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General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Corporation
Corporation
(GD) is an American aerospace and defense multinational corporation formed by mergers and divestitures. It is the world's fifth-largest defense contractor based on 2012 revenues.[2] General Dynamics
General Dynamics
is headquartered in West Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia.[3][4][5] The company has changed markedly in the post–Cold War era of defense consolidation. It has four main business segments: Marine Systems, Combat Systems, Information Systems Technology, and Aerospace. General Dynamics' former Fort Worth Division manufactured the F-16 Fighting Falcon until 1993, which was one of the Western world's most-produced jet fighters. Production was sold to Lockheed Martin, but GD re-entered the airframe business in 1999 with its purchase of Gulfstream Aerospace.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Electric Boat 1.2 Canadair
Canadair
purchase 1.3 General Dynamics
General Dynamics
emerges 1.4 Management churn 1.5 Aviation powerhouse 1.6 Reorganization 1.7 F-16 success 1.8 Land Systems focus 1.9 Recent history

2 Timeline

2.1 20th-century acquisitions 2.2 21st-century acquisitions

2.2.1 Divestitures

3 Company outline

3.1 Aircraft systems 3.2 Marine systems 3.3 Missile systems 3.4 Combat systems 3.5 Information Systems and Technology 3.6 Launch vehicles 3.7 Aerospace 3.8 Corporate governance 3.9 Financials

4 See also 5 References

5.1 Citations 5.2 Sources

6 External links

History[edit]

