Geneva (/dʒɪˈniːvə/, French: Genève [ʒənɛv], Arpitan: Genèva
[dzəˈnɛva], German: Genf [ɡɛnf], Italian: Ginevra
[dʒiˈneːvra], Romansh: Genevra) is the second-most populous city in
Switzerland (after Zürich) and is the most populous city of the
Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland. Situated where the
Rhône exits Lake Geneva, it is the capital of the
Republic and Canton
The municipality (ville de Genève) has a population (as of December
2016[update]) of 198,979, and the canton (which is essentially the
city and its inner-ring suburbs) has 489,524 residents. In 2014,
the compact agglomération du
Grand Genève had 946,000 inhabitants in
212 communities in both
Switzerland and France. Within Swiss
territory, the commuter area named "Métropole lémanique" contains a
population of 1.26 million. This area is essentially
spread east from
Geneva towards the Riviera area (Vevey, Montreux) and
north-east towards Yverdon-les-Bains, in the neighbouring canton of
Geneva is a global city, a financial center, and worldwide center for
diplomacy due to the presence of numerous international organizations,
including the headquarters of many of the agencies of the United
Nations and the Red Cross.
Geneva is the city that hosts the
highest number of international organizations in the world. It is
also the place where the
Geneva Conventions were signed, which chiefly
concern the treatment of wartime non-combatants and prisoners of war.
Geneva was ranked as the world's fifteenth most important
financial centre for competitiveness by the Global Financial Centres
Index, fifth in Europe behind London, Zürich,
Luxembourg. A 2009 survey by Mercer found that
Geneva has the
third-highest quality of life of any city in the world (behind Vienna
Zürich for expatriates; it is narrowly outranked by Zürich).
The city has been referred to as the world's most compact
metropolis and the "Peace Capital". In 2017,
Geneva was ranked as the seventh most expensive city in the world.
3 Geography and climate
4.1 Administrative divisions
4.4.1 National Council
4.5 International relations
5.2 Historical population
7 Heritage sites of national significance
8 Society and culture
8.2 Traditions and customs
8.3 Music and festivals
13 International organisations
14 Notable people
15 See also
16 Notes and references
18 External links
The city was mentioned in
Latin texts, by Caesar, with the spelling
Genava, probably from a Celtic toponym *genawa- from the stem
*genu- ("bend, knee"), in the sense of a bending river or estuary.
The medieval county of
Geneva in Middle
Latin was known as pagus major
Genevensis or Comitatus Genevensis (also Gebennensis), after 1400
becoming the Genevois province of
Savoy (albeit not extending to the
city proper, until the Reformation the seat of the bishop of
The name takes various forms in modern languages, Geneva
/dʒɪˈniːvə/ in English, French: Genève [ʒ(ə)nɛv], German:
Genf [ˈɡɛnf] ( listen), Italian: Ginevra [dʒiˈneːvra],
and Romansh: Genevra.
The city in origin shares its name, *genawa "estuary", with the
Italian port city of
Genoa (in Italian Genova).
History of Geneva
History of Geneva and Timeline of Geneva
For the Catholic ecclesiastical history, see bishopric of Geneva.
A view of
Geneva by Frances Elizabeth Wynne, 4 August 1858
L'Escalade, the failed surprise-attack (12 December 1602) made by
troops sent by Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, to take Geneva
Geneva was an Allobrogian border town, fortified against the Helvetii
tribe, when the Romans took it in 121 BC. It became Christian
under the Late Roman Empire, and acquired its first bishop in the 5th
century, having been connected to the bishopric of Vienne in the 4th.
In the Middle Ages,
Geneva was ruled by a count under the Holy Roman
Empire until the late 14th century, when it was granted a charter
giving it a high degree of self-governance. Around this time the House
Savoy came to (at least nominally) dominate the city. In the 15th
century, an oligarchic republican government emerged with the creation
of the Grand Council. In the first half of the 16th century, the
Protestant Reformation reached the city, causing religious strife
Savoy rule was thrown off and
Geneva allied itself with
the Swiss Confederacy. In 1541, with Protestantism in the ascendancy,
John Calvin, the founder of Calvinism, became the spiritual leader of
the city. By the 18th century, however,
Geneva had come under the
influence of Catholic France, which cultivated the city as its own.
France also tended to be at odds with the ordinary townsfolk, which
inspired the failed
Geneva Revolution of 1782 in an attempt to win
representation in the government for men of modest means. In 1798,
France under the Directory annexed Geneva. At the end of
the Napoleonic Wars, on 1 June 1814,
Geneva was admitted to the Swiss
Confederation. In 1907, the separation of Church and State was
Geneva flourished in the 19th and 20th centuries, becoming
the seat of many international organizations.
Geography and climate
Geneva seen from SPOT Satellite
Geneva is located at 46°12' North, 6°09' East, at the south-western
end of Lake Geneva, where the lake flows out to form the
It is entirely surrounded by three mountain chains all belonging to
the Jura: the Jura main range north-westward, the
Geneva area seen from the
Salève in France. The Jura mountains
can be seen on the horizon.
The city has an area of 15.93 km2 (6.2 sq mi), while
the area of the canton is 282 km2 (108.9 sq mi),
including the two small exclaves of
Céligny in Vaud. The part of the
lake that is attached to
Geneva has an area of 38 km2
(14.7 sq mi) and is sometimes referred to as Petit lac
(small lake). The canton has only a 4.5 km (2.8 mi) long
border with the rest of Switzerland. Of 107.5 km (66.8 mi)
of border, 103 are shared with France, the Département de l'
the north and west and the Département de la
Haute-Savoie to the
south and east.
Of the land in the city, 0.24 km2 (0.093 sq mi) or 1.5%
is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.5 km2
(0.19 sq mi) or 3.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land,
14.63 km2 (5.65 sq mi) or 91.8% is settled (buildings
or roads), 0.49 km2 (0.19 sq mi) or 3.1% is either
rivers or lakes and 0.02 km2 (4.9 acres) or 0.1% is unproductive
Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 3.4% of the area
while housing and buildings made up 46.2% and transportation
infrastructure 25.8%, while parks, green belts and sports fields made
up 15.7%. All the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of
the agricultural land, 0.3% is used for growing crops. Of the water in
the municipality, 0.2% is in lakes and 2.9% is in rivers and
Confluence of the
Rhône and the Arve
The altitude of
Geneva is 373.6 metres (1,225.7 ft), and
corresponds to the altitude of the largest of the Pierres du Niton,
two large rocks emerging from the lake which date from the last ice
age. This rock was chosen by General
Guillaume Henri Dufour
Guillaume Henri Dufour as the
reference point for surveying in Switzerland. The second main
Geneva is the
Arve which flows into the
Rhône just west of
the city centre.
Mont Blanc can be seen from
Geneva and is an hour's
drive from the city centre.
Average temperature and precipitation 1961–1990
The climate of
Geneva is temperate, oceanic (Köppen: Cfb). Winters
are cool, usually with light frosts at night and thawing conditions
during the day. Summers are relatively warm.
Precipitation is adequate
and is relatively well-distributed throughout the year, although
autumn is slightly wetter than the other seasons. Ice storms near Lac
Léman are quite normal in the winter:
Geneva can be affected by the
Bise, a north easterly wind. This can lead to severe icing in
winter. The strength of the
Bise wind can be determined by the
difference in air pressure (in hectopascal [hPa]) between
Güttingen in canton of Thurgau.
Bise arises as soon as the air
Güttingen is higher than in Geneva.
In the summer many people enjoy swimming in the lake, and frequently
patronise public beaches such as Genève Plage and the Bains des
Pâquis. Geneva, in certain years, receives snow in the colder months
of the year. The nearby mountains are subject to substantial snowfall
and are suitable for skiing. Many world-renowned ski resorts such as
Crans-Montana are just over two hours away by car. Mont
Salève (1379 m), just across the border in France, dominates the
southerly view from the city centre and Mont Blanc, the highest of the
Alpine range is visible from most of the city, towering high above
Chamonix, which along with Morzine, Le Grand Bornand, La Clusaz, and
resorts of the Grand Massif such as Samoens, Morillon and Flaine, are
the closest French skiing destinations to Geneva.
