Sea Lion Germany Rotorcraft SAR/transport

18 on order.[8]

Westland Lynx UK Rotorcraft Attack

22

[8]

Westland Sea King
Westland Sea King
Mk.41 UK Rotorcraft SAR/transport

21

[8]

Westland WG-13 Super Lynx Mk88a of the German Navy

A German Navy
Navy
boarding team member assigned to the frigate Augsburg (F213) provides security with a P8 pistol for the remainder of his team as they board a local cargo hold by fast rope to conduct a search of the vessel

Structure[edit] The German Navy
Navy
is commanded by the Inspector of the Navy
Navy
(Inspekteur der Marine) supported by the Navy
Navy
Command (Marinekommando) in Rostock. Formations[edit]

HQ German Navy
Navy
(Marinekommando), Rostock

Flotilla 1(Einsatzflottille 1) (HQ Kiel)

1st Corvette Squadron (1. Korvettengeschwader), Warnemünde 1st Submarine Squadron (1. Ubootgeschwader), Eckernförde

Submarine Training Centre (Ausbildungszentrum Unterseeboote), Eckernförde

3rd Minesweeping Squadron (3. Minensuchgeschwader), Kiel 5th Minesweeping Squadron (5. Minensuchgeschwader), Kiel 7th Fast Patrol Boat Squadron (7. Schnellbootgeschwader), Warnemünde Naval Force Protection Battalion, (Seebataillon), Eckernförde Naval Special
Special
Forces Command (de), (Kommando Spezialkräfte Marine), Eckernförde Naval Base Command Kiel
Kiel
(Marinestützpunktkommando Kiel) Naval Base Command Eckernförde Naval Base Command Warnemünde

2nd Flotilla (Einsatzflottille 2), Wilhelmshaven

HQ 2nd Flotilla 2nd Frigate Squadron (2. Fregattengeschwader), Wilhelmshaven 4th Frigate Squadron (4. Fregattengeschwader), Wilhelmshaven Auxiliary Squadron (Trossgeschwader), Wilhelmshaven Naval Base Command Wilhelmshaven

Naval Aviation Command (Marinefliegerkommando), Nordholz

Naval Air Wing 3 (Marinefliegergeschwader 3), Nordholz Naval Air Wing 5 (Marinefliegergeschwader 5), Nordholz

Naval Support Command (Marineunterstützungskommando — MUKdo) Naval Medical Institute (Schiffahrtsmedizinisches Institut), Kiel

Naval Academy Mürwik

Naval Academy (Marineschule Mürwik), Flensburg Petty Officer School (Marineunteroffiziersschule), Plön Engineering School (Marinetechnikschule), Parow, near Stralsund Naval Operations School (Marineoperationsschule), Bremerhaven Naval Damage Control Training Centre (Ausbildungszentrum für Schiffssicherung), Neustadt in Holstein

Ranks[edit] Officers[edit]

NATO
NATO
code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer

Germany (Edit) No equivalent

Enlisted rank plus a star indicating cadet's career

Admiral Vizeadmiral Konteradmiral Flottillen- admiral Kapitän zur See Fregatten- kapitän Korvetten- kapitän Stabskapitän- leutnant Kapitän- leutnant Oberleutnant zur See Leutnant zur See Oberfähnrich zur See Fähnrich zur See Seekadett

Seekadett – Officer Cadet Fähnrich
Fähnrich
zur See – Midshipman Oberfähnrich zur See Midshipman
Midshipman
/ Ensign Leutnant zur See – Ensign / Lieutenant Junior Grade
Lieutenant Junior Grade
/ Sublieutenant Oberleutnant zur See Lieutenant Junior Grade
Lieutenant Junior Grade
/ Sublieutenant Kapitänleutnant Lieutenant
Lieutenant
/ Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Commander Stabskapitänleutnant – senior to Kapitänleutnant, same pay grade as Korvettenkapitän, for specialist officers only Korvettenkapitän – Corvette Captain Fregattenkapitän – Frigate Captain Kapitän zur See – Ship-of-the-line Captain Flottillenadmiral Rear Admiral
Rear Admiral
lower half Konteradmiral
Konteradmiral
Rear Admiral
Rear Admiral
upper half / Counter Admiral Vizeadmiral
Vizeadmiral
– Vice Admiral Admiral

Petty officers and enlisted seamen[edit]

NATO
NATO
Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

Germany (Edit)

Oberstabsbootsmann Stabsbootsmann Hauptbootsmann Oberbootsmann Bootsmann Obermaat Maat Oberstabsgefreiter Stabsgefreiter Hauptgefreiter Obergefreiter Gefreiter Matrose

Germany (Officer designate) (Edit) No equivalent

No equivalent

Oberfähnrich zur See Fähnrich
Fähnrich
zur See Seekadett

Matrose – Seaman
Seaman
Recruit Gefreiter
Gefreiter
Seaman
Seaman
Apprentice Gefreiter-UA – Seaman Apprentice E2 – Petty Officer 2nd Class Candidate Gefreiter-BA – Seaman Apprentice E2 – Petty Officer 1st Class Candidate Gefreiter-OA – Seaman Apprentice E2 – Officer Candidate Obergefreiter – Seaman Hauptgefreiter
Hauptgefreiter
– Seaman Stabsgefreiter – Petty Officer 3rd Class Oberstabsgefreiter – Petty Officer 3rd Class Maat – Petty Officer 2nd Class Maat-BA – Petty Officer 2nd Class
Petty Officer 2nd Class
– Probationary Petty Officer 1st Class Obermaat – Petty Officer 2nd Class Bootsmann – Petty Officer 1st Class Oberbootsmann – Petty Officer 1st Class Hauptbootsmann – Chief Petty Officer Stabsbootsmann – Senior Chief Petty Officer Oberstabsbootsmann – Master Chief Petty Officer, Command/Fleet/Force Master Chief Petty Officer