Poster by Erik Nitsche
Erik Nitsche
from 1960

Electric Boat[edit] Main article: General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Electric Boat General Dynamics
General Dynamics
traces its ancestry to John Philip Holland's Holland Torpedo Boat Company. This company was responsible for developing the U.S. Navy's first submarines, built at Lewis Nixon's Crescent Shipyard in Elizabethport, New Jersey. The revolutionary submarine boat Holland VI was built there, its keel being laid down in 1896. Crescent's superintendent and naval architect Arthur Leopold Busch supervised the construction of this submarine, which was launched on 17 May 1897. It was eventually purchased by the Navy and renamed USS Holland (SS-1). The Holland was officially commissioned on 12 October 1900 and became the United States
United States
Navy's first submarine, later known as SS-1. The Navy placed an order for more submarines, which were developed in rapid succession and were assembled at two different locations on both coasts. These submarines were known as the A-Class or Adder Class and became America's first fleet of underwater craft at the beginning of the 20th century. Holland grew short on funds due to the lengthy and expensive process of introducing the world's first practical submarines, and he had to part with his company and sell his interest to financier Isaac Leopold Rice, who renamed the firm the Electric Boat
Electric Boat
Company on 7 February 1899. Holland effectively lost control of the company and found himself earning a salary of $90 a week as chief engineer, while the company that he founded was selling submarines for $300,000 each.[citation needed] Holland resigned from the company effective April 1904, and Rice became Electric Boat's first President, remaining there from that time until 1915 when he stepped down just prior to his death on 2 November 1915. Electric Boat
Electric Boat
gained a reputation for unscrupulous arms dealing in 1904–05 when it sold submarines to Japan's Imperial Japanese Navy and Russia's Imperial Russian Navy, who were then at war with one another.[6] Holland submarines were also sold to the British Royal Navy through the English armaments company Vickers, and to the Dutch to serve in the Royal Netherlands Navy. Electric Boat
Electric Boat
was cash-flush but lacking in work following World War II, with its workforce shrinking from 13,000 to 4,000 by 1946.[citation needed] President and chief executive officer John Jay Hopkins started looking for companies that would fit into Electric Boat's market in hopes of diversifying. Canadair
Canadair
purchase[edit] Canadair
Canadair
was owned by the Canadian government and was suffering from the same post-war malaise as Electric Boat. It was up for sale, and Hopkins bought the company for $10 million in 1946. The factory alone was worth more than $22 million, according to the Canadian government's calculations,[citation needed] excluding the value of the remaining contracts for planes or spare parts. However, Canadair's production line and inventory systems were in disorder when Electric Boat purchased the company. Hopkins hired Canadian-born mass-production specialist H. Oliver West to take over the president's role and return Canadair
Canadair
to profitability. Shortly after the takeover, Canadair
Canadair
began delivering its new Canadair
Canadair
North Star (a version of the Douglas DC-4) and was able to deliver aircraft to Trans-Canada Airlines, Canadian Pacific Airlines, and British Overseas Airways Corporation
Corporation
(BOAC) well in advance of their contracted delivery times.[citation needed] Defense spending increased with the onset of the Cold War, and Canadair
Canadair
went on to win many Canadian military contracts for the Royal Canadian Air Force and became a major aerospace company. These included Canadair
Canadair
T-33 trainer, the Canadair
Canadair
Argus long-range maritime reconnaissance and transport aircraft, and the Canadair
Canadair
F-86 Sabre. Between 1950 and 1958, 1,815 Sabres were built. Canadair
Canadair
also produced 200 CF-104 Starfighter
CF-104 Starfighter
supersonic fighter aircraft, a license-built version of the Lockheed F-104. In 1976, General Dynamics
General Dynamics
sold Canadair
Canadair
to the Canadian Government for $38 million, and the company was acquired by Bombardier Inc.
Bombardier Inc.
in 1986. General Dynamics
General Dynamics
emerges[edit] Aircraft production became increasingly important at Canadair, and Hopkins argued that the name "Electric Boat" was no longer appropriate—so Electric Boat
Electric Boat
was reorganized as General Dynamics
General Dynamics
on 24 April 1952.[7] General Dynamics
General Dynamics
purchased Convair
Convair
from the Atlas Group in March 1953.[7] The sale was approved by government oversight with the provision that GD would continue to operate out of Air Force Plant 4 in Fort Worth, Texas. This factory was set up in order to spread out strategic aircraft production and rented to Convair
Convair
during the war to produce B-24 Liberator
B-24 Liberator
bombers. Over time, the Fort Worth plant became Convair's major production center.[citation needed] Convair
Convair
worked as an independent division under the General Dynamics umbrella. Over the next decade, the company introduced the F-106 Delta Dart Interceptor, the B-58 Hustler, and the Convair
Convair
880 and 990 airliners. Convair
Convair
also introduced the Atlas missile
Atlas missile
platform, the first operational intercontinental ballistic missile. Management churn[edit] Hopkins fell seriously ill during 1957 and was eventually replaced by Frank Pace later that year.[7] Meanwhile, John Naish succeeded Joseph McNarney as president of Convair. Henry Crown became the company's largest shareholder and merged his Material Service Corporation
Corporation
with GD in 1959. Naish left in May 1961, taking most of Convair's top people with him.[citation needed] GD subsequently reorganized into Eastern Group in New York City
New York City
and Western Group in San Diego, California, with the latter taking over all of the aerospace activities and dropping the Convair
Convair
brand name from its aircraft in the process.[citation needed] Frank Pace retired under pressure in 1962 and Roger Lewis, former Assistant Secretary of the Air Force and Pan American Airways
Pan American Airways
CEO, was brought in as CEO. The company recovered, then fell back into the same struggles. In 1970, the board brought in McDonnell Douglas
McDonnell Douglas
president Dave Lewis (no relation) as chairman and CEO, who served until retiring in 1985. Aviation powerhouse[edit] During the early 1960s the company bid on the United States
United States
Air Force's TFX (Tactical Fighter, Experimental) project for a new low-level "penetrator". Robert McNamara, newly installed as the Secretary of Defense, forced a merger of the TFX with U.S. Navy
U.S. Navy
plans for a new long-range "fleet defender" aircraft. In order to bid on a naval version successfully, GD partnered with Grumman, who would build a customized version for aircraft carrier duties. After four rounds of bids and changes, the GD/ Grumman
Grumman
team finally won the contract over a Boeing
Boeing
submission. The F-111 first flew in December 1964. The F-111B flew in May 1965, but the Navy said that it was too heavy for use on aircraft carriers.[citation needed] With an unacceptable Navy version, estimates for 2,400 F-111s, including exports, were sharply reduced, but GD still managed to make a $300-million profit on the project.[citation needed] Grumman
Grumman
went on to use many of the innovations of the F-111 in the highly successful F-14 Tomcat, an aircraft designed solely as a carrier-borne fighter. Reorganization[edit] In May 1965, GD reorganized into 12 operating divisions based on product lines. The board decided to build all future planes in Fort Worth, ending plane production at Convair's original plant in San Diego but continuing with space and missile development there. In October 1970, Roger Lewis left and David S. Lewis from McDonnell Douglas was named CEO. Lewis required that the company headquarters move to St. Louis, Missouri, which occurred in February 1971.[8] F-16 success[edit] In 1972, GD bid on the USAF's Lightweight Fighter
Lightweight Fighter
(LWF) project. GD and Northrop were awarded prototype contracts. GD's F-111 program was winding down, and the company desperately needed a new aircraft contract. It organized its own version of Lockheed's famed "Skunk Works", the Advanced Concepts Laboratory, and responded with a new aircraft design incorporating modern equipment. GD's YF-16 first flew in January 1974 and proved to have slightly better performance than the YF-17 in head-to-head testing. It entered production as the F-16 in January 1975 with an initial order of 650 and a total order of 1,388. The F-16 also won contracts worldwide, beating the F-17 in foreign competition as well. GD built an aircraft production factory in Fort Worth, Texas. F-16 orders eventually totaled more than 4,000, making it the largest and most successful program for the company, and one of the most successful western military projects since World War II.