During the years 2000–2009, the mean yearly temperature was
11 °C and the mean number of sunshine-hours per year was
The highest temperature recorded in Genève–Cointrin was
39.7 °C (103.5 °F) in July 2015, and the lowest
temperature recorded was −20.0 °C (−4.0 °F) in
Climate data for Genève–Cointrin, elevation: 412 m or
1,352 ft, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1901–present
Record high °C (°F)
Mean maximum °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Mean minimum °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average snowfall cm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm)
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Percent possible sunshine
Source #1: MeteoSwiss
Source #2: KNMI
The city is divided into eight quartiers, or districts, sometimes
composed of several neighborhoods. On the Left Bank are (1) Jonction,
(2) Centre. Plainpalais, and Acacias, (3) Eaux-Vives, and (4) Champel,
while the Right Bank includes (1) Saint-Jean and Charmilles, (2)
Servette and Petit-Saconnex, (3) Grottes and Saint-Gervais, and (4)
Paquis and Nations.
See also: List of mayors of Geneva
Logo of the city of Geneva
Coat of arms of Geneva
The Administrational Council (Conseil administratif) constitutes the
executive government of the
Geneva and operates as a
collegiate authority. It is composed of five councilors (French:
Conseiller administratif/ Conseillère administrative), each presiding
over a department. The president of the executive department acts as
mayor (la/le maire). In the governmental year 2016/2017 the
Administrational Council is presided by Monsieur le maire de Genève
Guillaume Barazzone. Departmental tasks, coordination measures and
implementation of laws decreed by the Municipal Council are carried by
the Administrational Council. The election of the Administrational
Council is held every five years. The current mandate period (la
législature) is from 1 June 2015 to 31 May 2020. The delegates are
elected by means of a system of Majorz. The mayor changes in turnus
every year, while the heads of the other departments are assigned by
the collegiate. The executive body holds its meetings in the Palais
Eynard, near the Parc des Bastions. The building was built between
1817 and 1821 in Neoclassical style.
As of 2015[update], Geneva's Administrational Council is made up of
two representatives of the PS (Social Democratic Party), and one
member each of PES (Green Party, who is also the mayor for the current
year), Ensemble à Gauche (an alliance of the left parties PST-POP
(Parti Suisse du Travail – Parti Ouvrier et Populaire) and
solidaritéS), and PDC (
Christian Democratic Party), giving the left
parties a very strong four out of five seats. The last election was
held on 19 April 2015. All of the previous members were
Le Conseil administratif of
(M. Conseiller administratif/ Mme Conseillère
Head of Office (Département, since) of
Social Cohesion and Solidarity (Département de la cohésion sociale
et de la solidarité, )
Guillaume Barazzone[SR 1]
Urban Environment and Security (Département de l’environnement
urbain et de la sécurité, )
Rémy Pagani[SR 2]
Ensemble à Gauche
Construction and Development (Département des constructions et de
Finance and Housing (Département des finances et du logement, )
Culture and Sports (Département de la culture et du sport, )
Mayor (Monsieur le maire de Genève) 2016/17
^ Vice President (Vice-président) 2016/17
Le Conseil municipal of
Geneva for the mandate period of 2015–2020
Ensemble à gauche (PST-POP & Sol) (12.5%)
Les Verts (PES) (10%)
The Municipal Council (Conseil municipal) holds legislative power. It
is made up of 80 members, with elections held every five years. The
Municipal Council decrees regulations and by-laws that are executed by
the Administrational Council and the administration. The delegates are
selected by means of a system of Proporz with a seven percentage
The sessions of the Municipal Council are public. Unlike members of
the Administrational Council, members of the Municipal Council are not
politicians by profession, and they are paid a fee based on their
attendance. Any resident of
Geneva allowed to vote can be elected as a
member of the Municipal Council. The parliament holds its meetings in
the Town Hall (Hôtel de Ville), in the old city.
The last election of the Municipal Council was held on 20 April 2015
for the mandate period (législature) of 2015–2020. Currently the
Municipal Council consist of 19 members of the Social Democratic Party
(PS), 15 Les Libéraux-Radicaux (PLR), 11
People's Party (PDC), 11
Geneva Citizens' Movement (MCG,), 10 Ensemble
à Gauche (an alliance of the left parties PST-POP (Parti Suisse du
Travail – Parti Ouvrier et Populaire) and solidaritéS), 8 Green
Party (PES), and 6
Swiss People's Party
Swiss People's Party (UDC).
In the 2015 federal election for the Swiss National Council the most
popular party was the PS which received 23.8% of the vote. The next
three most popular parties were the PLR (17.6%), the UDC (16.3%), the
Green Party (11.4%), the PDC (10.7%), and the solidaritéS (8.8%). In
the federal election, a total of 36,490 voters were cast, and the
voter turnout was 44.1%.
Geneva intentionally does not have any particular "sister" tie with
any city in the world. It declares itself related to the entire
L'horloge fleurie at the Quai du Général-Guisan (Jardin anglais),
during the 2012
Rue Pierre-Fatio in Geneva.
Geneva has a population (as of December 2016[update]) of 198,979.
The city of
Geneva is at the centre of the
Geneva metropolitan area,
known as the
Grand Genève in French (Greater Geneva). Greater Geneva
Canton of Geneva
Canton of Geneva in its entirety as well as the District
Nyon in the Canton of
Vaud and several areas in the neighboring
French departments of
Haute-Savoie and Ain. In 2011, the
agglomération franco-valdo-genevoise had 915,000 inhabitants,
two-thirds of whom lived on Swiss soil and one-third on French
Geneva metropolitan area is experiencing steady
demographic growth of 1.2% a year and the population of the
agglomération franco-valdo-genevoise is expected to reach a total of
one million people in the near future.
The official language of Geneva, in both the city and canton is
French, the main language used in Romandie. As a result of immigration
flows in the 1960s and 1980s, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish are also
spoken by a considerable proportion of the population. English is also
quite common due to the high number of anglophone expatriates and
foreigners working in international institutions and in the bank
Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks French (128,622 or
72.3%), with English being second most common (7,853 or 4.4%) and
Spanish third (7,462 or 4.2%). There are 7,320 people who speak
Italian (4.1%), 7,050 people who speak German (4.0%) and 113 people
who speak Romansh.
In the city of Geneva, as of 2013[update], 48% of the population are
resident foreign nationals. For a list of the largest groups of
foreign residents see the cantonal overview. Over the last 10 years
(1999–2009) the population has changed at a rate of 7.2%. It has
changed at a rate of 3.4% due to migration and at a rate of 3.4% due
to births and deaths.
As of 2008[update], the gender distribution of the population was
47.8% male and 52.2% female. The population was made up of 46,284
Swiss men (24.2% of the population) and 45,127 (23.6%) non-Swiss men.
There were 56,091 Swiss women (29.3%) and 43,735 (22.9%) non-Swiss
women. Of the population in the municipality 43,296 or about 24.3%
were born in
Geneva and lived there in 2000. There were 11,757 or 6.6%
who were born in the same canton, while 27,359 or 15.4% were born
somewhere else in Switzerland, and 77,893 or 43.8% were born outside
In 2008[update] there were 1,147 live births to Swiss citizens and 893
births to non-Swiss citizens, and in same time span there were 1,114
deaths of Swiss citizens and 274 non-Swiss citizen deaths. Ignoring
immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens increased
by 33 while the foreign population increased by 619. There were 465
Swiss men and 498 Swiss women who emigrated from Switzerland. At the
same time, there were 2933 non-Swiss men and 2662 non-Swiss women who
immigrated from another country to Switzerland. The total Swiss
population change in 2008 (from all sources, including moves across
municipal borders) was an increase of 135 and the non-Swiss population
increased by 3181 people. This represents a population growth rate of
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) is
children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 18.2% of the
population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 65.8% and seniors
(over 64 years old) make up 16%.
