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The Main Missile and Artillery Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
Russian Federation
(GRAU) (Russian: Главное ракетно-артиллерийское управление МО РФ (ГРАУ), translit. Glavnoye raketno-artilleriyskoye upravleniye MO RF (GRAU)) is a department of the Russian (ex-Soviet) Ministry of Defense. It is subordinate to the Chief of Armament and Munition
Munition
of the Russian Armed Forces, a vice-minister of defense. The organization dates back to 1862 when it was established under the name Главное артиллерийское управление (ГАУ – GAU). The "R" from "rockets" was added to the title in 1960. In particular, the GRAU
GRAU
is responsible for assigning GRAU
GRAU
indices to Russian army munitions and equipment. Arsenals of the GRAU, according to Kommersant-Vlast in 2005, include the 60th at Kaluga, the 55th at Rzhev, the 75th at Serpukhov
Serpukhov
south of Moscow, (all three in the Moscow Military District) and the 80th at Gagarskiy, the 116th at Krasno-Oktyabrskiy and the 5th, all in the Volga–Urals Military District.[1] As of March 2014, the current Chief of the GRAU
GRAU
is Lieutenant General Nikolay Parshin.

Contents

1 GRAU
GRAU
indices before 1950 2 Current GRAU
GRAU
indices

2.1 Misconceptions 2.2 Designation scheme

2.2.1 1 (Radio and electronics equipment) 2.2.2 2 (Artillery systems) 2.2.3 3 (Army and naval missiles) 2.2.4 4 (Naval missiles and army equipment (munitions, reactive armour, etc.)) 2.2.5 5 ( Air defense
Air defense
equipment) 2.2.6 6 (Firearms, air defense equipment) 2.2.7 7 ( Firearm
Firearm
munitions)

2.2.7.1 Exceptions

2.2.8 8 (Army missiles and rocketry) 2.2.9 9 (Army missiles, UAVs) 2.2.10 10 (Equipment) 2.2.11 11 (Rocketry and associated equipment) 2.2.12 14 (Rocketry and associated equipment) 2.2.13 15 (Strategic Missile Forces equipment) 2.2.14 17 (Rocketry and associated equipment)

3 See also 4 Notes 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

GRAU
GRAU
indices before 1950[edit]

This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Russian. (July 2013) Click [show] for important translation instructions.

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Current GRAU
GRAU
indices[edit] GRAU
GRAU
indices are of the form <number> <letter> <number>, with the optional suffix <letter> <number>. A specially assigned codename may follow the index. For example: «2 S 19  Msta-S», the 2S19 Msta self-propelled howitzer. Misconceptions[edit] Several common misconceptions surround the scope and originating body of these indices. The GRAU
GRAU
designation is not an industrial designation, nor is it assigned by the design bureau. In addition to its GRAU
GRAU
designation, a given piece of equipment could have a design name, an industrial name and a service designation. For example, one of the surface-to-air missiles in the S-25 Berkut air defense system had at least four domestic designations:

design name: La-205 GRAU
GRAU
index: 5V7 industry name: Article 205 (Izdeliye 205) Soviet military designation: V-300

Some Soviet general-purpose bombs bore a designation that looked confusingly similar to GRAU.[note 1] Designation scheme[edit] The first part of a GRAU
GRAU
index is a number indicating which of the several main categories of equipment a given item belongs to. The second part, a Cyrillic character, indicates the subcategory. The third part, a number, indicates the specific model. The optional suffix can be used to differentiate variants of the same model. 1 (Radio and electronics equipment)[edit]

1K: 1K1, Buran (the first Buran-class shuttle; see also "#11 (Rocketry and associated equipment)") 1L: 1L14, the IFF detector for the 9K310 (Igla) air defense system 1S: Radar
Radar
(1S11, target detecting radar of 1S91 command and control vehicle of 2K12 Kub
2K12 Kub
air defense system) 1V: Artillery command vehicles (1V18/19 on BTR-60
BTR-60
chassis, 1V13/16 on MT-LBu
MT-LBu
chassis)

2 (Artillery systems)[edit]

2A: Towed artillery systems (2A65 Msta-B) 2B: Mortar Systems (2B9 Vasilek, 2B14 Podnos) 2K: Air Defence Systems (2K11, Krug surface-to-air missile system; 2К12, Kub surface-to-air missile system, 2K22, Tunguska surface-to-air gun-missile system) 2S: Self-propelled artillery systems (2S1 Gvozdika, 2S19 Msta-S) 2U: Training equipment

3 (Army and naval missiles)[edit]