In 1999 the company acquired Gulfstream Aerospace. Here, a Gulfstream G650 departs Bristol Airport, England
England
in 2014.

Land Systems focus[edit] In 1976, General Dynamics
General Dynamics
sold the struggling Canadair
Canadair
back to the Canadian government for $38 million. By 1984, General Dynamics
General Dynamics
had four divisions: Convair
Convair
in San Diego, General Dynamics-Fort Worth, General Dynamics-Pomona, and General Dynamics-Electronics. In 1985 a further reorganization created the Space Systems Division from the Convair
Convair
Space division. In 1985, GD also acquired Cessna. In 1986 the Pomona division (which mainly produced the Standard Missile and the Phalanx CIWS
Phalanx CIWS
for the Navy) was split up, creating the Valley Systems Division. Valley Systems produced the Stinger surface-to-air missile and the Rolling Airframe
Airframe
Missile (RAM). Both units were recombined into one entity in 1992. Henry Crown, still GD's largest shareholder, died on 15 August 1990. Following this, the company started to rapidly divest its under-performing divisions under CEO William Anders. Cessna
Cessna
was re-sold to Textron
Textron
in January 1992, the San Diego
San Diego
and Pomona missile production units to General Motors- Hughes Aerospace
Hughes Aerospace
in May 1992, the Fort Worth aircraft production to Lockheed in March 1993 (a nearby electronics production facility was separately sold to Israeli-based Elbit Systems, marking that company's entry into the United States market), and its Space Systems Division to Martin Marietta in 1994. The remaining Convair
Convair
Aircraft Structure unit was sold to McDonnell Douglas in 1994. The remains of the Convair
Convair
Division were simply closed in 1996. GD's exit from the aviation world was short-lived, and in 1999 the company acquired Gulfstream Aerospace. The Pomona operation was closed shortly after its sale to Hughes Aircraft. In 1995, Bath Iron Works
Bath Iron Works
became part of General Dynamics. Having divested itself of its aviation holdings, GD concentrated on land and sea products. GD purchased Chrysler's defense divisions in 1982, renaming them General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Land Systems. In 2003, it purchased the defense divisions of General Motors
General Motors
as well. It is now a major supplier of armored vehicles of all types, including the M1 Abrams, LAV 25, Stryker, and a wide variety of vehicles based on these chassis. Force Protection, Inc. was acquired by General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Land Systems in November 2011 for $350 mil. General Dynamics Land Systems was hurt by the cancellation of the US Army's Future Combat Systems
Future Combat Systems
program and the loss in the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle MRAP replacement competition.[citation needed] Recent history[edit] On August 19, 2008, GD agreed to pay $4 million to settle a lawsuit brought by the US Government claiming that a GD unit fraudulently billed the government for defectively manufactured parts used in US military aircraft and submarines. The US alleged that GD defectively manufactured or failed to test parts used in US military aircraft from September 2001 to August 2003, such as the C-141 Starlifter
C-141 Starlifter
transport plane. The GD unit involved, based in Glen Cove, New York, closed in 2004.[9] On February 12, 2018, General Dynamics
General Dynamics
announced plans to buy its rival CSRA for about $6.8 billion.[10][11][12] Timeline[edit]

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Electric Boat
Electric Boat
was established in 1899.

