The Info List - Geraint

/ˈɡɛraɪnt/ is a character from Welsh folklore and Arthurian legend, a king of Dumnonia
and a valiant warrior. He may have lived during or shortly prior to the reign of the historical Arthur, but some scholars doubt he ever existed. The name is a Welsh form of the Latin
Gerontius meaning old man. Historical figure[edit] Geraint's father was said to be Erbin, a herder of sheep, and according to Culhwch
and Olwen, he had brothers named Ermind and Dywel. A " Geraint
of the South" appears at the Battle of Catraeth (circa 600) in the 14th-century poem Y Gododdin, attributed to Aneirin. Geraint
was one of the "Three Seafarers of the Isle of Britain" according to the Welsh Triads. His deeds at the Battle of Llongborth are celebrated in the poem " Geraint
son of Erbin", written probably in the 10th or 11th century,[1] and traditionally attributed to Llywarch Hen. However, Derek Bryce, following other scholars, suggests that the later, historical Geraint of Dumnonia (d. 710) may be identified as the real warrior eulogized in connection with the Battle of Llongborth in the poem, despite its title. Bryce identifies Llongborth with the 710 battle between that Geraint
and Saxon leader Ine of Wessex.[2] Hypotheses about the location of the battle range from Somerset, bordering Dumnonia, to as far north as Kingdom of Strathclyde, if the Battle of Llongborth is simply another spelling for the 710 Battle of Longecoleth[2][unreliable source?] (see P-Celtic) for p/b and c/g correspondences in Celtic languages). Strathclyde had rulers named Geraint
and Erbin/Elfin in the same era, and was also known as Damnonia, after the Dumnonii
tribe of the area in Romano-British times, and thus easily confused with Dumnonia/Devon.[2][unreliable source?] A King Geraint
also appears in the "Life of Saint Teilo", a 6th-century monk. There are local legends of the folk saint King Geraint, patron saint of Gerrans, near Falmouth, being buried on Carne Beacon near Veryan.[citation needed] His feast day is 10 August. Arthurian legend[edit]

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He is probably most famous as the protagonist in the Welsh tale Geraint
and Enid, where he becomes the lover of Enid. Geraint
and Enid is one of the three Welsh Romances associated with the Mabinogion. Its story closely parallels the French writer Chrétien de Troyes's Erec and Enide. Some scholars feel both works derived from a common lost source, but most believe the Welsh version derives directly or indirectly from Chrétien. In this case, the renowned figure of Geraint
would have been added to the story to suit Welsh audiences unfamiliar with Chrétien's protagonist. Geraint and Enid was reworked by Alfred, Lord Tennyson into the poems The Marriage of Geraint
and Geraint
and Enid, part of his Idylls of the King. The Arthurian character in later works is often referred to as Sir Geraint. References[edit]

^ Bollard, John K. (1994). "Arthur in the Early Welsh Tradition". The Romance of Arthur: An Anthology of Medieval Texts in Translation. Routledge. pp. 14–15.  ^ a b c Mackay, Ian (1999–2006). "Geraint, Son of Erbin". History of Drumchapel. Archived from the original on 2014-04-15. [unreliable source?]

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the Bastard

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Celtic mythology
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Welsh mythology

Texts and tales

Four Branches of the Mabinogi

Pendefig Dyfed Branwen
ferch Llŷr Manawydan fab Llŷr Math fab Mathonwy


and Olwen Preiddeu Annwfn Pa gur Owain, or the Lady of the Fountain Geraint
and Enid Peredur
son of Efrawg The Dream of Rhonabwy Geraint
son of Erbin


Taliesin Cad Goddeu Welsh Triads The Dream of Macsen Wledig Englynion y Beddau Giant tales Lludd and Llefelys


Afaon fab Taliesin Amaethon Arawn Arianrhod Arthur Afallach Beli Mawr Bleiddwn Blodeuwedd Bedwyr Bendigeidfran Branwen Cai Caradog ap Bran Caswallawn Ceridwen Cigfa Creiddylad Culhwch Cyhyraeth Cyledr Wyllt Cymidei Cymeinfoll Cynon Dôn Drudwas Dylan ail Don Dywel fab Erbin Edern ap Nudd Efnysien Elen Elffin ap Gwyddno Eliwlod Eufydd Euroswydd Geraint Gilfaethwy Glewlwyd Gafaelfawr Goewin Gofannon Goreu fab Custennin Gronw Pebr Gwawl Gwern Gwrhyr Gwyddno Garanhir Gwydion Gwyn ap Nudd Gwythyr Gwalchmei Hafgan Hefeydd Hueil mab Caw Hychddwn Hyddwn Iddog ap Mynio Idris Llefelys Lleu Llŷr Lludd Llwyd Mabon Madoc ap Uthyr Macsen Wledig Mallt-y-Nos Manawydan Math Matholwch Menw Modron Morfydd Morfran Nisien Olwen Penarddun Penpingion Peredur Pryderi Pwyll Rhiannon Saint Cyllin Saint Eigen Sanddef Seithenyn Taliesin Tegid Foel Teyrnon Ysbaddaden

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Annwn Cornwall
(Celliwig) Caer Sidi Cantre'r Gwaelod Dyfed
(Arberth, Gwales) Gwynedd
(Aberffraw, Arfon, Ardudwy, Caer Dathyl) Ireland London


(Caledfwlch) Cauldron of rebirth Llech Ronw Thirteen Treasures of the Islan