3M: Various missiles (3M80 Moskit, 3M45 Granit)

4 (Naval missiles and army equipment (munitions, reactive armour, etc.))[edit]

4G: Warheads (4G15, the high explosive/ HEAT
HEAT
warhead for the P-15 Termit anti-ship missile) 4K: Naval missiles (4K10, the submarine-launched ballistic missile R-27 (RSM-25) for D-5 "Zyb" system; 4K40, P-15 Termit
P-15 Termit
missile) 4P: Launchers 4S: Launchers (4S95, the launcher of "Kinzhal/Klinok" (SA-15 Gauntlet) air defense complex)

5 ( Air defense
Air defense
equipment)[edit]

5Ae: Computers (5Ae26, a specialized multi-CPU computer with a performance of 1.5 MIPS) 5B: Surface-to-air missile
Surface-to-air missile
warheads (5B18, the warhead for the S-125's V-601 missile) 5P: Surface-to-air missile
Surface-to-air missile
launchers (5P75, the four-missile launcher for the S-125 air defense system) 5V: Surface-to-air missiles (5V55, SAM for S-300 air defense system) 5Ya: Surface-to-air missiles (5Ya23, a SAM for the S-75 air defense system) 5#

* 51T6 (SH-11/ABM-4 Gorgone), an exoatmospheric anti-ballistic missile interceptor for the A-135 air defense system * 53T6
53T6
(SH-08/ABM-3 Gazelle), an endoatmospheric interceptor for A-135 air defense system

6 (Firearms, air defense equipment)[edit]

6B: Body armor
Body armor
(6B1; 6B13, for mountain troops; 6B23, MOLLE; 6B43, MOLLE for airborne, naval and special troops), helmets (6B6) 6Ch: Firearm
Firearm
equipment (6Ch12, the PBS-1 flash suppressor and silencer) 6G: Firearms (6G3, the RPG-7
RPG-7
man-portable, rocket-propelled grenade launcher; 6G17, the VOG-25 40 mm grenade cartridge) 6Kh: Knives
Knives
and bayonets (6Kh3, a sword-bayonet for the AKM) 6P: Firearms (6P1, the 7.62 mm AKM) 6Sh: Firearm
Firearm
equipment (6Sh5, a rifle sling; 6Sh92, tactical vest; 6Sh104, SVD/VSS vest for sniper and backpack with rain cover and 2 side MOLLE pouches; 6Sh105, normal or digital tactical vest; 6Sh112, MOLLE tactical vest for PKM/PKP machine-gunner) 6T: Firearm
Firearm
equipment (6T2, Samozhenkov's carriage for PKS machine gun) 6Ts: Sights (6Ts1, the PSO-1 sight for the Dragunov sniper rifle) 6U: Firearm
Firearm
equipment (6U1, personnel carrier vehicle carriage for PKB/PKBM machine gun) 6V: Firearms (6V1, the Dragunov sniper rifle) 6Zh: Firearm
Firearm
equipment (6Zh1M, a 100-round magazine for the PKM machine gun)

7 ( Firearm
Firearm
munitions)[edit]

7B: Ammunition (7B33, the 7.62×54mmR
7.62×54mmR
armour-piercing/incendiary round) 7G: Grenades
Grenades
(7G1, the RKG-3 handheld HEAT
HEAT
grenade) 7Kh: Training ammunition (7Kh1, the 12.7×108mm blank cartridge) 7N: Ammunition (7N1, the 7.62×54mmR
7.62×54mmR
round for sniper rifles) 7P: Rocket-propelled grenades (7P1, a 40 mm RPG-7
RPG-7
round) 7S: Misc. ammunition (7S1, a signal false-fire of orange smoke) 7T: Ammunition (7T2, the 7.62×54mmR
7.62×54mmR
tracer round) 7U: Ammunition (7U1, the 7.62×54mm low speed (subsonic) US cartridge) 7Z: Ammunition (7Z1, the 14.5×115mm incendiary round)

Exceptions[edit]

71Kh6: the US-KMO Prognoz-2 early warning system satellite 73N6 Baikal-1: an automated air defense command and control system 75E6 Parol-3: the IFF interrogator for the S-75M and S-125 76N6: a low-altitude target detector radar

8 (Army missiles and rocketry)[edit]

8A: Ballistic missiles 8D: Rocket engines (mostly) 8F: Warheads 8K: Missiles (8K51, 8K63 Dvina, 8K64, 8K67, 8K71, 8K81, 8K84) 8P: Expendable launch systems 8S: Missile propulsion stages