20th-century acquisitions[edit]

1946 – Canadair
Canadair
purchased from the Canadian government. 1952 – Electric Boat
Electric Boat
became General Dynamics. 1953 – Convair
Convair
merged with General Dynamics. 1955 – Acquired Stromberg-Carlson. 1959 – Henry Crown acquires company and becomes majority shareholder. 1962–1963 – Convair-produced Mercury-Atlas rockets launch four manned Mercury missions into low Earth orbit, including John Glenn. 1971–1985 David S. Lewis, Jr., was chairman and chief executive officer. During his tenure, General Dynamics’ revenues and earnings quadrupled. 1982 – Formed General Dynamics Land Systems after the acquisition of Chrysler's combat systems. 1995 – Acquired Bath Iron Works
Bath Iron Works
from Prudential Insurance. 1996 – Acquired Teledyne Vehicle Systems. 1997 – Acquired Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
Defense Systems and Lockheed Martin Armament Systems. 1997 – Acquired Advanced Technology Systems, formerly an operating unit of Lucent Technologies. 1997 – Acquired Computing Devices International, formerly a division of Ceridian Corporation. 1998 – Acquired National Steel and Shipbuilding Company. 1999 – Acquired Gulfstream Aerospace
Gulfstream Aerospace
from Forstmann Little. 1999 – Acquired GTE Government Systems, Communication Systems, Electronic Systems and Worldwide Telecommunication Systems Divisions. 2000 – Acquired Saco Defense from New Colt Holding Corp. which owned it since 1998.[13][14]

21st-century acquisitions[edit]

2001 – Acquired PrimeX Technologies Inc.[15] 2001 – Acquired Galaxy Aerospace Company
Galaxy Aerospace Company
from Israeli Aircraft Industries (IAI) 2001 – GD Decision Systems formed (and later merged with General Dynamics C4 Systems) after acquisition of Motorola's Integrated Information Systems Group. 2002 – Acquired Advanced Technical Products. 2003 – Acquired GM Defense from General Motors. 2003 – Acquired Steyr Daimler Puch Spezialfahrzeug (SSF) from an Austrian investor group, which bought the company in 1998 from the Steyr-Daimler-Puch-conglomerate. SSF is now part of "General Dynamics European Land Combat Systems" which includes also the Spanish Santa Bárbara Sistemas and the Swiss MOWAG, and has its headquarters in Vienna, Austria. 2003 – Acquired Veridian and Digital Systems Resources. 2003 – Acquired Datron's Intercontinental Manufacturing Company (IMCO) Unit. 2004 – Acquired Spectrum Astro. 2005 – Acquired MAYA Viz Ltd, the primary developer of the US Army's Command Post of the Future software into General Dynamics
General Dynamics
C4 Systems. 2005 – Acquired Tadpole Computer. 2005 – Acquired Itronix. 2006 – Acquired FC Business Systems. 2006 – Acquired Anteon International. 2006 – Acquired SCAAP in Scranton, Pa 2007 – Acquired Mediaware International.[16] 2008 – Acquired ViPS, Inc.[17] 2008 – Acquired Jet Aviation.[18] 2009 – Acquired Axletech International.[19] 2010 – Acquired Ascend Intelligence, Inc. TIGR (software)[citation needed] 2010 – Acquired Kylmar Ltd.[20] 2011 – Acquired Vangent, Inc. from The Veritas Capital Fund III, LP.[21] 2011 – Acquired Innovative Security Systems, Inc. (Argus Systems Group). 2011 – Acquired Metro Machine Imperial Docks Inc.[citation needed] 2011 – Acquired Force Protection Inc.[22] 2012 – Acquired Open Kernel Labs.[23] 2012 – Acquired Applied Physical Sciences[24] 2018 – Acquiring CSRA for about $6.8 Billion.[10][11][12]

Divestitures[edit]

1967 – General Atomics
General Atomics
to Gulf Oil 1976 – Canadair
Canadair
sold back to the Canadian government. 1981 – Following expropriation legislation passed by the government of the Province of Quebec, General Dynamics' Canadian subsidiary sold its 54.6% controlling interest in Asbestos Corporation Limited to the Quebec government-owned corporation, Société nationale de l'amiante (SNA). 1982 – Sold off Stromberg-Carlson
Stromberg-Carlson
in pieces to several buyers. 1991 – Data Systems Division sold to Computer Sciences Corp.[25] 1992 – Tactical Missiles Division to Hughes Aircraft Company. 1992 – Cessna
Cessna
to Textron. 1992 – Electronics Division sold to Carlyle Group
Carlyle Group
of Washington, D.C. and renamed GDE Systems[25] 1993 – Fort Worth Division, a producer of fixed-wing military aircraft, to Lockheed (a nearby electronics production facility, in which Lockheed was not interested, was sold separately to Elbit Systems). 1993 – Space Systems Division to Martin Marietta. 1994 – Convair's aerostructures unit to McDonnell Douglas, (Convair closed in 1996). 2006 – Material Service to Hanson.[26] 2007 – Freeman United Coal Mining Co. sold to Springfield Coal Co. for an undisclosed amount[27] 2010 – GD Advanced Information Systems Spacecraft division to Orbital Sciences[28]