As of 2000[update], there were 78,666 people who were single and never
married in the municipality. There were 74,205 married individuals,
10,006 widows or widowers and 15,087 individuals who are divorced.
As of 2000[update], there were 86,231 private households in the
municipality, and an average of 1.9 persons per household. There
were 44,373 households that consist of only one person and 2,549
households with five or more people. Out of a total of 89,269
households that answered this question, 49.7% were households made up
of just one person and there were 471 adults who lived with their
parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 17,429 married
couples without children, 16,607 married couples with children There
were 5,499 single parents with a child or children. There were 1,852
households that were made up of unrelated people and 3,038 households
that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective
Apartment buildings in the Quartier des Grottes
Geneva, aerial view
Lake Geneva View
In 2000[update] there were 743 single family homes (or 10.6% of the
total) out of a total of 6,990 inhabited buildings. There were 2,758
multi-family buildings (39.5%), along with 2,886 multi-purpose
buildings that were mostly used for housing (41.3%) and 603 other use
buildings (commercial or industrial) that also had some housing
(8.6%). Of the single family homes 197 were built before 1919, while
20 were built between 1990 and 2000. The greatest number of single
family homes (277) were built between 1919 and 1945.
In 2000[update] there were 101,794 apartments in the municipality. The
most common apartment size was 3 rooms of which there were 27,084.
There were 21,889 single room apartments and 11,166 apartments with
five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 85,330 apartments
(83.8% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 13,644
apartments (13.4%) were seasonally occupied and 2,820 apartments
(2.8%) were empty. As of 2009[update], the construction rate of
new housing units was 1.3 new units per 1000 residents.
As of 2003[update] the average price to rent an average apartment in
Geneva was 1163.30 Swiss francs (CHF) per month (US$930, £520, €740
approx. exchange rate from 2003). The average rate for a one-room
apartment was 641.60 CHF (US$510, £290, €410), a two-room apartment
was about 874.46 CHF (US$700, £390, €560), a three-room apartment
was about 1126.37 CHF (US$900, £510, €720) and a six or more room
apartment cost an average of 2691.07 CHF (US$2150, £1210, €1720).
The average apartment price in
Geneva was 104.2% of the national
average of 1116 CHF. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in
2010[update], was 0.25%.
In June 2011 the average price of an apartment in and around Geneva
was 13,681 Swiss francs (CHF) per square metre (11 square feet). The
average can be as high as 17,589 Swiss francs (CHF) per square metre
(11 square feet) for a luxury apartment and as low as 9,847 Swiss
francs (CHF) for an older or basic apartment. For houses in and around
Geneva, the average price was 11,595 Swiss francs (CHF) per square
metre (11 square feet) (June 2011), with a lowest price per square
metre (11 square feet) of 4,874 Swiss francs (CHF), and a maximum
price of 21,966 Swiss francs (CHF).
Monter calculates that the city's total population was 12,000–13,000
in 1550, doubling to over 25,000 by 1560.
The historical population is given in the following chart:
Historic population data
No religion given
World Council of Churches
World Council of Churches logo
The 2000 census[update] recorded 66,491 residents (37.4% of the
population) as Roman Catholic, while 41,289 people (23.20%) belonged
to no church or were agnostic or atheist, 24,105 (13.5%) belonged to
Swiss Reformed Church, and 8,698 (4.89%) were Muslim. Of the rest
of the population, there were 3,959 members of an Orthodox church
(2.22%), there were 220 individuals (or about 0.12% of the population)
who belonged to the
Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland, and
there were 2,422 individuals (1.36%) who belonged to another Christian
church. There were 2,601 individuals (1.46%) who were Jewish. There
were 707 individuals who were Buddhist, 474 individuals who were Hindu
and 423 individuals who belonged to another church. A total of 26,575
individuals (14.93%) did not answer the question.
According to 2012 statistics by Swiss Bundesamt für Statistik 49.2%
are Christian, divided into 34.2% Roman Catholic, 8.8% Swiss Reformed
(organized in the
Protestant Church of Geneva) and 6.2% other
Christian (mostly various other Protestants). 38% of Genevans are
unaffiliated, 6.1% are
Muslim and 1.6% are Jews.
Geneva has historically been considered a
Protestant city and was
known as the
Protestant Rome due to it being the base of John Calvin,
Theodore Beza and other
Protestant Reformers. Over the
past century, substantial immigration from
France and other
Roman Catholic countries, as well as general European
secularization, especially among Christians, has changed its religious
landscape. As a result, three times as many Roman Catholics as
Protestants lived in the city in 2000, while a large number of
residents were members of neither group. Roman Catholics form part of
Roman Catholic Diocese of Lausanne,
Geneva and Fribourg.
World Council of Churches
World Council of Churches and the
Lutheran World Federation
Lutheran World Federation both
have their headquarters at the
Ecumenical Centre in Grand-Saconnex,
The World Communion of
Reformed Churches, a worldwide organization of
Presbyterian, Continental Reformed,
Congregational and other Reformed
churches gathering more than 80 million people around the world was
based here from 1948 until 2013. The Executive Committee of the World
Reformed Churches voted in 2012 to move its offices to
Hanover, Germany, citing the high costs of running the ecumenical
organization in Geneva, Switzerland. The move was completed in 2013.
Conference of European Churches have moved their
Geneva to Brussels.
Reformation Wall in Geneva; from left to right: William Farel, John
Calvin, Theodore Beza, and John Knox
Prior to the
Protestant Reformation the city was de jure and de facto
As highlighted by popular perception, the
caused major transformations in the religious and political life of
Geneva. Reaction to the new movement varied across Switzerland. While
Bern favoured the introduction of the new teaching, Fribourg
renounced its allegiance to
Geneva in 1531 and stayed Catholic. John
Calvin went to
Geneva in 1536 after
William Farel encouraged him to do
so. Calvin's previous residence was
Strasbourg in his native France,
where he ministered on invitation from fellow reformer Martin Bucer.
In Geneva, the Catholic bishop had been obliged to seek exile already
in 1532 as a new
Protestant leader was to arrive to take his place as
city's ecclesiastical leader.
Geneva became a stronghold of Calvinism,
making religious progress and theological advances within that
tradition. Some of tenets created there influenced Protestantism as a
whole through the lasting influence of Calvinism. St. Pierre Cathedral
was where Calvin and his
Protestant Reformers preached. A hotbed of
thriving religious debate among major clergy, it constituted the
epicenter of the newly developing
Protestant thought that would later
become to be known as the
Reformed tradition. Many prominent Reformed
theologians operated there, including
William Farel and Theodore Beza,
Calvin's successor who progressed
Reformed thought after his death.
Geneva was deeply shaped by Calvinism, and Calvin was its spiritual
leader until his death. It was a shelter for Calvinists, but at the
same time it persecuted Roman Catholics and other heretics. The case
of Michael Servetus, an early Nontrinitarian, is notable. Condemned by
Protestants alike, he was arrested in
Geneva and burnt
at the stake as a heretic by order of the city's
John Calvin and his followers denounced him, and possibly
contributed to his sentence.
Protestants simply use the word
Geneva in multiple contexts
to refer to the collective legacy of
John Calvin and his theological
successors. Another major city in
Switzerland during the Protestant
Reformation, often placed alongside Geneva, was Zürich. Several major
Reformed theologians like
Huldrych Zwingli and Heinrich Bullinger
In 1802, during its annexation to
France under Napoleon I, the Diocese
Geneva was united with the Diocese of Chambéry, but the 1814
Vienna and the 1816 Treaty of Turin stipulated that in
territories transferred to a now considerably extended
Catholic religion was to be protected, and that no changes were to be
made in existing conditions without agreement with the Holy See.
Napoleon's common policy was to emancipate Catholics in
Protestant-majority areas, and the other way around, as well as
emancipating Jews. In 1819 the city of
Geneva and 20 parishes were
united to the Diocese of
Pope Pius VII
Pope Pius VII and in 1822 the
non-Swiss territory was made into the Diocese of Annecy. A variety of
concord with the civil authorities came as a result of the separation
of church and state, enacted with strong Catholic support in 1907.