Radio and communication stations[edit]

DH038 DHJ58 DHJ59 (de)

Future developments[edit]

A first batch of four frigates of the F125 class (Baden-Württemberg class) specialised for persistent stabilization missions is planned to replace all eight Bremen class guided-missile frigates. Each F125 will have two crews. They are expected to enter service between 2016 and 2018. Six large surface combat ships are planned under the name 'Mehrzweckkampfschiff 180' (MKS 180), a multi-mission frigate Two more Type 212A submarines will be procured within the next decade.[10] Five additional Braunschweig class corvettes will be procured from 2019–2023.[11] 18 NH90 NFH Helicopters ordered to replace Lynx in ASW/AsuW role, originally ordered by the German Army
German Army
as NH90 TTH variant. 12 Medium Sized Helicopters are planned to replace the current 22 Sea King helicopters of Naval Air Wing 5 in SAR & ship-based Transport Role (VertRep) A first batch of six Camcopter S-100
Camcopter S-100
UAVs for the use on the Braunschweig class corvettes has been ordered (more being planned). Deliveries took place in 2013.[12] Integration of the German Navy
Navy
Marines (Seebatallion) in the Netherlands Marine Corps
Netherlands Marine Corps
and use of the Amphibious ships of the Royal Netherlands
Netherlands
Navy
Navy
such as the Joint Support Ship
Joint Support Ship
HNLMS Karel Doorman (A833) as of 2016. In May 2013 it was announced by both Ministers of Defence that the German- & Dutch Navy
Navy
agreed to integrate submarine operations, training and design for future replacements.

See also[edit]

Military of Germany
Germany
portal Nautical portal

List of ship classes of the Bundesmarine and Deutsche Marine List of ships of the German navies List of admirals of the German Navy Federal German Ship German commando frogmen Marineamt Marine-Regatta-Verein U-boat Volksmarine List of admirals of the German Navy

Further reading (COE CSW)[edit]

Jan Wiedemann: COE CSW celebrates fifth anniversary; in: NAVAL FORCES III/2014 p. 90 f. Hans-Joachim Stricker: Centre of Excellence for Operations in Confined and Shallow Waters COE CSW – Das COE als Ausdruck unserer besonderen nationalen Fähigkeiten im Bündnis; in: Marineforum 6-2007 p. 3 f. Fritz-Rudolf Weber: Centre of Excellence for Operations in Confined and Shallow Waters – Think Tank für die NATO; in: Marineforum 1/2-2010 p. 11 ff. Hans Georg Buss, Stefan Riewesell: Maritime C-IED and Harbour Protection: A Joint Effort; in: The Transformer Fall 2013 Vol 9 Issue 2 p. 18

References[edit]

^ a b "Die Stärke der Streitkräfte [Personnel strength of German Armed Forces]". 9 February 2017. Retrieved 10 February 2017.  ^ http://www.marine.de/portal/a/marine/start/aktuelle/einsatze/atalanta/!ut/p/z1/hY7BDoIwEES_xQPXboWA6K0mGDFETdQIvZgCtWAqJaWCn28NJxONc9vZN5MBCinQhvW1YKZWDZP2zmhwWYbJMXHnrpusMMFxFG3Xvh9Pd1EA538AtW_8QwTDoeSQ2Y7Zz46ThYACvbGePVGrtJHcIFa8F0JWsaaUfK8KMhoboEKqfJxOmtwLBVDNr1xzjR7a2pUxbbdwsIOHYUBCKSE5KrmDvyUq1RlIP0Bo7-mAPV_2CZm8AFHr5G4!/dz/d5/L2dBISEvZ0FBIS9nQSEh/#Z7_B8LTL2922LF0A0IEENH55I1OU0 ^ "Bilanz und Ausblick". Archived from the original on 1 January 2009. Retrieved 18 December 2009.  ^ Deutsche Marine – press release: Neues Nato-Expertenzentrum an der Kieler Förde nimmt Fahrt auf; Faermann, 2009 ^ "The ships chartered for the ARK Project". Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 27 October 2010.  ^ "The ARK project". Archived from the original on 28 November 2010. Retrieved 27 October 2010.  ^ "Inspekteur der Marine : Zielvorstellung Marine 2025+" (PDF). Geopowers.com. Retrieved 2016-03-14.  ^ a b c d e f g "World Air Forces 2017". Flightglobal: 10. Retrieved 10 February 2017.  ^ http://www.flugrevue.de/militaerluftfahrt/streitkraefte/die-flugzeugflotte-der-bundesmarine-dornier-do-228-212/721768?seite=2 ^ Nachrichtenfernsehen, n-tv. "Marine stellt U36 in Dienst: Bundeswehr bekommt neue U-Boote". n-tv.de. Retrieved 2016-11-08.  ^ "Koalition will Boote kaufen: Bundeswehr
Bundeswehr
soll fünf neue Korvetten bekommen". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. 2016-10-14. ISSN 0174-4909. Retrieved 2016-11-08.  ^ "Camcopter". Archived from the original on 20 May 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2009. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Navy
Navy
of Germany.

Official website The German Navy
Navy
— Facts and Figures, 12th Edition, February 2013 Uniforms

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 140426213 ISNI: 0000 0004 0427 3

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