Company outline[edit] Aircraft systems[edit]

General Dynamics F-111
General Dynamics F-111
Aardvark

General Dynamics- Grumman
Grumman
F-111B General Dynamics
General Dynamics
F-111C General Dynamics
General Dynamics
F-111K General Dynamics– Grumman
Grumman
EF-111A Raven

General Dynamics
General Dynamics
F-16 Fighting Falcon

General Dynamics
General Dynamics
F-16 VISTA General Dynamics
General Dynamics
F-16XL General Dynamics
General Dynamics
F-16 Fighting Falcon
F-16 Fighting Falcon
variants

Martin/ General Dynamics
General Dynamics
RB-57F Canberra

Marine systems[edit]

American Overseas Marine Corporation Bath Iron Works Electric Boat National Steel and Shipbuilding Company Quincy Shipbuilding Division (closed 1986)

Missile systems[edit]

RIM-24 Tartar FIM-43 Redeye MIM-46 Mauler RIM-66 Standard AGM-78 Standard ARM FIM-92 Stinger AIM-97 Seekbat RIM-116 Rolling Airframe
Airframe
Missile AGM-129 ACM Tomahawk (missile)

BGM-109G Ground Launched Cruise Missile

Combat systems[edit]

M1 Abrams

Stryker

Minigun

Former General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Pomona Division Phalanx CIWS

General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Land Systems[29]

General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Robotic Systems[30]

Autonomous Navigation System[31] Mobile Detection and Assessment Response System[32] Unmanned Surface Vehicle[33]

Expeditionary tank M1 Series Abrams Main Battle Tank Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle Heavy Assault Bridge Program Stryker
Stryker
Armored Combat Vehicle Crusader Self-Propelled Howitzer

General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Armament and Technical Products[34]

GAU-17 (Minigun) GAU-19

General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Ordnance and Tactical Systems[35] General Dynamics
General Dynamics
European Land Systems (GDELS)[36]

GDELS-Steyr

ASCOD AFV
ASCOD AFV
(Ulan) Pandur II

GDELS-Mowag

Mowag Duro Mowag Eagle Mowag Piranha

GDELS-Santa Bárbara Sistemas

Leopard 2E ASCOD AFV
ASCOD AFV
(Pizarro)

General Dynamics
General Dynamics
United Kingdom Limited

Scout SV

Information Systems and Technology[edit] Information Systems and Technology represent 34% of the company's revenue.[37] Launch vehicles[edit]

Atlas (rocket family)

Atlas-Centaur Atlas E/F Atlas G Atlas H Atlas SLV-3 Atlas-Agena

NEXUS (rocket)
NEXUS (rocket)
space launch vehicle

Aerospace[edit]

Gulfstream Aerospace Jet Aviation

Corporate governance[edit] Current members of the board of directors of General Dynamics
General Dynamics
are: Catherine Reynolds, Nicholas Chabraja, James Crown, William Fricks, Paul Kaminski, John Keane, Lester Lyles, James N. Mattis, Phebe Novakovic, William A. Osborn, Laura J. Schumacher and Robert Walmsley.[38] Financials[edit] General Dynamics
General Dynamics
has $31.4 billion in sales as of 2016[39] primarily military, but also civilian with its Gulfstream Aerospace
Gulfstream Aerospace
unit and conventional shipbuilding and repair with its National Steel and Shipbuilding subsidiary. In 2004, General Dynamics
General Dynamics
bid for the UK company Alvis plc, the leading British manufacturer of armored vehicles. In March the board of Alvis Vickers
Vickers
voted in favor of the £309m takeover. However at the last minute BAE Systems
BAE Systems
offered £355m for the company. This deal was finalized in June 2004.[40] The corporation's subsidiaries are donors to the Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute.[41][importance?] See also[edit]

Virginia
Virginia
portal Companies portal

Top 100 Contractors of the U.S. federal government List of companies headquartered in Northern Virginia