See also: Crime in Switzerland
In 2014 the crime rate, of crimes listed in the Swiss Criminal Code,
in Genève was 143.9 per thousand residents. During the same period,
the rate of drug crimes was 33.6 per thousand residents. The rate of
violations of immigration, visa and work permit laws was 35.7 per
Geneva to the south. Mont
Salève (in France) dominates the
foreground, with the white summit of
Mont Blanc just visible behind it
and 70 km (43 mi) away to the southeast. To the left of Mont
Blanc is the point of Le Môle.
Geneva from the Salève.
Heritage sites of national significance
There are 82 buildings or sites in
Geneva that are listed as Swiss
heritage site of national significance, and the entire old city of
Geneva is part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.
Cathedral St-Pierre et Chapel des Macchabés,
Notre-Dame Church, Russian church, St-Germain Church, Temple de la
Fusterie, Temple de l'Auditoire
Civic buildings: Former Arsenal and Archives of the
City of Genève,
Former Crédit Lyonnais, Former Hôtel Buisson, Former Hôtel du
France et Bibliothèque de la Société de lecture de
Genève, Former école des arts industriels, Archives d'État de
Genève (Annexe), Bâtiment des forces motrices, Library de Genève,
Library juive de Genève «Gérard Nordmann», Cabinet des estampes,
Centre d'Iconographie genevoise, Collège Calvin, École Geisendorf,
University Hospital of Geneva
University Hospital of Geneva (HUG), Hôtel de Ville et tour Baudet,
Immeuble Clarté at Rue Saint-Laurent 2 and 4, Immeubles House Rotonde
at Rue Charles-Giron 11–19, Immeubles at Rue Beauregard 2, 4, 6, 8,
Immeubles at Rue de la Corraterie 10–26, Immeubles at Rue des
Granges 2–6, Immeuble at Rue des Granges 8, Immeubles at Rue des
Granges 10 and 12, Immeuble at Rue des Granges 14, Immeuble and Former
Armory at Rue des Granges 16, Immeubles at Rue Pierre Fatio 7 and 9,
House de Saussure at Rue de la Cité 24, House Des arts du Grütli at
Rue du Général-Dufour 16, House Royale et les deux immeubles à
côté at Quai
Gustave Ador 44–50, Tavel House at Rue du
Puits-St-Pierre 6, Turrettini House at Rue de l'Hôtel-de-Ville 8 and
10, Brunswick Monument, Palais de Justice, Palais de l'Athénée,
Palais des Nations with library and archives of the SDN and ONU,
Palais Eynard et Archives de la ville de Genève, Palais Wilson, Parc
des Bastions avec Mur des Réformateurs, Place Neuve et Monument du
Général Dufour, Pont de la Machine, Pont sur l'Arve, Poste du
Mont-Blanc, Quai du Mont-Blanc, Quai et Hôtel des Bergues, Quai
Général Guisan and English Gardens, Quai Gustave-Ador and Jet d'eau,
Télévision Suisse Romande, University of Geneva, Victoria Hall
Archeological sites: Fondation Baur and Museum of the arts
d'Extrême-Orient, Parc et campagne de la Grange and Library
(neolithic shore settlement/Roman villa),
Bronze Age shore settlement
of Plonjon, Temple de la Madeleine archeological site, Temple
Saint-Gervais archeological site, Old
City with Celtic, Roman and
Museums, theaters, and other cultural sites: Conservatoire de musique
at Place Neuve 5, Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques, Fonds cantonal
d'art contemporain, Ile Rousseau and statue, Institute and Museum of
Voltaire with Library and Archives, Mallet House and Museum
international de la Réforme, Musée Ariana, Musée d'Art et
d'Histoire, Museum d'art moderne et contemporain, Museum
d'ethnographie, Museum of the International Red Cross, Musée Rath,
Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Salle communale de Plainpalais et
théâtre Pitoëff, Villa Bartholoni et Museum d'Histoire et Sciences
International Labour Organization
International Labour Organization (BIT),
International Committee of the Red Cross,
United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), World Meteorological Organization,
World Trade Organization, International Telecommunication Union, World
Alliance of Young Men's
International Committee of the Red Cross
International Committee of the Red Cross (CICR)
Conservatory and Botanical Garden of the
City of Geneva
Russian Orthodox Church
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
Hôtel de Ville and the Tour Baudet
Institute and Museum of
Voltaire with Library and Archives
Mallet House and Museum international de la Réforme
Society and culture
The city's main newspaper is the Tribune de Genève, with a readership
of about 187,000, a daily newspaper founded on 1 February 1879 by
James T. Bates. Le Courrier, founded in 1868, was originally supported
Roman Catholic Church, but has been independent since 1996.
Mainly focussed on Geneva,
Le Courrier is trying to expand into other
cantons in Romandy. Both
Le Temps (headquartered in Geneva) and Le
Matin are widely read in Geneva, but cover the whole of Romandy.
Geneva is the main media centre for French-speaking Switzerland. It is
the headquarters for the numerous
French language radio and television
networks of the Swiss Broadcasting Corporation, known collectively as
Radio Télévision Suisse. While both networks cover the whole of
Romandy, special programs related to
Geneva are sometimes broadcast on
some of the local radio frequencies in the case of special events such
as elections. Other local radio stations broadcast from the city,
including YesFM (FM 91.8 MHz), Radio Cité (Non-commercial radio,
FM 92.2 MHz), OneFM (FM 107.0 MHz, also broadcast in Vaud),
and World Radio
Switzerland (FM 88.4 MHz).
Léman Bleu is a local TV channel, founded in 1996 and distributed by
cable. Due to the proximity to France, many of the French television
channels are also available.
Traditions and customs
Jeûne genevois on the first Thursday following the
first Sunday in September. By local tradition, this commemorates the
date the news of the
St. Bartholomew's Day massacre
St. Bartholomew's Day massacre of Huguenots
L'Escalade on the weekend nearest 12 December
celebrating the defeat of the surprise attack by troops sent by
Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of
Savoy during the night of 11–12 December
1602. Besides festive traditions that includes chocolate cauldrons
filled with vegetable-shaped marzipan treats and the Escalade
procession on horseback in seventeenth century armour,
Geneva has been
organizing 'Course de l'Escalade', which means 'Climbing Race'. This
race takes place in Geneva's Old Town, and has been very popular
amongst racers across all ages. Non-competitive racers have fun by
dressing up in fancy costumes, while walking in the race. 2015 marks
the 38th edition of this race.
Since 1818, a particular chestnut tree has been used as the official
"herald of the spring" in Geneva. The sautier (secretary of the
Parliament of the Canton of Geneva) observes the tree and notes the
day of arrival of the first bud. While this event has no practical
effect, the sautier issues a formal press release and the local
newspaper will usually mention the news.
As this is one of the world's oldest records of a plant's reaction to
climatic conditions, researchers have been interested to note that the
first bud appears earlier and earlier in the year. During the first
century, many dates were in March or April. In recent years, it has
usually been in mid-February and sometimes even earlier. In 2002,
the first bud appeared unusually early, on 7 February, and then again
on 29 December of the same year. The following year, which was one of
the hottest years recorded in Europe, became a year with no bud. In
2008, the first bud also appeared very early, on 19 February.
Music and festivals
Fireworks at the Fêtes de Genève, 2012
The opera house, the Grand Théâtre de Genève, which officially
opened in 1876, was partly destroyed by fire in 1951 and reopened in
1962. It has the largest stage in Switzerland. It features opera and
dance performances, recitals, concerts and, occasionally, theatre. The
Victoria Hall is used for classical music concerts. It is home of the
Orchestre de la Suisse Romande.
Every summer, the
Fêtes de Genève
Fêtes de Genève (
Geneva Festival) are organised in
Geneva. According to the Radio télévision suisse, in 2013, hundreds
of thousands of people came to
Geneva to see the annual one-hour long
grand firework display of the Fêtes de Genève.
Besides, a music festival occurs in
Geneva every year in June.
Different groups of artists make their show in different areas of the
city. In 2016, the festival celebrates its 25th anniversary.