9 (Army missiles, UAVs)[edit]

9A: Launchers (9A52, the chassis of the Smerch MLRS) 9F: Training and equipment systems (9F827 of the Smerch system) 9K: Systems (9К33, Osa surface-to-air missile system; 9К115-2, Metis-M anti-tank missile system; 9K310, the Igla air defense system) 9M: Missiles (9M133 Kornet) and 9M62, T-92 UAV from aerial reconnaissance complex "Tipchak"; 9P: Launchers (9P140, the chassis of the Uragan MLRS) 9S: 9S737, Ranzhir mobile command center 9T: Transporter-loaders and re-supply vehicles (9T234 of the 9K58 Smerch system, 9T244 of the 9K331 Tor system)

10 (Equipment)[edit]

10P: Sights (10P19, the PGO-7V sight for RPG-7V grenade launcher) 10R: Radios (10R30 Karat-2, a radio transmitter)

11 (Rocketry and associated equipment)[edit]

11A: Rocketry (11A51, the Korolev N-1 heavy-lift launcher, 11A511, the Soyuz launcher) 11B: Nuclear thermal rocket engines (11B91 (RD0410); 11B97) 11D: Rocket engines (11D43, the RD-253 liquid fuel rocket engine (First stage of Proton space launcher)) 11F: Satellites (11F67 Molniya-1, a telecom satellite; 11F35 K1,Buran (the first Buran-class shuttle; see also "#1 (Radio and electronics equipment)"); 11F654 GLONASS
GLONASS
satellites; 11F94 LK, a lunar lander) 11G: Equipment (11G12, a refuelling station) 11K: Rocketry (11K25 Energia, a heavy-lift rocket for the Buran–class shuttle) 11M: Onboard equipment (11M243, solar array actuators for the 11F624 Yantar-2K satellite) 11P: Ground equipment (11P825, the launch complex for the 11K25) 11S: Rocket stages (11S59, the 1st and 2nd stages ("unit A") of the Soyuz rocket)

14 (Rocketry and associated equipment)[edit]

14A: Rockets (14A15, is the "Soyuz-2-1v") 14D: Rocket engines (14D30, the "Briz" booster's S5.98M liquid fuel engine) 14F: Satellites (14F10, the IS-MU Naryad anti-satellite weapon) 14I: Ground equipment (14I02, the ground equipment for the "Briz" booster's 8P882 system) 14P: Ground equipment (14P72, the service system for the "Briz" booster) 14S: Boosters (14S12, the "Briz" booster) 14T: Ground equipment (14T81, the storage equipment for the "Briz" booster)

15 (Strategic Missile Forces equipment)[edit]

15A: Intercontinental ballistic missiles (15A14 and 15A18, the R-36M (SS-18 Satan) ICBM; 15A15, the UR-100MR (SS-17 Spanker) ICBM) 15B: Warheads 15D: Rocket engines (mostly) 15F: Warheads 15N: Command and control vehicles 15P: Silo-based launchers (mostly) 15U: ICBM ground equipment 15Zh: ICBM's and tactical ballistic missiles (15Zh45, the RT-21M Pioneer (SS-20 Saber) TBM)

17 (Rocketry and associated equipment)[edit]

17D: Misc. rocket engines (17D58Ae, the stabilization and orientation engine of the "Briz-M" booster) 17F: Satellites (17F15 Raduga-1, a telecommunications satellite) 17K: Space-based systems (17K114, a space-based reconnaissance and targeting system) 17P: Ground equipment (17P31, the start system for 11K25) 17S: Rocket stages (17S40, Unit D of the Proton launcher) 17U: Ground equipment (17U551, the "Briz-M" booster testing system)

See also[edit]

Designations of Russian towed artillery NATO Reporting Name

Notes[edit]

^ For example, the FAB-250sch entered service in 1944 with the designation 7-F-334, which was not assigned by GRAU.

References[edit]

^ Kommersant-Vlast, Vys Rossikaya Armiya, 2005

The initial version of this article was based on material from aviation.ru. It has been released under the GFDL
GFDL
by the copyright holder. Dictionary of GRAU
GRAU
designations at aviation.ru

Further reading[edit]

Lennox, Duncan (March 1993). "Russian Missile Designators". Jane's Intelligence Review, p. 120. Zaloga, Steven (August 1994). "Russian Missile Designations". Jane's Intelligence Review, p. 342–349.

External links[edit]

History of the GRAU
GRAU
(in Russian)

v t e

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Russian Federation
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Western Military District
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