References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ a b c d e f " General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Corporation
Corporation
2017 Annual Report (Form 10-K)". sec.gov. U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. January 2018.  ^ " Defense News
Defense News
Top 100 for 2012" Archived 2013-10-10 at Archive.is. Defense News, July 22, 2013. ^ "Business Units." General Dynamics. Retrieved on September 7, 2011. "Corporate Headquarters General Dynamics
General Dynamics
2941 Fairview Park Drive, Suite 100; Falls Church, Virginia
Virginia
22042-4513" ^ "Jefferson CDP, Virginia[permanent dead link]." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 6, 2011. ^ "Company Locations." Northrop Grumman. Retrieved on September 6, 2011. "Northrop Grumman
Grumman
Corporation
Corporation
2980 Fairview Park Drive Falls Church, VA 22042" ^ Salinger, Lawrence M (July 9, 2013). Encyclopedia of White-Collar and Corporate Crime. SAGE Publications. p. 378. ISBN 1452276161.  ^ a b c " General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Corporation". U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission. Archived from the original on 2008-11-12. Retrieved 2008-12-01.  ^ Brown, Lisa. " Boeing
Boeing
moving defense HQ from St. Louis to D.C. area". stltoday.com. Retrieved 2017-04-12.  ^ Washington Post, " General Dynamics
General Dynamics
To Settle Suit For $4 Million", August 19, 2008, p. D4. ^ a b The Associated Press
The Associated Press
(February 12, 2018). "General Dynamics buying CSRA for about $6.8 billion". USA Today. McLean, Virginia: Gannett Company. Retrieved February 12, 2018.  ^ a b Reuters
Reuters
(February 12, 2018). " General Dynamics
General Dynamics
to buy government IT contractor CSRA for $6.8 billion". CNBC. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: NBCUniversal News Group. Retrieved February 12, 2018.  ^ a b Cameron, Doug; Lombardo, Cara (February 12, 2018). "General Dynamics Buying CSRA for $6.8 Billion". The Wall Street Journal. New York City: News Corp
News Corp
(via Dow Jones & Company). Retrieved February 12, 2018.  ^ " General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Completes Acquisition of Saco Defense Corp". General Dynamics. June 30, 2000. Archived from the original on 29 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.  ^ "Colt's Agrees To Buy Gunmaker In Maine". Hartford Courant. May 20, 1998. Retrieved 28 May 2014.  ^ "Primex Technologies acquired by General Dynamics" Tampa Bay Business Journal, January 24, 2001. ^ " General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Acquires Mediaware International"[dead link]. CNN Money ^ "HLTH Announces Agreement to Sell ViPS Unit to General Dynamics
General Dynamics
for $225 Million". HLTH Corporation
Corporation
Press Release, June 3, 2008. Archived October 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ " General Dynamics
General Dynamics
to Boost Gulfstream With Jet Aviation
Jet Aviation
Purchase". Washington Post, August 20, 2008. ^ " General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Completes Acquisition of AxleTech International". The Carlyle Group, January 4, 2009. ^ " General Dynamics
General Dynamics
acquires Kylmar Ltd". Boston.com. Retrieved 2017-09-20.  ^ " General Dynamics
General Dynamics
to Acquire Arlington Contractor for Nearly $1 Billion". Washington Post, August 16, 2011. ^ General Dynamics
General Dynamics
to buy Force Protection. Reuters. ^ General Dynamics
General Dynamics
acquires NICTA start-up Open Kernel Labs. NICTA, September 12, 2012. ^ Lucy Ryan (December 21, 2012). " General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Acquires Applied Physical Sciences Corp" (Press release). General Dynamics.  ^ a b General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Sells a Third San Diego
San Diego
Unit. -Los Angeles Times, October 06, 1992.- ^ Bob Tita (2006). "Material Service sold to Hanson; Lester Crown remains chair". Crain's Chicago Business. Retrieved 2014-08-08.  ^ Crown II Mine Closing; Freeman Coal Sold to New Company. -Red Orbit, September 4, 2007.- ^ Orbital buys General Dynamics' spacecraft business – BusinessWeek Archived 2012-10-23 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Land Systems". Retrieved 10 October 2014.  ^ General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Robotic Systems ^ General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Robotic Systems – Autonomous Navigation System (ANS) Archived 2015-04-03 at the Wayback Machine. ^ General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Robotic Systems – Mobile Detection Assessment and Response System (MDARS) Archived 2008-12-20 at the Wayback Machine. ^ General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Robotic Systems – Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USV) Archived 2008-09-28 at the Wayback Machine. ^ General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Armament and Technical Products (GDATP) Archived 2008-10-04 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Ordnance and Tactical Systems". Gd-ots.com. 2013-10-21. Retrieved 2014-08-17.  ^ About Us – Our Company Archived 2015-02-20 at the Wayback Machine. – General Dynamics ^ "National Security Inc". The Washington Post. Retrieved 10 October 2014.  ^ "General Dynamics : Investor Relations : Board of Directors". Investorrelations.gd.com. 2013-01-01. Retrieved 2014-08-17.  ^ "GD Income Statement General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Corporation
Corporation
Stock - Yahoo Finance". Finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2018-01-11.  ^ "BAE outguns US rival with £355m bid for Alvis". The Guardian. 4 June 2004. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ Canadian Defence & Foreign Affairs Institute – Donor Information Archived 2012-02-15 at the Wayback Machine.. cdfai.org