Museums and art galleries are numerous throughout the city. Some are
related to the many international organizations as the International
Red Cross and Red Crescent Museum or the Microcosm in the
The Palace of Nations, home of the
United Nations headquarters, can
also be visited.
The University of Geneva.
Geneva is home to the University of Geneva. In 1559, John Calvin
Geneva Academy, a theological and humanist seminary. In
the 19th century, the Academy lost its ecclesiastic links and in 1873,
with the addition of a medical faculty, it became the University of
Geneva. In 2011, the ranking web of universities ranked it 35th
Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies
Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies was
among the first academic institutions to teach international relations
in the world and is today one of Europe's most prestigious
institutions, offering MA and PhD programmes in law, political
science, history, economics, international affairs, and development
Also, the oldest international school in the world is located in
Geneva, the International School of Geneva, founded in 1924 along with
the League of Nations. The
Geneva School of
International Relations is a private university on the grounds of the
Château de Penthes, an old manor with a park and view of Lake Geneva.
The Canton of Geneva's public school system has écoles primaires
(ages 4–12) and cycles d'orientation (ages 12–15). The obligation
to attend school ends at age 15, but secondary education is provided
by collèges (ages 15–19), the oldest of which is the Collège
Calvin, which could be considered one of the oldest public schools in
the world, écoles de culture générale (15-18/19) and the
écoles professionnelles (15-18/19). The écoles professionnelles
offer full-time courses and part-time study as part of an
Geneva also has a choice of private schools.
Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies
Out of all the educational and research facilities in Geneva, CERN
(the European Organization for Nuclear Research) is probably the best
known on a world basis and most recently renown for the Large Hadron
Collider. Founded in 1954,
CERN was one of Europe's first joint
ventures and has developed as the world's largest particle physics
laboratory. Physicists from around the world travel to
research matter and explore the fundamental forces and materials that
form the universe.
In 2011, 89,244 (37.0%) of the population have completed non-mandatory
upper secondary education, and 107,060 or (44.3%) have completed
additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).
Of the 107,060 who completed tertiary schooling, 32.5% were Swiss men,
31.6% were Swiss women, 18.1% were non-Swiss men and 17.8% were
During the 2011–2012 school year, there were a total of 92,311
students in the
Geneva school system (Primary to University). The
education system in the
Canton of Geneva
Canton of Geneva has eight years of primary
school, with 32,716 students. The secondary school program consists of
three lower, obligatory years of schooling, followed by three to five
years of optional, advanced schools. There were 13,146 lower secondary
students who attended schools in Geneva. There were 10,486 upper
secondary students from the municipality along with 10330 students who
were in a professional, non-university track program. An additional
11,797 students attended a private school.
Geneva is home to five major libraries, the Bibliothèques municipales
Genève, the Haute école de travail social, Institut d'études
sociales, the Haute école de santé, the Ecole d'ingénieurs de
Genève and the Haute école d'art et de design. There were (as of
2008[update]) 877,680 books or other media in the libraries, and in
the same year 1,798,980 items were loaned.
Geneva Motor Show, 2008
Geneva's economy is mainly services oriented. The city has an
important and old finance sector, which is specialised in private
banking (managing assets of about 1 trillion USD) and financing of
international trade. In the 2017 Global Financial Centres Index,
Geneva was ranked as having the 15th most competitive financial center
in the world (up from 20th in March 2017), and fifth most competitive
in Europe (after London, Zürich,
Frankfurt and Luxembourg).
Geneva hosts the international headquarters of companies like Japan
Tobacco International, Mediterranean Shipping Company, Vitol, Gunvor,
Mercuria Energy Group. Merck Serono, SITA, Société Générale de
Surveillance, STMicroelectronics, and Weatherford International.
Many other multinational companies like Caterpillar, DuPont, and
Cargill have their international headquarters in the city; Take Two
Interactive, Electronic Arts, INVISTA, Procter & Gamble and Oracle
Corporation have their European headquarters in the city. Hewlett
Packard has its Europe, Africa, and Middle East headquarters in
Meyrin, near Geneva.
PrivatAir has its headquarters in
Meyrin, near Geneva.
There is a long tradition of watchmaking in
Geneva which roots back to
the 16th century, directly related to the
Calvinism of Geneva.
Many watchmakers are based in
Geneva since their foundation, such as
(Baume et Mercier, Charriol, Chopard, Franck Muller, Patek Philippe,
Rolex, Universal Genève, Raymond Weil, Vacheron Constantin,
Frédérique Constant, etc.). Two major international producers of
flavours and fragrances,
Firmenich and Givaudan, have their
headquarters and main production facilities in Geneva.
The private sector is organized in different Union of employers,
Fédération des Entreprises Romandes Genève (FER
Genève) and the Fédération des métiers du bâtiment (FMB).
Many people also work in the numerous offices of international
organisations located in
Geneva (about 22,233 in March 2012).
Geneva Motor Show
Geneva Motor Show is one of the most important international auto
shows. It is held at Palexpo, a giant convention centre next to the
Geneva was ranked as the fourth most expensive city in the
Geneva moved up four places from eighth place the previous
Geneva is ranked behind Tokyo, Osaka, and Moscow at first,
second, and third respectively.
Geneva also beat Hong Kong, which came
in at fifth place.
As of 2011[update],
Geneva had an unemployment rate of 6.3%.
As of 2008[update], there were five people employed in the primary
economic sector and about three businesses involved in this sector.
9,783 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were
1,200 businesses in this sector. 134,429 people were employed in the
tertiary sector, with 12,489 businesses in this sector. There were
91,880 residents of the municipality who were employed in some
capacity, of which females made up 47.7% of the workforce.
In 2008[update] the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was
124,185. The number of jobs in the primary sector was four, all of
which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the secondary sector
was 9,363 of which 4,863 or (51.9%) were in manufacturing and 4,451
(47.5%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary
sector was 114,818. In the tertiary sector; 16,573 or 14.4% were in
wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 3,474 or
3.0% were in the movement and storage of goods, 9,484 or 8.3% were in
a hotel or restaurant, 4,544 or 4.0% were in the information industry,
20,982 or 18.3% were the insurance or financial industry, 12,177 or
10.6% were technical professionals or scientists, 10,007 or 8.7% were
in education and 15,029 or 13.1% were in health care.
In 2000[update], there were 95,190 workers who commuted into the
municipality and 25,920 workers who commuted away. The municipality is
a net importer of workers, with about 3.7 workers entering the
municipality for every one leaving. About 13.8% of the workforce
Geneva are coming from outside Switzerland, while 0.4% of
the locals commute out of
Switzerland for work. Of the working
population, 38.2% used public transportation to get to work, and 30.6%
used a private car.
Among the most popular sports in
Switzerland is ice hockey. Geneva
is home to Genève-Servette HC, which plays in the National League
(NL). They play their home games in the 7,135-seat Patinoire des
Vernets. In 2008 and 2010, the team made it to the league finals but
lost to the
ZSC Lions and SC
Bern respectively. The team is by far
the most popular one in both the city and the canton of Geneva,
drawing three times more spectators than the football team in
The town is home to Servette FC, a football club founded in 1890 and
named after a borough on the right bank of the Rhône. The home of
Servette FC is the 30,000-seat Stade de Genève.
Servette FC plays in
the Challenge League.
Geneva is home to the basketball team Lions de Genève, 2013
and 2015 Champion of the Swiss Basketball League. The team plays its
home games in the Pavilion des Sports.
Main article: Transports Publics Genevois
Geneva railway station
TCMC (Tramway Cornavin –
Meyrin – CERN)
The city is served by the
Geneva Cointrin International Airport. It is
Geneva Airport railway station
Geneva Airport railway station (French: Gare de
Genève-Aéroport) with both the
Swiss Federal Railways
Swiss Federal Railways network and
SNCF network, including to Paris, Lyon,
Montpellier by TGV.
Geneva is connected to the motorway systems of
Switzerland (A1 motorway) and France.
Public transport by bus, trolleybus or tram is provided by Transports
Publics Genevois (TPG). In addition to an extensive coverage of the
city centre, the network covers most of the municipalities of the
Canton, with a few lines extending into France. Public transport by
boat is provided by the Mouettes Genevoises, which link the two banks
of the lake within the city, and by the Compagnie Générale de
Navigation sur le lac Léman (CGN) which serves more distant
destinations such as Nyon, Yvoire, Thonon, Évian,
Montreux using both modern diesel vessels and vintage paddle steamers.
Geneva Sécheron railway station
Trains operated by
Swiss Federal Railways
Swiss Federal Railways connect the airport to the
main station of Cornavin in six minutes. Regional train services are
being increasingly developed, towards Coppet and Bellegarde. At the
city limits, two new railway stations have been opened since 2002:
Genève-Sécheron (close to the UN and the Botanical Gardens) and
In 2011, work started on the CEVA (Cornavin – Eaux-Vives –
Annemasse) project, first planned in 1884, which will connect Cornavin
with the Cantonal hospital, Eaux-Vives railway station and Annemasse,
in France. The link between the main railway station and the
classification yard of La Praille already exists; from there, the line
will go mostly underground to the Hospital and Eaux-Vives, where it
will link to the existing line to France. Support for this project was
obtained from all parties in the local parliament.
TOSA Bus at PALEXPO Flash bus stops
In May 2013, the demonstrator TOSA Flash Mobility, Clean City, Smart
Bus of a large capacity (133 passengers) full electric bus system
with opportunity charging starts its service between
and Palexpo. The project aims to introduce a new system of mass
transport with electric "flash" recharging of the buses at selected
stops while passengers are disembarking and embarking. By December
2016, the TOSA buses will run on line 23.
Geneva can be difficult to find, and may need to be booked in
advance especially in the early morning or at peak hours. Taxis can
refuse to take babies and children because of seating legislation.
An ambitious project to close 200 streets in the centre of
cars has been approved in principle by the
authorities, and is projected to be implemented over four years
Water, natural gas and electricity are provided to the municipalities
Canton of Geneva
Canton of Geneva by the state-owned Services Industriels de
Genève (shortly SIG). Most of the drinkable water (80%) is extracted
from the lake; the remaining 20% is provided by groundwater originally
formed by infiltration from the Arve. 30% of the Canton's electricity
needs is locally produced, mainly by three hydroelectric dams on the
Rhône (Seujet, Verbois and Chancy-Pougny). In addition, 13% of the
electricity produced in the Canton is made from the heat induced by
the burning of waste at the waste incineration facility of Les
Cheneviers. The remaining needs (57%) are covered by imports from
other cantons in
Switzerland or other European countries; SIG buys
only electricity produced by renewable methods, and in particular does
not use electricity produced using nuclear reactors or fossil fuels.
Natural gas is available in the
City of Geneva, as well as in about
two-thirds of the municipalities of the canton, and is imported from
Western Europe by the Swiss company Gaznat. SIG also provides
telecommunication facilities to carriers, service providers and large
enterprises. From 2003 to 2005, "Voisin, voisine" a Fibre to the Home
pilot project with a Triple play offering was launched to test the
end-user market in the Charmilles district.
See also: List of international organizations based in Geneva
The World Intellectual Property Organization.
The assembly hall of the Palace of Nations.
Geneva is the European headquarters of the United Nations, in the
Palace of Nations
Palace of Nations building (French: Palais des Nations), which was
also the headquarters of the former League of Nations. Several
agencies are headquartered at Geneva, including the United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the UN Office of the High
Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the World Health Organization
International Labour Organization
International Labour Organization (ILO), International
Telecommunication Union (ITU), the International Baccalaureate
Organization (IBO) and the World Intellectual Property Organization
Apart from the UN agencies,
Geneva hosts many inter-governmental
organizations, such as the
World Trade Organization
World Trade Organization (WTO), World
Meteorological Organization (WMO), the
World Economic Forum
World Economic Forum (WEF), the
International Organization for Migration
International Organization for Migration (IOM), the International
Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the
International Committee of the Red Cross
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).
Maison de la Paix
Maison de la Paix building hosts the three
supported by the Swiss Confederation, the International Centre for
Humanitarian Demining (GICHD), the Centre for the Democratic Control
of Armed Forces (DCAF) and the Centre for Security Policy (GCSP), as
well as other organisations active in the field of peace,
international affairs and sustainable development.
Organizations on the European level include the European Broadcasting
Union (EBU) and the
CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research)
which is the world's largest particle physics laboratory.
Geneva Environment Network (GEN) publishes the
Guide, an extensive listing of Geneva-based global organisations
working on environment protection and sustainable development. A
website (by the Swiss Government, WBCSD,
UNEP and IUCN) includes
stories about how NGOs, business, government and the UN cooperate. By
doing so, it attempts to explain why
Geneva has been picked by so many
NGOs and UN as their headquarters location.
World Organization of the Scout Movement
World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) and the World
Scout Bureau Central Office are headquartered in Geneva.
Alfredo Aceto (born 1991), artist
Gustave Ador (1845–1928), politician and president of the
International Committee of the Red Cross
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
David Aebischer (born 1978), ice hockey goaltender, Stanley Cup
champion with the Colorado Avalanche in 2001
Jacques-Laurent Agasse (1767–1849), animal and landscape painter
Henri-Frédéric Amiel (1821–1881), writer and moral philosopher
Adolphe Appia (1862–1928), architect
Aimé Argand (1750–1803), naturalist and entrepreneur
Philip Arditti, actor
Martha Argerich (born 1941), Argentine pianist
John Armleder (born 1948), artist, painter, sculptor
Germaine Aussey (1909–1979), French actress
Edna Best (1900–1974), British actress
Jean-Luc Bideau (born 1940), Swiss film actor
Ernest Bloch (1880–1959), US composer of Swiss origin
Caroline Boissier-Butini (1786–1836), pianist and composer
Nicolas Bouvier (1929–1998), writer and photographer
Jorge Luis Borges
Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986), Argentine author, studied at the
Collège de Genève
Collège de Genève from 1914 to 1918
Clotilde Bressler-Gianoli (1875-1912), opera singer born in Geneva
Jean Henri Dunant in his late years
Christiane Brunner (born 1947), politician and trade unionist
Mickaël Buffaz (born 1979), French cyclist
Kate Burton (born 1957), actress, the daughter of actor Richard Burton
Cécile Butticaz (1884–1966), engineer
John Calvin (1509–1564), influential theologian, reformer
Clint Capela (born 1994), Swiss professional basketball player
Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel (1811–1893), politician
Henri Christiné (1867–1941), French composer
Étienne Clavière (1735–1793), banker and politician of the French
Bernard Dalle (born 1967), venture capitalist
Jean-Louis de Lolme
Jean-Louis de Lolme (1740–1806), lawyer
Jean-André Deluc (1727–1817), geologist and meteorologist
Ferdinand de Saussure
Ferdinand de Saussure (1857–1913), professor of linguistics
Giovanni Diodati (1576–1649), reformed theologian and Bible
Élie Ducommun (1833–1906), peace activist, Nobel Peace Prize 1902
Armand Dufaux (1833–1941), French-Swiss aviation pioneer and
Henri Dufaux (1879–1980), French-Swiss aviation pioneer, inventor,
painter and politician
Henry Dunant (1828–1910), initiator of the Red Cross movement and
co-founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross, received
the first Nobel Peace Prize in 1901
Isabelle Eberhardt (1877–1904), Russian-Swiss explorer and travel
Louis Favre (1826–1879), engineer, responsible for the construction
of the Gotthard tunnel
Philippe Favre (1961–2013), racing driver
Edmond Fleg (1874–1963), French writer of Swiss origin
Ian Fleming (1908–1964), author (James Bond), studied psychology
briefly at the University of Geneva
Sylvie Fleury (born 1961), object artist
Frère Max (1921–1996), theologian
Pierre-Victor Galland (1822–1892), painter
Albert Gallatin (1761–1849), American politician and diplomat
Marcel Golay (1927–2015), astronomer
Claude Goretta (born 1929), film director and television producer
Emilie Gourd (1879–1946), women's rights activist and journalist
Germain Henri Hess
Germain Henri Hess (1802–1850), chemist
Katerina Graham (born 1989), actress, singer, and model; she plays
Bonnie Bennett in The Vampire Diaries
Romain Grosjean (born 1986), Formula 1 driver
Germain Henri Hess
Germain Henri Hess (1802–1850), Swiss-Russian chemist
Jean Huber (1721–1786), Swiss politician, silhouette-cutter and
François Huber (1750–1831), naturalist
Marie Huber (1695–1753), translator, editor and author of
Pierre Jeanneret (1896–1967), architect
Charles Journet (1891–1975), cardinal of the
Roman Catholic Church
Louis Jurine (1751–1819), physician and naturalist
Thomas Jouannet (born 1970), actor
Adrien Lachenal (1849–1918), politician (Bundesrat)
Paul Lachenal (1884–1955), politician (Grand Conseil),President Pro
François Lachenal (1918–1997), diplomat,editor
Marie Laforêt (born 1939), singer and actress
Sarah Lahbati (born 1993), actress, singer
François Le Fort (1656–1699), first Russian Admiral
Georges-Louis Le Sage
Georges-Louis Le Sage (1724–1803), physicist
Jean Leclerc (1657–1736), theologian and philologist
Vladimir Lenin (1870–1924), lived in
Geneva as an exile from the
Russian Empire between 1902 and 1905.