Sources[edit]

Patents owned by General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Corporation. US Patent & Trademark Office. URL accessed on 5 December 2005. Founder of the Electric Boat
Electric Boat
Company at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived October 26, 2009) from a GeoCities-hosted website Compton-Hall, Richard. The Submarine
Submarine
Pioneers. Sutton Publishing, 1999. Franklin, Roger. The Defender: The Story of General Dynamics. Harper & Row, 1986. General Dynamics. Dynamic America. General Dynamics/Doubleday Publishing Company, 1960. Goodwin, Jacob. Brotherhood of Arms: General Dynamics
General Dynamics
and the Business of Defending America. Random House, 1985. Pederson, Jay P. (Ed.). International
International
Directory of Company Histories, Volume 40. St. James Press, March 2001. ISBN 1-55862-445-7. ( General Dynamics
General Dynamics
section, pp. 204–210). See also International Directory of Company Histories, Volume 86. St. James Press, July 2007. ISBN 1-4144-2970-3 (General Dynamics/ Electric Boat
Electric Boat
Corporation section, pp. 136–139). Morris, Richard Knowles. John P. Holland 1841–1914, Inventor of the Modern Submarine. The University of South Carolina Press, 1998. (Book originally copyrighted and published by the United States
United States
Naval Institute Press, 1966.) Morris, Richard Knowles. Who Built Those Subs?. United States
United States
Naval Institute Press, October 1998. (125th Anniversary issue) Rodengen, Jeffrey. The Legend of Electric Boat, Serving The Silent Service. Write Stuff Syndicate, 1994. Account revised in 2007.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to General Dynamics.

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General Dynamics
Corporation
Corporation
web site Gdels.com: General Dynamics
General Dynamics
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Corporation
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Company profile on Yahoo! Finance General Dynamics
General Dynamics
profile on Corpwatch.org

Business data for General Dynamics: Google Finance Yahoo! Finance Reuters SEC filings

v t e

General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Corporation

Corporate Directors

Nicholas Chabraja James Crown Lester Crown William Fricks Charles Goodman Jay Johnson George Joulwan Paul Kaminski Jack Keane Lester Lyles Carl Mundy Robert Walmsley

Subsidiaries

Bath Iron Works Mission Systems Electric Boat Land Systems Gulfstream Jet Aviation NASSCO MOWAG

Products

Arleigh Burke-class destroyer Bowman Columbia-class submarine Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle Expeditionary tank F-111 F-16 Los Angeles-class submarine M1 Abrams Ohio-class submarine Seawolf-class submarine Virginia-class submarine Stryker Zumwalt-class destroyer

v t e

Convair
Convair
and General Dynamics
General Dynamics
aircraft

Manufacturer designations

(numbering continued from Vultee): 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 108 109 110 111 112 115 116 117 118

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8/8-24 9 11 21 22 23 24 27 30 31 48

240 300 340 440 540 580 600 640

Bombers

B-36 XA-44 XB-46 XB-53 B-58 YB-60

Fighters and attack aircraft

XP-81 XF-92 F-102 F-106 XFY F2Y Charger

Civilian transports

37 58-9 110 240 300 340 440 540 580 600 640 880 990 5800

Military
Military
transports

XC-99 C-131 R3Y R4Y T-29

Experimental aircraft

Kingfish NB-36H X-6

General Dynamics

F-111 F-111B F-111C F-111K EF-111A F-16 F-16XL F-16 VISTA Model

.