Jean-Étienne Liotard (1702–1789), painter
Frank Martin (1890–1974), composer
Théodore Maunoir (1806–1869), co-founder of the International
Committee of the Red Cross
Physicist Pierre Prévost
Barthélemy Menn (1815–1893), landscape painter
Heinrich Menu von Minutoli
Heinrich Menu von Minutoli (1772–1846), explorer and archaeologist
Jacques-Barthélemy Micheli du Crest
Jacques-Barthélemy Micheli du Crest (1690–1766), politicians and
Thierry Moutinho (born 1991), Swiss-Portuguese footballer
Stephanie Morgenstern, actress, filmmaker, and screenwriter
Gustave Moynier (1826–1910), lawyer and co-founder of the
International Committee of the Red Cross
Jacques Necker (1732–1804), banker and finance minister under Louis
Louis Albert Necker (1786–1861), scientist and politician
Julie Ordon (born 1984), model and actress
Jean Piaget (1896 – 1980), Swiss clinical psychologist, founder of
the International Center for Genetic Epistemology, director of the
Rousseau Institute, Director of the International Bureau of Education,
a professor at University of Geneva. Buried in an unmarked grave in
the Cimetière des Rois, as requested.
Robert Pinget (1919–1997), writer
Léa Pool (born 1950), film director and screenwriter
James Pradier (1790–1852), French sculptor
Pierre Prévost (1751–1839), philosopher and physicist
Tariq Ramadan (born 1962), scientist and political activist
Marcel Raymond (1897–1981), literary critic and writer
Liliane Maury Pasquier
Liliane Maury Pasquier (born 1956), politician
Jean-Louis Prévost (1838–1927), neurologist
Flore Revalles (1889–1966), singer, dancer and actress
Charles-Gaspard de la Rive
Charles-Gaspard de la Rive (1770–1834), physicist, psychiatrist and
Lucien de la Rive (1834–1924), physicist
Marc Rosset (born 1970), tennis player
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778), writer and philosopher
Jean Rousset (1910–2002), literary critic and writer
Xavier Ruiz (born 1970), film producer and director
Horace-Bénédict de Saussure
Horace-Bénédict de Saussure (1740–1799), naturalist
Nicolas-Théodore de Saussure
Nicolas-Théodore de Saussure (1767–1845), naturalist
Léon Savary (1895–1968), writer and journalist
Michel Simon (1895–1975), actor
Michael Schade (born 1965), Canadian opera and concert singer
Marguerite Sechehaye, (1887–1965), psychotherapist
Louis Segond (1810–1885), theologian
Philippe Senderos (born 1985), footballer
Jean Senebier (1742–1809), reformed pastor and naturalist
Pierre Eugene du Simitiere
Pierre Eugene du Simitiere (1737–1784), artist and philosopher
François Simon (1917–1982), actor
Edward Snowden (born 1983), lived in
Geneva between 2007 and 2009,
while working for the CIA
Terry Southern (1924–1995), author, essayist, screenwriter
Ezekiel Spanheim (1629–1710), German diplomat
Friedrich Spanheim (1632–1701), German church historian
Emile Taddéoli (1879–1920), Swiss aviation pioneer
Alain Tanner (born 1929), film director
Maya Stojan (born 1986), Swiss actress
Richard Tarnas (born 1950), American philosopher and psychologist
Sigismund Thalberg (1812–1871), Austrian composer and pianist
Rodolphe Töpffer (1799–1846), artist and novelist
Vico Torriani (1920–1998), singer, actor, show host
Jean Alphonse Turretin
Jean Alphonse Turretin (1671–1737), reformed theologian
Maurice Turrettini (1878–1932), architect
Voltaire (1694–1778), Enlightenment writer and philosopher, lived at
Les Délices from 1755 to 1760
Pierre Wissmer (1915–1992), Swiss-French composer, pianist and music
Jean Ziegler (born 1934), politician and sociologist
Outline of Geneva
Outline of Switzerland
Bibliothèque Publique et Universitaire (Geneva)
Calvin Auditory, a chapel that played a significant role in the
Circuit des Nations, the historic racetrack
Geneva Summit for Human Rights and Democracy
Notes and references
^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
^ a b c Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database
– Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach
institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in
German) accessed 30 August 2017
^ Grand-Geneve website (in French) accessed 14 July 2016
^ Paul Hofmann (24 June 1990). "Staying on the Safe Side; Geneva". The
New York Times Company. Retrieved 19 April 2008.
^ Finn-Olaf Jones (16 September 2007). "36 Hours in Geneva". The New
York Times. Retrieved 2 February 2008.
^ François Modoux, "La Suisse engagera 300 millions pour rénover le
Palais des Nations", Le Temps, Friday 28 June 2013, page 9.
^ a b "The
Global Financial Centres Index 22" (PDF). Long Finance.
^ "Mercer's 2009 Quality of Living survey highlights".
mercer.com. , last updated 28 April 2009.
^ "MySwitzerland.com". MySwitzerland.com. Retrieved 15 October
^ a b "Cost of Living survey 2010 –
City rankings". Mercer.com. 29
June 2017. Archived from the original on 14 October 2017. Retrieved 3
^ Hans-Friedrich Mueller, Caesar Selections from His Commentarii De
Bello Gallico, Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, 2012, p. 34.
^ a b John T. Koch, Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia,
ABC-CLIO, 2006, p. 1513.
^ Pour cette citation et le découpage suivant, organisation décrite
par l'ouvrage Jules-Joseph Vernier, Étude historique et géographique
sur la Savoie, Le Livre d'Histoire - Res Universis (réimpr. 1993)
(1re éd. 1896), p. 137.
^ Word Reference: Genève.[unreliable source?]
^ a b c d One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates
text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann,
Charles, ed. (1913). "
Lausanne and Geneva". Catholic Encyclopedia. New
York: Robert Appleton.
^ "Geneva". Encarta. Archived from the original on 29 October
^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data
(in German) accessed 25 March 2010
^ Swisstopo, Height reference for Switzerland. Retrieved 1 February
2007. Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Climate normals Genève–Cointrin (Reference period 1961–1990)"
(PDF). Zürich-Airport, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Office of
Metreology and Climatology, MeteoSwiss. 2 July 2014. Retrieved 5 April
^ "La bise va se calmer après une journée chaotique, mais plusieurs
écoles vont rester fermées" (in French). Geneva: RTS Radio
Télévision Suisse. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 2018-02-25.
^ "Bisendiagramm". Appenzell, Switzerland: MeteoGroup Schweiz AG.
^ "Climate normals Genève–Cointrin (Reference period 1981–2010)"
(PDF). Zürich-Airport, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Office of
Metreology and Climatology, MeteoSwiss. 2 July 2014. Retrieved 5 April
^ "Genève–Cointrin extreme values". KNMI. Retrieved 8 November
^ "Genève–Cointrin 1981-2010 mean extreme values". KNMI. Retrieved
29 December 2017.
^ "Districts of Geneva". Official website of Geneva. Archived from the
original on 13 January 2008. Retrieved 9 February 2008.
^ "Le Conseil administratif 2015–2020" (official site) (in French).
Geneva, Switzerland: Ville de Genève. 2 June 2015. Retrieved 29
^ a b "Présentation des membres du Conseil administratif" (official
site) (in French). Geneva, Switzerland: Ville de Genève. 1 June 2015.
Retrieved 27 October 2015.
^ "Conseil municipal" (official site) (in French). Geneva,
Switzerland: Ville de Genève. 3 June 2015. Retrieved 30 October
^ "Membres et partis" (official site) (in French). Geneva,
Switzerland: Ville de Genève. 17 August 2015. Retrieved 30 October
^ "Nationalratswahlen 2015: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung
nach Gemeinden" (official statistics) (in German and French).
Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 4 March
2016. Archived from the original (XLS) on 2 August 2016. Retrieved 3
^ "Service des relations extérieures" (in French). Service des
relations extérieures SRE, la Ville de Genève. 23 October 2014.
Retrieved 20 October 2015. Ville internationale et multiculturelle,
Genève noue depuis plusieurs siècles des contacts privilégiés avec
le monde entier.
^ "Genève, partenaire du rapprochement entre villes" (in French).
Service des relations extérieures SRE, Genève ville internationales.
17 November 2011. Archived from the original on 8 February 2015.
Retrieved 20 October 2015. La Ville de Genève entretient des
relations multilatérales et bilatérales avec de nombreuses villes
dans le monde.
^ a b "Etude thématique A1: l'évolution des villes et des
agglomérations suisses" (in French). Office fédéral du
développement territorial ARE. 19 December 2006. Archived from the
original on 19 June 2010.
^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Thema 40 - Eidgenössische Volkszählung (34) (in
German) accessed 2 February 2011
^ "Population résidante selon l'origine et le sexe, par secteur
statistique" (XLS) (statistics) (in French). Geneva: Statistiques
cantonales, REPUBLIQUE ET CANTON DE GENEVE. 30 January 2014. Retrieved
29 July 2014.
^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 5 January
2016 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 25-April-2011
Canton of Geneva
Canton of Geneva Statistical Office Population résidante du canton
de Genève, selon l'origine et le sexe, par commune, en mars 2011(in
French) accessed 18 April 2011
^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office – Superweb database – Gemeinde
Statistics 1981–2008 Archived 28 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
(in German) accessed 19 June 2010
^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB – Datenwürfel für
Thema 09.2 – Gebäude und Wohnungen Archived 7 September 2014 at the
Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 28 January 2011
^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Rental prices 2003 data (in German)
accessed 26 May 2010
^ "Genève: Overview of m2 prices for buy-objects (living space)".
home.ch on real estate Genève, accessed 20.9.2011. Archived from the
original on 15 January 2013.
^ Monter, E. William, "Historical Demography and Religious History in
Sixteenth-Century Geneva," The Journal of Interdisciplinary History,
Vol. 9, No. 3, Winter, 1979, pp. 403–4 
^ a b
Geneva in German, French and Italian in the online Historical
Dictionary of Switzerland.
^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung ab 15 Jahren nach
Religionszugehörigkeit, 2012" (in German). Bundesamt für Statistik.
1 January 2012. Archived from the original (xls) on 6 January 2012.
Retrieved 6 April 2014.
^ Statistical Atlas of
Switzerland accessed 5 April 2016
^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office
of Civil Protection. 2009. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010.
Retrieved 25 April 2011.
^ "La Une de la FAO no 93 année 253 : FAO: La Treille, promenade
et lieu d'observation climatique". Geneve.ch. 14 August 2006.
Retrieved 3 July 2010.
^ a b "Une heure de feux genevois sur le thème des conquêtes",
www.rts.ch (page visited on 11 August 2013).
^ "Fête de la musique / Ville de Genève".
^ "The Top 100 Global Universities". MSNBC. Retrieved 3 July
Collège de Genève
Collège de Genève au
Collège Calvin (historique)" (in
Geneva Education Department. Archived from the original on 18
February 2008. Retrieved 4 February 2008.
^ "Introduction to the
Geneva Association of Private Schools". Geneva
Association of Private Schools. Retrieved 4 February 2008.
^ Service de Recherche en éducation,
Geneva Education department
Archived 9 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 6 December 2012
^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, list of libraries (in German)
accessed 14 May 2010
^ Serono S.A. was bought by the German
Merck KGaA – not to be
mistaken with the American Merck & Co. – in 2006 and operated
Merck Serono S.A. as one of the ten biggest bio-pharmaceutical
companies in the world, before all their
Geneva workers were dismissed
in April 2012 (although they continue to dispute the closure).
^ Clanton, Brett. "Another oil firm puts base overseas / Weatherford
Switzerland near key markets." Houston Chronicle. Friday 12
December 2008. A1. Retrieved on 23 January 2010.
^ "Plan de commune." Meyrin. Retrieved on 29 September 2009.
^ "Office Locations." Hewlett Packard. Retrieved on 22 July 2009.
^ "How to Find Us Archived 22 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine.."
PrivatAir. Retrieved on 22 October 2009.
^ "Overview Archived 8 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine.." PrivatAir.
Retrieved on 22 August 2009.
^ "History of watchmaking". Geneva, Switzerland: Fondation de la Haute
Horlogerie. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
^ Eric Rabbath, « La Fédération des syndicats patronaux à
Genève va changer de nom », L’AGEFI, 17 September 2003
^ Serge Guertchakoff, « La Fédération des syndicats patronaux
change de nom », La Tribune de Genève, 17 March 2003
^ "International organizations in
Geneva in 2011/2012". Geneva
^ "Visiting the
Geneva Motor Show
Geneva Motor Show (Genève Auto Salon) in
Switzerland". lake-geneva-switzerland.com. 14 February 2017. Retrieved
18 February 2017.
^ geneve.ch Archived 27 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung:
Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren
1–3 Archived 25 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine. (in German)
accessed 28 January 2011
^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office – Statweb (in German) accessed 24
^ "Popular sports in Switzerland".
popular-swiss-sports.all-about-switzerland.info. Retrieved 10 July
^ "Genève-Servette". Eliteprospects.com. Retrieved 23 June
^ "Nombre de spectateurs 2016/17 (French)". sfl.ch. Retrieved 24 June
^ "Attendance CH". Hockeyarenas.net. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
^ "TOSA2013 The project aims to introduce a new system of mass
transport with electric "flash" recharging of the buses at selected
stops (overhead conductive charging)". Archived from the original on
25 May 2014.
^ "D'ici trois ans, les bus TOSA rouleront sur la ligne 23
^ "20 Minutes: Bebés et enfants ne sont pas bienvenus dans les taxis
^ "worldradio.ch". worldradio.ch. Archived from the original on 2 May
2010. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
^ "Maison de la paix". Graduate Institute Geneva. Retrieved 21 August
Geneva Green Guide". International Environment House.
^ "Partnerships for the Planet – Stories from Geneva".
Partnerships4planet.ch. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
Geneva (municipality) in German, French and Italian in the online
Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
Geneva and the call of internationalism. A history,
éditions Zoé, 2011, 96 pages (ISBN 978-2-88182-855-3).
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Geneva.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Geneva.
Official website (in French)
Geneva – Welcome to Networld
Geneva public transport
Geneva Tourist Information Office
Geneva Historical & Genealogical Society Collection
Municipalities of the
Canton of Geneva
Canton of Geneva (Switzerland)
Canton of Geneva
Municipalities of the Canton of Geneva
Capitals of Swiss cantons
Herisau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden
Appenzell, Appenzell Innerrhoden
St. Gallen, St. Gallen
Switzerland by population
ISNI: 0000 0001 2158 1391
BNF: cb11864210r (data)